By examining the ways in which the themes and teachings of the reformers differed from the late medieval ars moriendi, the book highlights both breaks with tradition and continuities that marked the early Reformation.
Author: Austra Reinis
The Reformation led those who embraced Martin Luther's teachings to revise virtually every aspect of their faith and to reorder their daily lives in view of their new beliefs. Nowhere was this more true than with death. By the beginning of the sixteenth century the Medieval Church had established a sophisticated mechanism for dealing with death and its consequences. The Protestant reformers rejected this new mechanism. To fill the resulting gap and to offer comfort to the dying, they produced new liturgies, new church orders, and new handbooks on dying. This study focuses on the earliest of the Protestant handbooks, beginning with Luther's Sermon on Preparing to Die in 1519 and ending with Jakob Otter's Christlich leben vnd sterben in 1528. It explores how Luther and his colleagues adopted traditional themes and motifs even as they transformed them to accord with their conviction that Christians could be certain of their salvation. It further shows how Luther's colleagues drew not only on his teaching on dying, but also on other writings including his sermons on the sacraments. The study concludes that the assurance of salvation offered in the Protestant handbooks represented a significant departure from traditional teaching on death. By examining the ways in which the themes and teachings of the reformers differed from the late medieval ars moriendi, the book highlights both breaks with tradition and continuities that marked the early Reformation.
As Alec Ryrie has recently observed, 'the early modern Protestant deathbed' was therefore 'a highly structured cultural site. Dying. 35 Austra Reinis, Reforming the Art of Dying: The ars moriendi in the German Reformation (1519–1528) ...
Author: Elizabeth C. Tingle
In recent years, the rituals and beliefs associated with the end of life and the commemoration of the dead have increasingly been identified as of critical importance in understanding the social and cultural impact of the Reformation. The associated processes of dying, death and burial inevitably generated heightened emotion and a strong concern for religious propriety: the ways in which funerary customs were accepted, rejected, modified and contested can therefore grant us a powerful insight into the religious and social mindset of individuals, communities, Churches and even nation states in the post-reformation period. This collection provides an historiographical overview of recent work on dying, death and burial in Reformation and Counter-Reformation Europe and draws together ten essays from historians, literary scholars, musicologists and others working at the cutting edge of research in this area. As well as an interdisciplinary perspective, it also offers a broad geographical and confessional context, ranging across Catholic and Protestant Europe, from Scotland, England and the Holy Roman Empire to France, Spain and Ireland. The essays update and augment the body of literature on dying, death and disposal with recent case studies, pointing to future directions in the field. The volume is organised so that its contents move dynamically across the rites of passage, from dying to death, burial and the afterlife. The importance of spiritual care and preparation of the dying is one theme that emerges from this work, extending our knowledge of Catholic ars moriendi into Protestant Britain. Mourning and commemoration; the fate of the soul and its post-mortem management; the political uses of the dead and their resting places, emerge as further prominent themes in this new research. Providing contrasts and comparisons across different European regions and across Catholic and Protestant regions, the collection contributes to and extends the existing literature on this important historiographical theme.
AUSTRA REINIS: Reforming the art of dying: the ars moriendi in the German Reformation (1519-1528). ... VI, 290 S. (St. Andrews studies in Reformation history) Diese Veröffentlichung enthält die überarbeitete Dissertation, die 2003 am ...
Author: Helmar Junghans
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
German description: Das Lutherjahrbuch wird von der internationalen Luther-Gesellschaft herausgegeben. Es veroffentlicht neue Erkenntnisse zur Wittenberger Reformation sowie deren Rezeption bis in die Gegenwart und informiert uber die internationale Lutherforschung.
Death He had been staying at the house of Eisleben's town clerk, John Albrecht. ... This is called the ars moriendi—the art of dying.10 Perhaps with this in mind, Luther had penned some final words, found on a slip of paper in his ...
Author: Timothy F. Lull
Publisher: Augsburg Fortress Publishers
Category: Biography & Autobiography
This biography, begun by Timothy F. Lull prior to his death and capably finished by Derek Nelson, is marked for its fresh, winsome, and invigorating style--one undoubtedly shaped by years spent in undergraduate and seminary classrooms. In this telling, Luther is an energetic, resilient actor, driven by very human strengths and failings, always wishing to do right by his understanding of God and the witness of the Scriptures. At times humorous, always realistic, and appropriately critical when necessary, Lull and Nelson tell the story of an amazing, unforgettable life.
For more on this tradition, see Beaty, Craft of Dying; Koslofsky, Reformation of the Dead; O'Connor, Art of Dying Well; Reinis, Reforming the Art of Dying; Rudolf, Ars moriendi. 102. Wicks, “Applied Theology at the Deathbed,” 347–53; ...
Author: Anna Marie Johnson
Publisher: Penn State Press
Between Luther’s Ninety-Five Theses in 1517 and his excommunication from the church in 1520, he issued twenty-five sermons and treatises on Christian piety, most of them in German. These pastoral writings extended his criticisms of the church beyond indulgences to the practices of confession, prayer, clerical celibacy, the sacraments, suffering, and death. These were the issues that mattered most to Luther because they affected the faith of believers and the health of society. Luther’s conflict with Rome forced him to address the issue of papal authority, but on his own time, he focused on encouraging lay Christians to embrace a simpler, self-sacrificing faith. In these pastoral writings, he criticized theologians and church officials for leading people astray with a reliance on religious works, and he began to lay the foundation for a reformed Christian piety.
... again” (gifwit henne wenskap igen) and allowed her to inherit with her siblings.113 Even after the Reformation, ... Reforming the Art of Dying; Volker Leppin, “Preparing for Death: From the Late mediaeval ars moriendi to the ...
Dying Prepared in Medieval and Early Modern Northern Europe offers an analysis of the various ways in which people made preparations for death in medieval and early modern Northern Europe.
2 Among an extensive scholarly literature, see in particular Susan →Karant-Nunn, The Reformation of Ritual: An ... Martin Luther as Comforter: Writings on Death (Leiden: Brill, 2007); Austra →Reinis, Reforming the Art of Dying: The ...
Author: Sivert Angel
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
This anthology discusses different aspects of Protestantism, past and present. Professor Tarald Rasmussen has written both on medieval and modern theologians, but his primary interest has remained the reformation and 16th century church history. In stead of a traditional «Festschrift» honouring the different fields of research he has contributed to, this will be a focused anthology treating a specific theme related to Rasmussen’s research profile. One of Professor Rasmussen's most recent publications, a little popularized book in Norwegian titled «What is Protestantism?», reveals a central aspect research interest, namely the Weberian interest for Protestantism’s cultural significance. Despite difficulties, he finds the concept useful as a Weberian «Idealtypus» enabling research on a phenomenon combining theological, historical and sociological dimensions. Thus he employs the Protestantism as an integrative concept to trace the makeup of today’s secular societies. This profiled approach is a point of departure for this anthology discussing important aspects of historiography in reformation history: Continuity and breaks surrounding the reformation, contemporary significance of reformation history research, traces of the reformation in today’s society. The book relates to current discussions on Protestantism and is relevant to everyone who want to keep up to date with the latest research in the field.
For the Fears and Trials That Oppress Us in the Struggle with Death Johann Gerhard ... see Austra Reinis, Reforming the Art of Dying: The Ars Moriendi in the German Reformation (1519–1528) (Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, 2007). 10.
Author: Johann Gerhard
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Johann Gerhard (1582-1637) was one of the leading dogmatic theologians of his time and was the authoritative voice of seventeenth-century Lutheran Orthodoxy. Yet, he also published numerous devotional works and meditations that were meant to be used in the daily lives of ordinary believers. The Handbook of Consolations sought to provide comfort and encouragement not only to those approaching death, but also to those who provided care for the sick and dying. Gerhard himself was no stranger to sickness and death, having lost his infant son and young wife, and faced numerous life-threatening illnesses throughout his life. In this pastoral work, which is the first complete English translation based on Gerhard's original Latin to be published since the seventeenth century, Gerhard brings together his extensive understanding of Scripture, theology, and church history in a practical and easy-to-understand manual that is as relevant and meaningful in the twenty-first century as it was in Gerhard's day.
They revile þa modigan preostas 78 M. Barasch , Gestures of Despair in Medieval and Early Renaissance Art ( New York , 1976 ) , p . 12 . 79 A. S. Cohen , The Uta Codex : Art , Philosophy and Reform in Eleventh - Century Germany ...
Author: Victoria Thompson
Publisher: Boydell Press
Category: Social Science
Study of late Anglo-Saxon texts and grave monuments illuminates contemporary attitudes towards dying and the dead.