Predicting Recidivism Using Survival Models

Author: Peter Schmidt,Ann D. Witte

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461237726

Category: Psychology

Page: 174

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Our interest in the statistical modeling of data on the timing of recidivism began in the mid 1970s when we were both junior members of the eco nomics department at the University of North Carolina. At that time, methods of analyzing qualitative and limited variables were being developed rapidly in the econometric literature, and we became interested in finding a suitable application for these new methods. Data on the timing of recidivism offered unique and interesting statistical challenges, such as skewness of the distribution and the presence of censoring. Being young and foolish, we decided it would be fun to try something "really" difficult. And, being young and ignorant, we were blissfully unaware of the con current developments in the statistical modeling of survival times that were then appearing in the biostatistics, operations research, and criminological literatures. In the course of some earlier research, we had learned that the North Carolina Department of Correction had an unusually well-developed data base on their inmates. We approached the Department and asked if they would be interested in working with us to develop models that would predict when their former charges would return to their custody. They agreed because they were interested in using such models to evaluate rehabilitative programs and alternative prison management systems and to help project future prison populations.
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Encyclopedia of Criminology

Author: J. Mitchell Miller,Richard A. Wright

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135455449

Category: Reference

Page: 1976

View: 9632

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This three-volume work offers a comprehensive review of the pivotal concepts, measures, theories, and practices that comprise criminology and criminal justice. No longer just a subtopic of sociology, criminology has become an independent academic field of study that incorporates scholarship from numerous disciplines including psychology, political science, behavioral science, law, economics, public health, family studies, social work, and many others. The three-volume Encyclopedia of Criminology presents the latest research as well as the traditional topics which reflect the field's multidisciplinary nature in a single, authoritative reference work. More than 525 alphabetically arranged entries by the leading authorities in the discipline comprise this definitive, international resource. The pivotal concepts, measures, theories, and practices of the field are addressed with an emphasis on comparative criminology and criminal justice. While the primary focus of the work is on American criminology and contemporary criminal justice in the United States, extensive global coverage of other nations' justice systems is included, and the increasing international nature of crime is explored thoroughly. Providing the most up-to-date scholarship in addition to the traditional theories on criminology, the Encyclopedia of Criminology is the essential one-stop reference for students and scholars alike to explore the broad expanse of this multidisciplinary field.
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Envisioning Criminology

Researchers on Research as a Process of Discovery

Author: Michael D. Maltz,Stephen K. Rice

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319158686

Category: Social Science

Page: 271

View: 8176

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This book covers research design and methodology from a unique and engaging point of view, based on accounts from influential researchers across the field of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Most books and articles about research in criminology and criminal justice focus on how the research was carried out: the data that were used, the methods that were applied, the results that were achieved. While these are all important, they do not present a complete picture. Envisioning Criminology: Researchers on Research as a Process of Discovery aims to fill that gap by providing nuance--the “back story” of why researchers selected particular problems, how they approached those problems, and how their background, training, and experience affected the approaches they took. As the contributions in this book demonstrate, research is not a cut-and-dried process, as all too many methods books imply, but a living, breathing–and in some ways quirky–process that is influenced by non-“scientific” factors. The path taken by a researcher is important, and an appreciation of his or her background, experience, knowledge–and the setbacks and triumphs of performing the research–provides a much more complete picture of how research is done. The twenty-eight chapters in this book describe the back stories of their authors, which serve to enlighten readers about the interplay between the personal and the methodological. While primarily aimed as a textbook, this work will also be of interest to researchers in Criminology and Criminal Justice, and related Social and Behavioral Science fields as an account of how seminal researchers in the field developed their key contributions.
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Trends, Risks, and Interventions in Lethal Violence

Proceedings of the Third Annual Spring Symposium of the Homicide Research Working Group, Atlanta, Georgia

Author: Carolyn Block,Richard Block

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 0788134949

Category: Social Science

Page: 370

View: 8001

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Contents: recent & long term trends in U.S. homicide; youth violence, guns & the illicit-drug industry; patterns, stability & change of homicidal victimization; age patterns in homicide; homicide arrest trends & the impact of demographic changes on a set of U.S. central cities; int'l. & regional violence patterns; violence against women; non-lethal violence against women by marital partners; violence & parenting; the Menendez murders; predicting rearrest for violence; homicide in convenience stores; nonfatal violence in the work place, & much more.
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A Century of Social Work and Social Welfare at Penn

Author: Ram A. Cnaan,Melissa E. Dichter,Jeffrey Draine

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812241037

Category: Social Science

Page: 653

View: 4053

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The University of Pennsylvania School of Social Policy and Practice is an acknowledged leader in cultivating theoretical and practical social work knowledge. Celebrating the School's centennial, this volume heralds the progressive thinking of its leaders and students while setting the stage for the next century of work at the frontier of the field. Following the School's approach, the book upholds the core values of social work: a clear understanding and respect for the past; analysis of current and professional issues; a vision of the future that reflects a commitment to social change; and the dissemination of knowledge on local, national, and global issues. The intellectual history of the School's founders, faculty, and students is reconstructed through an extensive collection of articles on a variety of social work themes that employ both data-based research and theoretical analysis. The volume contains key contributions from practitioners affiliated with the School, from the early pioneers in 1908 to recent alumni and current faculty in 2008. A Century of Social Work and Social Welfare at Penn will be an enduring resource for scholars and historians of social work and social welfare as well as a point of reference and pride for those influenced by the achievements of the School's faculty and students.
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Urban Crime, Criminals, and Victims

The Swedish Experience in an Anglo-American Comparative Perspective

Author: Per-Olof H. Wikström

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146139077X

Category: Psychology

Page: 271

View: 3003

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Crime is largely an urban phenomenon, but the specifically urban and area dimen sions of the social processes that are connected with crime have been seriously understated in much recent criminological work ... Such a claim could not have been made forty years ago. (Baldwin & Bottoms, 1976, p. 1). The above statement by Baldwin and Bottoms about the neglect in crimi nology of the urban dimension of crime was made in the mid-1970s. However, in the last decade there has been a significant upswing in theory and research on crime in the urban environment. Also, new areas oftheory and research into urban crime have come into focus. (For overviews see Brantingham & Brantingham, 1984; Davidson, 1981.) One very good example of the increasing interest in urban crime is the recent volume of Crime and Justice entitled "Communities and Crime" (Reiss & Tonry, 1986), in which Reiss makes a strong argument for the importance of the study of crime in urban communities and for the linking of the ecological and individual traditions in theory and research on crime. A review of the literature on crime in urban environments shows, not unexpectedly, that Anglo-American research heavily dominates the scene (Wikstrom, 1982; 1987b). Hence, much of the experience we have on urban crime is based on North American and British research and theory.
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Interpreting crime statistics

Author: Monica A. Walker

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198523062

Category: Law

Page: 237

View: 7749

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This introduction to the use of crime statistics should be beneficial to anyone involved in the criminal justice system, whether in the police, courts, sentencing, probation or prison service. Criminologists and sociologists may also find it helpful.
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Data Analysis for Criminal Justice and Criminology

Practice and Applications

Author: Jerome B. McKean,Bryan Byers

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: 9780205274802

Category: Law

Page: 262

View: 1191

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Unique to the market, this user-friendly book offers a comprehensive introduction to data analysis in criminal justice and criminology. Ideal for readers with a limited math background, Data Analysis in Criminal Justice and Criminology offers a clear presentation of data analytic methodologies combined with examples, research, and exercises that foster active learning. Study questions and exercises throughout encourage readers to apply data analytic knowledge and skills, serving to engage student interest while preparing them for careers as practitioners. In addition, real-world examples of research studies show practical applications of text material, helping students to understand the relevance of statistics in criminal justice and criminology. For anyone interested in data analysis in criminology.
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Male Criminal Activity from Childhood Through Youth

Multilevel and Developmental Perspectives

Author: Marc Le Blanc,Marcel Frechette

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461235707

Category: Medical

Page: 228

View: 7020

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Male Criminal Activity From Childhood Through Youth reports the results of a large longitudinal study from 1972 to 1985 on a sample of delinquents and a comparison sample of the population in Montreal. A clarification emerges from this extensive study: how to describe criminal activity in a comprehensive theory of crime which integrates the offense, offending, and patterns of offending. Using a developmental approach, Drs. Le Blanc and Fréchette observed a gradation of crimes with subjects progressing through five distinct stages of offending. In all, the research investigates the factors that sustain the development of offending and the mechanisms which accelerate, stabilize, and decelerate the commission of crimes. This book represents a significant advance in the understanding of the development of criminal activity.
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Trends, risks, and interventions in lethal violence

proceedings of the third annual spring symposium of the Homicide Research Working Group, Atlanta, Georgia

Author: Homicide Research Working Group. Workshop,Carolyn R. Block,Richard L. Block,National Institute of Justice (U.S.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Homicide

Page: 370

View: 1970

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