Reality and Research

Social Science and U.S. Urban Policy Since 1960

Author: George C. Galster

Publisher: The Urban Insitute

ISBN: 9780877666394

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 4850


Confidence was at its highest in the 1960s that governments could solve many of the country's urban problems by commissioning social science studies and being guided by their findings. Here 11 studies critically evaluate the three decades of such policy analysis in a wide range of urban policy arenas, including community development, transportation and land use, education, housing, family support and social welfare, drugs, and racial discrimination. They find mixed results in different areas: sometimes the system worked wonderfully, sometimes the studies were excellent but ignored, and sometimes the studies were conducted merely to support policy adopted for other reasons. No index. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Reader's Guide to the Social Sciences

Author: Jonathan Michie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135932263

Category: Social Science

Page: 2165

View: 734


This 2-volume work includes approximately 1,200 entries in A-Z order, critically reviewing the literature on specific topics from abortion to world systems theory. In addition, nine major entries cover each of the major disciplines (political economy; management and business; human geography; politics; sociology; law; psychology; organizational behavior) and the history and development of the social sciences in a broader sense.

Urban and Regional Policy and Its Effects

Author: Margery Austin Turner,Howard Wial,Harold Wolman

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815701586

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 257

View: 8478


The goal of this book, the first in a series, is to bring policymakers, practitioners, and scholars up to speed on the state of knowledge on various aspects of urban and regional policy. What do we know about the effectiveness of select policy approaches, reforms, or experiments on key social and economic problems facing cities, suburbs, and metropolitan areas? What can we say about what works, what doesn't, and why? And what does this knowledge and experience imply for future policy questions? The authors take a fresh look at several different issues (e.g., economic development, education, land use) and conceptualize how each should be thought of. Once the contributors have presented the essence of what is known, as well as the likely implications, they identify the knowledge gaps that need to be filled for the successful formulation and implementation of urban and regional policy.

The Geography of Opportunity

Race and Housing Choice in Metropolitan America

Author: Xavier de Souza Briggs

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815797784

Category: Political Science

Page: 353

View: 3959


A popular version of history trumpets the United States as a diverse "nation of immigrants," welcome to all. The truth, however, is that local communities have a long history of ambivalence toward new arrivals and minorities. Persistent patterns of segregation by race and income still exist in housing and schools, along with a growing emphasis on rapid metropolitan development (sprawl) that encourages upwardly mobile families to abandon older communities and their problems. This dual pattern is becoming increasingly important as America grows more diverse than ever and economic inequality increases. Two recent trends compel new attention to these issues. First, the geography of race and class represents a crucial litmus test for the new "regionalism"—the political movement to address the linked fortunes of cities and suburbs. Second, housing has all but disappeared as a major social policy issue over the past two decades. This timely book shows how unequal housing choices and sprawling development create an unequal geography of opportunity. It emerges from a project sponsored by the Civil Rights Project at Harvard University in collaboration with the Joint Center for Housing Studies and the Brookings Institution. The contributors—policy analysts, political observers, social scientists, and urban planners—document key patterns, their consequences, and how we can respond, taking a hard look at both successes and failures of the past. Place still matters, perhaps more than ever. High levels of segregation shape education and job opportunity, crime and insecurity, and long-term economic prospects. These problems cannot be addressed effectively if society assumes that segregation will take care of itself. Contributors include William Apgar (Harvard University), Judith Bell (PolicyLink), Angela Glover Blackwell (PolicyLink), Allegra Calder (Harvard), Karen Chapple (Cal-Berkeley), Camille Charles (Penn), Mary Cunningham (Urban Institute), Casey Dawkins (Virginia Tech), Stephanie DeLuca (Johns Hopkins), John Goering (CUNY), Edward Goetz (U. of Minnesota), Bruce Katz (Brookings), Barbara Lukermann (U. of Minnesota), Gerrit Knaap (U. of Maryland), Arthur Nelson (Virginia Tech), Rolf Pendall (Cornell), Susan J. Popkin (Urban Institute), James Rosenbaum (Northwestern), Stephen L. Ross (U. of Connecticut), Mara Sidney (Rutgers), Phillip Tegeler (Poverty and Race Research Action Council), Tammy Tuck (Northwestern), Margery Austin Turner (Urban Institute), William Julius Wilson (Harvard).

Measurement of Community Health

The Social Health Index

Author: Yoku Shaw-Taylor

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN: 9780761814146

Category: Medical

Page: 98

View: 1829


Measurement of Community Health examines the underlying assumptions of constructing a social health index. Some of the questions addressed by the book include: how is personal health different from community social health? What does community social health mean? What is the process of obtaining a community social health index? The author uses data from each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Power analysis suggests that the social health index is a useful tool for monitoring social disadvantage. Most importantly, the results of this study suggest a reliable method of targeting federal funds or block grants for economic opportunity to states.

Public Policies for Distressed Communities Revisited

Author: F. Stevens Redburn,Terry F. Buss

Publisher: N.A


Category: Political Science

Page: 262

View: 7062


This volume of analytical essays addresses the topic of national policy towards economically distressed areas and charts the evolution and redefinition of the problems affecting distressed communities. They look at the new roles currently played by federal and state governments, and the innovative approaches being developed to tackle the traditional problems of connecting impoverished areas and their residents to jobs and opportunity.