Images of the Recent Past

Readings in Historical Archaeology

Author: Charles E. Orser

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780761991427

Category: Social Science

Page: 477

View: 6872

DOWNLOAD NOW »

A collection of classic and contemporary articles demonstrating the development of historical archaeology over the past 20 years, both in North America and throughout the world. Contains sections on recent perspectives, people and places, historic artifacts, interdisciplinary studies, landscape stud
Release

Hunters of the Recent Past

Author: Leslie B. Davis,Brian O.K. Reeves

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317598350

Category: Social Science

Page: 430

View: 2718

DOWNLOAD NOW »

One of a series of more than 20 volumes resulting from the World Archaeological Congress, September 1986, which brought together archaeologists and anthropologists from many parts of the world, academics from contingent disciplines, and non-academics from a wide range of cultural backgrounds. This book considers prehistoric and more recent manifestations of human hunting behaviour, with a general emphasis on communal hunting. It demonstrates that the combination of archaeological, ethnographic and ethnohistorical approaches provides a researched basis for consideration of the topic on worldwide, regional, and local scales. It includes theoretical and methodological issues, within a context of enquiry, original data presentation, and discussion. It is of interest to archaeologists, anthropologists and ethnohistorians.
Release

Discursive Processes of Intergenerational Transmission of Recent History

(Re)making Our Past

Author: M. Achugar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113748733X

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 8693

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Debates about how to remember politically contested or painful pasts exist throughout the world. As with the case of the Holocaust in Europe and Apartheid in South Africa, South American countries are struggling with the legacy of state terrorism left by the 1970s dictatorships. Coming to terms with the past entails understanding the role different social actors played in those events as well as what those event mean for us today. Young people in these situations have to learn about painful historical events over which there is no national consensus. This book explores discursive processes of intergenerational transmission of recent history through the case of the Uruguayan dictatorship. The main themes of the book are the discursive construction of social memory and intergenerational transmission of contested pasts through recontextualization, resemiotization and intertextuality.
Release

To Keep or To Change First Past The Post?

The Politics of Electoral Reform

Author: André Blais

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191561568

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 5564

DOWNLOAD NOW »

First past the post is one of the oldest and simplest electoral systems. The logic is simple: the candidate with the most votes wins. It is the system in place in some of the oldest democracies, most especially the United States and the United Kingdom, as well as the largest democracy, India. This is also a system that is hotly debated, and proposals for reform are often advanced. This book addresses the following questions: What fosters or hinders reform of first past the post? When and why does reform emerge on the political agenda? Who proposes and who opposes reform? When and why do reform proposals succeed or fail? What kind of proposal tends to be put on the table? Are some types of proposal more likely to succeed? Why? The first chapter undertakes a comparative analysis of the conditions under which reform is initiated. The following chapters investigate in detail the politics of electoral reform in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, and New Zealand, the debates that take place, the proposals that are advanced, and the strategies deployed by the actors. These analyses contribute to a rich and nuanced understanding of why first past the post is often challenged and sometimes replaced.
Release

Archaeology, the Public and the Recent Past

Author: Chris Dalglish

Publisher: Boydell Press

ISBN: 1843838516

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 3333

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Heritage, memory, community archaeology and the politics of the past form the main strands running through the papers in this volume.The authors tackle these subjects from a range of different philosophical perspectives, with many drawing on the experience of recent community, commercial and other projects. Throughout, there is a strong emphasis on both the philosophy of engagement and with its enactment in specific contexts; the essays deal with an interest in the meaning, value and contested nature of the recent past and in the theory and practice of archaeological engagements with that past.
Release

Political Uses of the Past

The Recent Mediterranean Experiences

Author: Giovanni Levi,Jacques Revel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135315779

Category: Political Science

Page: 136

View: 7365

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This work addresses political and historiographical uses of history. A group of leading historians and thinkers discuss questions of collective identity and representation in relation to the fluctuating concept of "Past" and its changing relevance. Among the topics are Greek historiographical questions, Balkan history, the Armenian problem, and the Plaestine historical narrative.
Release

Performing the Community

Representation, Ritual and Reciprocity in the Totonac Highlands of Mexico

Author: Cora Govers

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783825897512

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 6273

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Economic liberalization, modern mass media, and new religious and political movements have touched even the most remote areas in Mexico, and the Northern Highlands of the state of Puebla are no exception. When this coincides with recent infrastructures such as roads and electricity and new income sources from cash crop production and urban migration, the nature of rural communities rapidly changes. This study shows how the people of the Totonac mountain village of Nanacatln deal with their increasingly pluriform and differentiated local world. By performing stories, rituals, and exchanges they have countered centrifugal cultural and social forces. Rather than leading to the demise of the community, modernization and globalization thus seem to have reinforced the sense of local belonging. How is this possible? This anthropological analysis points at the simultaneous efforts of new and old cultural brokers--ritual specialists and healers as well as young migrants--who recreate the community by linking the outside world to local customs. Their initiatives are taken up by women, crucial for community building through elaborate food exchanges, and men, whose involvement is central to public ritual life. Their combined efforts create a living community and link the village past to its rural- urban present and future, as a place of belonging in times of change. Cora Govers is a senior staff member at the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO).
Release

Familiar Past?

Archaeologies of Later Historical Britain

Author: Sarah Tarlow,Susie West

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134660340

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 1016

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The Familiar Past surveys material culture from 1500 to the present day. Fourteen case studies, grouped under related topics, include discussion of issues such as: * the origins of modernity in urban contexts * the historical anthropology of food * the social and spatial construction of country houses * the social history of a workhouse site * changes in memorial forms and inscriptions * the archaeological treatment of gardens. The Familiar Past has been structured as a teaching text and will be useful to students of history and archaeology.
Release

Who Needs the Past?

Indigenous Values and Archaeology

Author: R. Layton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135090637

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 3797

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book offers a critique of the all pervasive Western notion that other communities often live in a timeless present. Who Needs the Past? provides first-hand evidence of the interest non-Western, non-academic communities have in the past.
Release

Beyond the J Curve

Managing a Portfolio of Venture Capital and Private Equity Funds

Author: Thomas Meyer,Pierre-Yves Mathonet

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119995029

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 2006

DOWNLOAD NOW »

In recent times, venture capital and private equity funds have become household names, but so far little has been written for the investors in such funds, the so-called limited partners. There is far more to the management of a portfolio of venture capital and private equity funds than usually perceived. Beyond the J Curve describes an innovative toolset for such limited partners to design and manage portfolios tailored to the dynamics of this market place, going far beyond the typical and often-simplistic recipe to 'go for top quartile funds'. Beyond the J Curve provides the answers to key questions, including: Why 'top-quartile' promises should be taken with a huge pinch of salt and what it takes to select superior fund managers? What do limited partners need to consider when designing and managing portfolios? How one can determine the funds' economic value to help addressing the questions of 'fair value' under IAS 39 and 'risk' under Basel II or Solvency II? Why is monitoring important, and how does a limited partner manage his portfolio? How the portfolio's returns can be improved through proper liquidity management and what to consider when over-committing? And, why uncertainty rather than risk is an issue and how a limited partner can address and benefit from the fast changing private equity environment? Beyond the J Curve takes the practitioner's view and offers private equity and venture capital professionals a comprehensive guide making high return targets more realistic and sustainable. This book is a must have for all parties involved in this market, as well as academic and students.
Release