Reason and Passion

Reason and Passion

First , however , we need to contextualize such beliefs by examining villagers ' basic understandings and representations of “ passion " and the ways they relate to local understandings and representations of “ reason " ( akal ) and ...

Author: Michael G. Peletz

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520326866

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 596

This book provides a historical and ethnographic examination of gender relations in Malay society, in particular in the well-known state of Negeri Sembilan, famous for its unusual mixture of Islam and matrilineal descent. Peletz analyzes the diverse ways in which the evocative, heavily gendered symbols of "reason" and "passion" are deployed by Malay Muslims. Unlike many studies of gender, this book elucidates the cultural and political processes implicated in the constitution of both feminine and masculine identity. It also scrutinizes the relationship between gender and kinship and weighs the role of ideology in everyday life. Peletz insists on the importance of examining gender systems not as social isolates, but in relation to other patterns of hierarchy and social difference. His study is historical and comparative; it also explores the political economy of contested symbols and meanings. More than a treatise on gender and social change in a Malay society, this book presents a valuable and deeply interesting model for the analysis of gender and culture by addressing issues of hegemony and cultural domination at the heart of contemporary cultural studies. This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press’s mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1996.
Categories: History

Passion s Triumph Over Reason

Passion s Triumph Over Reason

On Hobbes's theory (at least as examined so far) the passions now use reason, and reason, reciprocally, adopts in its various cognitions the ends of the passions: it 'directs' men 'in the way to that which they desire to attain'.1°7 The ...

Author: Christopher Tilmouth

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199593040

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 424

View: 857

Christopher Tilmouth presents an accomplished study of Early Modern ideas of emotion, self-indulgence, and self-control in the literature and moral thought of the late 16th and 17th centuries (1580 to 1680).
Categories: Literary Criticism

Passion and Reason

Passion and Reason

In effect, we use reason not only in the arousal of an emotion—Stage 1— but also in the control of the way it is expressed—Stage 2. Reason plays a part in both stages. We are singleminded when we experience strong emotions, ...

Author: Richard S. Lazarus

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198024835

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 377

When Oxford published Emotion and Adaptation, the landmark 1991 book on the psychology of emotion by internationally acclaimed stress and coping expert Richard Lazarus, Contemporary Psychology welcomed it as "a brightly shining star in the galaxy of such volumes." Psychiatrists, psychologists and researchers hailed it as a masterpiece, a major breakthrough in our understanding of the emotional process and its central role in our adaptation as individuals and as a species. What was still needed, however, was a book for general readers and health care practitioners that would dispel the myths still surrounding cultural beliefs about emotion and systematically explain the relevance of the new research to the emotional dramas of our everyday lives. Now, in Passion and Reason, Lazarus draws on his four decades of pioneering research to bring readers the first book to move beyond both clinical jargon and "feel-good" popular psychology to really explain, in plain, accessible language, how emotions are aroused, how they are managed, and how they critically shape our views of ourselves and the world around us. With his co-author writer Bernice Lazarus, Dr. Lazarus explores the latest findings on the short and long-term causes and effects of various emotions, including the often conflicting research on stress management and links between negative emotions and heart disease, cancer, and other aspects of physical and psychological health. Lazarus makes a strong case that contrary to common assumption, emotions are not irrational--our emotions and our analytical thought processes are inextricably linked. While not a "how-to" book, Passion and Reason does describe how readers can interpret what lies behind their own emotions and those of their families, friends, and co-workers, and how to manage them more effectively. Exploring fifteen emotions in depth, from love to jealousy, the authors show how the personal meaning we give to the events and conditions of our lives trigger such emotions as anger, anxiety, guilt, and pride. They provide fascinating vignettes to frame a "biography" of each emotion. Some are composite case histories drawn from Dr. Lazarus's long career, but most are stories of people the Lazaruses have known over the years--people whose emotional fears, conflicts, and desires mirror readers' own. The Lazaruses also offer a special chapter on the diverse strategies of coping people use in managing their emotions, and another, "When Coping Fails," on psychotherapy and its approaches to emotional stress and dysfunction, from traditional Freudian psychoanalysis to continuing research into relaxation techniques, meditation, hypnosis, and biofeedback. Packed with insight and compellingly readable, Passion and Reason will enrich all readers fascinated by our emotional lives.
Categories: Psychology

Spinoza on Reason Passions and the Supreme Good

Spinoza on Reason  Passions  and the Supreme Good

My account of agreement in nature does full justice to the reason why passions may be good, helpful and beneficial, while also acknowledging that this role does not depend on their being passive states.

Author: Andrea Sangiacomo

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198847908

Category: Philosophy

Page: 257

View: 456

Spinoza's thought is at the centre of an ever growing interest. Spinoza's moral philosophy, in particular, points to a radical way of understanding how human beings can become free and enjoy supreme happiness. And yet, there is still much disagreement about how exactly Spinoza's recipe is supposed to work. For long time, Spinoza has been presented as an arch rationalist who would identify in the purely intellectual cultivation of reason the key for ethical progress. Andrea Sangiacomo offers a new understanding of Spinoza's project, by showing how he himself struggled during his career to develop a moral philosophy that could speak to human beings as they actually are (imperfect, passionate, often not very rational). Spinoza's views significantly evolved over time. In his early writings, Spinoza's account of ethical progress towards the Supreme Good relies mostly on the idea that the mind can build on its innate knowledge to resist the power of the passions. Although appropriate social conditions may support the individual's pursuit of the Supreme Good, achieving it does not depend essentially on social factors. In Spinoza's later writings, however, the emphasis shifts towards the mind's need to rely on appropriate forms of social cooperation. Reason becomes the mental expression of the way the human body interacts with external causes on the basis of some degree of agreement in nature with them. The greater the agreement, the greater the power of reason to adequately understand universal features as well as more specific traits of the external causes. In the case of human beings, certain kinds of social cooperation are crucial for the development of reason. This view has crucial ramifications for Spinoza's account of how individuals can progress towards the Supreme Good and how a political science based on Spinoza's principles can contribute to this goal.
Categories: Philosophy

The Soft Underbelly of Reason

The Soft Underbelly of Reason

interesting case here, because at first glance his refusal to absolve the 'affects' from the 'geometrical' treatment to which he subjects everything else suggests a strongly Stoic account, whereby the passions cede to reason.

Author: Stephen Gaukroger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134698141

Category: Philosophy

Page: 171

View: 928

This book provides a valuable understanding on the different views of the passions in the Seventeenth Century. The contributors show that fundamental questions about the nature of wisdom, goodness and beauty were understood in terms of the contrast between reason and passions in this era. Those with an interest in philosophy , the history of medicene, and women's studies will find this collection a fascinating read.
Categories: Philosophy

Passion and Reason

Passion and Reason

The most important lesson I have learned by teaching ethics , however , is that reason alone is ineffective . By trial and error I have discovered that unless students ' passions are evoked ...

Author: Grace D. Cumming Long

Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press

ISBN: 066425408X

Category: Religion

Page: 166

View: 271

This book provides readers with a Christian ethics from the perspective of women's experience, rooted in passion and reason, emotion and research. Through a collage of autobiographical narratives and feminist theologies, Cumming Long constructs an unconventional approach to moral questioning, using the "domestic arts" to find creative ways to respond to the social crises of our day.
Categories: Religion

Custom and Reason in Hume

Custom and Reason in Hume

First, the explicit intent of Hume's argument is to dismiss the traditional conception ofa combat between reason and passion and to suggest, instead, that what is commonly understood as such a combat is really one between the calm and ...

Author: Henry E. Allison

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191559785

Category: Philosophy

Page: 432

View: 190

Henry Allison examines the central tenets of Hume's epistemology and cognitive psychology, as contained in the Treatise of Human Nature. Allison takes a distinctive two-level approach. On the one hand, he considers Hume's thought in its own terms and historical context. So considered, Hume is viewed as a naturalist, whose project in the first three parts of the first book of the Treatise is to provide an account of the operation of the understanding in which reason is subordinated to custom and other non-rational propensities. Scepticism arises in the fourth part as a form of metascepticism, directed not against first-order beliefs, but against philosophical attempts to ground these beliefs in the "space of reasons." On the other hand, Allison provides a critique of these tenets from a Kantian perspective. This involves a comparison of the two thinkers on a range of issues, including space and time, causation, existence, induction, and the self. In each case, the issue is seen to turn on a contrast between their underlying models of cognition. Hume is committed to a version of the perceptual model, according to which the paradigm of knowledge is a seeing with the "mind's eye" of the relation between mental contents. By contrast, Kant appeals to a discursive model in which the fundamental cognitive act is judgment, understood as the application of concepts to sensory data, Whereas regarded from the first point of view, Hume's account is deemed a major philosophical achievement, seen from the second it suffers from a failure to develop an adequate account of concepts and judgment.
Categories: Philosophy

Reason Over Passion

Reason Over Passion

Mind and desire, or belief and attitude, together constitute both reason and cause of voluntary action.2 When Aristotle gave an example of practical reasoning — "my appetite says, I must drink; this is drink, says sensation or ...

Author: Evan Simpson

Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press

ISBN: 9780889200739

Category: Philosophy

Page: 162

View: 266

"Reason is not passion's slave." Rather, the author argues, reason appraises the cultural appropriateness of passion, thus directing our attitudinal behaviour. He refutes those theories of value which correspond philosophically to societies described by Jean-Jacques Rousseau: societies of "honour without virtue, reason without wisdom, pleasure without happiness." His argument, which takes into account traditional philosophic positions, is divided into five parts: Attitudes, Evaluation, Characterization, Culture, Morality.
Categories: Philosophy

Designing the City of Reason

Designing the City of Reason

In the case of a conflict, passion is likely to be an ally of reason. In a similar way to Plato, Aristotle saw the human psyche as being composed of two parts, a rational part, which is the realm of reason, ...

Author: Ali Madanipour

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134103997

Category: Architecture

Page: 351

View: 614

With a practical approach to theory, Designing the City of Reason offers new perspectives on how differing belief systems and philosophical approaches impact on city design and development, exploring how this has changed before, during and after the impact of modernism in all its rationalism. Looking at the connections between abstract ideas and material realities, this book provides a social and historical account of ideas which have emerged out of the particular concerns and cultural contexts and which inform the ways we live. By considering the changing foundations for belief and action, and their impact on urban form, it follows the history and development of city design in close conjunction with the growth of rationalist philosophy. Building on these foundations, it goes on to focus on the implications of this for urban development, exploring how public infrastructures of meaning are constructed and articulated through the dimensions of time, space, meaning, value and action. With its wide-ranging subject matter and distinctive blend of theory and practice, this book furthers the scope and range of urban design by asking new questions about the cities we live in and the values and symbols which we assign to them.
Categories: Architecture

Reason and Compassion Routledge Revivals

Reason and Compassion  Routledge Revivals

I want to argue that the antithesis between reason and passion is misconceived. The proper contrast is between levels of life, each characterized by distinctive levels of thought and feeling. Those who demand instant gratification, ...

Author: R. S. Peters

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317500179

Category: Education

Page: 122

View: 215

First published in 1973, Reason and Compassion showcases a collection of lectures by Professor Richard S. Peters concerned primarily with the moral position, based on compassion and on the use of reason, which is critical to code-encased moralities. He reacts to the idea that whilst many people are sympathetic towards protests against an established moral code, they are reluctant to align themselves with modern forms of nihilism, subjectivism and romantic revolt. The work studies the implications for moral education and takes account of modern work ethics, development psychology and philosophy of religion. It presents its findings in a way which can be appreciated by specialists and non-specialists alike. By making a distinction between the form of the moral consciousness and the content of particular moralities, Peters reconciles the development approach of Piaget with the approaches of other schools of thought, including the Freudians and social learning theorists.
Categories: Education