Probability Theory and Statistical Inference

Econometric Modeling with Observational Data

Author: Aris Spanos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521424080

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 815

View: 410


A major textbook for students taking introductory courses in probability theory and statistical inference.

Foundations of Probability Theory, Statistical Inference, and Statistical Theories of Science

Volume I Foundations and Philosophy of Epistemic Applications of Probability Theory

Author: W.L. Harper,C.A. Hooker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401018537

Category: Science

Page: 309

View: 1375


In May of 1973 we organized an international research colloquium on foundations of probability, statistics, and statistical theories of science at the University of Western Ontario. During the past four decades there have been striking formal advances in our understanding of logic, semantics and algebraic structure in probabilistic and statistical theories. These advances, which include the development of the relations between semantics and metamathematics, between logics and algebras and the algebraic-geometrical foundations of statistical theories (especially in the sciences), have led to striking new insights into the formal and conceptual structure of probability and statistical theory and their scientific applications in the form of scientific theory. The foundations of statistics are in a state of profound conflict. Fisher's objections to some aspects of Neyman-Pearson statistics have long been well known. More recently the emergence of Baysian statistics as a radical alternative to standard views has made the conflict especially acute. In recent years the response of many practising statisticians to the conflict has been an eclectic approach to statistical inference. Many good statisticians have developed a kind of wisdom which enables them to know which problems are most appropriately handled by each of the methods available. The search for principles which would explain why each of the methods works where it does and fails where it does offers a fruitful approach to the controversy over foundations.

Probability and Statistical Inference

Author: Nitis Mukhopadhyay

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824703790

Category: Mathematics

Page: 665

View: 9710


Priced very competitively compared with other textbooks at this level! This gracefully organized textbook reveals the rigorous theory of probability and statistical inference in the style of a tutorial, using worked examples, exercises, numerous figures and tables, and computer simulations to develop and illustrate concepts. Beginning with an introduction to the basic ideas and techniques in probability theory and progressing to more rigorous topics, Probability and Statistical Inference studies the Helmert transformation for normal distributions and the waiting time between failures for exponential distributions develops notions of convergence in probability and distribution spotlights the central limit theorem (CLT) for the sample variance introduces sampling distributions and the Cornish-Fisher expansions concentrates on the fundamentals of sufficiency, information, completeness, and ancillarity explains Basu's Theorem as well as location, scale, and location-scale families of distributions covers moment estimators, maximum likelihood estimators (MLE), Rao-Blackwellization, and the Cramér-Rao inequality discusses uniformly minimum variance unbiased estimators (UMVUE) and Lehmann-Scheffé Theorems focuses on the Neyman-Pearson theory of most powerful (MP) and uniformly most powerful (UMP) tests of hypotheses, as well as confidence intervals includes the likelihood ratio (LR) tests for the mean, variance, and correlation coefficient summarizes Bayesian methods describes the monotone likelihood ratio (MLR) property handles variance stabilizing transformations provides a historical context for statistics and statistical discoveries showcases great statisticians through biographical notes Employing over 1400 equations to reinforce its subject matter, Probability and Statistical Inference is a groundbreaking text for first-year graduate and upper-level undergraduate courses in probability and statistical inference who have completed a calculus prerequisite, as well as a supplemental text for classes in Advanced Statistical Inference or Decision Theory.

Models for Probability and Statistical Inference

Theory and Applications

Author: James H. Stapleton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470183403

Category: Mathematics

Page: 512

View: 1559


This concise, yet thorough, book is enhanced with simulations and graphs to build the intuition of readers Models for Probability and Statistical Inference was written over a five-year period and serves as a comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of probability and statistical inference. With detailed theoretical coverage found throughout the book, readers acquire the fundamentals needed to advance to more specialized topics, such as sampling, linear models, design of experiments, statistical computing, survival analysis, and bootstrapping. Ideal as a textbook for a two-semester sequence on probability and statistical inference, early chapters provide coverage on probability and include discussions of: discrete models and random variables; discrete distributions including binomial, hypergeometric, geometric, and Poisson; continuous, normal, gamma, and conditional distributions; and limit theory. Since limit theory is usually the most difficult topic for readers to master, the author thoroughly discusses modes of convergence of sequences of random variables, with special attention to convergence in distribution. The second half of the book addresses statistical inference, beginning with a discussion on point estimation and followed by coverage of consistency and confidence intervals. Further areas of exploration include: distributions defined in terms of the multivariate normal, chi-square, t, and F (central and non-central); the one- and two-sample Wilcoxon test, together with methods of estimation based on both; linear models with a linear space-projection approach; and logistic regression. Each section contains a set of problems ranging in difficulty from simple to more complex, and selected answers as well as proofs to almost all statements are provided. An abundant amount of figures in addition to helpful simulations and graphs produced by the statistical package S-Plus(r) are included to help build the intuition of readers.

An introduction to probability theory and mathematical statistics

Author: V. K. Rohatgi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc


Category: Mathematics

Page: 684

View: 3133


Probability; Random variables and their probability distributions; Moments and generating functions; Random vectors; Some special distributions; Limit theorems; Sample moments and their distributions; The theory of point estimation; Neyman-Pearson theory of testing of hypotheses; Some further results on hypotheses testing; Confidence estimation; The general linear hypothesis; Nonparametric statistical inference; Sequential statistical inference.

An Introduction to Probability and Statistical Inference

Author: George G. Roussas

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128004371

Category: Mathematics

Page: 624

View: 2976


An Introduction to Probability and Statistical Inference, Second Edition, guides you through probability models and statistical methods and helps you to think critically about various concepts. Written by award-winning author George Roussas, this book introduces readers with no prior knowledge in probability or statistics to a thinking process to help them obtain the best solution to a posed question or situation. It provides a plethora of examples for each topic discussed, giving the reader more experience in applying statistical methods to different situations. This text contains an enhanced number of exercises and graphical illustrations where appropriate to motivate the reader and demonstrate the applicability of probability and statistical inference in a great variety of human activities. Reorganized material is included in the statistical portion of the book to ensure continuity and enhance understanding. Each section includes relevant proofs where appropriate, followed by exercises with useful clues to their solutions. Furthermore, there are brief answers to even-numbered exercises at the back of the book and detailed solutions to all exercises are available to instructors in an Answers Manual. This text will appeal to advanced undergraduate and graduate students, as well as researchers and practitioners in engineering, business, social sciences or agriculture. Content, examples, an enhanced number of exercises, and graphical illustrations where appropriate to motivate the reader and demonstrate the applicability of probability and statistical inference in a great variety of human activities Reorganized material in the statistical portion of the book to ensure continuity and enhance understanding A relatively rigorous, yet accessible and always within the prescribed prerequisites, mathematical discussion of probability theory and statistical inference important to students in a broad variety of disciplines Relevant proofs where appropriate in each section, followed by exercises with useful clues to their solutions Brief answers to even-numbered exercises at the back of the book and detailed solutions to all exercises available to instructors in an Answers Manual