Psychological Criminology

An Integrative Approach

Author: Richard Wortley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136652884

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 8798

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Psychological Criminology addresses the question: what is it about individuals and their experiences that cause them to commit crime and/or to become criminal? This book provides a comprehensive coverage of psychological theories of crime and criminality, exploring theories focusing on factors present at birth (human nature, heredity); theories that focus on factors that influence the offender over the lifespan (learning, development); and theories focusing on factors present at the crime scene. It emphasizes the connections among the different approaches, and demonstrates how, taken together rather than as rival explanations, they provide a more complete picture of crime and criminality than each provides individually. Theories are arranged throughout the book in a temporal sequence, from distal to proximal causes of crime. The analysis spans 100,000 years, from the evolutionary roots of criminal behaviour in the ancestral environments of early humans on the African savana, to the decision to engage in a specific criminal act. Key features of the book include: a focus on theory – ‘explaining’ crime and criminality, an integrative approach, accessible to readers who do not have a background in psychology. Psychological Criminology highlights the contributions that psychological theory can make to the broader field of criminology; it will be of interest to students, academics, researchers and practitioners in both criminology and forensic psychology.
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Crime Science

New Approaches to Preventing and Detecting Crime

Author: Dr. Melissa J. Smith,Nick Tilley

Publisher: Willan Pub

ISBN: 9781843920892

Category: Social Science

Page: 218

View: 1101

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Crime science is a multi-disciplinary new discipline that has the aim of understanding better how to prevent and detect crime, drawing on criminology, economics, psychology, mathematics, geography, architecture and other fields to examine crime patterns and to develop solutions to these problems. It provides an integrated approach to crime which its proponents believe will improve detection of crime, reduce the impact of crime and in due course result in less crime in society. This book provides an introduction to crime science, setting out its essentials. It provides a major statement of the nature and aspirations of crime science, and presents a series of case studies providing examples, in different settings, of the approach in action, ranging from preventing crime within correctional institutions to the use of techniques such as DNA fast tracking for burglary. It is structured so as to cover the fundamentals of crime science, with sections on methodology, prevention and detection.
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Criminology

An Integrated Approach

Author: Gregg Barak

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742547131

Category: Social Science

Page: 379

View: 7821

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Barak provides the first integrated analysis of crime, criminal justice, and criminology through a global lens, revealing the importance of a global perspective for the study of crime and justice in the 21st century. While moving seamlessly from the micro bio-psychological, interactive-social process to the macro cultural-structural forces that shape crime and our responses to it, the author presents the reader with a feast of the latest criminological ideas in this sumptuous tome.
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Preventing Child Sexual Abuse

Evidence, Policy and Practice

Author: Stephen Smallbone,William L. Marshall,Richard Wortley

Publisher: Willan

ISBN: 1134006519

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 5240

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This book integrates clinical and criminological concepts and knowledge to inform a more comprehensive and effective public policy approach to preventing child sexual abuse. It will be essential reading for anybody with interests in this field.
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Handbook of Behavioral Criminology

Author: Vincent B. Van Hasselt,Michael L. Bourke

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319616250

Category: Psychology

Page: 762

View: 8629

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This multidisciplinary volume assembles current findings on violent crime, behavioral, biological, and sociological perspectives on its causes, and effective methods of intervention and prevention. Noted experts across diverse fields apply a behavioral criminology lens to examine crimes committed by minors, extremely violent offenses, sexual offending, violence in families, violence in high-risk settings, and crimes of recent and emerging interest. The work of mental health practitioners and researchers is shown informing law enforcement response to crime in interrogation, investigative analysis, hostage negotiations, and other core strategies. In addition, chapters pay special attention to criminal activities that violate traditional geographic boundaries, from cyberstalking to sex trafficking to international terrorism. Among the topics in the Handbook: · Dyadic conceptualization, measurement, and analysis of family violence. · School bullying and cyberbullying: prevalence, characteristics, outcomes, and prevention. · A cultural and psychological perspective on mass murder. · Young people displaying problematic sexual behavior: the research and their words. · Child physical abuse and neglect. · Criminal interviewing and interrogation in serious crime investigations. · Violence in correctional settings. · Foundations of threat assessment and management. The Handbook of Behavioral Criminology is a meticulous resource for researchers in criminology, psychology, sociology, and related fields. It also informs developers of crime prevention programs and practitioners assessing and intervening with criminal clients and in correctional facilities.
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Juvenile Delinquency: An Integrated Approach

An Integrated Approach

Author: James Burfeind,Dawn Jeglum Bartusch

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449654339

Category: Law

Page: 386

View: 8681

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Juvenile Delinquency: An Integrated Approach, Second Edition offers a comprehensive introduction to juvenile delinquency. Now in a more concise and accessible format, this text cultivates an understanding of juvenile delinquency by examining and linking key sociological and criminological theories and research. Biological and psychological apporaches to delinquency are covered, as well as responses to deliquent behavior includuing prevention, early intervention, and contemporary juvenile justice.
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Explaining Crime

A Primer in Criminological Theory

Author: Hugh D. Barlow,David Kauzlarich

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742565104

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 3595

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This book provides a concise but comprehensive review of the full range of classic and contemporary theories of crime. With separate chapters on the nature and use of criminological theory as well as theoretical application, the authors render the difficult task of explaining crime more understandable to the introductory student. All of the main theories in criminology are reviewed including classical and rational choice, biological, psychological, and evolutionary, social structural, social process, critical, general, and integrated approaches. Copious examples of the spirit of the theories are supplied, many with a popular culture (e.g., film and music) connection. The highly original final chapter, titled 'Putting Criminological Theory to Work, ' provides readers with an integrated theoretical model that students can apply to virtually any type of crime. The book is well suited for use in undergraduate and graduate courses in criminology, criminal justice, and deviance
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Developmental Theories Of Crime And Delinquency

Author: Terence P. Thornberry

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412821674

Category: Social Science

Page: 359

View: 4821

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In Developmental Theories of Crime and Delinquency, Terence P. Thornberry and his contributors show that criminal behavior is not a static human attribute, but ebbs and flows over the life course of the individual. Criminal behavior tends to follow a distinct psychological pattern. It is relatively uncommon during childhood, is initiated by most offenders during adolescence, flourishes during late adolescence and early childhood, and usually diminishes or disappears by the mid-twenties. This pattern is not characteristic of all people--some never commit crimes and others become career criminals--but it is a general description of the developmental pattern of criminal offenders. This pattern has profound implications for theories of crime and delinquency. Not only does it explain initiation into, maintenance of, and desistance from involvement in crime, it offers insight into why crime flourishes during adolescence. Traditional theories of crime and delinquency have often failed to distinguish among different phases of criminal careers. They tend to ignore developmental changes that occur across a person's life course, changes that coincide with and can explain the causes and patterns of criminal behavior. This paperback edition of the seventh volume of the distinguished series Advances in Criminological Theory moves us from static identifications of the criminal by presenting a broad range of developmental explanations of crime. Each contributor articulates a developmental or life course perspective in explaining how people become involved in delinquency and crime. Each covers a wide range of theoretical territory and reveals how a developmental perspective enhances the explanatory power of traditional theories of crime and delinquency. This volume is an invaluable tool for criminologists, sociologists, psychologists, and other professionals seeking to teach how crime and violence can be understood in our culture.
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