Rationality and Science in Public Policy

Rationality and Science in Public Policy

The National Environmental Policy Act Robert V. Bartlett. 1 TABLE 87 Does your
agency have any provisions , policies.

Author: Robert V. Bartlett

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000066124755

Category: Environmental law

Page: 666

View: 716

Categories: Environmental law

Science for Public Policy

Science for Public Policy

Science and public policy have long since ceased to be bound by a relationship ... The first outcome is the undermining of the alleged rationality of the ...

Author: H. Brooks

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483286600

Category: Political Science

Page: 294

View: 137

Since World War II, national and international policy makers have been confronted by a growing number of complex problems the resolution of which hangs, to a significant degree, on scientific knowledge or technical insights. This puts a premium on the quality and clarity of scientific/technical advice they receive. From their vantage points as scientists, policy makers or science advisors from both East and West, the authors of this book examine the issues involved in science for public policy and explore ways to improve the quality and timeliness of the scientific advice available to decision makers. Environmental problems provide much of the focus for the analysis.
Categories: Political Science

Science Scientists and Public Policy

Science  Scientists  and Public Policy

K . Price , The Scientific Estate ( Cambridge : Harvard University Press , 1965 ) ;
Robert C . Wood , “ Scientists and Politics : The Rise of an Apolitical Elite , ”
Scientists and National Policy - Making , ed . by Robert Gilpin and Christopher
Wright ( New York : Columbia University Press , 1964 ) ; and ... Paul Diesing has
distinguished technical rationality from legal , social , political , and economic
rationality .

Author: Dean Schooler

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B4534459

Category: Science and state

Page: 338

View: 391

Categories: Science and state

The Science of Public Policy Policy analysis II

The Science of Public Policy  Policy analysis II

This set offers a comprehensive collection of papers on this significant discipline. Published in two parts with new introductions to the individual volumes by the editor, this is an invaluable tool for any researcher in this area.

Author: Tadao Miyakawa

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0415195985

Category: Political Science

Page: 1976

View: 550

This set offers a comprehensive collection of papers on this significant discipline. Published in two parts with new introductions to the individual volumes by the editor, this is an invaluable tool for any researcher in this area.
Categories: Political Science

Science Public Policy

Science   Public Policy

institutionally defined rationality , but also by a rationality arising from their
disciplinary boundaries . implications of this are complex , but the principal effect
is that the science / public boundary becomes a site of epistemological contest in
risk ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105133687280

Category: Electronic journals

Page:

View: 356

Categories: Electronic journals

The Role of Science in Public Policy

The Role of Science in Public Policy

Scientists, then, might be able to avoid the elitist derision of democracy, if they change their rhetoric to be about more than rational discourse.

Author: Eamon Doyle

Publisher: Greenhaven Publishing LLC

ISBN: 9781534503342

Category: Young Adult Nonfiction

Page: 128

View: 655

Does science have a place when it comes to making public policy? The answer might not be as simple as many people think. Ideally, scientists discover facts, and those facts inform policy. But policy undermines the open-ended nature of scientific inquiry, and scientists end up representing an agenda rather than presenting objective truths to be used to make decisions that impact the public. Through a variety of perspectives, this volume explores who wins and who loses when science and politics mix.
Categories: Young Adult Nonfiction

Analysis and Public Policy

Analysis and Public Policy

“decisionistic mode,” science is one input into policy decisions. The third mode is the “transparent (inclusive) governance mode” where “science, politics, ...

Author: Stuart Shapiro

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781784714765

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 319

How do we incorporate analytical thinking into public policy decisions? Stuart Shapiro confronts this issue in Analysis and Public Policy by looking at various types of analysis, and discussing how they are used in regulatory policy-making in the US. By looking at the successes and failures of incorporating cost-benefit analysis, risk assessment, and environmental impact assessment, he draws broader lessons on its use, focusing on the interactions between analysis and political factors, legal structures and bureaucratic organizations as possible areas for reform. Utilizing empirical and qualitative research, Shapiro analyzes four different forms of analysis: cost-benefit analysis, risk assessment, environmental impact assessment, and impact analysis. After interviewing nearly fifty individuals who have served in high levels of government, and who have made countless regulatory policy decisions in their careers, Shapiro argues that advocates must become less ambitious and should craft requirements for simpler and clearer analysis. Such analysis, particularly if informed by public participation, can do a great deal to improve government decisions. As this book details the relationship between analysis and institutional factors such as politics, bureaucracy, and law, it is appropriate for a variety of readers, such as scholars of policy, students, scholars of regulation, and congressional and state legislative staff looking to create new analytical requirements.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Oxford Handbook of Classics in Public Policy and Administration

The Oxford Handbook of Classics in Public Policy and Administration

Papers on the Science of Administration. New York: Institute of Public Administration, Columbia University. Jones, Bryan D. 1999. “Bounded Rationality.

Author: Steven J. Balla

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191643330

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 651

This Handbook brings together a collection of leading international authors to reflect on the influence of central contributions, or classics, that have shaped the development of the field of public policy and administration. The Handbook reflects on a wide range of key contributions to the field, selected on the basis of their international and wider disciplinary impact. Focusing on classics that contributed significantly to the field over the second half of the 20th century, it offers insights into works that have explored aspects of the policy process, of particular features of bureaucracy, and of administrative and policy reforms. Each classic is discussed by a leading international scholars. They offer unique insights into the ways in which individual classics have been received in scholarly debates and disciplines, how classics have shaped evolving research agendas, and how the individual classics continue to shape contemporary scholarly debates. In doing so, this volume offers a novel approach towards considering the various central contributions to the field. The Handbook offers students of public policy and administration state-of-the-art insights into the enduring impact of key contributions to the field.
Categories: Political Science

Public Administration Theories

Public Administration Theories

The book examines key public administration theories from the perspective of instrumental and value rationalities.

Author: L. Dong

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137536426

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 984

The book examines key public administration theories from the perspective of instrumental and value rationalities. The theories are analyzed on core value, assumption about human nature, methodology, role of government, and disciplinary positioning. The author traces the historical trajectory of each of the two camps of theories.
Categories: Social Science

Routledge Handbook of Bounded Rationality

Routledge Handbook of Bounded Rationality

Incrementalism: dead yet flourishing, Public Administration Review 75, 194–205. ... A theory of the budgetary process, The American Political Science Review ...

Author: Riccardo Viale

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317330790

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 664

View: 235

Herbert Simon’s renowned theory of bounded rationality is principally interested in cognitive constraints and environmental factors and influences which prevent people from thinking or behaving according to formal rationality. Simon’s theory has been expanded in numerous directions and taken up by various disciplines with an interest in how humans think and behave. This includes philosophy, psychology, neurocognitive sciences, economics, political science, sociology, management, and organization studies. The Routledge Handbook of Bounded Rationality draws together an international team of leading experts to survey the recent literature and the latest developments in these related fields. The chapters feature entries on key behavioural phenomena, including reasoning, judgement, decision making, uncertainty, risk, heuristics and biases, and fast and frugal heuristics. The text also examines current ideas such as fast and slow thinking, nudge, ecological rationality, evolutionary psychology, embodied cognition, and neurophilosophy. Overall, the volume serves to provide the most complete state-of-the-art collection on bounded rationality available. This book is essential reading for students and scholars of economics, psychology, neurocognitive sciences, political sciences, and philosophy.
Categories: Business & Economics

The rationality of public policies

The rationality of public policies

The book is structured in five chapters, attempting to analyse, in an integrating vision, a joint, interdisciplinary issue, which is boosted by public policies process on public administration in the context of incorporating the theory of ...

Author: Ani Matei

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783656141204

Category: Political Science

Page: 213

View: 244

Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2012 in the subject Politics - Political Theory and the History of Ideas Journal, , language: English, abstract: Nowadays, public policies represent the most adequate instrument of action in view to achieve the public interest, no matter we talk about European, national or local level. The rational approach of public policies, representing the topic of the current publication, is or should be a steady feature of public policy making and implementing. We find the origins of this approach both in key papers of political and administrative sciences, as well as in those concerning the theory of rational choice. In the current book, a direct, causal relationship is established between public administration, public policies and the theory of rational choice. The context of that relationship holds a great structural and functional complexity, demonstrating that the juxtaposition of the three mentioned fields is not enough. The mechanisms for their connection highlight links of various, non-linear intensities, in view of a finality which should be related every time to the public interest. The public interest is also defined further a process of public choice, more or less a rational one. It is quantified in terms of efficiency and effectiveness, thus supporting the need to introduce the cost-benefit or cost-effectiveness analyses as instruments for assessing the impact of public policies in our research. The book is structured in five chapters, attempting to analyse, in an integrating vision, a joint, interdisciplinary issue, which is boosted by public policies process on public administration in the context of incorporating the theory of rational choice. The first three chapters have a theoretical character, generally a descriptive one, the fourth and fifth chapters aim to identify the influences or “prints” of the theory of rational choice on public policy making at European and national level. The publication represents the outcome of researches achieved by authors in the framework of the Doctoral School in Administrative Sciences of the Faculty of Public Administration, National School of Political Studies and Public Administration, Bucharest.
Categories: Political Science

21st Century Political Science A Reference Handbook

21st Century Political Science  A Reference Handbook

Critics of rational choice argued against a political science that reduced the political arena to self-interested, utility maximizing political actors who ...

Author: John T Ishiyama

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781483305462

Category: Political Science

Page: 936

View: 273

Request a free trial of SAGE Knowledge to sample this title and many more! www.sagepub.com/freetrial Via 99 entries or "mini-chapters," the SAGE 21st Century Reference Series volumes on political science highlight the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in this field ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. 21st Century Political Science: A Reference Handbook serves as an authoritative reference source that meets students' research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but not so much jargon, detail, or density as a journal article or a research handbook chapter. An editorial advisory board comprised of eminent scholars from various subfields, many of whom are also award-winning teachers, selected the most important general topics in the discipline. The two volumes are divided into six major parts: 1) General Approaches of Political Science; 2) Comparative Politics; 3) International Relations; 4) Political Science Methodology; 5) Political Thought; and 6) American Politics. A section on identity politics includes chapters on topics such as Race, Ethnicity, and Politics; Gender and Politics; Religion and Politics; and LGBT Issues/ Queer Theory. This two-volume resource makes fairly complex approaches in political science accessible to advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students.
Categories: Political Science

The Next Public Administration

The Next Public Administration

A common assumption of humans in general and social scientists more particularly is that decision-making should be, can be, and even is rational.

Author: B Guy Peters

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781473993938

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 293

Written by two of the leading scholars in the field, this book explores public administration in the past, present and future, critically reviewing the modernization of public management reform. It reasserts public administration as an integral component of democratic governance and fostering a state-citizen relationship. Wide-ranging in scope, The Next Public Administration: Extends basic public administration to consider issues associated with management, governance and democracy Covers core public administration concepts and their evolution through time Draws on an international spread of examples, bringing theoretical discussions to life Includes lists of further reading Essential reading for students of public management and public administration.
Categories: Political Science

Science and Public Policy

Science and Public Policy

This compilation of some of Cyril ' s most recent works reveals the rational man of
science striving to find a solution amidst competing environmental goals . The
reasoned , confident , and serene style in which he expressed his views reflects ...

Author: Cyril Lewis Comar

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105030536234

Category: Environmental policy

Page: 145

View: 522

Categories: Environmental policy

Advanced Introduction to Public Policy

Advanced Introduction to Public Policy

Rationality For contemporary political science the usual manner in which to begin considering the process of making decisions about governing would be to ...

Author: B. Guy Peters

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781781955789

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 667

Making effective public policies is a difficult task, but considering policymaking as a problem of design analogous to architecture or engineering can assist in that process. This book outlines three vital components of policy design: understanding the
Categories: Political Science

Handbook of Public Policy Analysis

Handbook of Public Policy Analysis

This book also explores the interplay between empirical and normative analysis, a crucial issue running through contemporary debates.

Author: Frank Fischer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351564366

Category: Political Science

Page: 668

View: 858

The study of public policy and the methods of policy analysis are among the most rapidly developing areas in the social sciences. Policy analysis has emerged to provide a better understanding of the policymaking process and to supply decision makers with reliable policy-relevant knowledge about pressing economic and social problems. Presenting a broad, comprehensive perspective, the Handbook of Public Policy Analysis: Theory, Politics, and Methods covers the historical development of policy analysis, its role in the policy process, and empirical methods. The handbook considers the theory generated by these methods and the normative and ethical issues surrounding their practice. Written by leading experts in the field, this book- Deals with the basic origins and evolution of public policy Examines the stages of the policy-making process Identifies political advocacy and expertise in the policy process Focuses on rationality in policy decision-making and the role of policy networks and learning Details argumentation, rhetoric, and narratives Explores the comparative, cultural, and ethical aspects of public policy Explains primary quantitative-oriented analytical methods employed in policy research Addresses the qualitative sides of policy analysis Discusses tools used to refine policy choices Traces the development of policy analysis in selected national contexts The Handbook of Public Policy Analysis: Theory, Politics, and Methods describes the theoretical debates that have recently defined the field, including the work of postpositivist, interpretivist, and social constructionist scholars. This book also explores the interplay between empirical and normative analysis, a crucial issue running through contemporary debates.
Categories: Political Science

Handbook of Administrative Ethics

Handbook of Administrative Ethics

However, as scientific management and the rational- analytical tools of public policy laid claim to the public administration curriculum, the democratic ...

Author: Terry Cooper

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824704053

Category: Political Science

Page: 763

View: 213

Delineating implications for administrative ethics from other fields such as sociology, psychology, and philosophy, this reference provides a comprehensive review of administrative ethics in the public sector. Detailing the context within which contemporary ethics training has developed, the book examines the effectiveness of ethics training, legal and organizational devices for encouraging desired conduct, and other topics of particular relevance to the political and social contexts of public administration. Written by over 25 leading scholars in public administration ethics, the book creates a taxonomy for administrative ethics using the categories of modern philosophy.
Categories: Political Science

Bounded Rationality and Public Policy

Bounded Rationality and Public Policy

This book is about bounded rationality and public policy.

Author: Alistair Munro

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402094736

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 594

This book is about bounded rationality and public policy. It is written from the p- spective of someone trained in public economics who has encountered the enormous literature on experiments in decision-making and wonders what implications it has for the normative aspects of public policy. Though there are a few new results or models, to a large degree the book is synthetic in tone, bringing together disparate literatures and seeking some accommodation between them. It has had a long genesis. It began with a draft of a few chapters in 2000, but has expanded in scope and size as the literature on behavioural economics has grown. At some point I realised that the geometric growth of behavioural - search and the arithmetic growth of my writing were inconsistent with an am- tion to be exhaustive. As such therefore I have concentrated on particular areas of behavioural economics and bounded rationality. The resulting book is laid out as follows: Chapter 1 provides an overview of the rest of the book, goes through some basic de?nitions and identi?es themes.
Categories: Business & Economics

Public Administration

Public Administration

The Rational School Scholars who observed public administration during the ... lay an alternative mood , a commitment to science , rationality and reform .

Author: Howard E. McCurdy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 082477518X

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 317

This volume is an ideal reference source for persons investigating specific areas within the diverse field of public affairs and administration. Public Administration includes two comprehensive essays that give a broad overview of the entire field, describing how it has developed through scholarly research and professional practice. It identifies the principal "schools of thought" and the areas of specialization that support them ... covers such topics as state, local, and comparative public personnel administration and public policy analysis ... reviews the most frequently cited sources in the field ... provides details on budgeting and finance ... and pinpoints the major sources for 33 specialized subcategories within the field. This bibliography represents the most current treatment available for historic and recent developments in public administration, and serves as a valuable reference for graduate- and advanced undergraduate-level courses in public affairs and administration, political science and government, policy analysis, organization theory, management science, budgeting and finance, labor relations and public personnel management, and for professionals in government agencies and institutions. Book jacket.
Categories: Political Science

Handbook of Behavioural Change and Public Policy

Handbook of Behavioural Change and Public Policy

From the perspective of behavioural science rational regulation is by no means a coincidence. Leaving philosophical traces aside, Premack and Woodruff's ...

Author: Holger Straßheim

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781785367854

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 405

Behavioural change has become a core issue of public policy. Behavioural instruments such as ‘nudging’ apply insights from behavioural economics and behavioural sciences, psychology and neurosciences across a broad range of policy areas. Behavioural insights teams and networks facilitate the global spread of behavioural public policies. Despite an ever-growing amount of literature, research has remained fragmented. This comprehensive Handbook unites interdisciplinary scholarship, with contributions critically assessing the state and direction of behavioural public policies, their normative implications and political consequences.
Categories: Political Science