Reading Statistics and Research

Author: Schuyler W. Huck

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: 9780205510672

Category: Education

Page: 544

View: 2685

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Reading Statistics and Research, Fifth EditionBy Schuyler W. Huck This text shows consumers of research how to read, understand, and critically evaluate the statistical information and research results contained in technical research reports. The text is also useful for applied researchers who need advice on how to analyze their own data and summarize their empirical findings. Students in education and other disciplines need to learn how to interpret and use statistics and research, but often they do not have any way to begin this process. This text clearly and methodically presents basic statistical and research concepts and illustrates how to employ them in making sound educational decisions. Excerpts from more than 500 recent research articles are presented, analyzed, and discussed to illustrate concepts, while numerous cases, terms, and review questions help guide the discussion. Features of this text include: More than 500 boxed excerpts from recent research articles (including tables, figures, and portions of textual material) illustrate concepts, good practice, and common mistakes. End-of-chapter summaries of two research studies in Research NavigatorTM (online component), each asking the reader to propose the study's main finding. Discussion about the quality of research results as they relate to the quality of the data used in computer programs ("garbage in, garbage out" concerns). Repeated cautions that studies can yield statistical significance without showing anything that is significant in a practical (or "clinical") sense. Many excerpts from studies having topics of likely interest to the reader (e.g., gossiping at work, students' locus-of-control and GPA, ability to recall dreams). "I love this book. I first worked with an earlier edition when I was a doctoral student. I continue to share it with my own graduate students."-Bob Ives, University of Nevada, Reno
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The Cambridge Guide to Research in Language Teaching and Learning

Author: James Dean Brown,Christine Coombe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110748555X

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 328

View: 9749

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This book provides an up-to-date and comprehensive overview of research methods in second-language teaching and learning, from experts in the field. The Cambridge Guide to Research in Language Teaching and Learning covers 36 core areas of second-language research, organised into four main sections: Primary Considerations; Getting Ready; Doing the Research; Research Contexts. Presenting in-depth but easy to understand theoretical overviews, along with practical advice, the volume is aimed at 'students of research', including pre-service and in-service language teachers who are interested in research methods, as well as those studying research methods in Bachelor, MA, or PhD graduate programs around the world.
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Critically Reading the Theory and Methods of Archaeology

An Introductory Guide

Author: Guy Gibbon

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 075912342X

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 9162

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Critically Reading the Theory and Methods of Archaeology stands out as the most thorough and practical guide to the essential critical reading and writing skills that all students, instructors, and practitioners should have. It provides priceless insight for the here and now of the Theory and Methods of Archaeology classes and for a lifetime of reading, learning, teaching, and writing. Chapters focus on rigorous reasoning skills, types of argument, the main research orientations in archaeology, the basic procedural framework that underlies all schools of archaeology, and issues in archaeology raised by skeptical postmodernists.
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Ordered Data Analysis, Modeling and Health Research Methods

In Honor of H. N. Nagaraja's 60th Birthday

Author: Pankaj Choudhary,Chaitra H. Nagaraja,Hon Keung Tony Ng

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319254332

Category: Mathematics

Page: 265

View: 5466

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This volume presents an eclectic mix of original research articles in areas covering the analysis of ordered data, stochastic modeling and biostatistics. These areas were featured in a conference held at the University of Texas at Dallas from March 7 to 9, 2014 in honor of Professor H. N. Nagaraja’s 60th birthday and his distinguished contributions to statistics. The articles were written by leading experts who were invited to contribute to the volume from among the conference participants. The volume is intended for all researchers with an interest in order statistics, distribution theory, analysis of censored data, stochastic modeling, time series analysis, and statistical methods for the health sciences, including statistical genetics.
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Evidence-Based Practice in Athletic Training

Author: Scot Raab,Deborah I. Craig

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 1492584932

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 888

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As one of the first texts of its kind, Evidence-Based Practice in Athletic Training contains essential information on the fundamentals of evidence-based practice (EBP) for students who are working toward certification in athletic training and athletic trainers who wish to stay up to date on best practices in the field. With EBP, all clinical decisions are based on available research studies, and these studies are selected and assessed according to specific criteria that yield evidence of benefit. EBP is a continuing education requirement for athletic trainers who are certified with the Board of Certification (BOC). Grounded in solid science, Evidence-Based Practice in Athletic Training explains the basics of EBP and the research design methods that are so vital to its implementation. Starting in part I, the text introduces the various levels of evidence, well-built question development using the PICO technique (patient problem or population, intervention, comparison, and outcomes), the five steps of searching for evidence, and search techniques. Part II guides readers through researching specific questions and evaluating research studies, including how to incorporate the evidence they find into their clinical practice. Part III reviews the various research types, their uses and benefits, and research ethics as a critical part of the process of EBP. Through these step-by-step chapters, readers will be able to formulate clinical questions, perform research on current studies, analyze the available data, and apply the principles in their practice in order to provide the best and most accurate care possible. In addition to in-depth information on the principles and application of EBP, Evidence-Based Practice in Athletic Training presents clinically based scenarios that allow students to apply their recently acquired knowledge to real-life situations, thus encouraging a deeper understanding of the topics presented throughout the text. These scenarios allow those who are learning EBP concepts for the first time to understand how EBP is incorporated clinically. The most efficient, systematic, and thorough resource of its kind, Evidence-Based Practice in Athletic Training encourages students and current certified athletic trainers to ask meaningful questions, gain the knowledge they need for excelling in future practice, and rise to the top of their profession. For students who want a thorough skill base in EBP and for credentialed health care professionals who seek further knowledge in the area, Evidence-Based Practice in Athletic Training will help all current and future athletic trainers provide the best care for their athletes and clients.
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International Handbook of Research in Statistics Education

Author: Dani Ben-Zvi,Katie Makar,Joan Garfield

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319661957

Category: Education

Page: 512

View: 1731

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This handbook connects the practice of statistics to the teaching and learning of the subject with contributions from experts in several disciplines. Chapters present current challenges and methods of statistics education in the changing world for statistics and mathematics educators. Issues addressed include current and future challenges in professional development of teachers, use of technology tools, design of learning environments and appropriate student assessments. This handbook presents challenging and inspiring international research perspectives on the history and nature, current issues, and future directions of statistics education and statistics education research.
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Case Studies in Bayesian Statistics

Author: Constantine Gatsonis,James S. Hodges,Robert E. Kass,Nozer D. Singpurwalla

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461227143

Category: Mathematics

Page: 437

View: 8005

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The past few years have witnessed dramatic advances in computational methods for Bayesian inference. As a result, Bayesian approaches to solving a wide variety of problems in data analysis and decision-making have become feasible, and there is currently a growth spurt in the application of Bayesian methods. The purpose of this volume is to present several detailed examples of applications of Bayesian thinking, with an emphasis on the scientific or technological context of the problem being solved. The papers collected here were presented and discussed at a Workshop held at Carnegie-Mellon University, September 29 through October 1, 1991. There are five ma jor articles, each with two discussion pieces and a reply. These articles were invited by us following a public solicitation of abstracts. The problems they address are diverse, but all bear on policy decision-making. Though not part of our original design for the Workshop, that commonality of theme does emphasize the usefulness of Bayesian meth ods in this arena. Along with the invited papers were several additional commentaries of a general nature; the first comment was invited and the remainder grew out of the discussion at the Workshop. In addition there are nine contributed papers, selected from the thirty-four presented at the Workshop, on a variety of applications. This collection of case studies illustrates the ways in which Bayesian methods are being incorporated into statistical practice. The strengths (and limitations) of the approach become apparent through the examples.
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Data Collection and Analysis

Author: Roger Sapsford,Victor Jupp

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761943625

Category: Social Science

Page: 332

View: 1899

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In simple and non-technical terms, this text illustrates a wide range of techniques and approaches used in social research projects.
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Principles and Practice of Research

Strategies for Surgical Investigators

Author: H. Troidl,W.O. Spitzer,B. McPeek,D.S. Mulder,Martin F. Bach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642969429

Category: Medical

Page: 381

View: 3028

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emerging on the surgical scene to challenge or For some readers, the title of this book will im thodoxy. Although these innovations are often mediately raise the question, what exactly is greeted with great optimism, a factual basis for meant by surgical research? In the very broadest that enthusiasm is sometimes far from secure sense the term can be taken to include all en and much further work is frequently required to deavors, however elementary or limited in discover whether we are dealing with genuine scope, to advance surgical knowledge. Ideally, advances or not. it refers to well-organized attempts to establish The most exciting and attractive scenario for on a proper scientific basis, i. e. , to place beyond surgical research is unquestionably one that de reasonable doubt, the truth or otherwise of any picts a successful attempt by a researcher to es concepts, old or new, within the ambit of sur gery, and, of course, anaesthesia. tablish the accuracy of some bold innovation for which he himself is responsible. Joseph Lister, The methods used to achieve that end vary demonstrating by clinical trial that wound sup enormously, depending on the issue being in vestigated.
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Research Methods for Clinical Therapists E-Book

Applied Project Design and Analysis

Author: Carolyn M. Hicks

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702041882

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 1918

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Struggling to do a project or dissertation, evaluate published research or conduct your own research? Help is at hand with this 5th edition of Research Methods for Clinical Therapists, which explains, in a clear and simple manner, how to evaluate existing research and how to conduct your own research. Aimed at undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as the practising health care professional, the focus of the text is the design and analysis of experimental studies. These are vital to the effectiveness studies that are central to the work of the healthcare professional. Specific examples from different areas of healthcare are used to explain the core research concepts and relate them to clinical situations. Statistical theory and jargon are kept to a minimum. 'Key concept' boxes to explain technical research terms Activities and exercises (with answers provided in an appendix) to reinforce learning Sample critique of a published research article Comprehensive coverage of the key components of a robust research study Explanation of basic mathematical concepts Extended section on calculating sample sizes Guidelines on the preparation of posters Calculation of Inter-rater reliability measures, including Cohen’s Kappa, ICC (interclass correlation) and Bland-Altman graphs of inter-rater agreement Introduction to Receiver Operating Characteristics, for use in screening and diagnostic testing against gold-standards The Thurstone Paired Comparison Technique, valuable in capturing the user voice on a variety of service planning, design and development issues Undertaking Systematic Reviews Relevant further reading for each chapter to support readers in their work.
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