Reducing Crime

Reducing Crime

Crammed with useful tips, checklists and advice including first-person perspectives from police practitioners, case studies and chapter summaries, this book is essential reading both for police professionals taking leadership courses and ...

Author: Jerry Ratcliffe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351132336

Category: Law

Page: 242

View: 299

How do I reduce crime in my police command? How do I tackle chronic crime problems? How do I address the long-term issues that have plagued my community? How do I analyze crime and criminal behaviour? How do I show evidence of success in crime reduction? What works, what doesn’t, and how do we know? Providing answers to these questions and more, this engaging and accessible book offers a foundation for leadership in modern policing. Blending concepts from crime science, environmental criminology, and the latest research in evidence-based policing, the book draws on examples from around the world to cover a range of issues such as: how to analyze crime problems and what questions to ask, why the PANDA model is your key to crime reduction, key features of criminal behavior relevant to police commanders, the current research on what works in police crime prevention, why to set up systems to avoid surprises and monitor crime patterns, how to develop evidence of your effectiveness, forming a crime reduction plan, tracking progress, and finally, how to make a wider contribution to the policing field. Crammed with useful tips, checklists and advice including first-person perspectives from police practitioners, case studies and chapter summaries, this book is essential reading both for police professionals taking leadership courses and promotion exams, and for students engaged with police administration and community safety.
Categories: Law

The Globalization of Evidence Based Policing

The Globalization of Evidence Based Policing

Second, every attendee gets a 32-page workbook and a copy of Reducing Crime: A Companion for Police Leaders. Many officers tell me they appreciate getting a free copy of the book with the course, because they do not like spending their ...

Author: Eric L. Piza

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000478945

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 769

Evidence-based policing is based on the straightforward, but powerful, idea that crime prevention and crime control policy should be based on what works best in promoting public safety, as determined by the best available scientific evidence. Bringing together leading academics and practitioners, this book explores a wide range of case studies from around the world that best exemplify the integration of scientific evidence in contemporary policing processes. Chapters explore the transfer of scientific knowledge to the practice community, the role of officers in conducting police-led science, connection of work between police researchers and practitioners, and how evidence-based policing can be incorporated in daily police functions. The Globalization of Evidence-Based Policing is written for both researchers and practitioners interested in ensuring that scientific research is at center stage in policing. Agencies (including law enforcement agencies, research centers, and institutions of higher learning) can look to these case studies as road maps to better foster an evidence-based approach to crime prevention and crime control. Those already committed to evidence-based policing can look to these chapters to ensure that evidence-based policing is firmly institutionalized within their agencies. Accessible and compelling, this book is essential reading for all those interested in learning more about and doing more to bring about evidence-based policing.
Categories: Social Science

Unraveled

Unraveled

An Evidence-Based Approach to Understanding and Preventing Crime Karim H. Vellani. Ratcliffe, J. H. (2019) Reducing crime: A companion for police leaders. London. Ratcliffe, J. H. (2019). Reducing crime: A companion for police [←261]

Author: Karim H. Vellani

Publisher: Threat Analysis Group, LLC

ISBN: 9798985359213

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 173

What cannot be measured, cannot be managed. Despite this axiom, few books in the security industry have tackled the need to truly understand crime. Unraveled: An Evidence-Based Approach to Understanding and Preventing Crime bridges the gap between criminological theories and the practical application of these theories in the real world. Unraveled is applicable to a broad audience of people responsible for making security decisions for one or hundreds of properties. ​​​​ Unraveled: An Evidence-Based Approach to Understanding and Preventing Crime provides a practical approach to understanding crime and the theories which support crime prevention and security measures. Using research, Unraveled guides security decision makers to a deeper understanding of the unique nature of crime at their properties, summarizes the theories which support crime prevention efforts, and how to objectively analyze security programs. Unraveled discusses crime data sources used in conducting crime analysis and explores ways to organize statistical data and the techniques used in crime analysis such as crime rate analysis, temporal analysis, threshold analysis and more. By explaining the significance of crime statistics relative to crime prevention theory and techniques, Unraveled provides readers with a clear, strategic plan to implement and evaluate crime prevention programs and optimize security programs. Unraveled: An Evidence-Based Approach to Understanding and Preventing Crime includes an extensive bibliography and 600+ endnotes citing evidence-based research on the following topics: Definition of Crime Analysis Units of Analysis Crime Hot Spots The importance of Place Law Enforcement Data Sources Calls for Service Offense / Incident Reports Uniform Crime Report (UCR) Law Enforcement Data Limitations Crime Typologies Victim-Offender Relationships Violence Escalation Crime Rates Temporal Analysis Spatial Analysis Crime Thresholds Forecasting Modus Operandi Analysis Crime Harm Index Environmental Criminology/Crime Science Problem Analysis Triangle (or new Crime Triangle) Opportunity Structure and Signatures Opportunity Theories Routine Activity Theory Rational Choice Theory Crime Pattern Theory Situational Crime Prevention Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design Problem-Oriented Policing Displacement and Diffusion of Benefits Instrumental vs. Expressive Violence Targeted Violent Crimes Dispute-Related Violent Crimes Predatory Violence Limitations Of Violent Crime Prevention Research
Categories: Social Science

Implementing Evidence Based Research

Implementing Evidence Based Research

Ratcliffe, J. (2018a) Reducing Crime: A Companion for Police Leaders, London: Routledge. Ratcliffe, J. (2018b) Reducing Crime, March, Podcast. Available at: www.reducingcrime.com/podcast Ratcliffe, J. (2020) 'Evidence hierarchy', ...

Author: Huey, Laura

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 9781447353607

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 727

When it comes to adopting evidence-based approaches, does the size of an organization really matter? This practical guide brings leading police and sociology experts together to demonstrate how police forces of all sizes can successfully embed evidence-based methods by using their strengths and limitations to their advantage. Drawing on experiences of policing in North America, it proposes new ways of strategizing and harnessing the talents of ‘change champions’. Building on the authors’ widely adopted first book on evidence-based policing, this is essential reading for practitioners, aspiring leaders, students and policy-makers.
Categories: Social Science

Improving Intelligence Analysis in Policing

Improving Intelligence Analysis in Policing

Ratcliffe, J. (2019a) Reducing Crime: A Companion for Police Leaders. Oxon: Routledge. Santos, R.B. (2014) The effectiveness of crime analysis for crime reduction: Cure of diagnosis? Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, ...

Author: Stuart Kirby

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000391718

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 988

This book explains how improvements in intelligence analysis can bene!t policing. Written by experts with experience in police higher education and professional practice, this accessible text provides students with both practical knowledge and a critical understanding of the subject. The book is divided into three key parts: Part One outlines how the concept of intelligence was initially embraced and implemented by the police and provides a critique of intelligence sources. It examines the strategic use of intelligence and its procedural framework. It provides a summary of the role of the intelligence analyst, establishing the characteristics of effective practitioners. Part Two describes good practice and explains the practical tools and techniques that effective analysts use in the reduction and investigation of crime. Part Three examines more recent developments in intelligence analysis and looks to the future. This includes the move to multi-agency working, the advent of big data and the role of AI and machine learning. Filled with case studies and practical examples, this book is essential reading for all undergraduates and postgraduates taking courses in Professional Policing, and Criminal Justice more widely. It will also be of interest to existing practitioners in this field.
Categories: Social Science

Policing Practices and Vulnerable People

Policing Practices and Vulnerable People

Calls for police service: Understanding the demand profile and the UK police response. The Police Journal ... police education. Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 27(4), 485–496. ... Reducing crime: A companion for police leaders.

Author: Nicole L. Asquith

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030628703

Category: Social Science

Page: 263

View: 997

This textbook addresses existing gaps in police research, education, and training, and provides guidance on how to respond to and address the vulnerability that arises in policing practice. It guides students through the conceptual and also the practical issues of managing vulnerability in policing with case studies and practitioners’ views from the UK, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, the US, Canada, France, and beyond to the Maldives, China, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. It includes key concepts, views from the front-line, further reading and activities in each chapter. Policing Practices and Vulnerable People is aimed at researchers and practitioners working with police. While focussed on democratic policing practices, this book includes case studies and practitioners’ views from a wide range of approaches, including those from the Global South. This book provides readers with a framework that can assist them in converting conceptual knowledge to critical, ethical policing practice.
Categories: Social Science

Cops Cameras and Crisis

Cops  Cameras  and Crisis

Journal of Criminal Justice 46 (2016): 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2016.01.001. Ratcliffe, Jerry H. Reducing Crime: A Companion for Police Leaders. New York: Routledge, 2018. ———. Video Surveillance of Public Places.

Author: Michael D. White

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9781479831579

Category: Social Science

Page:

View: 269

The first expert and comprehensive analysis of the surprising impact of body-worn cameras Following the tragic deaths of Eric Garner, Michael Brown, and others at the hands of police, interest in body-worn cameras for local, state, and federal law enforcement has skyrocketed. In Cops, Cameras, and Crisis, Michael D. White and Aili Malm provide an up-to-date analysis of this promising technology, evaluating whether it can address today’s crisis in police legitimacy. Drawing on the latest research and insights from experts with field experience with police-worn body cameras, White and Malm show the benefits and drawbacks of this technology for police departments, police officers, and members of the public. Ultimately, they identify—and assess—each claim, weighing in on whether the specter of being “caught on tape” is capable of changing a criminal justice system desperately in need of reform. Cops, Cameras, and Crisis is a must-read for policymakers, police leaders, and activists interested in twenty-first-century policing.
Categories: Social Science

The SAGE Dictionary of Criminology

The SAGE Dictionary of Criminology

Braga, A.A. (2008) Problem-Oriented Policing and Crime Prevention. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press. Brodeur, P. (1998) How to Recognize ... Ratcliffe, J. (2018) Reducing Crime: A Companion for Police Leaders. New York: Routledge.

Author: Eugene McLaughlin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781526480354

Category: Social Science

Page: 608

View: 391

Now in its fourth edition, The SAGE Dictionary of Criminology has established itself as an authoritative reference text for the key concepts, theories, and methods in criminology and criminal justice. Edited by two leading figures in the field of criminology, the book includes over 325 entries from 120 academics and practitioners from Europe, USA, Canada, China, Australia and New Zealand. All concepts are precisely defined, followed by a section outlining the concept’s origins, development and general significance, a list of associated concepts, and finally, further reading suggestions to help extend students' knowledge. New to the 4th Edition: Up to 30 new entries, covering topics such as cyber security, wildlife crime, crimmigration, and penal populism. Updates to entries including new ‘further reading’ suggestions A new section 'Evaluation' is included for concepts considered to have the greatest theoretical weight, allowing for a critical assessment of how the concept can be debated, challenged and reworked. Further contributions from international academics. An essential reference tool for students and academics within criminology, criminal justice and legal studies.
Categories: Social Science

Criminal Futures

Criminal Futures

Manning P K (2008) The Technology of Policing: Crime Mapping, Information Technology, and the Rationality of Crime Control. New York/London: New York University ... Ratcliffe J (2019) Reducing Crime: A Companion for Police Leaders.

Author: Simon Egbert

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000281828

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 463

This book explores how predictive policing transforms police work. Police departments around the world have started to use data-driven applications to produce crime forecasts and intervene into the future through targeted prevention measures. Based on three years of field research in Germany and Switzerland, this book provides a theoretically sophisticated and empirically detailed account of how the police produce and act upon criminal futures as part of their everyday work practices. The authors argue that predictive policing must not be analyzed as an isolated technological artifact, but as part of a larger sociotechnical system that is embedded in organizational structures and occupational cultures. The book highlights how, for crime prediction software to come to matter and play a role in more efficient and targeted police work, several translation processes are needed to align human and nonhuman actors across different divisions of police work. Police work is a key function for the production and maintenance of public order, but it can also discriminate, exclude, and violate civil liberties and human rights. When criminal futures come into being in the form of algorithmically produced risk estimates, this can have wide-ranging consequences. Building on empirical findings, the book presents a number of practical recommendations for the prudent use of algorithmic analysis tools in police work that will speak to the protection of civil liberties and human rights as much as they will speak to the professional needs of police organizations. An accessible and compelling read, this book will appeal to students and scholars of criminology, sociology, and cultural studies as well as to police practitioners and civil liberties advocates, in addition to all those who are interested in how to implement reasonable forms of data-driven policing.
Categories: Political Science

The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Sociology

The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Sociology

Excessive punishments are in themselves unjust – they must be severe enough to prevent law violations and no more. ... analysis has consistently failed to find any connection between the number of police officers and crime rates .

Author: George Ritzer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119429326

Category: Social Science

Page: 520

View: 937

The new, updated edition of the authoritative and comprehensive survey of modern sociology The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Sociology, Second Edition is an authoritative survey of the major topics, current and emerging trends, and contemporary issues in the study of human social relationships and institutions. A collection of contributions from globally-recognized scholars and experts explore the theoretical and methodological foundations of sociology, new and established debates, and the most current research in the field. Broad in scope, this book covers a multitude of topics ranging from crime, urbanization, sexuality, and education to new questions surrounding big data, authoritarian capitalism, and the rise of nationalism. Since the first edition of the Companion was published, new developments have emerged and new problems have been created such as the omnipresence of social media, political and institutional upheaval, and the global refugee and immigration crises. This revised and updated second edition describes and explains social changes that have occurred in the past several years, both within the field of sociology and society as a whole. Previous material has been updated to reflect current research, while eleven new chapters address topics including feminist theory, debt and social change, and armed conflict and war. This comprehensive volume: Offers an engaging and accessible guide to the field of sociology, revised and updated for the second edition Presents wide-ranging, comprehensive coverage of the discipline Explores issues of contemporary relevance such as digital media and consumption Reflects state-of-the-art scholarship and contemporary debates New chapters for the second edition cover essential topics including feminist theory, armed conflict, big data, authoritarian capitalism, debt and social change, and the rise of nationalism The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Sociology, Second Edition is an invaluable resource for academics and graduate students, researchers, scholars, and educators in the discipline of sociology and allied fields such as anthropology, human geography, political science, and psychology.
Categories: Social Science