Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding

Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding

This new edition: Organizes topics to reflect the stages of an actual breeding project Incorporates the most recent technologies in the field, such as CRSPR genome edition and grafting on GM stock Includes numerous illustrations and end-of ...

Author: George Acquaah

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119626329

Category: Science

Page: 848

View: 584

The revised edition of the bestselling textbook, covering both classical and molecular plant breeding Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding integrates theory and practice to provide an insightful examination of the fundamental principles and advanced techniques of modern plant breeding. Combining both classical and molecular tools, this comprehensive textbook describes the multidisciplinary strategies used to produce new varieties of crops and plants, particularly in response to the increasing demands to of growing populations. Illustrated chapters cover a wide range of topics, including plant reproductive systems, germplasm for breeding, molecular breeding, the common objectives of plant breeders, marketing and societal issues, and more. Now in its third edition, this essential textbook contains extensively revised content that reflects recent advances and current practices. Substantial updates have been made to its molecular genetics and breeding sections, including discussions of new breeding techniques such as zinc finger nuclease, oligonucleotide directed mutagenesis, RNA-dependent DNA methylation, reverse breeding, genome editing, and others. A new table enables efficient comparison of an expanded list of molecular markers, including Allozyme, RFLPs, RAPD, SSR, ISSR, DAMD, AFLP, SNPs and ESTs. Also, new and updated “Industry Highlights” sections provide examples of the practical application of plant breeding methods to real-world problems. This new edition: Organizes topics to reflect the stages of an actual breeding project Incorporates the most recent technologies in the field, such as CRSPR genome edition and grafting on GM stock Includes numerous illustrations and end-of-chapter self-assessment questions, key references, suggested readings, and links to relevant websites Features a companion website containing additional artwork and instructor resources Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding offers researchers and professionals an invaluable resource and remains the ideal textbook for advanced undergraduates and graduates in plant science, particularly those studying plant breeding, biotechnology, and genetics.
Categories: Science

Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding

Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding

This book unfolds the innovative aspects of plant breeding which will be crucial for the holistic understanding of the subject matter.

Author: Nina Duran

Publisher:

ISBN: 1641162295

Category:

Page: 214

View: 709

The study of genes, variation and heredity in plants is under the scope of plant genetics. An important area of study in plant genetics is plant breeding. It is the practice of altering or enhancing certain traits in plants to obtain desired characteristics. Some of these include disease resistance, higher yield, drought tolerance or better adaptability to changed climatic condition. Modern plant breeding employs techniques such as marker assisted selection, reverse breeding and double haploids. Genetic modification that allows the addition or deletion of new genes to produce desirable phenotypes in plants is another method used for plant breeding. An understanding of plant genetics and plant breeding techniques can enable the development of solutions for the sustainment of agriculture in the face of harsh cropping conditions, food security concerns or loss of soil quality. This book unfolds the innovative aspects of plant breeding which will be crucial for the holistic understanding of the subject matter. It further elucidates the concepts and innovative models around prospective developments with respect to plant genetics. Coherent flow of topics, student-friendly language and extensive use of examples make this book an invaluable source of knowledge.
Categories:

Principles of Plant Breeding

Principles of Plant Breeding

This book offers the most recent detailed knowledge of plant reproduction and their environmental interaction, which can help guide new breeding programs and help insure continuing progress in providing more food for growing populations ...

Author: Robert W. Allard

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471023094

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 264

View: 101

As ancient as agriculture itself, plant breeding is one of civilization\'s oldest activities. Today, world food production is more dependent than ever on the successful cultivation of only a handful of major crops, while continuing advances in agriculture rely on successfully breeding new varieties that are well-adapted to their human-influenced ecological circumstances. Plant breeding involves elements of both natural and cultural selection-a process which operates on individual plants and on plant populations. This book offers the most recent detailed knowledge of plant reproduction and their environmental interaction, which can help guide new breeding programs and help insure continuing progress in providing more food for growing populations produced with better care of the environment.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Key Notes on Genetics and Plant Breeding

Key Notes on Genetics and Plant Breeding

Hope this volume would be useful for graduate and post graduate students of Agriculture and Biology in all Indian Universities.

Author: Dr. Venkata R. Prakash Reddy Venkata R. Prakash Reddy

Publisher: Daya Publishing House

ISBN: 9351308901

Category: Education

Page: 492

View: 794

Genetics is the study of genes, heredity, and genetic variation in living organisms while plant breeding is the art and science of changing the traits of plants in order to produce desired characteristics. The fundamental discoveries of Darwin and Mendel established the scientific basis for plant breeding and genetics at the turn of the 20th century. Trait inheritance and molecular inheritance mechanisms of genes are still a primary principle of genetics in the 21st century, but modern genetics has expanded beyond inheritance to studying the function and behavior of genes. The recent integration of advances in biotechnology, genomic research, and molecular marker applications with conventional plant breeding practices has created the foundation for molecular plant breeding. The present book entitled "Key notes on Genetics and Plant Breeding" has been designed to provide a simple umbrella for the multidisciplinary field of modern plant breeding that combines molecular tools and methodologies with conventional approaches for crop improvement. The topics mainly covered includes general genetics, genome organization of crop plants, cytogenetics of crop plants, reproduction and pollination methods, plant breeding methods, population and quantitative genetics principles, biometrical genetics, plant breeding for stress resistance and nutrional quality, genetic engineering and biotechnological tools in plant breeding, plant genetic resources and their regulatory system, seed- classes and certification, economic botany and medicinal plants and Statistical methods and field plot techniques. Hope this volume would be useful for graduate and post graduate students of Agriculture and Biology in all Indian Universities. This will also be useful for those appearing in Competitive examinations such as Agricultural Research Services of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, National Eligibility Test, Civil Services Examination and other allied examinations.
Categories: Education

Studyguide for Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding by Acquaah George

Studyguide for Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding by Acquaah  George

Cram101 Just the FACTS101 studyguides gives all of the outlines, highlights, and quizzes for your textbook with optional online comprehensive practice tests. Only Cram101 is Textbook Specific. Accompanies: 9780872893795.

Author: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

Publisher: Cram101

ISBN: 1478472251

Category:

Page: 162

View: 487

Never HIGHLIGHT a Book Again Includes all testable terms, concepts, persons, places, and events. Cram101 Just the FACTS101 studyguides gives all of the outlines, highlights, and quizzes for your textbook with optional online comprehensive practice tests. Only Cram101 is Textbook Specific. Accompanies: 9780872893795. This item is printed on demand.
Categories:

Plant Biotechnology and Genetics

Plant Biotechnology and Genetics

This text is recommended for junior- and senior-level courses in plant biotechnology or plant genetics and for courses devoted to special topics at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also an ideal reference for practitioners.

Author: C. Neal Stewart, Jr.

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118820124

Category: Nature

Page: 432

View: 201

"This book can be used in a junior or senior level course, including masters students in plant biotechnology or plant genetics, as well as in special topics classes for both undergraduate and graduate students"--Provided by publisher.
Categories: Nature

Genetics And Plant Breeding

Genetics And Plant Breeding

The Book Has Been Carefully Planned For The Requirement Of Students Of Botany Or Agricultural Botany And Also To The Plant Breeders. The Book Covers Ugc Syllabus In A Detailed Manner.

Author: L.D. Vijendra Das

Publisher: New Age International

ISBN: 9788122415759

Category: Plant breeding

Page: 288

View: 703

The Book Has Been Carefully Planned For The Requirement Of Students Of Botany Or Agricultural Botany And Also To The Plant Breeders. The Book Covers Ugc Syllabus In A Detailed Manner. The First Part Of The Book Deals With Genetics, Starting With Mendelian Experiments And Principles. The Subsequent Chapters Like Multiple Allelism, Multiple Factor Hypothesis, Linkage, Sex Chromosomes, Maternal Influence, Alterations In Genetic Make Up, Types Of Plant Reproduction, Methods Of Plant Improvement, Mutations, Laboratory Exercises Have Been Dealt In Details.The Second Part Starts Simply With Plant Breeding Concepts Of Ideotype And Gradually Advances To Genotype X Environment Interaction, Stress And Drought Conditions And Various Problems In The Breeding Strategy In Later Chapters. The Book Also Deals With Fundamental Study Like Plant Genetic Resources And Inter Specific Crosses Including Evolution Of Polyploid Crops. With The Advancement Of Science, The Book Also Deals Further With Somaclonal Variation, Genetic Manipulation, Gene Transfers And Also Nucleic Acid Hybridization. The Rflp Technique Is Gaining Importance Now-A-Days And Hence A Detailed Account Has Been Given In The Last Chapter.
Categories: Plant breeding

Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding

Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding

Plant breeding is a branch of agriculture that focuses on manipulating plant heredity to develop new and improved plant types for use by society.

Author: George Acquaah

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119626695

Category: Science

Page: 848

View: 664

The revised edition of the bestselling textbook, covering both classical and molecular plant breeding Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding integrates theory and practice to provide an insightful examination of the fundamental principles and advanced techniques of modern plant breeding. Combining both classical and molecular tools, this comprehensive textbook describes the multidisciplinary strategies used to produce new varieties of crops and plants, particularly in response to the increasing demands to of growing populations. Illustrated chapters cover a wide range of topics, including plant reproductive systems, germplasm for breeding, molecular breeding, the common objectives of plant breeders, marketing and societal issues, and more. Now in its third edition, this essential textbook contains extensively revised content that reflects recent advances and current practices. Substantial updates have been made to its molecular genetics and breeding sections, including discussions of new breeding techniques such as zinc finger nuclease, oligonucleotide directed mutagenesis, RNA-dependent DNA methylation, reverse breeding, genome editing, and others. A new table enables efficient comparison of an expanded list of molecular markers, including Allozyme, RFLPs, RAPD, SSR, ISSR, DAMD, AFLP, SNPs and ESTs. Also, new and updated “Industry Highlights” sections provide examples of the practical application of plant breeding methods to real-world problems. This new edition: Organizes topics to reflect the stages of an actual breeding project Incorporates the most recent technologies in the field, such as CRSPR genome edition and grafting on GM stock Includes numerous illustrations and end-of-chapter self-assessment questions, key references, suggested readings, and links to relevant websites Features a companion website containing additional artwork and instructor resources Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding offers researchers and professionals an invaluable resource and remains the ideal textbook for advanced undergraduates and graduates in plant science, particularly those studying plant breeding, biotechnology, and genetics.
Categories: Science

Principles of Plant Breeding

Principles of Plant Breeding

Introductory topics.

Author: Robert Wayne Allard

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471023108

Category: Plant breeding

Page: 485

View: 765

Introductory topics. Genetic basis of breeding self-pollinated crops. Breeding nethods with self-pollinated crops. Genetics basis of breeding cross-pollinated. Breeding methods with cross-pollinated crops. Breeding for disease resistance. Polyploidy in plant breeding. Interspecific hibridization. Miscellaneous topics.
Categories: Plant breeding

PLANT BREEDING IN 21ST CENTURY

PLANT BREEDING IN 21ST CENTURY

The final section has a single chapter dealing with variety release, seed multiplication and intellectual property rights. This book is designed primarily for graduate students, viz.

Author: B.D. Singh

Publisher: Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 9789389061284

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 458

The discipline of plant breeding has undergone transformation due to the assimilation of the rapid developments in molecular biology. The existing books on plant breeding deal mainly with the classical approaches, while specialized books on molecular approaches usually lack discussion of the classical methods. The book Plant Breeding for 21st Century attempts to present the complete picture of plant breeding ranging from the classical to the molecular approaches applied to crop improvement. The book is divided into four sections: Classical Plant Breeding, Transgenic technology, Molecular Markers, and Miscellaneous. The first section deals with the classical plant breeding and is divided into eight chapters. The second section has four chapters and describes transgenic technology. The third section discusses various aspects of molecular markers and is spread over three chapters. The final section has a single chapter dealing with variety release, seed multiplication and intellectual property rights. This book is designed primarily for graduate students, viz., B.Sc. agriculture and B.Sc. science students with botany as one of the subjects, who would get their first exposure to plant breeding. It would also be useful for the post-graduate students, especially in botany, and to teachers of the subject. The book is written in simple and easy to understand language. Illustrations and photographs have been provided wherever they were expected to facilitate comprehension of the subject under discussion.
Categories: Science

Breeding Crop Plants

Breeding Crop Plants

The founders of the art of plant breeding; The relation of certain biologie principles to plant breeding; The value of crop improvement in relation to a more efficient agriculture; Plant genetics; Biometrical methods; Field-plot technic; ...

Author: Herbert Kendall Hayes

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:$B25221

Category: Plant breeding

Page: 438

View: 608

The founders of the art of plant breeding; The relation of certain biologie principles to plant breeding; The value of crop improvement in relation to a more efficient agriculture; Plant genetics; Biometrical methods; Field-plot technic; Soil heterogeneity; Climatic variations; Summary of field-plot technic; The mode of reproduction in relation to breeding; Naturally self-pollinated plants; Often cross-pollinated plants; Naturally cross-pollinated plants; Controlling pollination; Some results of selection with self-fertilized crops; Some results of crossing as a means of improving self-fertilized crops; Methods of breeding small grains; Classification and inheritance in wheat; Classification and inheritance of small grains other than wheat; Cowpeas, soybeans, and velvet beans; Flax and tobacco; Cotton and sorghum; Inheritance in maize; Maize breeding; Grasses, clover, and alfalfa; Potato improvement; Breedng of vegetables; Fruit breeding; Farmers methods of producing pure seeds.
Categories: Plant breeding

Plant Genetics Principles Techniques and Applications

Plant Genetics  Principles  Techniques and Applications

Certain methods of fertilization commonly employed by crop breeders are self-fertilization, asexual propagation, apomixis or self-cloning, and cross-pollination. This book contains some path-breaking studies in plant genetics.

Author: Herbert McCoy

Publisher:

ISBN: 1641162430

Category: Science

Page: 241

View: 746

The in-depth study of the genes, heredity and genetic variation in plants falls under the domain of plant genetics. Modern agriculture has undergone rapid development due to advancements in genetic modification and improved crop breeding. The breeding and selection of plants is dependent on its genetic composition. Plant breeding can be accomplished with a range of different techniques, from simply selecting plants with the right combination of desirable traits to methods employing complex molecular techniques. Genes are the determiners of qualitative and quantitative traits in plants. An understanding of the mode of reproduction is vital for enabling artificial manipulation and breeding of improved plant varieties. Certain methods of fertilization commonly employed by crop breeders are self-fertilization, asexual propagation, apomixis or self-cloning, and cross-pollination. This book contains some path-breaking studies in plant genetics. It is compiled in such a manner, that it will provide in-depth knowledge about the theory and practice of using plant genetics for advancements in agriculture. It will help the readers in keeping pace with the rapid changes in this field.
Categories: Science

Isozymes in Plant Genetics and Breeding

Isozymes in Plant Genetics and Breeding

The text then examines Secale and triticale, oats, rice, and tomato. The publication takes a look at potato, peppers, and tobacco.

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444600714

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 481

View: 691

Developments in Plant Genetics and Breeding, 1: Isozymes in Plant Genetics and Breeding, Part B focuses on the advancements in the processes, methodologies, principles, and approaches involved in the study of isozymes, including its role in plant genetics and breeding. The selection first offers information on maize, hexaploid wheat, and barley. Topics include polymorphism, linkage relations, esterases, evolutionary and crop improvement studies, special applications to genetics and breeding, alcohol dehydrogenase, amylase, catalase, and catechol oxidase. The text then examines Secale and triticale, oats, rice, and tomato. The publication takes a look at potato, peppers, and tobacco. Topics include biochemical characterization of isozymes, isozymes in cell and tissue cultures, glutamate dehydrogenase, lactate dehydrogenase and xanthine dehydrogenase, potato as a source of enzymes, and data for esterases in basic gels. The manuscript also tackles conifers, eucalyptus, fruit trees, cucurbits, and cole crops. The selection is a valuable reference for researchers interested in the role of isozymes in plant genetics and breeding.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Genetical Principles and Plant Breeding

Genetical Principles and Plant Breeding

The genetic system.

Author: Watkin Williams

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015010173923

Category: Crops

Page: 504

View: 232

The genetic system. The organization of the genetical material. The chromosome complement. Mutation. The cytoplasm and inheritance. Incompatibility systems in higher plants. Mechanisms of sex determination. Significance of breeding systems. Adaptation and discontinuity the nature of populations. Selection. The genetic basis of disease resistance in plants. Special techniques in plant breeding and genetics.
Categories: Crops

Plant Breeding and Genetics

Plant Breeding and Genetics

The present book entitled "Plant Breeding and Genetics" deals with basic principles of plant breeding and genetics and is intended to serve as a text book for undergraduate students of B. Sc. Agriculture/B.

Author: Hari Har Ram

Publisher: New India Publishing Agency- Nipa

ISBN: 9389130271

Category: Science

Page: 490

View: 976

The present book entitled "Plant Breeding and Genetics" deals with basic principles of plant breeding and genetics and is intended to serve as a text book for undergraduate students of B. Sc. Agriculture/B. Sc. Horticulture/B. Sc. Forestry/B. Sc. Fisheries/B. V. Sc. and A. H./B. Sc. Biotechnology/B. Sc. Biology. Since several chapters especially those dealing with statistical and biotechnological applications overlap considerably in plant breeding and genetics, this combined book will serve the needs of students undergoing a course in undergraduate genetics and/or plant breeding. Each chapter starts with definition and explanation of key terms, dwells upon the core issues of the chapter, using solved numerical problems and illustrations, wherever needed. At the beginning, there is a comprehensive glossary which is updated with modern developments. The book will be quite handy to UG students and even PG students will find it useful for understanding fundamentals of plant breeding and genetics.
Categories: Science

Plant Breeding

Plant Breeding

Plant breeding can rightly be considered as one of the oldest multidisciplinary subjects that is known to humans. It was practised by people who first started to carry out a settled form of agriculture.

Author: M.D. Hayward

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401115247

Category: Science

Page: 550

View: 461

Our requirement for plant breeders to be successful has never been greater. However one views the forecasted numbers for future population growth we will need, in the immediate future, to be feeding, clothing and housing many more people than we do, inadequately, at present. Plant breeding represents the most valuable strategy in increasing our productivity in a way that is sustainable and environmentally sensitive. Plant breeding can rightly be considered as one of the oldest multidisciplinary subjects that is known to humans. It was practised by people who first started to carry out a settled form of agriculture. The art, as it must have been at that stage, was applied without any formal underlying framework, but achieved dramatic results, as witnessed by the forms of cultivated plants we have today. We are now learning how to apply successfully the results of yet imperfect scientific knowledge. This knowledge is, however, rapidly developing, particularly in areas of tissue culture, biotechnology and molecular biology. Plant breeding's inherent multifaceted nature means that alongside obvious subject areas like genetics we also need to consider areas such as: statistics, physiology, plant pathology, entomology, biochemistry, weed science, quality, seed characteristics, repro ductive biology, trial design, selection and computing. It therefore seems apparent that modern plant breeders need to have a grasp of wide range of scientific knowledge and expertise if they are successfully to a exploit the techniques, protocols and strategies which are open to them.
Categories: Science

Gene Editing Principles and Applications

Gene Editing Principles and Applications

The book targets biologists in general and geneticists, biomedical researchers and plant breeders in particular.

Author: B.D. Singh

Publisher: Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 9789389832129

Category: Science

Page:

View: 308

Gene or genome editing is barely two decades old, but its impact is palpable in every discipline of biological sciences, especially basic and applied biomedical researches. It enables a planned and precise alterations in genome sequences as well as controlled activation or repression of selected gene functions. Base editors based on CRISPR-Cas system were created a couple of years ago, and they permit permanent conversion of the single targeted base pair into another base pair. The potential of this powerful discipline are testified by its contributions in the form of gene therapies of otherwise intractable human diseases and improved crop varieties with novel traits. The present book is designed to provide the basic principles of gene editing as well describe its realized and potential applications. The book targets biologists in general and geneticists, biomedical researchers and plant breeders in particular. It is hoped that it will be useful to post-graduate students, research scholars and research workers concerned with analyses of biological phenomena and development of strains with novel and useful traits.
Categories: Science