Reframing Social Citizenship

Author: Peter Taylor-Gooby

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191613851

Category: Political Science

Page: 234

View: 3795

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Throughout the world, governments are restructuring social and welfare provision to give a stronger role to opportunity, aspiration and individual responsibility, and to competition, markets and consumer choice. This approach centres on a logic of individual rational action: people are the best judges of what serves their own interests and government should give them as much freedom of choice as possible. The UK has gone further than any other major European country in reform and provides a useful object lesson. This book analyses the pressures on social citizenship from changes in work and the family, political actors, population ageing, and the processes within government in the relentless international process of globalization that have shaped the response. It examines the various social science approaches to agency and argues that the logic of rational action is able to explain how reciprocity arises and is sustained but offers a weak foundation for social inclusion and social trust. It will only sustain part of the welfare state. A detailed assessment of empirical evidence shows how the outcomes of the new policy framework correspond to its theoretical strengths and limitations. Reforms have achieved considerable success in delivering mass services efficiently. They are much less successful in redistributing to more vulnerable low income groups and in maintaining public trust in the structure of provision. The risk is that mistrustful and disquieted voters may be unwilling to support high spending on health care, pensions and other benefits at a time when they are most needed. In short, the reform programme was undertaken for excellent reasons in a difficult international context, but risks throwing the baby out with the bathwater.
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Welfare, Inequality and Social Citizenship

Deprivation and Affluence in Austerity Britain

Author: Daniel Edmiston

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447337468

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 7516

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Offers a rare and vivid insight into the everyday lives, attitudes and behaviours of the rich as well as the poor across the UK, demonstrating how those marginalised and validated by the existing welfare system make sense of the prevailing socio-political settlement and their own position within it.
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Policy change, public attitudes and social citizenship

Does neoliberalism matter?

Author: Humpage, Louise

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447323513

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 9031

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Neoliberal reforms have seen a radical shift in government thinking about social citizenship rights around the world. But have they had a similarly significant impact on public support for these rights? This unique book traces public views on social citizenship across three decades through attitudinal data from New Zealand, the United Kingdom and Australia. It argues that support for some aspects of social citizenship diminished more significantly under some political regimes than others, and that limited public resistance following the financial crisis of 2008-2009 further suggests the public ‘rolled over’ and accepted these neoliberal values. Yet attitudinal variances across different policy areas challenge the idea of an omnipotent neoliberalism, providing food for thought for academics, students and advocates wishing to galvanise support for social citizenship in the 21st century.
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EU Citizenship and Federalism

Author: Dimitry Kochenov

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107072700

Category: Law

Page: 852

View: 2849

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Kochenov's definitive collection examines the under-utilised potential of EU citizenship, proposing and defending its position as a systemic element of EU law endowed with foundational importance. Leading experts in EU constitutional law scrutinise the internal dynamics in the triad of EU citizenship, citizenship rights and the resulting vertical delimitation of powers in Europe, analysing the far-reaching constitutional implications. Linking the constitutional question of federalism and citizenship, the volume establishes an innovative new framework where these rights become agents and rationales of European integration and legal change, located beyond the context of the internal market and free movement. It maps the role of citizenship in this shifting landscape, outlining key options for a Europe of the future.
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Body Work in Health and Social Care

Critical Themes, New Agendas

Author: Julia Twigg,Carol Wolkowitz,Rachel Lara Cohen,Sarah Nettleton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444345842

Category: Social Science

Page: 182

View: 6961

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The first book to fully explore the multiple ways in which body work features in health and social care and the meanings of this work both for those employed to do it and those on whose bodies they work. Explores the commonalities between different sectors of work, including those outside health and social care Contributions come from an international range of experts Draws on perspectives from across the medical, therapeutic, and care fields Incorporates a variety of methodological approaches, from life history analysis to ethnographic studies and first person accounts
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Risk and Society

Author: David Denney

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761947400

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 4131

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What does it mean to live in `risk society'? How does the idea of risk change how we live with each other? Risk currently dominates individual and collective consciousness. Globally, insecurity is related to terrorism, pollution, global epidemics and famine, yet smoking, sunlight and travel have also become major preoccupations. This book provides a powerful and lucid account of risk in society today. Denney critically examines the social construction of risk, by considering a range of social theories, addressing the literature and providing an authoritative guide to the key issues raised. An analysis of the nature of risk to aspects of everyday life – of the meanings which have been assigned to notions of risk – is also considered. Finally, global themes such as terrorism, global regulation governance and developments in international relations are examined. This book will be required reading for students of risk within the fields of Sociology, International Relations and Media, Culture and Communications.
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Contours of Citizenship

Women, Diversity and Practices of Citizenship

Author: Ms Laura Maratou-Alipranti,Professor Esther Ngan-ling Chow,Professor Evangelia Tastsoglou,Professor Margaret Abraham

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409499650

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 1758

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In an increasingly globalized world of collapsing economic borders and extending formal political and legal equality rights, active citizenship has the potential to expand as well as deepen. At the same time, with the rise of neo-liberalism, welfare state retrenchment, decline of state employment, re-privatization and the rising gap between rich and poor, the economic, social and political citizenship rights of certain categories of people are increasingly curtailed. This book examines the complexity of citizenship in historical and contemporary contexts. It draws on empirical research from a range of countries, contexts and approaches in addressing women and citizenship in a global/local world and covers a selection of diverse issues, both present and past, to include immigration, ethnicity, class, nationality, political and economic participation, institutions and the private and public spheres. This rich collection informs our understanding of the pitfalls and possibilities for women in the persistence and changes within the contours of citizenship.
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