Philosophical Foundations of Property Law

Author: James Penner,Henry Smith

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199673586

Category: Law

Page: 369

View: 1666

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This volume seeks to bring the concepts and doctrines of property law into the philosophy of property. It offers contributions from leading theorists of property law. The papers serve as introductions to many facets of philosophical work grounded in the law of property and as cutting edge contributions to the scholarly literature.
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The Philosophical Foundations of Environmental Law

Property, Rights and Nature

Author: Sean Coyle,Karen Morrow

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847310338

Category: Law

Page: 224

View: 4708

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Legal regulation of the environment is often construed as a collection of legislated responses to the problems of modern living. Treated as such,'environmental law' refers not to a body of distinctive juristic ideas (such as one might find in contract law or tort) but to a body of black-letter rules out of which a distinct jurisprudence might grow. This book challenges the accepted view by arguing that environmental law must be seen not as a mere instrument of social policy, but as a historical product of surprising antiquity and considerable sophistication. Environmental law, it is argued, is underpinned by a series of tenets concerning the relationship of human beings to the natural world, through the acquisition and use of property. By tracing these ideas to their roots in the political philosophy of the seventeenth century, and their reception into the early law of nuisance, this book seeks to overturn the perception that environmental law's philosophical significance is confined to questions about the extent to which a state should pursue collective well-being and public health through deliberate manipulation and restriction of private property rights. Through a close re-examination of both early and modern statutes and cases, this book concludes that, far from being intelligible in exclusively instrumental terms, environmental law must be understood as the product of sustained reflection upon fundamental moral questions concerning the relationship between property, rights and nature.
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Property Rights in Blood, Genes and Data

Naturally Yours?

Author: Jasper A. Bovenberg

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004150536

Category: Law

Page: 213

View: 7681

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Taking a case and context driven approach and backing up traditional legal analysis with historical analogies, web-surveys and practical experience, "Jasper Bovenberg" provides counter-intuitive, provocative and practical answers and recommendations for such controversial issues as how to share the benefits of DNA research, whether or not to recognize personal property rights in bodily material and access to biomedical datasets in academia.
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Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights

Author: Rowan Cruft,S. Matthew Liao,Massimo Renzo

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019968863X

Category: Law

Page: 650

View: 6950

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Readership: This book would be suitable for students, academics and scholars of law, philosophy, politics, international relations and economics
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Property Rights (Routledge Revivals)

Philosophic Foundations

Author: Lawrence C. Becker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317703308

Category: Philosophy

Page: 136

View: 8232

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Property Rights: Philosophic Foundations, first published in 1977, comprehensively examines the general justifications for systems of private property rights, and discusses with great clarity the major arguments as to the rights and responsibilities of property ownership. In particular, the arguments that hold that there are natural rights derived from first occupancy, labour, utility, liberty and virtue are considered, as are the standard anti-property arguments based on disutility, virtue and inequality, and the belief that justice in distribution must take precedence over private ownership. Lawrence Becker goes on to contend that there are four sound lines of argument for private property that, together with what is sound in the anti-property arguments, must be co-ordinated to form the foundations of a new theory. He therefore expounds a concise but sophisticated theory of property that is relevant to the modern world, and concludes by indicating some of the implications of his theory.
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Philosophical Foundations of Tax Law

Author: Monica Bhandari

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198798431

Category:

Page: 320

View: 2491

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Tax law changes at a startling rate - not only does societal change bring with it demands for change in the tax system, but changes in the political climate will force change, as will many other competing pressures. With this pace of change, it is easy to focus on the practical and forget the core underpinnings of the tax system and their philosophical justifications. Taking a pause to remind ourselves of those principles and how they can operate in the modern tax system is crucial to ensuring that the tax system does not diverge too far from what it should be or could be. It is essential to understand the answers to some of the seemingly basic questions that surround tax before we can even begin to think about what a tax system should look like. This collection brings together major themes and difficult questions in the philosophical foundations of tax law. The chapters consider practical issues such as justification, enforcement, design, and mechanics, and provide a full and coherent analysis of the basis for tax law. Philosophical Foundations of Tax Law allows the reader to consider how tax systems should move forward in the modern world, with a sound philosophical basis, to provide the practical tax system that the state requires and citizens deserve.
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