Racism, Governance, and Public Policy

Beyond Human Rights

Author: Katy Sian,Ian Law,S. Sayyid

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135083665

Category: Social Science

Page: 172

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This book presents a new framing of policy debates on the question of racism through a discursive critique of contemporary issues and contexts, drawing on a program of new European research carried out between 2010 and 2013, with a central focus on the UK. This includes analysis of the discursive construction of Muslims in three contexts: the workplace, education and the media. Informed by a fundamental critique of both the "post-racial" and the limitations of human rights strategies, it identifies the ongoing significance of contemporary raciality in governance strategies and develops a new radical agenda for addressing these processes, advocating strategies of "racism reduction."
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Ideology and the Fight Against Human Trafficking

Author: Reyhan Atasü-Topcuoğlu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317638190

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

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Human trafficking has become one of the most spoken-of problems of our day, and fighting it has grown into a multi-million-dollar project sector. This book is about how we all come to name various exploitative migratory experiences "human trafficking" and how we build a consensus on how to counter it. This book investigates counter-trafficking as a transnational field and tries to show how connected stances against a "global social problem" are produced internationally in general, and nationally in particular within the example of three countries which are defined with different positions according to the phenomenon: Ukraine as a "source country," Turkey as a "transit and destination country," Germany as a "destination country." The book examines how power relations limit the language to propose and solve social problems in the example of human trafficking. It shows the limits of scientific studies on the issue and the chasm between counter-trafficking and its primary target group, the trafficked people.
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Alevis in Europe

Voices of Migration, Culture and Identity

Author: Tözün Issa

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317182650

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

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The Alevis are a significant minority in Turkey, and now also in the countries of Western Europe. Over the past century, many of them have migrated from rural enclaves on the Anatolian plateau to the great cities of Istanbul and Ankara, and from there to the countries of the European Union. This book asks who are they? How do they construct their identities – now and in the past; in Turkey and in Europe? A range of scholars, writing from sociological, historical, socio-psychological and political perspectives, present analysis and research that shows the Alevi communities grouping and regrouping, defining and redefining – sometimes as an ethnic minority, sometimes as religious groups, sometimes around a political philosophy - contingently responding to circumstances of the Turkish Republic’s political position and to the immigration policies of Western Europe. Contributors consider Alevi roots and cultural practices in their villages of origin; the changes in identity following the migration to the gecekondu shanty towns surrounding the cities of Turkey; the changes consequent on their second diaspora to Germany, the UK, Sweden and other European countries; and the implications of European citizenship for their identity. This collection offers a new and significant contribution to the study of migration and minorities in the wider European context.
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Rethinking Serial Murder, Spree Killing, and Atrocities

Beyond the Usual Distinctions

Author: Robert Shanafelt,Nathan W. Pino

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317564677

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

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Multiple killings by serial or spree killers and the mass violence seen in war crimes and other atrocities have typically been understood as discrete category types, which can foster the view that there are fundamentally different kinds of human beings, including "deviants" who are born evil and innately given to sadism or a callous lack of empathy. In contrast, this book considers the violence of these "deviants" in terms of larger questions about human violence. Therefore, in addition to describing the life histories of a sample of individual serial and spree murderers, the book includes analysis of macro-level phenomena such as genocide, mass rape and killing, and torture occurring under conditions of war, state authorization, or political upheaval. The chief claim of the book is that, given the "right" combination of factors occurring at different levels of analysis, virtually anyone can emerge as a killer or perpetrator of atrocities. While it is crucial to understand individual killers in terms of the details of their biographies, it is equally crucial to understand political atrocities in terms of the details of their histories; and to see that persons and groups are always the product of complexly interacting assemblage processes.
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Race and public policy

a study of local politics and government

Author: Shamit Sagger

Publisher: Avebury

ISBN: 9781856280976

Category: Social Science

Page: 198

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This book aims to provide an overview of the key terms of reference and underlying ground rules of the liberal policy framework. These are analyzed in relation to the cases of local politics in two London boroughs from 1960s to 1980s. The study documents the evolving nature of politics and policy-making on race-related issues, drawing from the empirical material. Theoretical chapters show how the policy debate can move from the paternalistic stage through to reform and the explicit adoption of radical policy goals.
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Sport and the Color Line

Black Athletes and Race Relations in Twentieth Century America

Author: Patrick B. Miller,David K. Wiggins

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135941173

Category: History

Page: 400

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The essays presented here examine the complexity of black American sports culture, from the organization of semi-pro baseball and athletic programs at historically black colleges and universities, to the careers of individual stars such as Jack.
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Body Knowledge and Control

Studies in the Sociology of Physical Education and Health

Author: John Evans,Brian Davies,Jan Wright

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134401701

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 272

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Today's society is obsessed with the body, its size, shape and healthiness. Governments, business and the popular media, spend and earn fortunes encouraging populations to get healthy, eat properly, exercise daily and get thin. But how are current social trends and attitudes towards the body reflected in the curriculum of schools, in the teaching of Physical Education and Health? How do teachers and health professionals influence young people's experiences of their own and others' bodies? Is health education liberating or merely another form of regulation and social control? Drawing together some of the latest research on the body and schooling, Body Knowledge and Control offers a sharp and challenging critique of (post) modern-day attitudes toward obesity, health, childhood and the mainstream science and business interests that promote narrow body-centred ways of thinking. Includes: * A critical history of notions of body, identity and health in schools. * Analysis of the 'obesity epidemic', eating disorders * Analysis of the influence of nurtured body image in racism, sexism, homophobia and body elitism in schools.
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International Perspectives on Racial and Ethnic Mixedness and Mixing

Author: Rosalind Edwards

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415598044

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 188

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People from a 'mixed' or 'inter' racial and ethnic background, and people partnering and parenting across different racial and ethnic backgrounds, are of increasing political, public and intellectual interest internationally. Contributors to this interdisciplinary collection interrogate notions of mixedness and mixing, and challenge stereotypical assumptions. They advance debates in the field through illuminating the complexity of specific historical trajectories, administrative practices and lived experience. Recurrent themes woven throughout the chapters include: boundaries and categorisation in terms of administration and government, and also of lived experience the explicit and implicit politics of mixedness and mixing in terms of nation state interests, agenda and policies, as well as 'on the ground' social relations the ways that mixedness and mixing shift in meaning and implications across time and place, shaped by different national, regional and or local contexts. This volume shows that who is and is not 'mixed' is contested and understandings of mixedness and mixing, however conceived, need to be situated in the larger complex of ideas about race and its classification. International Perspectives on Racial and Ethnic Mixedness and Mixing is an invaluable book for students and scholars of race and ethnicity.
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Fractured Cities

Capitalism, Community and Empowerment in Britain and America

Author: Brian D. Jacobs

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134898487

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 621

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Anglo-American cities face economic decline, social polarisation and racial conflict. Their fate is increasingly decided by the global actions of transnational corporations and market forces. Community groups find it difficult to gain access to the political system. Ethnic minorities strive for empowerment while indebted city governments battle to maintain basic services. Such is the urban crisis of the 1990s. Fractured Cities describes the political economy of urban change and explores the future of the city.
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