Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts

Author: Committee on U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Water Resources Science, Engineering, and Planning: Coastal Risk Reduction,Water Science and Technology Board,Ocean Studies Board,National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies

Publisher: National Academy Press

ISBN: 9780309305860

Category: Nature

Page: 208

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Hurricane- and coastal-storm-related losses have increased substantially during the past century, largely due to increases in population and development in the most susceptible coastal areas. Climate change poses additional threats to coastal communities from sea level rise and possible increases in strength of the largest hurricanes. Several large cities in the United States have extensive assets at risk to coastal storms, along with countless smaller cities and developed areas. The devastation from Superstorm Sandy has heightened the nation's awareness of these vulnerabilities. What can we do to better prepare for and respond to the increasing risks of loss? "Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts" reviews the coastal risk-reduction strategies and levels of protection that have been used along the United States East and Gulf Coasts to reduce the impacts of coastal flooding associated with storm surges. This report evaluates their effectiveness in terms of economic return, protection of life safety, and minimization of environmental effects. According to this report, the vast majority of the funding for coastal risk-related issues is provided only after a disaster occurs. This report calls for the development of a national vision for coastal risk management that includes a long-term view, regional solutions, and recognition of the full array of economic, social, environmental, and life-safety benefits that come from risk reduction efforts. To support this vision, "Reducing Coastal Risk" states that a national coastal risk assessment is needed to identify those areas with the greatest risks that are high priorities for risk reduction efforts. The report discusses the implications of expanding the extent and levels of coastal storm surge protection in terms of operation and maintenance costs and the availability of resources. "Reducing Coastal Risk" recommends that benefit-cost analysis, constrained by acceptable risk criteria and other important environmental and social factors, be used as a framework for evaluating national investments in coastal risk reduction. The recommendations of this report will assist engineers, planners and policy makers at national, regional, state, and local levels to move from a nation that is primarily reactive to coastal disasters to one that invests wisely in coastal risk reduction and builds resilience among coastal communities.
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Climate, Change and Risk

Author: Thomas Downing,A. Olsthoorn,R.S.J. Tol

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134698984

Category: Science

Page: 432

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Climate, Change and Risk presents an overview of 'extreme' weather related events and our ability to cope with them. It focuses on society's responses, insurance matters and methodologies for the analysis of climatic hazards. Drawing on worldwide research from the leading names in the field this volume explores the changes in weather hazards that might be expected as the global climate changes.
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The Hidden Costs of Coastal Hazards

Implications For Risk Assessment And Mitigation

Author: H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics, and the Environment. Panel on Risk, Vulnerability, and the True Costs of Coastal Hazards,The H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics, and the Environment

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781559637565

Category: Architecture

Page: 220

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Society has limited hazard mitigation dollars to invest. Which actions will be most cost effective, considering the true range of impacts and costs incurred? In 1997, the H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment began a two-year study with a panel of experts to help develop new strategies to identify and reduce the costs of weather-related hazards associated with rapidly increasing coastal development activities.The Hidden Costs of Coastal Hazards presents the panel's findings, offering the first in-depth study that considers the costs of coastal hazards to natural resources, social institutions, business, and the built environment. Using Hurricane Hugo, which struck South Carolina in 1989, as a case study, it provides for the first time information on the full range of economic costs caused by a major coastal hazard event. The book: describes and examines unreported, undocumented, and hidden costs such as losses due to business interruption, reduction in property values, interruption of social services, psychological trauma, damage to natural systems, and others examines the concepts of risk and vulnerability, and discusses conventional approaches to risk assessment and the emerging area of vulnerability assessment recommends a comprehensive framework for developing and implementing mitigation strategies documents the human impact of Hurricane Hugo and provides insight from those who lived through it.The Hidden Costs of Coastal Hazards takes a structured approach to the problem of coastal hazards, offering a new framework for community-based hazard mitigation along with specific recommendations for implementation. Decisionmakers -- both policymakers and planners -- who are interested in coastal hazard issues will find the book a unique source of new information and insight, as will private-sector decisionmakers including lenders, investors, developers, and insurers of coastal property.
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Living by the Rules of the Sea

Author: David M. Bush,Orrin H. Pilkey,William J. Neal

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822317966

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 179

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Living by the Rules of the Sea is a primer for people living along the nation's coastlines, those considering moving to the coast, or those who want a greater understanding of the risks and dangers posed by living at the seacoast. Published as part of Duke University Press's Living with the Shore series, but without a direct focus on the coastline of one particular state, this book is intended as an overall guide to coastal physical processes, risk assessment of potential property damage from coastal natural hazards, and property damage mitigation. Over the past twenty years, the authors have mapped and studied most of the barrier islands in the United States and have experienced coastal processes such as storms and shoreline retreat at close range. They represent a coastal geology/oceanographic perspective that is decidedly in favor of preserving the natural protective capabilities of the native coastal environment. While strongly anti-engineering in outlook, Living by the Rules of the Sea does provide a review of coastal engineering techniques. It also examines methods of repairing damage to the natural environment that lessen the prospect of further property damage. Finally, it employs a more inclusive "coastal zone" approach rather than simply concentrating on a more narrowly defined shoreline. Barrier islands are viewed as part of a larger system in which changes in one part of the system--for example, the mining of sand dunes or dredging offshore for beach replenishment sand--can have profound effects on another part of the system, predictable effects even though they may not be visible for years or decades. A comprehensive handbook with references to recent storms including hurricanes Andrew, Gilbert, Hugo, Emily, and Opal, Living by the Rules of the Sea is designed to help people make better and more informed choices about where or if to live at the coast.
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Southeastern Geographer

Spring 2014 Issue

Author: David M. Cochran Jr.,Carl A. Reese

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469616017

Category: Social Science

Page: 193

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Southeastern Geographer VOLUME 54, NUMBER 1 : SPRING 2014 Table of Contents Introduction to Southeastern Geographer, Volume 54, Number 1 David M. Cochran and Carl A. Reese Part I: Papers The Great Lakes-to-Florida Highway: A Politics of Road Space in 1920s West Virginia and Virginia Jessey Gilley Do Incentives Work? An Analysis of Residential Solar Energy Adoption in Miami-Dade County, Florida Jeffery Onsted and Aileen Varela-Margolles Disaster Vulnerability of Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers: A Comparison of Texas and North Carolina Christine E. Gares and Burrell E. Montz Louisiana: Apprehending a Complex Web of Vernacular Regional Geography John McEwen Spatial Trends and Factors Associated with Hardwood Mortality in the Southeastern United States Michael Crosby, Zhaofei Fan, Theodor D. Leninger, Martin A. Spetich and A. Brady Self Part II: Reviews The Geography of Wine: How Landscapes, Cultures, Terror, and the Weather Make a Good Drop Brian J. Sommers Reviewed by David M. Cochran, Jr. Dear Appalachia: Readers, Identity, and Popular Fiction since 1878 Emily Satterwhite Reviewed by Taulby H. Edmondson Trash Animals: How We Live with Nature's Filthy, Feral, Invasive, and Unwanted Species Kelsi Nagy and David Johnson II Reviewed by Matthew L. Fahrenbruch Southeastern Geographer is published by UNC Press for the Southeastern Division of the Association of American Geographers (www.sedaag.org). The quarterly journal publishes the academic work of geographers and other social and physical scientists, and features peer-reviewed articles and essays that reflect sound scholarship and contain significant contributions to geographical understanding, with a special interest in work that focuses on the southeastern United States.
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Strengthening Coastal Planning

How Coastal Regions Could Benefit from Louisiana’s Planning and Analysis Framework

Author: David G. Groves,Jordan R. Fischbach,Debra Knopman,David R. Johnson,Kate Giglio

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833084550

Category: History

Page: 44

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Like many coastal regions, Louisiana faces significant risks from storms and resulting storm surge and flooding, as well as coastal land loss. Furthermore, these risks are likely to be exacerbated by continued population growth, economic development, and climate change. In recent years the need to address these challenges has grown more compelling as a consequence of the experiences with hurricanes Katrina, Rita, Isaac, and Sandy.
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Oil Spill Risks From Tank Vessel Lightering

Author: Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Ocean Studies Board,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Marine Board

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309061903

Category: Science

Page: 144

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The safety record of lightering (the transfer of petroleum cargo at sea from a large tanker to smaller ones) has been excellent in U.S. waters in recent years, as evidenced by the very low rate of spillage of oil both in absolute terms and compared with all other tanker-related accidental spills. The lightering safety record is likely to be maintained or even improved in the future as overall quality improvements in the shipping industry are implemented. Risks can be reduced even further through measures that enhance sound lightering standards and practices, support cooperative industry efforts to maintain safety, and increase the availability of essential information to shipping companies and mariners. Only continued vigilance and attention to safety initiatives can avert serious accidents involving tankers carrying large volumes of oil.
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Meeting Research and Education Needs in Coastal Engineering

Author: Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Marine Board

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309063817

Category: Science

Page: 74

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After discussions with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the U.S. Geological Survey, and the Office of Naval Research, the National Research Council (NRC) convened a committee under the auspices of the Marine Board to examine present and anticipated national needs in coastal engineering research and education and assess the adequacy and effectiveness of existing institutions in meeting those needs.
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