The Private Life of Chairman Mao

The Private Life of Chairman Mao

Li does for Mao what the physician Lord Moran's memoir did for Winston Churchill—turns him into a human being. Here is Mao unveiled: eccentric, demanding, suspicious, unregretful, lascivious, and unfailingly fascinating.

Author: Li Zhi-Sui

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0307791394

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 736

View: 779

“The most revealing book ever published on Mao, perhaps on any dictator in history.”—Professor Andrew J. Nathan, Columbia University From 1954 until Mao Zedong's death twenty-two years later, Dr. Li Zhisui was the Chinese ruler's personal physician, which put him in daily—and increasingly intimate—contact with Mao and his inner circle. in The Private Life of Chairman Mao, Dr. Li vividly reconstructs his extraordinary experience at the center of Mao's decadent imperial court. Dr. Li clarifies numerous long-standing puzzles, such as the true nature of Mao's feelings toward the United States and the Soviet Union. He describes Mao's deliberate rudeness toward Khrushchev and reveals the actual catalyst of Nixon's historic visit. Here are also surprising details of Mao's personal depravity (we see him dependent on barbiturates and refusing to wash, dress, or brush his teeth) and the sexual politics of his court. To millions of Chinese, Mao was more god than man, but for Dr. Li, he was all too human. Dr. Li's intimate account of this lecherous, paranoid tyrant, callously indifferent to the suffering of his people, will forever alter our view of Chairman Mao and of China under his rule. Praise for The Private Life of Chairman Mao “From now one no one will be able to pretend to understand Chairman Mao's place in history without reference to this revealing account.”—Professor Lucian Pye, Massachusetts Institute of Technology “Dr. Li does for Mao what the physician Lord Moran's memoir did for Winston Churchill—turns him into a human being. Here is Mao unveiled: eccentric, demanding, suspicious, unregretful, lascivious, and unfailingly fascinating. Our view of Mao will never be the same again.”—Ross Terrill, author of China in Our Time “An extraordinarily intimate portrait of Mao. [Dr. Li] portrays [Mao's imperial court] as a place of boundless decadence, licentiousness, selfishness, relentless toadying and cutthroat political intrigue.”—Richard Bernstein, The New York Times “One of the most provocative books on Mao to appear since the publication of Edgar Snow's Red Star Over China.”—Paul G. Pickowicz, The Wall Street Journal
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

Private Life under Socialism

Private Life under Socialism

The Private Life of Chairman Mao: The Memoirs of Mao's Personal Physician.
Trans. Tai Hung-chao. New York: Random House. Lindholm, Charles. 1988. "
Love and Leaders: A Comparison of Social and Psychological Models of
Romance ...

Author: Yunxiang Yan

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804764117

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 807

For seven years in the 1970s, the author lived in a village in northeast China as an ordinary farmer. In 1989, he returned to the village as an anthropologist to begin the unparalleled span of eleven years’ fieldwork that has resulted in this book—a comprehensive, vivid, and nuanced account of family change and the transformation of private life in rural China from 1949 to 1999. The author’s focus on the personal and the emotional sets this book apart from most studies of the Chinese family. Yan explores private lives to examine areas of family life that have been largely overlooked, such as emotion, desire, intimacy, privacy, conjugality, and individuality. He concludes that the past five decades have witnessed a dual transformation of private life: the rise of the private family, within which the private lives of individual women and men are thriving.
Categories: Social Science

Mr Science and Chairman Mao s Cultural Revolution

Mr  Science and Chairman Mao s Cultural Revolution

Subsequently, Dr. Li wrote a report about Mao's protests, which would not only
become the new health guideline, but would be issued in the name of Mao. The
episode was reported in Li's memoir The Private Life of Chairman Mao and has ...

Author: Chunjuan Nancy Wei

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739149751

Category: History

Page: 426

View: 269

Despite the verdict of the Cultural Revolution as a disaster for China, a number of scholars have called for reexamining socialist science under Mao’s aegis. This collection examines the viewpoints on social and scientific enterprises of that era, probing medicine, the space program and the one-child policy as outcomes of earlier Maoist science.
Categories: History

Mao A Very Short Introduction

Mao  A Very Short Introduction

The Secret Speeches of Chairman Mao: From the Hundred Flowers to the Great
Leap Forward (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Contemporary ... Li Zhisui, The
Private Life of Chairman Mao (New York: Random House, 1994). Gossipy
memoirs by ...

Author: Delia Davin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191654039

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 996

As a giant of 20th century history, Mao Zedong played many roles: peasant revolutionary, patriotic leader against the Japanese occupation, Marxist theoretician, modernizer, and visionary despot. This Very Short Introduction chronicles Mao's journey from peasant child to ruler of the most populous nation on Earth. He was a founder of both the Chinese Communist Party and the Red Army, and for many years he fought on two fronts, for control of the Party and in an armed struggle for the Party's control of the country. His revolution unified China and began its rise to world power status. He was the architect of the Great Leap Forward that he hoped would make China both prosperous and egalitarian, but instead ended in economic disaster resulting in millions of deaths. It was Mao's growing suspicion of his fellow leaders that led him to launch the Cultural Revolution, and his last years were dogged by ill-health and his despairing attempts to find a successor whom he trusted. Delia Davin provides an invaluable introduction to Mao, showing him in all his complexity; ruthless, brutal, and ambitious, a man of enormous talent and perception, yet a leader who is still detested by some and venerated by others. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Categories: Political Science

The Tragedy of Liberation

The Tragedy of Liberation

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 23–8; partially reprinted in
Mao, Jianguo yilai, vol. 3, pp. 30–1; Directives from the Centre, 5 and 11 Feb ...
125; Li, The Private Life of Chairman Mao, p. 64. Report from the North China
Region, ...

Author: Frank Dikötter

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781408837597

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 643

In 1949 Mao Zedong hoisted the red flag over Beijing's Forbidden City. Instead of liberating the country, the communists destroyed the old order and replaced it with a repressive system that would dominate every aspect of Chinese life. In an epic of revolution and violence which draws on newly opened party archives, interviews and memoirs, Frank Dikötter interweaves the stories of millions of ordinary people with the brutal politics of Mao's court. A gripping account of how people from all walks of life were caught up in a tragedy that sent at least five million civilians to their deaths.
Categories: History

Mao s China and the Cold War

Mao s China and the Cold War

Balluku was Albania's defense minister, and Hill was chairman of the Australian
Communist Party (MarxismLeninism). 32. Hu Shiwei et al., Chen Yizhuan (A
Biography of Chen Yi) (Beijing: Dangdai zhonguo, 1991), 614; Du Yi, Daxue ya ...

Author: Jian Chen

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807898901

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 259

This comprehensive study of China's Cold War experience reveals the crucial role Beijing played in shaping the orientation of the global Cold War and the confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union. The success of China's Communist revolution in 1949 set the stage, Chen says. The Korean War, the Taiwan Strait crises, and the Vietnam War--all of which involved China as a central actor--represented the only major "hot" conflicts during the Cold War period, making East Asia the main battlefield of the Cold War, while creating conditions to prevent the two superpowers from engaging in a direct military showdown. Beijing's split with Moscow and rapprochement with Washington fundamentally transformed the international balance of power, argues Chen, eventually leading to the end of the Cold War with the collapse of the Soviet Empire and the decline of international communism. Based on sources that include recently declassified Chinese documents, the book offers pathbreaking insights into the course and outcome of the Cold War.
Categories: History

Mao

Mao

Li Yuzhen, Jiang Jingguo lusushenghuo miwen (The Secret Story of Chiang
Ching-kuo's Life in the Soviet Union), Zhongguo youyi chubangongsi, Beijing,
1994 Li Zhisui, Mao Zedong siren yishenghuiyilu (The Private Life of Chairman
Mao), ...

Author: Jung Chang

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 9780307807137

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 864

View: 587

The most authoritative life of the Chinese leader every written, Mao: The Unknown Story is based on a decade of research, and on interviews with many of Mao’s close circle in China who have never talked before — and with virtually everyone outside China who had significant dealings with him. It is full of startling revelations, exploding the myth of the Long March, and showing a completely unknown Mao: he was not driven by idealism or ideology; his intimate and intricate relationship with Stalin went back to the 1920s, ultimately bringing him to power; he welcomed Japanese occupation of much of China; and he schemed, poisoned, and blackmailed to get his way. After Mao conquered China in 1949, his secret goal was to dominate the world. In chasing this dream he caused the deaths of 38 million people in the greatest famine in history. In all, well over 70 million Chinese perished under Mao’s rule — in peacetime.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

Chinese Business Negotiating Style

Chinese Business Negotiating Style

Mao ' s tactical personality can be seen in two influential books about his private
life : Mao Zedong : Man , Not God ... Mao ' s bodyguard during the period from
1947 to 1962 , and The Private Life of Chairman Mao written by Dr . Li Zhisui ,
Mao ...

Author: Tony Fang

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761915761

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 339

View: 609

This book adds a valuable `Chinese voice' to the current Western-dominated forum on Chinese business negotiating style. The book provides the reader with an in-depth socio-cultural understanding of Chinese negotiating behaviour and tactics in the context of Sino-Western business negotiation. It addresses this fascinating and complex subject by looking systematically at various components of Chinese business culture which range from contemporary Chinese politics to ancient Chinese philosophies and military stratagems.
Categories: Business & Economics

China Briefing

China Briefing

This huge edifice, which opened in September 1977, is principally a mausoleum
where Mao Zedong's preserved remains ... In Li Zhisui, The Private Life of
Chairman Mao: The Memoirs of Mao's Personal Physician (New York: Random
House, ...

Author: William A. Joseph

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 1563248883

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 196

This newest China Briefing provides a retrospective analysis of important events in China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong in the mid-1990s and a prospective look at some of the issues that will shape these areas as they each move toward decisive turning points in their distinct yet intertwined histories. The volume includes chapters on politics, economics, U.S.-China relations, Taiwan, Hong Kong, gender, and popular culture and concludes with a detailed chronology covering the period from mid-1994 through mid-1996.
Categories: History

Far Eastern Affairs

Far Eastern Affairs

When the issue of divorce was being debated , Mao stated that he would arrange
his private life as he saw fit , no ... past , for which purpose he doctored her
personal file , tricked the party ' s Central Committee and Chairman Mao ,
persecuted ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822017484619

Category: East Asia

Page:

View: 964

Categories: East Asia

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism

Li Zhisui, with Anne Thurston, The Private Life of Chairman Mao, trans. Tai
Hungchao (New York: Random House, 1994), and Jung Chang and Jon Halliday
, Mao: The Untold Story (New York: Knopf, 2005). Gao Hua's Hong taiyang shi ...

Author: S. A. Smith

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191667527

Category: History

Page: 672

View: 237

The impact of Communism on the twentieth century was massive, equal to that of the two world wars. Until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, historians knew relatively little about the secretive world of communist states and parties. Since then, the opening of state, party, and diplomatic archives of the former Eastern Bloc has released a flood of new documentation. The thirty-five essays in this Handbook, written by an international team of scholars, draw on this new material to offer a global history of communism in the twentieth century. In contrast to many histories that concentrate on the Soviet Union, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism is genuinely global in its coverage, paying particular attention to the Chinese Revolution. It is 'global', too, in the sense that the essays seek to integrate history 'from above' and 'from below', to trace the complex mediations between state and society, and to explore the social and cultural as well as the political and economic realities that shaped the lives of citizens fated to live under communist rule. The essays reflect on the similarities and differences between communist states in order to situate them in their socio-political and cultural contexts and to capture their changing nature over time. Where appropriate, they also reflect on how the fortunes of international communism were shaped by the wider economic, political, and cultural forces of the capitalist world. The Handbook provides an informative introduction for those new to the field and a comprehensive overview of the current state of scholarship for those seeking to deepen their understanding.
Categories: History

On China

On China

42 (June 1992), 81, as excerpted in William Burr, ed., “New Documentary
Reveals Secret U.S., Chinese Diplomacy Behind ... Chinese Politics (New York:
Cambridge University Press, 1993), 188; and Li, The Private Life of Chairman
Mao, 120.

Author: Henry Kissinger

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9780141972381

Category: History

Page: 624

View: 685

For more than twenty years after the Communist Revolution in 1949, China and most of the western world had no diplomats in each others' capitals and no direct way to communicate. Then, in July 1971, Henry Kissinger arrived secretly in Beijing on a mission which quickly led to the reopening of relations between China and the West and changed the course of post-war history. For the past forty years, Kissinger has maintained close relations with successive generations of Chinese leaders, and has probably been more intimately connected with China at the highest level than any other western figure. This book distils his unique experience and long study of the 'Middle Kingdom', examining China's history from the classical era to the present day, and explaining why it has taken the extraordinary course that it has. The book concentrates on the decades since 1949, presenting brilliantly drawn portraits of Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Deng Xiaoping and other Chinese leaders, and reproducing verbatim Kissinger's conversations with each of them. But Kissinger's eye rarely leaves the long continuum of Chinese history: he describes the essence of China's approach to diplomacy, strategy and negotiation, and the remarkable ways in which Communist-era statesmen have drawn on methods honed over millennia. At the end of the book, Kissinger reflects on these attitudes for our own era of economic interdependence and an uncertain future. On China is written with great authority, complete accessibility and with many wider reflections on statecraft and diplomacy distilled from years of experience. At a moment when the rest of the world is thinking about China more than ever before, this timely book offers insights that no other can.
Categories: History

Politics in China

Politics in China

... CA: Stanford University Press, 1987. Kraus, Richard Curt. The Cultural
Revolution: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.
Li, Zhisui. The Private Life of Chairman Mao: The Memoirs of Mao's Personal
Physician.

Author: William A. Joseph

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199384839

Category: Political Science

Page: 576

View: 121

On October 1, 2009, the People's Republic of China (PRC) celebrated the 60th anniversary of its founding. And what an eventful and tumultuous six decades it had been. During that time, under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), China was transformed from one of the world's poorest countries into the world's fastest growing major economy, and from a weak state barely able to govern or protect its own territory to a rising power that is challenging the United States for global influence. Over those same years, the PRC also experienced the most deadly famine in human history, caused largely by the actions and inactions of its political leaders. Not long after, there was a collapse of government authority that pushed the country to the brink of (and in some places actually into) civil war and anarchy. Today, China is, for the most part, peaceful, prospering, and proud. This is the China that was on display for the world to see during the Beijing Olympics in 2008. The CCP maintains a firm grip on power through a combination of popular support largely based on its recent record of promoting rapid economic growth and harsh repression of political opposition. Yet, the party and country face serious challenges on many fronts, including a slowing economy, environmental desecration, pervasive corruption, extreme inequalities, and a rising tide of social protest. Politics in China is an authoritative introduction to how the world's most populous nation and rapidly rising global power is governed today. Written by leading China scholars, the book's chapters offers accessible overviews of major periods in China's modern political history from the mid-nineteenth century to the present, key topics in contemporary Chinese politics, and developments in four important areas located on China's geographic periphery: Tibet, Xinjiang, Hong Kong, and Taiwan.
Categories: Political Science

Autocracy and China s Rebel Founding Emperors

Autocracy and China s Rebel Founding Emperors

Comparing Chairman Mao and Ming Taizu Anita M. Andrew, John A. Rapp ... of
his rank, as exposed most famously in the memoirs of his personal physician (
see Li Zhisui, The Private Life of Chairman Mao), this essay takes on a special
irony.

Author: Anita M. Andrew

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0847695808

Category: History

Page: 361

View: 766

What kind of 'ruler' was Mao Zedong? Utilizing a rich mix of analysis and new translations, this book examines other imperial predecessors and the elements linking Mao and Ming Taizu, the fourteenth-century peasant rebel who founded the Ming dynasty, as well as critiques of Western and Chinese scholarship. The book then presents translations with commentary of PRC scholars on Taizu and Mao, showing the evolution in Chinese though toward both rulers from the Cultural Revolution to the Deng Xiaoping reform era.
Categories: History

The Fallacies of Cold War Deterrence and a New Direction

The Fallacies of Cold War Deterrence and a New Direction

As a result, according to his personal physician, Dr. Li Zhisui, Mao became
addicted to barbiturates. At one point he was ... 29, 2001. 54. Dr. Li Zhisui, The
Private Life Of Chairman Mao Why the Cold War Deterrence Framework is
Inadequate 59.

Author: Keith B. Payne

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813127750

Category: Poetry

Page:

View: 701

" Winner of the 35th Annual Lillian Smith Book Award, 2004 A BookSense 76 Spring 2004 Top 10 Poetry Book! Read an excerpt from the book Listen to Frank X Walker reading on NPR's ""This I Believe"" segment of Morning Edition. This collection of persona poems tells the story of the infamous Lewis & Clark expedition from the point of view of Clark's personal slave, York. The poems form a narrative of York's inner and outer journey, before, during and after the expedition--a journey from slavery to freedom, from the plantation to the great northwest, from servant to soul yearning to be free. Over the course of the saga and through the poems, we are treated to subtle and overt commentaries on literacy, slavery, native Americans, buffalo, the environment, and more. Though Buffalo Dance purposely references historic accounts and facts, it is fictionalized poetry, and Frank X Walker's rare blend of history and art breathes life into an important but overlooked historical figure. Frank X Walker is the author of Affrilachia and the soon to be released Black Box , two collections of poetry. He teaches in the department of English & Theatre and is the interim Director of the African/African American Studies Program at Eastern Kentucky University. He is also a visiting professor in Pan African Studies department at the University of Louisville. A 2004 recipient of the Lillian Smith Book Award, he lives in Lexington, KY. Click here for Frank Walker's website.
Categories: Poetry

China at War An Encyclopedia

China at War  An Encyclopedia

The Private Life of Chairman Mao. New York: Random House, 1994.
MacFarquhar, Roderick and Michael Schoenhals. Mao's Last Revolution.
Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008. Myers, James T, J ̈rgen
Domes, and Erik ...

Author: Xiaobing Li

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781598844160

Category: History

Page: 605

View: 340

This comprehensive volume traces the Chinese military and its experiences over the past 2,500 years, describing clashes with other kingdoms and nations as well as internal rebellions and revolutions. • Approximately 300 A–Z entries covering China's military tradition over the past 2,500 years • Contributions from over 50 distinguished international scholars from China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan, Great Britain, Canada, and the United States • Maps of China and Asia, depicting provinces and major cities, major battles and campaigns, and disputed borders • Photographs of military leaders, soldiers, weapon systems, and battle grounds • Selected multicultural bibliography of research materials from the field of military history, both in English and in Chinese • A helpful appendix of Chinese dynasties
Categories: History

The Oxford Handbook of Political Leadership

The Oxford Handbook of Political Leadership

Li, C., and White, L. (1988). 'The Thirteenth Central Committee of the Chinese
Communist Party: From Mobilizers to Managers', Asian Survey, 28: 371–99. Li, Z.
(1994). The Private Life of Chairman Mao. New York: Random House. Lieberthal
 ...

Author: R. A. W. Rhodes

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191645860

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 820

Political leadership has made a comeback. It was studied intensively not only by political scientists but also by political sociologists and psychologists, Sovietologists, political anthropologists, and by scholars in comparative and development studies from the 1940s to the 1970s. Thereafter, the field lost its way with the rise of structuralism, neo-institutionalism, and rational choice approaches to the study of politics, government, and governance. Recently, however, students of politics have returned to studying the role of individual leaders and the exercise of leadership to explain political outcomes. The list of topics is nigh endless: elections, conflict management, public policy, government popularity, development, governance networks, and regional integration. In the media age, leaders are presented and stage-managed—spun—DDLas the solution to almost every social problem. Through the mass media and the Internet, citizens and professional observers follow the rise, impact, and fall of senior political officeholders at closer quarters than ever before. This Handbook encapsulates the resurgence by asking, where are we today? It orders the multidisciplinary field by identifying the distinct and distinctive contributions of the disciplines. It meets the urgent need to take stock. It brings together scholars from around the world, encouraging a comparative perspective, to provide a comprehensive coverage of all the major disciplines, methods, and regions. It showcases both the normative and empirical traditions in political leadership studies, and juxtaposes behavioural, institutional, and interpretive approaches. It covers formal, office-based as well as informal, emergent political leadership, and in both democratic and undemocratic polities.
Categories: Political Science

Breathing Spaces

Breathing Spaces

Li, Yun. “Qigong Yu Qigongxing Jingshen Zhangai” (Qigong and qigong-related
mental illness). Jiankang Ribao (Health daily), June 9, 1990. Li, Zhisui. The
Private Life of Chairman Mao: The Memoirs of Mao's Personal Physician. Trans.

Author: Nancy N. Chen

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231502214

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 901

The charismatic form of healing called qigong, based on meditative breathing exercises, has achieved enormous popularity in China during the last two decades. Qigong served a critical social organizational function, as practitioners formed new informal networks, sometimes on an international scale, at a time when China was shifting from state-subsidized medical care to for-profit market medicine. The emergence of new psychological states deemed to be deviant led the Chinese state to "medicalize" certain forms while championing scientific versions of qigong. By contrast, qigong continues to be promoted outside China as a traditional healing practice. Breathing Spaces brings to life the narratives of numerous practitioners, healers, psychiatric patients, doctors, and bureaucrats, revealing the varied and often dramatic ways they cope with market reform and social changes in China.
Categories: Social Science

Madame Mao

Madame Mao

... Dictionary of Chinese Communism , Cambridge , Mass . , 1971 Lao Long ,
Jiang Qing waizhuan , Taipei , 1974 Lan Ping Lishi shenpan , Beijing , 1981
Sirenbang yanxing lu , Hong Kong , 1978 Li Zhisui , The Private Life of Chairman
Mao ...

Author: Ross Terrill

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804729220

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 422

View: 246

This is the most complete and authoritative account of the childhood and tumultuous life of Jiang Qing, from her early years as an aspiring actress to her marriage and partnership with Mao Zedong, the controversial years of power after Mao's death, her final years of disgrace and imprisonment, and her suicide in 1991.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

The New Cambridge Handbook of Contemporary China

The New Cambridge Handbook of Contemporary China

Tai Hung - chao ) , The Private Life of Chairman Mao : The Inside Story of the
Man who Made Modern China ( Chatto & Windus , London , 1994 ) . This account
is based on Li Zhisui's experience as Mao Zedong's personal physician from
1955 ...

Author: Colin Mackerras

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521786746

Category: History

Page: 313

View: 419

Completely revised and updated, the New Cambridge Handbook of Contemporary China is an indispensable and manageable guide to the world's most populous nation. Emphasising the period from the 1990s, the book covers and includes the following subjects: a chronology detailing events since 1949; politics and law; biographies of eminent individuals; an annotated bibliography of books, journals and websites relevant to China in the 1990s and beyond; foreign relations, especially with the United States and Russia; the economy, including China's main economic reform programs and objectives; education; population and a gazetteer. With an excellent selection of figures, diagrams and maps, this book will be the standard reference to contemporary China for students, teachers, journalists, travelers, academic and government researchers, business people, policy-makers and general readers.
Categories: History