The Nature of Rationality

The Nature of Rationality

The award-winning author of Anarchy, State, and Utopia continues his search for the connections between philosophy and "ordinary" experience and shows how principles function in our day-to-day thinking and in our efforts to live peacefully ...

Author: Robert Nozick

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691020969

Category: Philosophy

Page: 226

View: 370

The award-winning author of Anarchy, State, and Utopia continues his search for the connections between philosophy and "ordinary" experience and shows how principles function in our day-to-day thinking and in our efforts to live peacefully and productively with each other.
Categories: Philosophy

Rationality And Nature

Rationality And Nature

Raymond Murphy proposes in this book a theory of environmental debt as a source of capital accumulation.

Author: Raymond Murphy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429972829

Category: Social Science

Page: 311

View: 919

First Published in 2018. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an Informa company.
Categories: Social Science

Reason and Nature

Reason and Nature

In a series of essays nine philosophers and two psychologists address three main themes: the status of norms of rationality; the precise form taken by them; and the role of norms in belief and actions.

Author: José ́Luis Bermúdez, Alan Millar (Ph. D.)

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199256837

Category: Philosophy

Page: 286

View: 147

In a series of essays nine philosophers and two psychologists address three main themes: the status of norms of rationality; the precise form taken by them; and the role of norms in belief and actions.
Categories: Philosophy

Rational Decision

Rational Decision

Modern natural science rests upon the contrary belief that nature is structured rationally and that the scientist discovers this built-in rationality. To be sure, a countertrend prefers to consider this rationality as superimposed by ...

Author: Carl Friedrich

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351494830

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 131

To a historian the most interesting thing about decisions is the fact that everyone talks about them. No one interested in social ideas can fail to notice how large a part the word "decision" has come to play in the vocabulary of moral and political discourse. It meets one on every page. Inevitably one asks, "Why?" Why is there so much talk of decisions and of those who are said to make them? Are there any ideological reasons for it?
Categories: Political Science

Leibniz and the Rational Order of Nature

Leibniz and the Rational Order of Nature

This major contribution to Leibniz scholarship will prove invaluable to historians of philosophy, theology, and science.

Author: Donald Rutherford

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521597374

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 804

This major contribution to Leibniz scholarship will prove invaluable to historians of philosophy, theology, and science.
Categories: Philosophy

Make Her Your Slave

Make Her Your Slave

Author: Catherine Herring

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1166594728

Category:

Page: 162

View: 946

Categories:

Environmental Culture

Environmental Culture

Environmental Culture establishes directions for challenge to the systematic distortions of the dominant culture in the areas of rationality, spirituality, politics, ethics and science.

Author: Val Plumwood

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415178789

Category: Nature

Page: 291

View: 884

A much-needed account of what has gone wrong in our thinking about the environment. Val Plumwood argues that we need to see nature as an end itself, rather than an instrument to get what we want.
Categories: Nature

Rationality in Politics and its Limits

Rationality in Politics and its Limits

It is important to see that Hobbes makes no general attribution of rationality to human nature, not even of a self-interested economic variety. The human nature he identifies is merely a basic proto-rational passion, and the 'natural ...

Author: Terry Nardin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317376415

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

View: 699

The word ‘rationality’ and its cognates, like ‘reason’, have multiple contexts and connotations. Rational calculation can be contrasted with rational interpretation. There is the rationality of proof and of persuasion, of tradition and of the criticism of tradition. Rationalism (and rationalists) can be reasonable or unreasonable. Reason is sometimes distinguished from revelation, superstition, convention, prejudice, emotion, and chance, but all of these also involve reasoning. In politics, three views of rationality – economic, moral, and historical – have been especially important, often defining approaches to politics and political theory such as utilitarianism and rational choice theory. These approaches privilege positive or natural law, responsibilities, or human rights, and emphasize the importance of culture and tradition, and therefore meaning and context. This book explores the understanding of rationality in politics and the relations between different approaches to rationality. Among the topics considered are the limits of rationality, the role of imagination and emotion in politics, the meaning of political realism, the nature of political judgment, and the relationship between theory and practice. This book was originally published as a special issue of Global Discourse.
Categories: Political Science

The Politics of Rationality

The Politics of Rationality

Kant thought itis the “aimof nature” toelevatethe human race from its moraldepravity andlawless perversity to freedom, dignity, and rationality.135 There is a purposiveness (Zweckmässigkeit) in nature as a whole, a “secret plan,” that ...

Author: Charles Webel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134490448

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 276

What are reason and rationality? How significant are recent postmodernist and neuroscientific challenges to these longheld notions? Should we abandon a belief in reason and an adherence to rationality? Or can reason and rationality be reformulated and reframed? And what does politics have to do with how we think about reason and why we act more or less rationally? The Politics of Rationality differs from other books with "reason" or “rationality” due to its historical, political, depth-psychological, and multidisciplinary approach to understanding reason through history. Charles P. Webel eloquently clarifies the links among ideas, their creators, the relevant mental processes, and the political cultures within which such important concepts as reasons and rationality take hold. He demonstrates how reason and rationality/irrationality have become what they mean for us today and proposes a way to rethink reason and rationality in light of the withering critiques leveled against them. In doing so, he presents a "history of reason and rationality" by examining the intellectual and political contexts of four representative theorists of reason and rationality-- Plato, Machiavelli, Kant, and Weber—and by addressing contemporary challenges posed by postmodernism, depth psychology, and neurophilosophy.
Categories: Political Science

Philosophical Grounds of Rationality

Philosophical Grounds of Rationality

of a prior sub-discipline; that the nature of the prior sub-discipline guarantees or calls for a successor of a certain ... (iv) It might be held that the ultimate subject of all philosophy is ourselves, or at least our rational nature, ...

Author: Richard E. Grandy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198244646

Category: Belief and doubt

Page: 500

View: 855

H.P. Grice is a distinguished philosopher predominantly known for his influential contributions to the philosophy of language, but that is only one strand in a rich tapestry of ideas bearing on the philosophy of mind, ethics, and metaphysics as well. Some of the essays in this collection oforiginal papers by leading philosophers edited by Grandy and Warner develop Grice's earlier work in the philosophy of language, but most of them discuss or present his newer and less-known work. Together they demonstrate the unified and powerful character of his thoughts on being, mind, meaning, andmorals. An introductory essay provides some of the first overview of Grice's thought, and makes explicit some of the relations among the essays. Grice's substantial response is followed by nineteen contributed papers whose authors include Donald Davidson, Stephen Schiffer, John Searle, and P.F.Strawson.The Times Literary Supplement writes of Grice: 'the only leader of whom it is true that the level of the discipline would be raised if most philosophers took him as a model of how to think and write.'This paperback edition replaces the hardback, published March 1986
Categories: Belief and doubt

Rationality Rules and Ideals

Rationality  Rules  and Ideals

Its aim is rather to respect rational nature and its laws wherever they occur , and in our world rationality happens to be embodied in human nature , both in ourselves and in every other normal human we encounter .

Author: Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0742513173

Category: Philosophy

Page: 326

View: 766

A collection of essays by prestigious authors discussing the work of Bernard Gert, Stone Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy at Dartmouth College.
Categories: Philosophy

Fuzzy Rationality

Fuzzy Rationality

and philosophy as guided by collectively acceptable conditions of rational inquiry. The nature of the relationship (conflict and cooperation) between science and philosophy has been an important source of energy for a creative dialogue ...

Author: Kofi Kissi Dompere

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540880837

Category: Mathematics

Page: 283

View: 529

Philosophy involves a criticism of scientific knowledge, not from a point of view ultimately different from that of science, but from a point of view less concerned with details and more concerned with the h- mony of the body of special sciences. Here as elsewhere, while the older logic shut out possibilities and imprisoned imagination within the walls of the familiar, the newer logic shows rather what may happen, and refuses to decide as to what must happen. Bertrand Russell At any particular stage in the development of humanity knowledge comes up against limits set by the necessarily limited character of the experience available and the existing means of obtaining knowledge. But humanity advances by overcoming such limits. New experience throws down the limits of old experience; new techniques, new means of obtaining knowledge throw down the limits of old techniques and old means of obtaining knowledge. New limits then once again appear. But there is no more reason to suppose these new limits absolute and final than there was to suppose the old ones absolute and final.
Categories: Mathematics

The Future of Human Nature

The Future of Human Nature

In this important new book, Jürgen Habermas – the most influential philosopher and social thinker in Germany today – takes up the question of genetic engineering and its ethical implications and subjects it to careful philosophical ...

Author: Jürgen Habermas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780745694115

Category: Philosophy

Page: 136

View: 676

Recent developments in biotechnology and genetic research are raising complex ethical questions concerning the legitimate scope and limits of genetic intervention. As we begin to contemplate the possibility of intervening in the human genome to prevent diseases, we cannot help but feel that the human species might soon be able to take its biological evolution in its own hands. ‘Playing God’ is the metaphor commonly used for this self-transformation of the species, which, it seems, might soon be within our grasp. In this important new book, Jürgen Habermas – the most influential philosopher and social thinker in Germany today – takes up the question of genetic engineering and its ethical implications and subjects it to careful philosophical scrutiny. His analysis is guided by the view that genetic manipulation is bound up with the identity and self-understanding of the species. We cannot rule out the possibility that knowledge of one’s own hereditary factors may prove to be restrictive for the choice of an individual’s way of life and may undermine the symmetrical relations between free and equal human beings. In the concluding chapter – which was delivered as a lecture on receiving the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade for 2001 – Habermas broadens the discussion to examine the tension between science and religion in the modern world, a tension which exploded, with such tragic violence, on September 11th.
Categories: Philosophy

Psychologia Or An Account of the Nature of the Rational Soul

Psychologia  Or  An Account of the Nature of the Rational Soul

And this will appear very plain , wlien we have once a right Notion of Perfon , of Creation , and Revivification of Man . ift , Person may be defin'd , the individual Subfiftency of a rational Nature . Thus it is distinguish'd from ...

Author: John Broughton

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015062246015

Category: Psychology

Page: 418

View: 167

Categories: Psychology

Psychologia or an Account of the nature of the rational soul etc

Psychologia  or  an Account of the nature of the rational soul  etc

And this will appear very plain , when we ihave.once a right Notion of Person , of Creation , and Revivification of Man.jjt , Person may be defin'd , the individual Subsistency of a rational Nature . Thus it is distinguish'd from ...

Author: John Broughton

Publisher:

ISBN: BL:A0023923560

Category:

Page: 418

View: 513

Categories:

The Normativity of Rationality

The Normativity of Rationality

This is why much of Chapters 4 and 5 of this book is devoted to considering these issues about the nature of normative concepts and the meaning of normative language. In general, the existing discussion about the nature of rationality ...

Author: Ralph Wedgwood

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198802693

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 757

We assess people's states of mind and processes of reasoning (such as their beliefs and choices) in many ways. One kind of assessment of these states and processes is commonly expressed by the word 'rational'. This book explains what this means. According to this explanation, when we assess beliefs or choices as "rational" or as "irrational", we are evaluating them as in a certain way good or bad. This book rebuts objections to this explanation, by developing aprecise general account of the specific kind of goodness that counts as "rationality". Whether you are thinking rationally depends purely on what is going on in your mind, but rational thinking is ameans to the goal of getting things right in your thinking, by believing the truth or making good choices. This account provides a general program for investigating what it is for beliefs and choices to count as rational.
Categories: Philosophy

The Oxford Handbook of Rationality

The Oxford Handbook of Rationality

Alternatively, we may say that a rational agent will act as if maximizing the utility function U(f(a)). ... the decision maker will have to make some hypotheses about which states of nature might obtain, since the consequence of an ...

Author: Alfred R. Mele

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195145397

Category: Philosophy

Page: 477

View: 446

Rationality has long been a central topic in philosophy, crossing standard divisions and categories. 'The Oxford Handbook of Rationality' is a reference to the current state of play in this vital and interdisciplinary area of study.
Categories: Philosophy

Liberty Rationality and Agency in Hobbes s Leviathan

Liberty  Rationality  and Agency in Hobbes s Leviathan

Self - government extends to the rational acceptance of the laws of nature when made positive by the sovereign . This in turn provides for a form of agency unrealizable when the rule of law rests solely upon fear .

Author: David van Mill

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 079145035X

Category: Political Science

Page: 253

View: 720

A new interpretation of the theory of Hobbes.
Categories: Political Science