Public Health Approaches to Non Communicable Diseases

Public Health Approaches to Non   Communicable Diseases

A comprehensive text book by Wolters Kluwer Lippincott covering all key features that are very helpful for the medical students.

Author: JS Thakur

Publisher: Wolters kluwer india Pvt Ltd

ISBN: 9789351294412

Category: Medical

Page: 448

View: 205

A comprehensive text book by Wolters Kluwer Lippincott covering all key features that are very helpful for the medical students.
Categories: Medical

An Introduction to Population level Prevention of Non Communicable Diseases

An Introduction to Population level Prevention of Non Communicable Diseases

This book provides an unparalleled overview of population-based approaches to the prevention of non-communicable diseases, reflecting the latest research in the field.

Author: Mike Rayner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192508690

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 892

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) kill more people than anything else in the world. They include cardiovascular diseases, such as heart attacks and strokes; cancers; chronic respiratory diseases, such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma; and diabetes. In 2013, the World Health Organization published a global action plan for the prevention and control of NCDs which set a target to reduce death rates from NCDs by 25% by 2025. In response, countries have been drawing up national-level NCD prevention policies and programmes. New departments have been created by governments, NGOs, and other organizations to drive this agenda forward, creating a need for capacity building and training. In response to this need, the Nuffield Department of Population Health and the Department for Continuing Education at the University of Oxford initiated an accredited six-day short course on prevention strategies for non-communicable diseases with a population-based approach. In the past, many attempts to engage with NCD prevention have centred on individual-level interventions, such as screening and treating individual patients. In this new book, the course organisers provide a solid introduction to the population-based approach and bring together the concepts, evidence, and methods that define it. An Introduction to Population-Level Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases takes readers through the entire policy cycle: from problem definition, solution generation, capacity building, and implementation to evaluation and monitoring. The book includes a wide range of case studies and practical examples of plans and projects that illustrate the real-life applications of theory. This book provides an unparalleled overview of population-based approaches to the prevention of non-communicable diseases, reflecting the latest research in the field. It is a key resource for anyone with an interest in NCD prevention, particularly early-career professionals working in governments, NGOs, health care institutions, and universities as they develop the knowledge and skills required for effective population-based prevention strategies.
Categories: Medical

Public Health

Public Health

It explains public health approaches to developing effective health services and preventive programmes.This Second Edition contains real examples, illustrations and case histories to bring an important subject to life for the reader.

Author: John Walley

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199238934

Category: Medical

Page: 356

View: 997

This is an action guide to improving public/community health in low-income countries, providing comprehensive coverage within the public health framework.
Categories: Medical

Short Textbook of Public Health Medicine for the Tropics Fifth Edition

Short Textbook of Public Health Medicine for the Tropics Fifth Edition

This fifth edition has been thoroughly revised to reflect recent advances in public health, while retaining the popular approach of previous editions in stressing basic principles illustrated by selected examples highly pertinent to the ...

Author: Lucas

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1444151460

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 432

View: 441

First published in 1973, this well-established textbook offers medical students and junior doctors a readable introduction to the principles of public health with special reference to the situation in the developing countries of the tropics. This fifth edition has been thoroughly revised to reflect recent advances in public health, while retaining the popular approach of previous editions in stressing basic principles illustrated by selected examples highly pertinent to the regions in question. Infectious diseases continue to feature strongly, and are grouped epidemiologically based on the mode of transmission and the public health approaches for their control. The fifth edition also features an expanded section on non-communicable diseases, including the global epidemiology of type II diabetes, chronic heart disease, and smoking-related diseases, with particular reference to the problems associated with their management in developing countries. Written for those studying in, or planning to undertake work in, developing nations, the new edition continues to recognise the wide diversity in the situations seen in different countries and concentrates on delivering basic principles that can readily be adapted to local conditions.
Categories: Family & Relationships

Non Communicable Disease Prevention Best Buys Wasted Buys and Contestable Buys

Non Communicable Disease Prevention  Best Buys  Wasted Buys and Contestable Buys

This book will also be of interest to NCD champions, policy advocates, and educators spearheading the movement for increased visiblity of NCDs.

Author: Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai

Publisher: Open Book Publishers

ISBN: 9781783748662

Category: Medical

Page: 220

View: 757

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of death worldwide, contributing to over 73% of all deaths annually. Each day NCDs cause more than 100,000 deaths, 80% of which occur in low- and middle-income countries. NCDs, however, are largely preventable, and a great deal of technical knowledge exists about how to prevent and manage them. Why, then, have we, as a global community, not been more successful at reducing this NCD burden? Does a universal problem not have a universal solution? Created by an international consortium of experts, this informative and accessible book provides practical guidelines, key learning points, and dynamic, real-world case studies to aid NCD program managers, policy officers and decision-makers in low- and middle-income countries, so that they can assess interventions for the prevention and control of NCDs. The book was commissioned by the Prince Mahidol Award Conference (PMAC), an annual international conference centred on policy of global significance related to public health. Non-Communicable Disease Prevention: Best Buys, Wasted Buys and Contestable Buys emphasises the importance of context in NCD control and prevention, arguing that the success of an intervention lies in an ability to respond to local needs and environments. The book comprises ten chapters, which collectively explore the reasons behind, and strategies for, preventing and managing the NCD burden. It spans key themes such as political economy, the transferability of economic evidence, the role of cross-sectoral policies, the importance of deliberative processes, and health technology assessment. This book is written for the benefit of the global health community, and is primarily targeted at those individuals who are involved in NCD programs. This book will also be of interest to NCD champions, policy advocates, and educators spearheading the movement for increased visiblity of NCDs.
Categories: Medical

Global Handbook on Noncommunicable Diseases and Health Promotion

Global Handbook on Noncommunicable Diseases and Health Promotion

The Global Handbook on Noncommunicable Diseases and Health Promotion is an important resource for understanding and approaching chronic illnesses and their prevention.

Author: David V. McQueen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461475941

Category: Medical

Page: 481

View: 923

Global Handbook on Noncommunicable Diseases and Health Promotion David V. McQueen, editor A scan of health challenges around the globe readily brings to mind a range of infectious illnesses, from HIV to influenza. Yet chronic non-contagious conditions--heart disease, asthma, diabetes, cancer--are more prevalent, and their rates soaring, across the developed and developing worlds. The Global Handbook on Noncommunicable Diseases and Health Promotion is an important resource for understanding and approaching chronic illnesses and their prevention. This timely text balances theory and strategies to provide an integrative context for health-affecting behaviors regarding tobacco use, food choices, and physical activity. Coverage expands on current medical/clinical public health perspectives, arguing that closer attention to social context is crucial to better use of health resources and more relevant preventive efforts. Possible roles for hospitals, the workplace, government agencies, NGOs, and other institutions are analyzed, as is the potential for addressing larger underlying health factors (e.g., inequities and poverty) at the societal level. Topics covered include: The nature of causality: beyond traditional evidence Learning from the social sciences in chronic disease health promotion Contextual factors in health and illness Understanding and applying a social determinants of health framework for addressing NCDs Public health, NCDs, health promotion and business partnering NCDs and civil society: a history and a roadmap As the authors of the Global Handbook on Noncommunicable Diseases and Health Promotion make abundantly clear, opportunities are as numerous as the issues, and researchers and graduate students in global public health, health promotion, and chronic disease epidemiology will find these chapters positive and realistic.p>
Categories: Medical

Cancer and AIDS

Cancer and AIDS

Oncologists, retrovirologists and others in developed countries, who are concerned about the global impact of cancer and AIDS, and are promoting related global health interventions, should read this collection, the topic of which is also ...

Author: Christopher Kwesi O. Williams

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319993621

Category: Medical

Page: 159

View: 551

The lifestyles and socio-economic status that are prevalent in regions of the world with limited resources form the background for the unique features of neoplastic diseases in these areas, where the majority of the world population lives. The predominance of the world’s retroviral burden of in these areas further compounds the nature and challenges of the cancer there. Much of the international cancer literature covers the nature and challenges of the disease as seen in high-income regions of the world, thereby giving a skewed view of the global cancer challenges. As the low- and middle-income regions of the world transition from communicable to non communicable disease patterns, there is a need for a corresponding paradigm shift, with increased emphasis on what the world needs to know about non communicable diseases, including cancer, where the disease is hitherto poorly documented. The main goal of the proposed book is to contribute to this outcomes.
Categories: Medical

Cancer and AIDS

Cancer and AIDS

Oncologists, retrovirologists and others in developed countries, who are concerned about the global impact of cancer and AIDS, and are promoting related global health interventions, should read this collection, the topic of which is also ...

Author: Christopher Kwesi O. Williams

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319992358

Category: Medical

Page: 180

View: 314

The lifestyles and socio-economic status that are prevalent in regions of the world with limited resources form the background for the unique features of neoplastic diseases in these areas, where the majority of the world population lives. The predominance of the world’s retroviral burden of in these areas further compounds the nature and challenges of the cancer there. Much of the international cancer literature covers the nature and challenges of the disease as seen in high-income regions of the world, thereby giving a skewed view of the global cancer challenges. As the low- and middle-income regions of the world transition from communicable to non communicable disease patterns, there is a need for a corresponding paradigm shift, with increased emphasis on what the world needs to know about non communicable diseases, including cancer, where the disease is hitherto poorly documented. The main goal of the proposed book is to contribute to this outcomes.
Categories: Medical

The Whole Systems Approach to Obesity and Non communicable Diseases

The Whole Systems Approach to Obesity and Non communicable Diseases

The second and third papers turn to the subject of multi-sectoral partnerships. The first of these represents a review of the role of public health partnerships with the private sector in addressing obesity and NCDs.

Author: Lee Johnston

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1244635737

Category:

Page: 124

View: 771

Obesity and non-communicable diseases (NCDs), significant threats to population health, are widely understood to be embedded in complex systems of interdependent causal factors. As such, researchers, policymakers and practitioners have become increasingly interested in systems-wide approaches that have the potential to reduce the burden of these diseases. Outcomes of this trend include the development and application of new systems science methods, and a turn towards multi-sectoral collaborative engagement as a key directive for influencing systems. This dissertation explores these aspects of the whole systems approach to obesity and NCDs through three original research papers. In the first, a novel systems science framework is employed to analyze recommendations drawn from 12 documents aimed at influencing obesity planning. Results show that many of the documents focus on changing the determinants of energy imbalance and lack planning at higher levels of system function, such as interconnections between system elements and goal setting. This paper demonstrates the utility of systems science frameworks for introducing systems thinking into policy-level planning in a manner accessible to public health stakeholders. The second and third papers turn to the subject of multi-sectoral partnerships. The first of these represents a review of the role of public health partnerships with the private sector in addressing obesity and NCDs. Contemporary challenges around working with the food and beverage sector are considered through a systems-informed lens that pushes traditional thinking about conflict of interest and the role of monitoring and evaluation activities related to partnership engagement. The following chapter presents an exploratory qualitative study of federal governmental public health staff's experiences working to develop co-funded multi-sectoral partnerships. Findings highlight the opportunities and challenges that emerge from government efforts to shift relations with traditional and novel partners in an effort to leverage partnerships for system change. Suggestions for how program implementers can take dynamic system attributes such as capacity, trust, and power relations into account when implementing multi-sectoral partnership programs are also offered. Finally, this dissertation concludes with a critical reflection on the research findings in light of the whole systems imperative and its implications for the public health response to obesity and NCDs.
Categories:

Public Health 101

Public Health 101

Non-communicable disease represents a wide range of diseases from ... being used that are part of the population health approach including: • screening for ...

Author: Richard K. Riegelman

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 0763760447

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 232

View: 957

Public Health 101 provides a big-picture, population perspective on the determinants of health and disease and the tools available to protect and promote health. It examines the full range of options for intervention including use of the health care system, the public health system, and society-wide interventions such as laws and taxation.Students will learn how public health affects them in their everyday lives. Using case studies, vignettes, and extensive examples, they will learn and apply frameworks for thinking about the issues of public health. They will gain a deeper understanding about the health news they hear, the web sites they visit, and the research they read.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Genetic Approaches to Noncommunicable Diseases

Genetic Approaches to Noncommunicable Diseases

This book presents reviews on recent developments in human genome research and their possible application to the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases.

Author: Kare Berg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 364264662X

Category: Medical

Page: 155

View: 824

In recent years, the progress made in the prevention of mortality and morbidity caused by communicable diseases and malnutrition has changed the disease spectrum in both developed and, particularly developing countries. As a result, noncommunicable diseases, includ ing genetic disorders, have achieved considerable importance in public health. Furthermore, it is now evident that inherited predisposition is important in a number of common diseases that occur in later life, such as atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and in some rheumatic, oncological, and mental illnesses that appear at an early stage and develop into severe handicaps in predisposed people. Rapid advances in gene mapping concerned with international human genome research make it almost certain that the use of new genetic knowledge will dramatically increase the requirement for genetic approaches in the control of a wide spectrum of diseases, and will provide possibilities for their prevention and treatment in the form of changes in lifestyle, diet modification, periodic check-ups, or the administration of gene therapy. It appears that one of the main problems in delivering genetics services is the difficulty involved in informing the health profession and the community of the real sig nificance of genetic problems. There is, therefore, a need for international collaboration in improving genetic health education at all levels and in improving health through genetic approaches.
Categories: Medical

Noncommunicable Diseases in the Developing World

Noncommunicable Diseases in the Developing World

The statistics are staggering, yet millions of these deaths are preventable. This is an urgent global health issue that demands analysis of gaps in NCD research, new policies and practices, and actionable recommendations to close the gaps.

Author: Louis Galambos

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421412924

Category: Law

Page: 170

View: 219

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs)—including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, asthma and other chronic respiratory conditions, and cancers—are the leading causes of death worldwide. An estimated 36 million people die from such diseases each year; this represents roughly two out of three deaths globally. Eighty percent of these fatalities occur in developing countries. The statistics are staggering, yet millions of these deaths are preventable. This is an urgent global health issue that demands analysis of gaps in NCD research, new policies and practices, and actionable recommendations to close the gaps. The Johns Hopkins Institute for Applied Economics, Global Health, and the Study of Business Enterprise convened an NCD Working Group of leading scholars to examine a wide range of issues that both the private and public sectors must address to make sustainable progress in NCD prevention and treatment in lower- and middle-income countries. Collected in this volume are essays on five key areas where strengthened policies and health systems can have the most impact in the near future. • Accelerating regulatory harmonization • Structuring supply chains • Improving access to interventions • Restructuring primary care • Promoting multisectoral and intersectoral action While there is a growing literature on the problem of NCDs, none of the available studies provides background on the range of challenges matched with specific steps that can be taken by the public sector, private sector, and civil society working together. Noncommunicable Diseases in the Developing World presents a framework for understanding the salience of specific policy recommendations and detailed steps that can be taken now to move forward in the global campaign against NCDs. This book will be of interest to practitioners, scholars, and students in public health as well as those framing and implementing health policies in the private and public sectors.
Categories: Law

Essentials of International Health

Essentials of International Health

This text is ideal for undergraduate students, introductory graduate classes, and practitioners interested in working in developing countries.

Author: Manoj Sharma

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 0763765295

Category: Medical

Page: 500

View: 438

Essentials of International Health provides an introduction to international health with a focus on epidemiological, political, behavioral, sociological, cultural, and medical dimensions in the field. The text covers problems concerning both developed and developing countries (with an emphasis on developing countries) and introduces population-based public health approaches to solving international health problems. Topics include historical perspectives, health indicators, role of culture and behavior, communicable diseases, non communicable diseases, malnutrition, nutritional deficiencies and obesity, environmental health and population issues, health of women, health of children, mental health, world health systems, and future issues in international health. This text is ideal for undergraduate students, introductory graduate classes, and practitioners interested in working in developing countries.
Categories: Medical

Public Health at the Crossroads

Public Health at the Crossroads

This book is an introduction to public health as a discipline and a critique of its recent development.

Author: Robert Beaglehole

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052154047X

Category: Medical

Page: 303

View: 298

This book is an introduction to public health as a discipline and a critique of its recent development. The extensively revised edition reviews major health trends, the current state of the world's health, and the latest estimates of the global burden of disease. With examples drawn widely from rich and poor countries, the authors argue for an inclusive vision of public health based on the application in public policy of improved epidemiological understanding of the causes of disease. First Edition Hb (1997): 0-521-58373-X First Edition Pb (1997): 0-521-58665-8
Categories: Medical

Global Health 101

Global Health 101

Offering the latest data on the burden of disease, the book presents unique content on key topics that are often insufficiently covered in introductory materials, such as immunization and adolescent health.

Author: Yale School of Public Health New Haven Connecticut Richard Skolnik

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 9781284045390

Category:

Page: 576

View: 145

Rated by an independent panel as the best introductory Global Health text for undergraduates, Global Health 101, Third Edition is a clear, concise, and user-friendly introduction to the most critical issues in global health. It illustrates key themes with an extensive set of case studies, examples, and the latest evidence. Particular attention is given to the health-development link, to developing countries, and to the health needs of poor and disadvantaged people. The Third Edition is a thorough revision that offers an extensive amount of new and updated information, while maintaining clarity, simplicity, and ease of use for faculty and students. Offering the latest data on the burden of disease, the book presents unique content on key topics that are often insufficiently covered in introductory materials, such as immunization and adolescent health. Key Features: New chapter on Adolescent Health an important but largely uncovered topic in the existing Global Health literature Expanded chapter on Child Health with special attention given to immunizations Expanded coverage throughout on the topic of health disparities The latest information on nutrition including the Global Nutrition Report of November 2014 and the Lancet Series on Maternal and Child Nutrition of 2013 New section on Pharmaceuticals More than 25 additional Policy and Program briefs that cover a range of key topics Includes Navigate 2 Advantage Access with: A comprehensive, interactive eBook with embedded video links, knowledge checks and end-of-chapter quizzes Interactive practice activities including study questions Pre-loaded assessments including chapter quizzes, mid-terms, and a final exam. An expansive package of instructor materials including: sample syllabi, model policy briefs, a case study for discussion for each of the core chapters of the book, and an extensive bibliography of global health references organized by chapter."
Categories:

The Economic Costs of Noncommunicable Diseases in the Pacific Islands

The Economic Costs of Noncommunicable Diseases in the Pacific Islands

First, Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) can impose large health, financial and economic costs on countries. This is particularly important in the Pacific where Government already finances, and provides, the bulk of health services.

Author: Weltbank

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1255568537

Category:

Page:

View: 179

There are three main messages running throughout this report. First, Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) can impose large health, financial and economic costs on countries. This is particularly important in the Pacific where Government already finances, and provides, the bulk of health services. Second, risk factors in the Pacific are feeding a pipeline of potentially expensive to treat NCDs, including diabetes and heart disease, but governments are already fiscally constrained in how much more they can provide to the health system. Third, from public health and public finance perspective, many of the NCDs are avoidable, or their health and financial costs can at least be postponed, through good primary and secondary prevention. This will require a more coherent approach to health system financing, and health system operations more generally.
Categories:

Introduction to Global Health Promotion

Introduction to Global Health Promotion

These perspectives, along with the book's multidisciplinary approach, serve to create a well-rounded understanding of global health today. Learn more from the Editors of Introduction to Global Health Promotion here.

Author: Rick S. Zimmerman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118897881

Category: Medical

Page: 560

View: 422

Introduction to Global Health Promotion addresses a breadth and depth of public health topics that students and emerging professionals in the field must understand as the world's burden of disease changes with non-communicable diseases on the rise in low- and middle-income countries as their middle class populations grow. Now more than ever, we need to provide health advocacy and intervention to prevent, predict, and address emerging global health issues. This new text from the Society for Public Health Education (SOPHE) prepares readers with thorough and thoughtful chapters on global health promotion theories, best practices, and perspectives on the future of the field, from the individual to the global level. The world's biggest health care challenges—including HIV, malaria, heart disease, smoking, and violence, among others—are explored in detail in Introduction to Global Health Promotion. The state of the science, including the latest empirical data, is distilled into 19 chapters that update readers on the complex issues surrounding a variety of illnesses and conditions, and disease epidemics and individual, social, institutional, and governmental barriers to preventing them. Expert authors bring to the fore human rights issues, new uses of technology, and practical application of theory. These perspectives, along with the book's multidisciplinary approach, serve to create a well-rounded understanding of global health today. Learn more from the Editors of Introduction to Global Health Promotion here.
Categories: Medical

Non Communicable Disease Burden in the Western Province Sri Lanka

Non Communicable Disease Burden in the Western Province  Sri Lanka

With its impressive maternal and child health outcomes and control of communicable diseases, Sri Lanka is often depicted as a success story.

Author: World Bank Group

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1120898882

Category:

Page:

View: 977

With its impressive maternal and child health outcomes and control of communicable diseases, Sri Lanka is often depicted as a success story. The primary objectives of this study are to examine the prevalence and distribution of non-communicable disease (NCDs) and risk factors across socioeconomic and demographic groups (in the Western province of Sri Lanka) and assess the performance of the health system with regards to NCDs. The focus is on adult health. The study also looks at patterns of health care use, the choice of public versus private care, and the use of primary level facilities. While the study is focused on the Western province, recommendations apply to the country as a whole. In addition, the study presents data by socio-economic groups, which can allow for tailored approaches to address the growing burden of NCDs. Such disaggregated data are not available in the national health information system and most administrative data systems. This study attempts to fill those gaps. The report is organized as follows: chapter one gives introduction. Chapter two examines the population's health status and the physiological risk factors for NCDs. Chapter three explores behavioral and environmental risk factors. Chapter four reports patterns of health care use. In chapter five, the amount and distribution of out of-pocket payments is explored. Chapter six examines gaps in the existing health system in terms of delivering effective care for NCDs. Finally, chapter seven presents conclusions and recommendations.
Categories:

The Convergence of Infectious Diseases and Noncommunicable Diseases

The Convergence of Infectious Diseases and Noncommunicable Diseases

On June 11 and June 12, 2019, the National Academies convened a workshop to explore the growing understanding of how the interplay between humans and microbes affects host physiology and causes noncommunicable diseases.

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309496148

Category: Medical

Page: 184

View: 372

On June 11 and June 12, 2019, the National Academies convened a workshop to explore the growing understanding of how the interplay between humans and microbes affects host physiology and causes noncommunicable diseases. Discussions included an overview of colliding epidemics, emerging research on associations between infectious and noncommunicable diseases, risks posed by chronic diseases to the development and severity of infectious diseases, and the influence of the microbiome. Workshop participants also examined the challenges and opportunities of convergence, the integration of health care delivery models and interventions, potential approaches for research, policy, and practice in the immediate-term, and potential directions for the long-term. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.
Categories: Medical