Racism and criminology

Author: Dee Cook,Barbara Hudson

Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 175

View: 7437

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Racism and Criminology stimulates criminological debate on issues of crime, race, racism, and criminal justice and offers practical guidance to those seeking to address race issues and confront racism in their own work. This unique text critiques the existing,largely empirical, research on race and criminal justice. It then presents theoretical advances in criminology and sociology and the methodological implications of applying such theory to future research. After reviewing work on race and crime within the major criminological paradigms to date and the uses and limitations of such research for policy development, distinguished contributors go on to explore some central problems of method inherent to research on race. They discuss issues such as competing ethnic classification schemes, the definition of "racial," and ethnic data in criminal justice agency records. The theoretical contributions explore the development of antiracism, the relationship between race and wider sociologies of disadvantage, the "racialization" of the politics of crime, and the "criminalization" of the politics of race during the 1980s. Finally, they examine one of the key problems for the 1990s: the development of discourses and control strategies, which exclude black people from enjoyment of full citizenship rights. This book will be invaluable in helping students and researchers make informed theoretical choices and evaluate the various theoretical perspectives. It will encourage engagement with race issues by open discussion of the methodological dilemmas which are usually left unspoken. As such, it is essential reading for all those who wish to understand and confront racism in state systems of control and regulation.
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Race, Gender, and Class in Criminology

The Intersections

Author: Dragan Milovanovic,Martin D. Schwartz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317298594

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 6498

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These essays, first published in 1996, focus on class, race, and gender as organising and analytical concepts in criminology. For many years, their importance in studying how the world relates to crime and its control was minimized or ignored. It is clear, however, that these concepts are of critical importance in understanding societal issues, especially crime and societal responses to it. This title will be of interest to students of criminology.
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Race, Crime and Justice

Author: Barbara Hudson

Publisher: Dartmouth Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781855216600

Category: Social Science

Page: 441

View: 3650

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Race, Crime and Justice brings together influential British and American articles on the involvement of minority ethnic groups with crime and criminal justice. After reviewing empirical and theoretical issues, the volume presents key facts about racial imbalances in prison populations, and addresses the question of whether these are the result of discrimination by the criminal justice systems of the United Kingdom and the United States, or whether they can be explained by higher crime rates among certain racial groups. Articles included cover possible discrimination by the police and the courts and the effects of particular criminal justice strategies are addressed.
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Building a Black Criminology, Volume 24

Race, Theory, and Crime

Author: James D. Unnever,Shaun L. Gabbidon,Cecilia Chouhy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429757441

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 5891

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In light of the Black Lives Matter movement and protests in many cities, race plays an ever more salient role in crime and justice. Within theoretical criminology, however, race has oddly remained on the periphery. It is often introduced as a control variable in tests of theories and is rarely incorporated as a central construct in mainstream paradigms (e.g., control, social learning, and strain theories). When race is discussed, the standard approach is to embrace the racial invariance thesis, which argues that any racial differences in crime are due to African Americans being exposed to the same criminogenic risk factors as are Whites, just more of them. An alternative perspective has emerged that seeks to identify the unique, racially specific conditions that only Blacks experience. Within the United States, these conditions are rooted in the historical racial oppression experienced by African Americans, whose contemporary legacy includes concentrated disadvantage in segregated communities, racial socialization by parents, experiences with and perceptions of racial discrimination, and disproportionate involvement in and unjust treatment by the criminal justice system. Importantly, racial invariance and race specificity are not mutually exclusive perspectives. Evidence exists that Blacks and Whites commit crimes for both the same reasons (invariance) and for different reasons (race-specific). A full understanding of race and crime thus must involve demarcating both the general and specific causes of crime, the latter embedded in what it means to be "Black" in the United States. This volume seeks to explore these theoretical issues in a depth and breadth that is not common under one cover. Again, given the salience of race and crime, this volume should be of interest to a wide range of criminologists and have the potential to be used in graduate seminars and upper-level undergraduate courses.
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Criminological Perspectives on Race and Crime

Author: Shaun L. Gabbidon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113516049X

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 8449

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Ideal for use in either crime theory or race and crime courses, this is the only text to look at the array of explanations for crime as they relate to racial and ethnic groups. Each chapter begins with a historical review of each theoretical perspective and how its original formulation and more recent derivatives account for racial/ethnic differences. The theoretical perspectives include those based on religion, biology, social disorganization/strain, subculture, labeling, conflict, social control, colonial, and feminism. This new Second Edition includes discussions of "Deadly Symbiosis," critical race theory/criminology, comparative conflict theory, maximization, and abortion, race, and crime. In the closing chapter, the author considers which perspectives have shown the most promise in the area of race/ethnicity and crime.
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Communities, Identities and Crime

Author: Basia Spalek

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1861348045

Category: Political Science

Page: 241

View: 5943

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This book provides a critical exploration of the importance of social identities when considering crime, victimisation and criminal justice and offers a refreshing perspective on the most significant developments in relation to equality and diversity issues that feature in policies and practices of criminal justice agencies.
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Race Critical Public Scholarship

Author: Karim Murji,Gargi Bhattacharyya

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317754182

Category: Social Science

Page: 135

View: 1574

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Karim Murji is Senior Lecturer in Sociology at the Open University, UK. He writes on cultural and policy studies of ethnicity and racism, and criminology. With John Solomos, he is the editor of Racialization: Studies in theory and practice (2005) and Theories of Race and Ethnic Relations. He is an Editor of the journal Sociology. Gargi Bhattacharyya is Professor of Sociology at the University of East London, UK. She has written on issues of racism and sexuality, global cultures of racism and the war on terror. Her recent work includes Dangerous Brown Men: Exploiting Sex, Violence and Feminism in the War on Terror (2008) and the edited collection Ethnicities and Values in a Changing World (2009).
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Violent Crime

Assessing Race and Ethnic Differences

Author: Darnell F. Hawkins,Alfred Blumstein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521626743

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 7928

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An exploration of the extent and causes of racial and ethnic differences in violent crime.
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