Race and the Obama Administration

Race and the Obama Administration

But was this symbolism backed up by substance? Did ordinary black people really benefit under the first black president? This is the question that Andra Gillespie sets out to answer in Race and the Obama Administration.

Author: Andra Gillespie

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9781526105035

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 145

The election of Barack Obama marked a critical point in American political and social history. Did the historic election of a black president actually change the status of blacks in the United States? Did these changes (or lack thereof) inform blacks' perceptions of the President? This book explores these questions by comparing Obama's promotion of substantive and symbolic initiatives for blacks to efforts by the two previous presidential administrations. By employing a comparative analysis, the reader can judge whether Obama did more or less to promote black interests than his predecessors. Taking a more empirical approach to judging Barack Obama, this book hopes to contribute to current debates about the significance of the first African American presidency. It takes care to make distinctions between Obama's substantive and symbolic accomplishments and to explore the significance of both.
Categories: Social Science

Symbols Substance and Hope

Symbols  Substance and Hope

This book looks at President Obama's performance on racial issues (both substantive and symbolic), and compares them to his immediate predecessors (George W. Bush and Bill Clinton).

Author: Andra Gillespie

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 1628922753

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 422

In the spring and summer of 2011, a number of black elites gained national attention for their pointed critiques of President Barack Obama. Princeton University Professor Cornel West contended that President Obama had gotten elected on the promise of providing "progressive" leadership which would prioritize the needs of the poor. However, West berated Obama as a "black mascot of Wall Street oligarchs and a black puppet of corporate plutocrats." Journalist Tavis Smiley joined West in his critique of Obama, noting that he had ignored the interests of blacks, his most loyal voting constituency, once he took the oath of office. Symbols, Substance and Hope considers the context in which Obama won elections and governs. Because Obama could not get elected with just black votes, he had to cultivate a crossover appeal outside the African American community. Candidates seeking such crossover appeal employ a strategy called deracialization, in which they avoid racial appeals and advocacy of explicitly racial issues as much as possible to try to win non-black votes. Deracialized candidates are usually successful at winning office, but their success does have a price. Acclaimed author and scholar Andra Gillespie contends that one cannot understand how the Obama Administration has addressed racial issues without understanding how his choice to deracialize his campaign limited his governance choices. This book looks at President Obama's performance on racial issues (both substantive and symbolic), and compares them to his immediate predecessors (George W. Bush and Bill Clinton). By comparing the three presidents' performances, Gillespie is able to determine the extent to which racial representation is institutionalized, and can compare the presidents' performance on racial issues across party lines. Gillespie tackles questions of inequality in a contemporary context, using statistics that are readily accessible and easily understood by both academic and lay audiences.
Categories: Political Science

The Trump Administration

The Trump Administration

In Race and the Obama Administration: Substance, Symbols and Hope, Gillespie (2019) looks at many different policies, including Black progress on homeownership, small-businesses loans, scores on standardized tests, income, hate crimes, ...

Author: Toby S. James

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000581218

Category: Political Science

Page: 372

View: 345

The Trump presidency has been one of the most eventful and controversial in American history, with consequences for the governance and policy of the US and beyond. While Trump left office claiming a long list of ‘Trump Administration Accomplishments’, his time in office was also marked by a hailstorm of criticism. But beyond the sensationalist tweets and news stories, what policy effects did he bring? This volume provides an extensive and authoritative set of studies evaluating Donald Trump’s impact on American society and beyond. It provides a new layered framework for assessing the policy impact of leaders, which can be used for understanding presidential and prime ministerial leadership more widely. Chapters explore his impact on American democracy, Congress, the Supreme Court, the economy, the COVID-19 pandemic, the environment, American soft power, the international system and more. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the journal Policy Studies.
Categories: Political Science

After Obama

After Obama

8 Manning Marable, “Racializing Obama: The Enigma of Post- Black Politics and Leadership,” Souls 11, no. 1 (2009). Andra Gillespie, Race and the Obama Administration: Substance, Symbols, and Hope (Manchester University Press, 2019).

Author: Todd C. Shaw

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9781479807277

Category: Political Science

Page: 418

View: 302

Examines the complicated political legacy of our first black president Written during the presidency of Donald Trump, After Obama examines the impact President Barack Obama and his administration have continued to have upon African American politics. In this comprehensive volume, Todd C. Shaw, Robert A. Brown, and Joseph P. McCormick II bring together more than a dozen scholars to explore his complex legacy, including his successes, failures, and contradictions. Contributors focus on a wide range of topics, including how President Obama affected aspects of African American politics, how his public policies influenced the quality of Black citizenship and life, and what future administrations can learn from his experiences. They also examine the present-day significance of Donald Trump in relation to African American politics. A timely and thorough work, After Obama provides the first examination of the Obama administration in its entirety, and the lasting impact it has had on African American politics.
Categories: Political Science

American Politics and the African American Quest for Universal Freedom

American Politics and the African American Quest for Universal Freedom

80 Andra Gillespie, Race and the Obama Administration: Substance, Symbols and Hope (Manchester, IA: Manchester University Press, 2019): 190. 81 Smith and Seltzer, Polarization and the Presidency, p. 265. 82 Sheldon Pollack, Financing ...

Author: Hanes Walton, Jr

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000328721

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 102

This dynamic and comprehensive text from nationally renowned scholars continues to demonstrate the profound influence African Americans have had—and continue to have—on American politics. Using two interrelated themes—the idea of universal freedom and the concept of minority–majority coalitions—the text demonstrates how the presence of Africans in the United States affected the founding of the Republic and its political institutions and processes. The authors show that through the quest for their own freedom in the United States, African Americans have universalized and expanded the freedoms of all Americans. New to the Ninth Edition • Updated sections on intersectionality, dealing with issues of race and gender. • Updated section on African American music, to include the role of Hip Hop. • Updated sections on mass media coverage of African Americans and the African American Celebrity impact on politics, adding new mention of the CROWN Act and politics of Black hair. • Updated section on the "Black Lives Matter" movement, adding a new section on the "MeToo" movement. • Updated sections on African Americans in Congress, with a new mention of the Squad. • Updated voting behavior through the 2020 elections, connecting the Obama years with the new administration. • Provides a comparison of the 2016 and 2020 presidential elections. • Discusses the way in which race contributes to the polarization of American politics in the 2020 presidential campaign. • Provides an analysis of the racial attitudes of President Trump, and the institutionally racist policies of his administrations. • Updated chapter on state and local politics, including a new section on state executive offices and Black mayors. • Updated sections on material well-being indicators, adding a new section on the coronavirus pandemic and the Black community. • Provides the first overall assessment of the Obama administration in relation to domestic and foreign policy and racial politics.
Categories: Political Science

The Black President

The Black President

Obama, Clinton, Palin: Making History in Election 2008. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2011. Gillespie, Andra. Race and the Obama Administration: Substance, Symbols, and Hope. Manchester, England: Manchester University Press, ...

Author: Claude A. Clegg III

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421441887

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 697

View: 391

"With lively prose and sensitivity to context, this book offers a sweeping, authoritative history of the Obama presidency, focusing particularly on its impact and meaning vis-áa-vis African Americans. This interpretative account captures the America that made Obama's White House years possible, while at the same time rendering the America that resolutely resisted the idea of a Black chief executive, thus making conceivable the ascent of his most unlikely of successors"--
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

Feeling Political

Feeling Political

Race and the Obama Administration: Substance, Symbols, and Hope. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2019. Ginzburg, Carlo. Fear, Reverence, Terror: Five Essays in Political Iconography. Calcutta: Seagull Books, 2017.

Author: Ute Frevert

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030898588

Category: Electronic books

Page: 402

View: 904

Historicizing both emotions and politics, this open access book argues that the historical work of emotion is most clearly understood in terms of the dynamics of institutionalization. This is shown in twelve case studies that focus on decisive moments in European and US history from 1800 until today. Each case study clarifies how emotions were central to peoples political engagement and its effects. The sources range from parliamentary buildings and social movements, to images and speeches of presidents, from fascist cemeteries to the International Criminal Court. Both the timeframe and the geographical focus have been chosen to highlight the increasingly participatory character of nineteenth- and twentieth-century politics, which is inconceivable without the work of emotions. .
Categories: Electronic books

Power Philosophy and Egalitarianism

Power  Philosophy and Egalitarianism

... and Andra Gillespie, Race and the Obama Administration: Substance, Symbols and Hope (Manchester, IA: Manchester Press, 2019). 103 “The New Racial Makeup of U.S. Police Departments”, Newsweek, May 14, 2015. 104 Michael Lee Manning, ...

Author: Robert C. Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000193671

Category: Social Science

Page: 156

View: 835

In this book, Robert C. Smith presents a philosophical and empirical examination on the subordination of women and blacks in the United States. Comparing liberalism—specifically the major social contract philosophies—and Marxism on the nature of the subordination of blacks and women and their proposals, if any, for women’s and black liberation, Smith argues that sexual and racial equalitarianism in the United States is about politics and power. He begins with a discussion of the multiple meanings of politics and its relationship to power, and an analysis of nine power bases blacks and women should acquire and manipulate in order to advance a moral and substantive equalitarianism. These power bases include money, knowledge (including technology and information), religion, morality, authority, size/solidarity, charisma, violence and status. Smith concludes by making a moral case for racial and sexual equalitarianism and advocates for black leadership to use the power bases available to it to make reparations for the civil rights issue of the 21st century. Power, Philosophy and Egalitarianism is an essential read for all those interested in race, women and politics today.
Categories: Social Science

Political Advertising in the United States

Political Advertising in the United States

... and television advertising: A comprehensive analysis of 2000 and 2002 House races,” Political Research Quarterly,64, ... 2007); Andra Gillespie, Race and the Obama Administration: Substance, Symbols and Hope (Manchester: Manchester ...

Author: Erika Franklin Fowler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000468090

Category: Political Science

Page: 198

View: 431

Political Advertising in the United States examines the volume, distribution, content, and effects of political advertising in congressional and presidential elections. The book considers the role of television ads using extensive data on ad airings on local broadcast stations. It also analyzes newly available data on paid digital ads, including ads on Facebook, Instagram, Google, and YouTube. The book covers the role of outside groups in airing ads, including the rise of dark money groups and gaps in existing federal campaign finance laws around transparency of outside group spending. The authors consider how ad sponsors design and target ads. They also review the positive and negative implications of an electoral system where billions are spent on paid advertising. With detailed analysis of presidential and congressional campaign ads and discussion questions in each chapter, this accessibly written book is a must-read for students, scholars, and practitioners who want to understand the ins and outs of political advertising. New to the Second Edition • Covers the spending, content, and tone of political advertising in the 2016 and 2020 presidential elections and the 2018 midterms, looking ahead to 2022 and 2024. • Addresses the interference of foreign actors in elections and their connection to political advertising. • Expands the discussion of digital political advertising and incorporates this topic into every chapter. • Adds a new chapter specifically addressing digital ad content and spending. • Includes data from the Facebook, Google, and Snapchat ad libraries and explores the role of these companies in regulating the sale of political advertising. • Incorporates new data on the effects of race and gender in advertising, including what is known about the way in which advertising may activate prejudicial attitudes.
Categories: Political Science

Campaigning in a Racially Diversifying America

Campaigning in a Racially Diversifying America

When and How Cross-Racial Electoral Mobilization Works Loren Collingwood. Fiske, S. T., Neuberg, S. L., Beattie, A. E., and Milberg, S.J. (1987), ... Gillespie, A. (2017), Race and the Obama Administration: Substance, Symbols and Hope.

Author: Loren Collingwood

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190073367

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 785

As the voting public continues to diversify across the United States, political candidates, and particularly white candidates, increasingly recognize the importance of making appeals to voters who do not look like themselves. As history has shown, this has been accomplished with varying degrees of success. During the 2016 election, for example, both Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders campaigned vociferously among Latino voters in Nevada's early primary, where nineteen percent of the Democratic caucus consisted of Latinos. Clinton released a campaign message to these voters stating that she was just like their abuela (or grandmother). The message, widely panned, came across as insincere, and Clinton, who otherwise performed well among Latinos nationally, lost by a wide margin to Sanders. On the other hand, in 2013, Bill de Blasio, campaigning for mayor of New York City, appeared with his black son in a commercial aimed against stop and frisk policies. His appeal came across as authentic, and he received a high level of support among black voters. In Campaigning in a Racially Diversifying America, Loren Collingwood develops a theory of Cross-Racial Electoral Mobilization (CRM) to explain why, when, and how candidates of one race or ethnicity act to mobilize voters of another race or ethnicity. Specifically, Collingwood examines how and when white candidates mobilize Latino voters, and why some candidates are more succesful than others. He argues that candidates strategize by weighing the potential costs and benefits of conducting CRM based on the size of the minority electorate (the benefit) and the overall level of white racial hostility (the cost). Extensive cross-racial mobilization is most likely to occur when elections are competitive, institutional barriers to the vote are low, candidates have previously developed a welcoming racial reputation with target voters, whites' attitudes are racially liberal, and the Latino electorate is large and growing. Moreover, candidates who can demonstrate cultural competence and do so repeatedly are much more likely to be successful at making such appeals. The book looks at CRM trends and case studies over the past seventy years to gauge how politics in various places have changed as the American electorate has diversified. It draws on the author's research in over thirty archives in nine states, candidate and survey data, and experimental approaches to assess causality in voter responses to candidate behavior.
Categories: Political Science