The advantages of prefabrication of building elements in a quality-controlled
environment are substantial: the reduction of ... All-encompassing prefabricated systems such as Kaufmann's System 01 (16, 17) allow unique solutions that
Author: Ulrich Knaack
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
For a number of years, modular construction – the use of prefabricated elements in architecture – has once again become a subject of lively discussion and debate. Long written off as monotonous, today’s building components are actually highly differentiated and capable of supporting and enhancing the architect’s creativity. Numerous structures work with prefabricated components; for single-family homes the figure is ninety-eight percent, and modular systems are available that meet high aesthetic standards. This book provides an overview of the various different systems and their possible uses, particularly in the areas of housing, office, and industrial buildings. It explains the processes and components of modular construction and the behavior of the various materials when this construction approach is used. The authors offer strategies for planning and designing with prefabricated systems so that the architect can use them productively. Numerous drawings explain the principles of modular construction, while built examples forge a link between those principles and the practical activity of building.
This synthesis report has presented the findings of an investigation on the use of
innovative prefabricated elements and systems to limit traffic disruption during the
construction, rehabilitation, widening, or replacement of bridges. This chapter ...
The origins of these prejudices often lie in the ill-considered employment and
application of building with prefabricated elements and systems. One is
confronted with the “architectural” consequences of this approach everywhere,
for example ...
Author: Gerald Staib
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Construction systems reduced to the smallest possible number of identical elements have long been used by architects to build structures as well as dismantle and change them as quickly, efficiently, and economically as possible. Think of the architecture of the nomads, the Crystal Palace designed by the architect John Paxton for the London World’s Fair of 1851, or the modern construction systems of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries in steel, concrete, and wood. Coupled with modern digital planning and production methods, modular precast construction systems that are adaptable for many combinations and capable of being combined with one other will play an increasingly important role in architecture in the future. The volume Components and Systems offers an in-depth and clearly organized presentation of the various types of precast building components – from semifinished products to building with components, open and closed systems, and skeleton and panel construction all the way to spatial cell constructions. The systems are accompanied by detailed drawings and color photographs. Discussions of transporting and assembling the various systems round off the topic and make this book an indispensable practical companion. Seit jeher werden in der Architektur auf möglichst wenige, gleiche Elemente reduzierte Bausysteme verwendet, um möglichst schnell, effizient und ökonomisch ein Bauwerk errichten oder auch abbauen und verändern zu können. Man denke an die Architektur der Nomaden, den Kristallpalast, der 1851 anlässlich der in London stattfindenden Weltausstellung von dem Architekten John Paxton entworfen wurde, oder die modernen Bausysteme des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts in Stahl, Beton oder Holz. Elementierte, vorgefertigte, für viele Kombinationen anpassungsfähige und untereinander kombinierbare Systeme werden zukünftig, gekoppelt mit modernen digitalen Planungs- und Produktionsmethoden, einen immer wichtigeren Aspekt in der Architektur darstellen. Der neue Band Elemente und Systeme zeigt fundiert und übersichtlich die verschiedenen Arten vorgefertigter Bauteile auf – von Halbfabrikaten über das Bauen mit Komponenten, offenen und geschlossenen Systemen, Skelett- und Paneelbauweisen bis zu Raumzellenkonstruktionen. Ergänzt werden die Systeme durch detaillierte Zeichnungen und Farbfotos. Transport und Montage der verschiedenen Systeme runden das Thema ab und machen dieses Buch in der Praxis unverzichtbar.
Field assembly of prefabricated bridge systems offers one means of significantly
reducing construction time. Bridge elements that can be made of precast portland
cement concrete include girders, deck panels, pier columns, pier caps, ...
It is impossible to review the various box systems that are, and have been,
employed without mentioning at least the “manufactured” or “mobile” homes.
These prefabricated lightweight units are manufactured offsite with a maximum
amount of ...
Author: Abraham Warszawski
Industrialized and Automated Building Systems presents a detailed and balanced evaluation of the benefits and drawbacks of industrialized building systems, and considers technological, managerial and economical aspects of industrialization, automation in the industrialized building process in production, construction and design, and information technologies in design, production and construction on site.
Modularization halves the on - site assembly time of other prefabricated systems .
Each house consists of ten to fifteen modules , which are delivered to the site on
purpose - made low - loader trucks . Six men and a crane complete the basic ...
Author: Colin Davies
Publisher: Reaktion Books
An account of prefabricated architecture around the world, from McDonalds drive-through restaurants to Ikea's flat-pack house.
The Museum of Modern Art Library MACIUNAS PREFABRICATED BUILDING SYSTEM GEORGE MACIUNAS | COMMUNISTS APPENE MUST GIVE
REVOLUTIONARY LEADERSHIP IN CULTURE BY HENRY FLYNT MACIUNAS ,
Author: Barry Bergdoll
Publisher: The Museum of Modern Art
As the world's population swells and the need for sustainable ways of living grows ever more urgent and obvious, prefabricated architecture has taken center stage. Even before our current predicaments, the mass-produced, factory-made home had a distinguished history, having served as a vital precept in the development of Modern architecture. Today, with the digital revolution reorganizing the relationship between drafting board and factory, it continues to spur innovative manufacturing and design, and its potential has clearly not yet come to fruition. Home Delivery traces the history of prefabrication in architecture, from its early roots in colonial cottages though the work of such figures as Jean Prouvé and Buckminster Fuller, and mass-produced variants such as the Lustron house, to a group of full-scale contemporary houses commissioned specifically for the MoMA exhibition that this book accompanies. In addition to an introductory essay by Barry Bergdoll, Chief Curator in the Museum's Department of Architecture and Design, this volume contains essays on prefabricated housing in Japan and in Nordic countries by Ken Tadashi Oshima and Rasmus Waern, respectively. It also includes focused texts on approximately 40 historical projects and five commissions, as well as a bibliography.
This synthesis will be of interest to bridge designers, maintenance and construction personnel, and others concerned with the design, maintenance, and rehabilitation of bridges. Information is presented on the use of prefabricated elements that can be used to construct new bridges or rehabilitate old ones.
Author: TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH BOARDPublish On: 2013
To get maximum advantage from the on-site construction speed possible with prefabricated bridge installations, consideration should be given to using
complete prefabricated bridge systems, including foundations and substructures.
In many ...
Author: fib Fédération internationale du bétonPublish On: 2003-01-01
In the 1970s four and five storey wall buildings were constructed using precast
elements . However , currently precast concrete elements are not being used
extensively as primary lateral load resisting systems . The poor performance of
Author: fib Fédération internationale du béton
Publisher: fib Fédération internationale du béton
Category: Technology & Engineering
The aim of this state-of-art report is to present current practices for use of precast and prestressed concrete in countries in seismic regions, to recommend good practice, and to discuss current developments. The report has been drafted by 30 contributors from nine different countries. This state-of-art report covers: state of the practice in various countries; advantages and disadvantages of incorporating precast reinforced and prestressed concrete in construction; lessons learned from previous earthquakes; construction concepts; design approaches; primary lateral load resisting systems (precast and prestressed concrete frame systems and structural walls including dual systems) diaphragms of precast and prestressed concrete floor units; modelling and analytical methods; gravity load resisting systems; foundations; and miscellaneous elements (shells, folded plates, stairs and architectural cladding panels). Design equations are reported where necessary, but the emphasis is on principles. Ordinary cast-in-place reinforced concrete is not considered in this report. This fib state-of-the-art report is intended to assist designers and constructors to provide safe and economical applications of structural precast concrete and at the same time to allow innovation in design and construction to continue. This Bulletin N° 27 was approved as an fib state-of-art report in autumn 2002 byfib Commission 7, Seismic design.
With every below-grade installation, a system for collecting, draining, and
discharging water away from envelopes is ... These prefabricated systems are
relatively inexpensive and make them completely reasonable for use as
additional water ...
Author: Michael T. Kubal
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
The Latest Waterproofing Techniques and Technology Fully updated to include new techniques for mold remediation, Construction Waterproofing Handbook simplifies the critical task of keeping a building's envelope watertight. It begins with a tutorial on basic waterproofing concepts and materials, then moves on to the particulars of designing and installing systems in commercial, industrial, and residential structures. Written by a renowned expert and popular author on the subject, this comprehensive guide provides key information on such matters as quality assurance, admixtures, expansion joints, testing, and safety. Because of recent natural disasters, clients are more concerned with waterproofing than ever. Construction Waterproofing Handbook provides everything you'll need to complete the most demanding projects with confidence and within budget. Packed with hundreds of illustrations, Construction Waterproofing Handbook includes: Innovative mold remediation techniques New information about residential waterproofing Illustrations of installation procedures Detailed plans and specifications SI units Inside: • Waterproofing Principles • Below-Grade Waterproofing • Above-Grade Waterproofing • Residential Waterproofing • Sealants • Expansion Joints • Admixtures • Remedial Waterproofing • Mold • The Building Envelope • Life Cycles • Envelope Testing • Leak Investigation and Detection • Safety • Guide Specifications • Resources
LOADING CRITERIA DEVELOP SEISMIC LOADING CRITERIA AND
RELIABILITY OR 0 FACTORS FOR PREFABRICATED CONCRETE
STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS Development of seismic loading criteria for prefabricated concrete structural ...
Author: fib Fédération internationale du bétonPublish On: 2003-08-01
Prefabricated systems are typically factorymade curved or shaped elements , or
split shells that can be fitted around ... Techniques for seismic retrofitting with FRP
comprise manual application of the aforementioned systems or automated ...
Author: fib Fédération internationale du béton
Publisher: fib Fédération internationale du béton
Category: Technology & Engineering
In most parts of the developed world, the building stock and the civil infrastructure are ageing and in constant need of maintenance, repair and upgrading. Moreover, in the light of our current knowledge and of modern codes, the majority of buildings stock and other types of structures in many parts of the world are substandard and deficient. This is especially so in earthquake-prone regions, as, even there, seismic design of structures is relatively recent. In those regions the major part of the seismic threat to human life and property comes from old buildings. Due to the infrastructure's increasing decay, frequently combined with the need for structural upgrading to meet more stringent design requirements (especially against seismic loads), structural retrofitting is becoming more and more important and receives today considerable emphasis throughout the world. In response to this need, a major part of the fib Model Code 2005, currently under development, is being devoted to structural conservation and maintenance. More importantly, in recognition of the importance of the seismic threat arising from existing substandard buildings, the first standards for structural upgrading to be promoted by the international engineering community and by regulatory authorities alike are for seismic rehabilitation of buildings. This is the case, for example, of Part 3: Strengthening and Repair of Buildings of Eurocode 8 (i. e. of the draft European Standard for earthquake-resistant design), and which is the only one among the current (2003) set of 58 Eurocodes attempting to address the problem of structural upgrading. It is also the case of the recent (2001) ASCE draft standard on Seismic evaluation of existing buildings and of the 1996 Law for promotion of seismic strengthening of existing reinforced concrete structures in Japan. As noted in Chapter 1 of this Bulletin, fib - as CEB and FIP did before - has placed considerable emphasis on assessment and rehabilitation of existing structures. The present Bulletin is a culmination of this effort in the special but very important field of seismic assessment and rehabilitation. It has been elaborated over a period of 4 years by Task Group 7.1 Assessment and retrofit of existing structures of fib Commission 7 Seismic design, a truly international team of experts, representing the expertise and experience of all the important seismic regions of the world. In the course of its work the team had six plenary two-day meetings: in January 1999 in Pavia, Italy; in August 1999 in Raleigh, North Carolina; in February 2000 in Queenstown, New Zealand; in July 2000 in Patras, Greece; in March 2001 in Lausanne, Switzerland; and in August 2001 in Seattle, Washington. In October 2002 the final draft of the Bulletin was presented to public during the 1st fib Congress in Osaka. It was also there that it was approved by fib Commission 7 Seismic Design. The contents is structured into main chapters as follows: 1 Introduction - 2 Performance objectives and system considerations - 3 Review of seismic assessment procedures - 4 Strength and deformation capacity of non-seismically detailed components - 5 Seismic retrofitting techniques - 6 Probabilistic concepts and methods - 7 Case studies
Also, suction cannot be used with a one-bottle system. 3. The bottle system is
rarely used now because most facilities have replaced it with prefabricated,
disposable chest-drainage systems. The prefabricated systems can be used as
Author: Jean A. Proehl
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Written by expert emergency nurses across the country, EMERGENCY NURSING PROCEDURES, 4th Edition includes 193 step-by-step emergency procedures, including four new procedures — umbilical vessel cannulation, pelvic splinting, peripheral nerve stimulator (twitch monitoring), and methotrexate for ectopic pregnancy. Detailed illustrations visually reinforce techniques and clearly show steps to procedures — making this handbook an essential and comprehensive resource for any emergency professional. Includes pediatric and geriatric information, with procedures when appropriate, to help you treat these specialized patient populations. Consistent format and handy, portable size make this handbook ideal for everyday quick reference. Emphasis on research-based practice helps you provide the best care possible according to the latest evidence. Focused on the most essential, practical information, this handbook provides all the information you’ll need on a day-to-day basis. Introduction includes The Joint Commission’s latest patient safety requirements related to emergency procedures. Thoroughly updated content reflects changes in practice to keep you up-to-date on emergency care guidelines. Four procedures have been added: umbilical vessel cannulation, pelvic splinting, peripheral nerve stimulator (twitch monitoring), and methotrexate for ectopic pregnancy. Redesigned index allows for easy access and retrieval of information — perfect for the fast-paced emergency environment.
Author: Federal Emergency Management AgencyPublish On: 2012-10-15
construction system , construction in areas subject to high erosion or scour could
present design challenges due to the mass of an ICF structure . ... Not all prefabricated shear wall or moment frame systems will be allowed in all locations
Author: Federal Emergency Management Agency
Publisher: Government Printing Office
NOTE: NO FURTHER DISCOUNT FOR THIS PRINT PRODUCT -- OVERSTOCK SALE -- Signficantly reduced lsit price FEMA produced this series of 37 fact sheets to provide technical guidance and recommendations concerning the construction of coastal residential buildings. The fact sheets present information aimed at improving the performance of buildings subject to flood and wind forces in coastal environments. Photographs and drawings illustrate National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) regulatory requirements, the proper siting of coastal buildings, and recommended design and construction practices for building components, including structural connections, the building envelope, and utilities. Many of the fact sheets also include lists of FEMA and other resources that provide more information about the topics discussed. Where appropriate, resources are accompanied by active web links. A list of the individual fact sheets that are contained inFEMA P-499, follows.Category 1 GeneralFact Sheet No. 1.1, Coastal Building Successes and FailuresFact Sheet No. 1.2, Summary of Coastal Construction Requirements and RecommendationsFact Sheet No. 1.3, Using a Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM)Fact Sheet No. 1.4, Lowest Floor ElevationFact Sheet No. 1.5, V-Zone Design and Construction CertificationFact Sheet No. 1.6, Designing for Flood Levels Above the BFEFact Sheet No. 1.7, Coastal Building MaterialsFact Sheet No. 1.8, Non-Traditional Building Materials and SystemsFact Sheet No. 1.9, Moisture Barrier Systems Category 2 Planning Fact Sheet No. 2.1, How Do Siting and Design Decisions Affect the Owner's Costs?Fact Sheet No. 2.2, Selecting a Lot and Siting the Building Category 3 Foundations Fact Sheet No. 3.1, Foundations in Coastal AreasFact Sheet No. 3.2, Pile InstallationFact Sheet No. 3.3, Wood-Pile-to-Beam ConnectionsFact Sheet No. 3.4, Reinforced Masonry Pier ConstructionFact Sheet No. 3.5, Foundation Walls Category 4 Load Paths Fact Sheet No. 4.1, Load PathsFact Sheet No. 4.2, Masonry DetailsFact Sheet No. 4.3, Use of Connectors and Brackets Category 5 Wall Systems Fact Sheet No. 5.1, HousewrapFact Sheet No. 5.2, Roof-to-Wall and Deck-to-Wall FlashingFact Sheet No. 5.3, Siding Installation in High-Wind RegionsFact Sheet No. 5.4, Attachment of Brick Veneer In High-Wind Regions Category 6 Openings Fact Sheet No. 6.1, Window and Door InstallationFact Sheet No. 6.2, Protection of Openings Shutters and Glazing Category 7 - Roofing Fact Sheet No. 7.1, Roof Sheathing InstallationFact Sheet No. 7.2, Roof Underlayment for Asphalt Shingle RoofsFact Sheet No. 7.3, Asphalt Shingle Roofing for High-Wind RegionsFact Sheet No. 7.4, Tile Roofing for High-Wind AreasFact Sheet No. 7.5, Minimizing Water Intrusion through Roof Vents in High-Wind RegionsFact Sheet No. 7.6, Metal Roof Systems in High-Wind Regions Category 8 Attachments Fact Sheet No. 8.1, Enclosures and Breakaway WallsFact Sheet No. 8.2, Decks, Pools, and Accessory StructuresFact Sheet No. 8.3, Protecting Utilities Category 9 Repairs Fact Sheet No. 9.1, Repairs, Remodeling, Additions, and Retrofitting FloodFact Sheet No. 9.2, Repairs, Remodeling, Additions, and Retrofitting Wind Category G Guide Fact Sheet No. G.1, Technical Fact Sheet GuideFact Sheet No. G.2, References and Resources"
Author: Battelle Memorial Institute. Columbus LaboratoriesPublish On: 1968
The heavy prefabricated systems ( large , precast concrete and clay components
) appear to have achieved their greatest success in France where they accounted
for some 38 , 000 dwellings - - or about 9 percent of the total units built last ...
Author: Battelle Memorial Institute. Columbus Laboratories
One form of prefabrication consisted of manufactured modular , knock - down
units which were then shipped by train and ... 52 Such prefabricated systems of
building had advantages in frontier environments and " met an urgent need for ...
Author: Donald G. Wetherell
Publisher: University of Alberta
Don Wetherall and Irene Kmet have drawn upon an extensive range of archival, visual and printed sources to write a comprehensive history of housing in Alberta from the late nineteenth century until the 1960s. The authors examine design, materials and methods of construction, government policy and economic and social aspects of housing in Alberta.
Grinnell is piping . . . from hangers that support pipe to prefabricated systems for
power and process plants and sprinklers for ... Grinnell offers industry the
engineering ( from basic metallurgy to piping systems design and prefabrication )
; the ...
... FRESH KILLS LANDFILL REFERENCE: Corcoran, B. W. and Bhatia, S. K., "
Evaluation of Geotextile Filter in a Collection System at Fresh Kills Landfill,"
Recent Developments in Geotextile Filters and Prefabricated Drainage
Author: Shobha Krishna Bhatia
Publisher: ASTM International
Category: Technology & Engineering
Provides information on woven and non-woven geotextiles used for filtering and drainage in geotechnical engineering. The design of such filters balances large pores for adequate permeability with smaller pores for proper soil retention. Of the 15 papers from a June 1995 symposium in Denver, Colorado