Qualitative Motion Understanding

Qualitative Motion Understanding

Qualitative Motion Understanding describes a qualitative approach to dynamic scene and motion analysis, called DRIVE (Dynamic Reasoning from Integrated Visual Evidence).

Author: Wilhelm Burger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461535669

Category: Computers

Page: 210

View: 857

Mobile robots operating in real-world, outdoor scenarios depend on dynamic scene understanding for detecting and avoiding obstacles, recognizing landmarks, acquiring models, and for detecting and tracking moving objects. Motion understanding has been an active research effort for more than a decade, searching for solutions to some of these problems; however, it still remains one of the more difficult and challenging areas of computer vision research. Qualitative Motion Understanding describes a qualitative approach to dynamic scene and motion analysis, called DRIVE (Dynamic Reasoning from Integrated Visual Evidence). The DRIVE system addresses the problems of (a) estimating the robot's egomotion, (b) reconstructing the observed 3-D scene structure; and (c) evaluating the motion of individual objects from a sequence of monocular images. The approach is based on the FOE (focus of expansion) concept, but it takes a somewhat unconventional route. The DRIVE system uses a qualitative scene model and a fuzzy focus of expansion to estimate robot motion from visual cues, to detect and track moving objects, and to construct and maintain a global dynamic reference model.
Categories: Computers

Image Understanding Workshop

Image Understanding Workshop

The topics currently under investigation are : decomposition of complex vehicle
motion into its constituent parts ; qualitative 3 - D scene modeling ; target motion
detection and tracking ; landmark recognition ; 3 - D target model acquisition and
 ...

Author:

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann Pub

ISBN: CORNELL:31924050608003

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1165

View: 839

"The main theme of the 1988 workshop, the 18th in this DARPA sponsored series of meetings on Image Understanding and Computer Vision, is to cover new vision techniques in prototype vision systems for manufacturing, navigation, cartography, and photointerpretation." P. v.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Proceedings

Proceedings

Motion Understanding from Qualitative Visual Dynamics Eyal Shavit Alan Jepson
Department of Computer Science University of Toronto 10 . 5 [ 6 ] ( 1 ) [. LaLiita 无
Atittiž dia proprio Abstract In many situations , motion is naturally grasped as ...

Author:

Publisher: IEEE Computer Society

ISBN: 0818636920

Category: Computers

Page: 151

View: 279

The Workshop, held in NYC on June 14, 1993, was sponsored by the IEEE Computer Society Technical Committee on Pattern Analysis and Machine intelligence. This proceedings volume contains 15 papers in two sessions: reasoning and recognition, and representation and navigation. No index. Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Portland, Or.
Categories: Computers

Orbital Motion in Uniformly Rotating Second Degree and Order Gravity Fields

Orbital Motion in Uniformly Rotating Second Degree and Order Gravity Fields

( 3.33 ) Izz More discussions about this are given in Section 3.3.6 3.2.2
Qualitative analysis Before we explicitly integrate Equations 3.15-3.17 , the
averaged integral of motion in Equation 3.14 can be used to understand the
qualitative motion of ...

Author: Weiduo Hu

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015055439205

Category:

Page:

View: 448

Categories:

Aspects of Ergodic Qualitative and Statistical Theory of Motion

Aspects of Ergodic  Qualitative and Statistical Theory of Motion

Nevertheless the analogies allow us to apply ideas that had so much impact in
the understanding of quantum and statistical theories to the "simpler" case of
KAM. This is interesting enough in itself, and its interest becomes even more
manifest ...

Author: Giovanni Gallavotti

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540408797

Category: Mathematics

Page: 440

View: 596

Intended for beginners in ergodic theory, this introductory textbook addresses students as well as researchers in mathematical physics. The main novelty is the systematic treatment of characteristic problems in ergodic theory by a unified method in terms of convergent power series and renormalization group methods, in particular. Basic concepts of ergodicity, like Gibbs states, are developed and applied to, e.g., Asonov systems or KAM Theroy. Many examples illustrate the ideas and, in addition, a substantial number of interesting topics are treated in the form of guided problems.
Categories: Mathematics

Proceedings

Proceedings

3 Peripheral motion processes 2.3 The head / eye platform : Yorick We have
argued elsewhere ( 17 ] that to redirect gaze ... recent work on qualitative motion
understanding has revived interest in its use ( 29 , 18 , 8 ) , and it is this approach
we ...

Author: IEEE Computer Society. Technical Committee on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence

Publisher:

ISBN: 0818638729

Category: Computer vision

Page: 742

View: 760

Categories: Computer vision

Computer Science and Informatics

Computer Science and Informatics

Although gradient based optic flow was found in earlier structure from motion
studies ( 18 ) to be too error prone for detailed quantitative recovery of scene
structure , recent work on qualitative motion understanding has revived interest in
its ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CHI:44556425

Category: Computers

Page:

View: 398

Categories: Computers

Proceedings of the Eleventh National Conference on Artificial Intelligence

Proceedings of the Eleventh National Conference on Artificial Intelligence

On the qualitative structure of temporally evolving visual motion fields Richard P.
Wildes SRI David Sarnoff Research ... In response to this possibility , this paper
concentrates on developing an understanding of the qualitative properties of ...

Author: American Association for Artificial Intelligence

Publisher: Aaai Press

ISBN: 0262510715

Category: Computers

Page: 869

View: 700

AAAI proceedings describe innovative concepts, techniques, perspectives, and observations that present promising research directions in artificial intelligence.Topics include: The principles underlying cognition, perception, and action in humans' and machines. The design, application, and evaluation of AI algorithms and intelligent systems. The analysis of tasks and domains in which intelligent systems perform.
Categories: Computers

Intelligent Motion Control

Intelligent Motion Control

Proceedings of the IEEE International Workshop on Intelligent Motion Control,
Boğaziçi University, Istanbul, Turkey, 20-22 ... Qualitative motion detection and
tracking of targets from a mobile platform " , Image Understanding Workshop , pp
.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015032594718

Category: Intelligent control systems

Page:

View: 238

Categories: Intelligent control systems

IEEE Proceedings of the Southeastcon

IEEE Proceedings of the Southeastcon

t t I ll ll SI D XII LZI X-axis position Figure 4: Neural Network Tracking of Actual
Motion for 1-D Data Compression. References [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] Wihehn, Burger.
and Bhanu Bir, “Qualitative Motion Understanding,” Academic Publishers., Norwll
, ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112007972836

Category: Electric engineering

Page:

View: 736

Categories: Electric engineering

Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Volume 1

Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering  Volume 1

B . K . P . Horn and E . J . Weldon , Computationally efficient methods for
recovering translational motion , Proc . ... and R . Polana , Qualitative recognition
of motion using temporal texture , CVGIP : Image Understanding , 1 : 33 - 46 ,
1992 , in Y ...

Author: John G. Webster

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: 0471139408

Category: Science

Page: 768

View: 738

Categories: Science

Spatial Information Theory

Spatial Information Theory

Motion is nevertheless a key notion in our understanding of spatial relations and
continuity remains an implicitly assumed notion . We want to formalize the
intuitive notion of spatio - temporal ( henceforth : S - t ) continuity for a qualitative
theory ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015047834141

Category: Geographic information systems

Page:

View: 428

Categories: Geographic information systems

Intelligent Components and Instruments for Control Applications 1997 SICICA 97

Intelligent Components and Instruments for Control Applications 1997  SICICA  97

Motion Parameter Estimation from Global Flow Field Data " . IEEE Transactions
on ... Qualitative Motion Understanding " . Kluwer Academic ... visual motion " .
Artificial Intelligence , 23 , pp . 309 - 354 . 1984 . 1 . 1 Fuzzy relays . B Fig . 4 160.

Author: L. Foulloy

Publisher: Pergamon

ISBN: UOM:39015040339742

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 642

View: 418

SICICA'97 was the third symposium in the series (1992, Malaga - Spain; 1994, Budapest - Hungary). It was sponsored by the Technical Committee on Components and Instruments and was organized by the Laboratoire d'Automatique et de MicroInformatique Industrielle, Université de Savoie, on behalf of AFCET, the National Member Organization. The symposium was held in the Impérial Palace Congress Center, Annecy. 178 papers were submitted as draft papers and reviewed by the International Program Committee members who selected 117 papers coming from 25 countries. The topics covered include: the evolution of electronic components, especially mircocontrollers and digital signal processors which can be used for the implementation of instruments where intelligence is located in the processing; problems and solutions using fieldbuses for the control of automated processes; and the principal phases in the industrialisation of microsystems which associate micromechanics and microelectronics. The Symposium showed the vitality of the research in the field of intelligent instruments and components.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

To Live is to Think

To Live is to Think

RATIO Spinoza ' s ratio what Brunner calls the " scientific abstractions of the
practical understanding ” — is , as Brunner says , the ... we penetrate to the
ultimate abstraction of the practical understanding , to “ supra - qualitative motion
, ” we are ...

Author: Hans Goetz

Publisher: Prometheus Books

ISBN: UCSC:32106012191604

Category: Philosophers

Page: 171

View: 236

"Constantin Brunner (1862-1937) was a philosopher of considerable originality and importance to whom all too little attention has been paid until quite recently." "This book presents an outline of Brunner's life and personality, then proceeds to relate his philosophy to that of Plato, Spinoza, Kant, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Husserl, and Heidegger. There follows an analysis of Brunner's theory of knowledge, the framework of a complete philosophic system which, in many of Brunner's ideas, shows a similarity to that of his contemporary F. H. Bradley, often regarded as one of the greatest English philosophers." "The themes in Brunner's work that Dr. Goetz pursues include: the synthesis of feeling, knowing, and willing; the question of objective knowledge; the relationship between life and thought; the proper understanding of "egoism"; and the ultimate goal of philosophy. Devotees of Husserl and existentialists of various types may be surprised to discover just how far Brunner anticipated the major thinkers in the field of phenomenology."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Categories: Philosophers

Introduction to Personality and Psychotherapy

Introduction to Personality and Psychotherapy

Next, there is qualitative motion, or the alteration of a thing's attributes or
patterned appearance. This meaning rests on formal ... But Freud could not think
in these terms and also understand his patients' psychic difficulties. In Jung's
concept of ...

Author: Joseph F. Rychlak

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin College Division

ISBN: STANFORD:36105037381980

Category: Psychology

Page: 871

View: 618

Categories: Psychology

FUSION

FUSION

Qualitative motion understanding. Kluver Academic Publishers. Massachusetts
1992. [4] S. Thmn, W. Burgard, D. Fox. A probabilistic approach for concurrent
mapping and localization for mobile robots. Machine Leaming, 31:29-53, 1998.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112060207245

Category: Automatic tracking

Page:

View: 949

Categories: Automatic tracking

Mathematics in Signal Processing Four

Mathematics in Signal Processing Four

W . Burger and B . Bhanu , Qualitative motion understanding . Kluwer Academic
Publishers , 1992 . 3 . R . Hummel and V . Sundaeswaran , Motion parameter
estimation from global flow field data . IEEE Trans . on Pattern Analysis and
Machine ...

Author: J. G. McWhirter

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: STANFORD:36105024301298

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 382

View: 621

This volume provides an overview of the wide range of mathematical topics in signal processing. The focus is on alternative algebras for signal processing, particularly multilinear and geometric algebra and Gröbner bases. Other topics include array processing and digital communications, wavelets, nonlinear signal processing, Padé approximation, convex optimization, and generalized eigenvalue decomposition. Blending theory and practice, the volume will appeal to a wide range of engineers and mathematicians.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Annual Review of Computer Science

Annual Review of Computer Science

MOTION. Problems of spatial reasoning have tended to be neglected in
qualitative physics. Even now, much of the research in ... to a tool that is placed
on an incline, or to understand how mechanical clocks work, we must understand
motion.

Author: Barbara J. Grosz

Publisher: Annual Reviews

ISBN: 0824332032

Category: Computers

Page: 423

View: 853

Latest volume in this rather new series by a publisher of impeccable probity. Topics in the 3d volume include security, AI, image analysis, history of logic, LISP, CAM. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Categories: Computers

Qualitative Kinematics of Linkages

Qualitative Kinematics of Linkages

1 Introduction In order to capture commonsense understanding of the physical
world, it is crucial to understand how ... For example, they cannot analyze the
slider-crank mechanism which transmits the vertical motion of the piston to the
rotation ...

Author: Hyun-Kyung Kim

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112121922089

Category: Kinematics

Page: 38

View: 216

An important aspect of qualitative spatial reasoning is understanding mechanisms. This paper presents a qualitative analysis of motion for mechanical linkages. In particular, we describe how to analyze the behavior of a mechanism which has a movable axis. The basic idea of our approach is to represent relative motions of the link in terms of quadrants (qualitatively representing the direction relative to a global reference frame) and relative inclinations relative to the x-axis. Using this representation ; we can derive all the possible motions of a system of linkages. This idea has been implemented and tested on several examples.
Categories: Kinematics