The Age of Public Relations had begun.In this long-awaited, pathbreaking book, Stuart Ewen tells the story of the Age unfolding: the social conditions that brought it about; the ideas that inspired the strategies of public relations ...

Author: Stuart Ewen

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465061796

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 536

The early years of the twentieth century were a difficult period for Big Business. Corporate monopolies, the brutal exploitation of labor, and unscrupulous business practices were the target of blistering attacks from a muckraking press and an increasingly resentful public. Corporate giants were no longer able to operate free from the scrutiny of the masses.“The crowd is now in the saddle,” warned Ivy Lee, one of America's first corporate public relations men. “The people now rule. We have substituted for the divine right of kings, the divine right of the multitude.” Unless corporations developed means for counteracting public disapproval, he cautioned, their future would be in peril. Lee's words heralded the dawn of an era in which corporate image management was to become a paramount feature of American society. Some corporations, such as AT&T, responded inventively to the emergency. Others, like Standard Oil of New Jersey (known today as Exxon), continued to fumble the PR ball for decades. The Age of Public Relations had begun.In this long-awaited, pathbreaking book, Stuart Ewen tells the story of the Age unfolding: the social conditions that brought it about; the ideas that inspired the strategies of public relations specialists; the growing use of images as tools of persuasion; and, finally, the ways that the rise of public relations interacted with the changing dynamics of public life itself. He takes us on a vivid journey into the thinking of PR practitioners—from Edward Bernays to George Gallup—exploring some of the most significant campaigns to mold the public mind, and revealing disturbing trends that have persisted to the present day. Using previously confidential sources, and with the aid of dozens of illustrations from the past hundred years, Ewen sheds unsparing light on the contours and contradictions of American democracy on the threshold of a new millennium.
Categories: Social Science

All the President s Spin

All the President s Spin

Jeffrey K . Tulis , The Rhetorical Presidency ( Princeton , New Jersey : Princeton
University Press , 1987 ) , 95 – 116 . 3 . Stuart Ewen , PR ! A Social History of
Spin ( New York : Basic Books , 1996 ) , 107 – 127 . 4 . Scott M . Cutlip , The
Unseen ...

Author: Ben Fritz

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0743262514

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 453

Discusses the tactics of media manipulation employed by George W. Bush and his administration to promote their agenda to the American people, examining the intimidation, criticism, and deception used, and its impact on American democracy.
Categories: Political Science

Creating Freedom

Creating Freedom

A Social History of Spin, p. 112. Stuart Ewen, PR! A Social History of Spin, pp.
103–11. Edward Bernays, Propaganda (1928; New York: Ig Publishing, 2005), p.
37. Walter Lippmann, Public Opinion (1922; South Dakota: NuVision Publis hing,

Author: Raoul Martinez

Publisher: Canongate Books

ISBN: 9781782111894

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 434

In the run up to the June 8th General Election, Raoul Martinez and his publisher have decided to make the ebook of his book Creating Freedom free to readers in the UK so that the ideas and knowledge contained within it can be as widely disseminated as possible. We are far less free than we like to think. In Creating Freedom, Raoul Martinez exposes the mechanisms of control that pervade our lives and the myths on which they depend. Exploring the lottery of our birth, the coercive influence of concentrated wealth, and the consent-manufacturing realities of undemocratic power, he shows that our faith in free media, free markets, free elections and free will is dangerously misplaced. Written with empathy and imagination, this scholarly, fierce and profoundly hopeful manifesto makes a dazzling case for creating freedom on our own terms.
Categories: Political Science

It s Not Just PR

It s Not Just PR

Two popular press books stand out for casting a critical eye on the practice of
public relations: PR! A Social History of Spin (1996) and Toxic Sludge is Good for
You! (1995). Popular press books, in contrast to more academically oriented
books ...

Author: W. Timothy Coombs

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118554043

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 187

In the second edition of their award-winning book, W. Timothy Coombs and Sherry J. Holladay provide a broad and thorough look at the field of public relations in the world today and assess its positive and negative impact on society’s values, knowledge, and perceptions. Uses a range of global, contemporary examples, from multi-national corporations through to the non-profit sector Updated to include discussion of new issues, such as the role and limitations of social media; the emergence of Issues Management; how private politics is shaping corporate behavior; and the rise of global activism and the complications of working in a global world Covers the search within the profession for a definition of PR, including the Melbourne Mandate and Barcelona Principles Balanced, well organized, and clearly written by two leading scholars
Categories: Social Science

A Century of Spin

A Century of Spin

--Uncovers the secret history of the PR industry-- This book charts the relentless rise of the public relations industry and how it has transformed our society.

Author: David Miller

Publisher: Pluto Press (UK)

ISBN: UOM:39015076186587

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 280

--Uncovers the secret history of the PR industry-- This book charts the relentless rise of the public relations industry and how it has transformed our society. Revealing the roots of the PR movement in the years leading up to the First World War, it sh
Categories: Business & Economics

Better Living

 Better Living

27 - 43 ; Stuart Ewen , PR ! A Social History of Spin ( New York : Basic Books /
Harper Collins , 1996 ) , pp . 3 - 18 . 3 . Bruce Barton , " The Public , " a speech
delivered before the Congress of American Industry , in conjunction with the
annual ...

Author: William L. Bird

Publisher: Northwestern University Press

ISBN: 0810115859

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 697

The curator of the Political History Collection at the Smithsonian Institution explores how big business--with the help of the federal government--became expert in manipulating advertising and public relations to inflame Americans desire for consumption. UP.
Categories: Business & Economics

Rethinking Reputation

Rethinking Reputation

In his wellreviewed book PR! A Social History of Spin, sociology professor Stuart
Ewen raises a jaundiced eye toward a field he claims stresses “virtual factuality”
in manipulating people's minds, moods and behaviors. The good professor's ...

Author: Fraser P. Seitel

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 9781137092229

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 248

View: 283

Good public relations is no longer just icing-it's a strategic imperative more important to your competitive success than even advertising or marketing. This is true whether you're a century-old multibillion-dollar corporation or a penniless startup. In Rethinking Reputation, public relations guru Fraser Seitel and John Doorley, founder of the Academy for Communication Excellence and Leadership at Johnson & Johnson, examine a fascinating new set of case studies-including the BP oil spill and the launch of CitySlips-to glean the PR dos and don'ts for the new media world, covering both standard reputation maintenance and crisis management. They also show start-up companies and entrenched organizations how to use the power of word-of-mouth to jump-start business like never before. This is a wake-up call from two industry legends-for public relations professionals as well as entrepreneurs, CEOs, and anyone else tasked with representing their organization to the world. These new media lessons include: * Remember that research is cheaper, and more critical, than ever. * Don't let the perfect be the enemy of the good-launch your idea before someone else does. * Don't get so excited about social media that you forget about traditional media. * In a crisis, you are never offstage. * Never lie, never whine, and never try to predict the future!
Categories: Business & Economics

The Citizen Machine

The Citizen Machine

... the neoliberal model of citizenship. As Stuart Ewen notes, television was “a
powerful social metaphor ... a communicative structure particularly suited to the
molding and maintenance of a virtual public” (PR!A Social History of Spin [New
York: ...

Author: Anna McCarthy

Publisher: The New Press

ISBN: 9781595585967

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 444

The Citizen Machine is the untold political history of television’s formative era. Historian Anna McCarthy goes behind the scenes of early television programming, revealing that long before the age of PBS, leaders from business, philanthropy, and social reform movements as well as public intellectuals were all obsessively concerned with TV’s potential to mold the right kind of citizen. Based on years of path-breaking archival work, The Citizen Machine sheds new light on the place of television in the postwar American political landscape.
Categories: History

Trust Us We re Experts PA

Trust Us  We re Experts PA

Stuart Ewen, a historian and author of PR: A Social History of Spin, notes that Le
Bon feared “that the mob at any moment could seize society and destroy all he
held sacred. Le Bon starts to examine the social psychology of the crowd. For him

Author: Sheldon Rampton

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101144060

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 727

The authors of Toxic Sludge Is Good for You! unmask the sneaky and widespread methods industry uses to influence opinion through bogus experts, doctored data, and manufactured facts. We count on the experts. We count on them to tell us who to vote for, what to eat, how to raise our children. We watch them on TV, listen to them on the radio, read their opinions in magazine and newspaper articles and letters to the editor. We trust them to tell us what to think, because there’s too much information out there and not enough hours in a day to sort it all out. We should stop trusting them right this second. In their new book Trust Us, We’re Experts!: How Industry Manipulates Science and Gambles with Your Future, Sheldon Rampton and John Stauber, authors of Toxic Sludge Is Good For You, offer a chilling exposé on the manufacturing of "independent experts." Public relations firms and corporations know well how to exploit your trust to get you to buy what they have to sell: Let you hear it from a neutral third party, like a professor or a pediatrician or a soccer mom or a watchdog group. The problem is, these third parties are usually anything but neutral. They have been handpicked, cultivated, and meticulously packaged in order to make you believe what they have to say—preferably in an "objective" format like a news show or a letter to the editor. And in some cases, they have been paid handsomely for their "opinions." For example: You think that nonprofit organizations just give away their stamps of approval on products? Bristol-Myers Squibb paid $600,000 to the American Heart Association for the right to display AHA’s name and logo in ads for its cholesterol-lowering drug Pravachol. SmithKline Beecham paid the American Cancer Society $1 million for the right to use its logo in ads for Beecham’s Nicoderm CQ and Nicorette anti-smoking ads. You think that a study out of a prestigious university is completely unbiased? In 1997, Georgetown University’s Credit Research Center issued a study which concluded that many debtors are using bankruptcy as an excuse to wriggle out of their obligations to creditors. Former U.S. Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen cited the study in a Washington Times column and advocated for changes in federal law to make it harder for consumers to file for bankruptcy relief. What Bentsen failed to mention was that the Credit Research Center is funded in its entirety by credit card companies, banks, retailers, and others in the credit industry; that the study itself was produced with a $100,000 grant from VISA USA, Inc. and MasterCard International; and that Bentsen himself had been hired to work as a credit-industry lobbyist. You think that all grassroots organizations are truly grassroots? In 1993, a group called Mothers Opposing Pollution (MOP) appeared, calling itself "the largest women’s environmental group in Australia, with thousands of supporters across the country." Their cause: A campaign against plastic milk bottles. It turned out that the group’s spokesperson, Alana Maloney, was in truth a woman named Janet Rundle, the business partner of a man who did P.R. for the Association of Liquidpaperboard Carton Manufacturers—the makers of paper milk cartons. You think that if a scientist says so, it must be true? In the early 1990s, tobacco companies secretly paid thirteen scientists a total of $156,000 to write a few letters to influential medical journals. One biostatistician received $10,000 for writing a single, eight-paragraph letter that was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. A cancer researcher received $20,137 for writing four letters and an opinion piece to the Lancet, the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, and The Wall Street Journal. Rampton and Sta...
Categories: Business & Economics

Caring Democracy

Caring Democracy

Public Man, Private Woman: Women in Social and Political Thought. Princeton:
Princeton ... PR! A Social History of Spin. New York: Basic Books. Faludi, Susan.
1999. Stiffed: The Betrayal of the American Man. New York: HarperCollins.

Author: Joan C. Tronto

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814782774

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 948

Americans now face a caring deficit: there are simply too many demands on people’s time for us to care adequately for our children, elderly people, and ourselves.At the same time, political involvement in the United States is at an all-time low, and although political life should help us to care better, people see caring as unsupported by public life and deem the concerns of politics as remote from their lives. Caring Democracy argues that we need to rethink American democracy, as well as our fundamental values and commitments, from a caring perspective. The idea that production and economic life are the most important political and human concerns ignores the reality that caring, for ourselves and others, should be the highest value that shapes how we view the economy, politics, and institutions such as schools and the family. Care is at the center of our human lives, but Tronto argues it is currently too far removed from the concerns of politics. Caring Democracy traces the reasons for this disconnection and argues for the need to make care, not economics, the central concern of democratic political life. Joan C. Tronto is a Professor in the Political Science Department at the University of Minnesota. She is the author of Moral Boundaries: A Political Argument for an Ethic of Care (Routledge).
Categories: Political Science

Self Help Inc

Self Help  Inc

Captains of Consciousness: Advertising and the Social Roots of the Consumer
Culture. New York: McGrawHill, 1976. ———. PR! A Social History of Spin. New
York: Basic Books, 1996. Fabunmi, Constance, Loretta Frederick, and Mary
Jarvis ...

Author: Micki McGee

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199883684

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 460

Why doesn't self-help help? Cultural critic Micki McGee puts forward this paradoxical question as she looks at a world where the market for self-improvement products--books, audiotapes, and extreme makeovers--is exploding, and there seems to be no end in sight. Rather than seeing narcissism at the root of the self-help craze, as others have contended, McGee shows a nation relying on self-help culture for advice on how to cope in an increasingly volatile and competitive work world. Self-Help, Inc. reveals how makeover culture traps Americans in endless cycles of self-invention and overwork as they struggle to stay ahead of a rapidly restructuring economic order. A lucid and fascinating treatment of the modern obsession with work and self-improvement, this lively book will strike a chord with its acute diagnosis of the self-help trap and its sharp suggestions for how we can address the alienating conditions of modern work and family life.
Categories: Social Science

The Pyrotechnic Insanitarium

The Pyrotechnic Insanitarium

55. Kasson, Amusing the Million, p. 96. Ibid., pp. 96—97; see also “Social
Psychology and the Quest for the Public Mind,” in Stuart Ewen, PR!: A Social
History of Spin (New York: Basic Books, 1996). Ewen, PR!: A Social History of
Spin, p. 141.

Author: Mark Dery

Publisher: Open Road + Grove/Atlantic

ISBN: 9780802196125

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 696

A wide-ranging collection of essays on millennial American culture that “marshals a vast pop vocabulary with easy wit” (The New York Times Book Review). From the far left to the far right, on talk radio and the op-ed page, more and more Americans believe that the social fabric is unraveling. Celebrity worship and media frenzy, suicidal cultists and heavily armed secessionists: modern life seems to have become a “pyrotechnic insanitarium,” Mark Dery says, borrowing a turn-of-the-century name for Coney Island. Dery elucidates the meaning to our madness, deconstructing American culture from mainstream forces like Disney and Nike to fringe phenomena like the Unabomber and alien invaders. Our millennial angst, he argues, is a product of a pervasive cultural anxiety—a combination of the social and economic upheaval wrought by global capitalism and the paranoia fanned by media sensationalism. The Pyrotechnic Insanitarium is a theme-park ride through the extremes of American culture of which The Atlantic Monthly has written, “Mark Dery confirms once again what writers and thinkers as disparate as Nathanael West, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Sigmund Freud, and Oliver Sacks have already shown us: the best place to explore the human condition is at its outer margins, its pathological extremes.” “Dery is the kind of critic who just might give conspiracy theory a good name.” —Wired
Categories: Social Science

Electric Sounds

Electric Sounds

(Copies of The Loew-Down are located in the archive of the Theater Historical
Society, Elmhurst, Illinois.) 97. Gomery, The Coming of ... Stuart Ewen, PR! A
Social History of Spin (New York: Basic Books, 1996). 6. “A Reporter's Visit,” 106.

Author: Steve J. Wurtzler

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231510080

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 416

View: 158

Electric Sounds brings to vivid life an era when innovations in the production, recording, and transmission of sound revolutionized a number of different media, especially the radio, the phonograph, and the cinema. The 1920s and 1930s marked some of the most important developments in the history of the American mass media: the film industry's conversion to synchronous sound, the rise of radio networks and advertising-supported broadcasting, the establishment of a federal regulatory framework on which U.S. communications policy continues to be based, the development of several powerful media conglomerates, and the birth of a new acoustic commodity in which a single story, song, or other product was made available to consumers in multiple media forms and formats. But what role would this new media play in society? Celebrants saw an opportunity for educational and cultural uplift; critics feared the degradation of the standards of public taste. Some believed acoustic media would fulfill the promise of participatory democracy by better informing the public, while others saw an opportunity for manipulation. The innovations of this period prompted not only a restructuring and consolidation of corporate mass media interests and a shift in the conventions and patterns of media consumption but also a renegotiation of the social functions assigned to mass media forms. Steve J. Wurtzler's impeccably researched history adds a new dimension to the study of sound media, proving that the ultimate form technology takes is never predetermined. Rather, it is shaped by conflicting visions of technological possibility in economic, cultural, and political realms. Electric Sounds also illustrates the process through which technologies become media and the ways in which media are integrated into American life.
Categories: Performing Arts

Iron Curtain

Iron Curtain

Christopher English (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995), 117,3,36. Oswald W.
Firkins, 'The Cult of the Passing Hour', Atlantic Monthly, May 1914. Quoted from
Stuart Ewen, PR! A Social History of Spin (New York: Basic Books, 1996), 72.

Author: Patrick Wright

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191622847

Category: History

Page: 540

View: 301

'From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. . .' With these words Winston Churchill famously warned the world in a now legendary speech given in Fulton, Missouri, on March 5, 1946. Launched as an evocative metaphor, the 'Iron Curtain' quickly became a brutal reality in the Cold War between Capitalist West and Communist East. Not surprisingly, for many years, people on both sides of the division have assumed that the story of the Iron Curtain began with Churchill's 1946 speech. In this fascinating investigation, Patrick Wright shows that this was decidedly not the case. Starting with its original use to describe an anti-fire device fitted into theatres, Iron Curtain tells the story of how the term evolved into such a powerful metaphor and the myriad ways in which it shaped the world for decades before the onset of the Cold War. Along the way, it offers fascinating perspectives on a rich array of historical characters and developments, from the lofty aspirations and disappointed fate of early twentieth century internationalists, through the topsy-turvy experiences of the first travellers to Soviet Russia, to the theatricalization of modern politics and international relations. And, as Wright poignantly suggests, the term captures a particular way of thinking about the world that long pre-dates the Cold War - and did not disappear with the fall of the Berlin Wall.
Categories: History

Corporate Communications

Corporate Communications

*See for instance Ewen, S. (1996), PR! A Social History of Spin. New York: Basic
Books; Marchand, R. (1998), Creating the Corporate Soul: The Rise of Public
Relations and Corporate Imagery. Berkeley: University of California Press;
Grunig ...

Author: Joep Cornelissen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761944362

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 206

View: 581

'Corporate Communications' provides the most up-to-date treatment of the subject, including the criticality of the function, strategies and activities involved, and how it can be organized and managed properly.
Categories: Business & Economics

Warfare State

Warfare State

A Social History of Spin (New York: Basic Books, 1996), 339–46. Fox, Madison
Avenue Goes to War, 34–35. Morse, “Paying for a World War,” 210–36; Samuel,
Pledging Allegiance, ch. 3. On automobile salesmen, see Harold Graves to ...

Author: James T. Sparrow

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199831630

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 328

Although common wisdom and much scholarship assume that "big government" gained its foothold in the United States under the auspices of the New Deal during the Great Depression, in fact it was the Second World War that accomplished this feat. Indeed, as the federal government mobilized for war it grew tenfold, quickly dwarfing the New Deal's welfare programs. Warfare State shows how the federal government vastly expanded its influence over American society during World War II. Equally important, it looks at how and why Americans adapted to this expansion of authority. Through mass participation in military service, war work, rationing, price control, income taxation, and the war bond program, ordinary Americans learned to live with the warfare state. They accepted these new obligations because the government encouraged all citizens to think of themselves as personally connected to the battle front, linking their every action to the fate of the combat soldier. As they worked for the American Soldier, Americans habituated themselves to the authority of the government. Citizens made their own counter-claims on the state-particularly in the case of industrial workers, women, African Americans, and most of all, the soldiers. Their demands for fuller citizenship offer important insights into the relationship between citizen morale, the uses of patriotism, and the legitimacy of the state in wartime. World War II forged a new bond between citizens, nation, and government. Warfare State tells the story of this dramatic transformation in American life.
Categories: Political Science

Latinos Inc

Latinos  Inc

Latinos, Inc. sets a new standard for scholarship in ethnic studies and cultural studies."—George Lipsitz, author of The Possessive Investment in Whiteness : How White People Profit from Identity Politics

Author: Arlene M. Dávila

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520274693

Category: History

Page: 289

View: 966

Both Hollywood and corporate America are taking note of the marketing power of the growing Latino population in the United States. And as salsa takes over both the dance floor and the condiment shelf, the influence of Latin culture is gaining momentum in American society as a whole. Yet the increasing visibility of Latinos in mainstream culture has not been accompanied by a similar level of economic parity or political enfranchisement. Here, author Dávila provides a critical examination of the Hispanic marketing industry and of its role in the making and marketing of U.S. Latinos. Dávila finds that Latinos' increased popularity in the marketplace is simultaneously accompanied by their growing exotification and invisibility. Her discussion of how populations have become reconfigured as market segments, shows that the market and marketing discourse become important terrains where Latinos debate their social identities and public standing.--From publisher description.
Categories: History

Prosperity for All

Prosperity for All

... Le Mouvement Social 206 (2004): 17–39; Stuart Ewen, Captains of
Consciousness: Advertising and the Social Roots of the Consumer Culture (New
York: McGraw-Hill, 1976); Stuart Ewen, PR! A Social History Spin (New York:
Basic Books, ...

Author: Matthew Hilton

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801461637

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 177

The history of consumerism is about much more than just shopping. Ever since the eighteenth century, citizen-consumers have protested against the abuses of the market by boycotting products and promoting fair instead of free trade. In recent decades, consumer activism has responded to the challenges of affluence by helping to guide consumers through an increasingly complex and alien marketplace. In doing so, it has challenged the very meaning of consumer society and tackled some of the key economic, social, and political issues associated with the era of globalization. In Prosperity for All, the first international history of consumer activism, Matthew Hilton shows that modern consumer advocacy reached the peak of its influence in the decades after World War II. Growing out of the product-testing activities of Consumer Reports and its international counterparts (including Which? in the United Kingdom, Que Choisir in France, and Test in Germany), consumerism evolved into a truly global social movement. Consumer unions, NGOs, and individual activists like Ralph Nader emerged in countries around the world—including developing countries in Southeast Asia and Latin America—concerned with creating a more equitable marketplace and articulating a politics of consumption that addressed the needs of both individuals and society as a whole. Consumer activists achieved many victories, from making cars safer to highlighting the dangers of using baby formula instead of breast milk in countries with no access to clean water. The 1980s saw a reversal in the consumer movement's fortunes, thanks in large part to the rise of an antiregulatory agenda both in the United States and internationally. In the process, the definition of consumerism changed, focusing more on choice than on access. As Hilton shows, this change reflects more broadly on the dilemmas we all face as consumers: Do we want more stuff and more prosperity for ourselves, or do we want others less fortunate to be able to enjoy the same opportunities and standard of living that we do? Prosperity for All makes clear that by abandoning a more idealistic vision for consumer society we reduce consumers to little more than shoppers, and we deny the vast majority of the world's population the fruits of affluence.
Categories: History

Eyes on Labor

Eyes on Labor

Ewen, PR!: A Social History of Spin (New York: Basic Books, 1996), 307–316;
Tedlow, Keeping the Corporate Image, Public Relations and Business (
Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press, 1979), 59–105. Elizabeth Fones-Wolf and Howell
John Harris ...

Author: Carol Quirke

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199877553

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 746

In the twentieth century's first decades, U.S. workers waged an epic struggle to achieve security through unions; simultaneously Americans came to interpret current events through newspaper photographs. Eyes on Labor brings these two revolutions together, revealing how news photography brought workers into the nation's mainstream. Carol Quirke focuses on images ignored by scholars but seen by millions of Americans in the news of the day. Part visual analysis, part labor and cultural history, Quirke analyzes over one hundred photographs: stereographs of the Uprising of 1877, tabloid photos of the 1919 strike wave, photo-essays in the nationally popular LIFE Magazine, and even photos taken by a union camera club. Quirke anchors her interpretations in a lively historical narrative that takes readers from Washington D.C. hearings, to small towns in Indiana and Pennsylvania, to local union halls and to New York City boardrooms. Illuminating why unions, employers, and news publishers vied to represent workers with the camera's eye, Eyes on Labor explores how Americans understood the complex and contradictory portrait of labor they produced.
Categories: Social Science

The American Red Cross from Clara Barton to the New Deal

The American Red Cross from Clara Barton to the New Deal

RC 21998, folder “Disaster ReliefiFlood Mississippi River, 1926*1927,” PR 06
CN 89, LOC. In the original, an unnamed ... A Social History of Spin (New York:
Basic Books, 1996), xiii (“a leader or”), 3*18, 60*82. 15. Baker to Fieser,
telegrams, ...

Author: Marian Moser Jones

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421408231

Category: Medical

Page: 404

View: 382

In dark skirts and bloodied boots, Clara Barton fearlessly ventured on to Civil War battlefields to tend to wounded soldiers. She later worked with civilians in Europe during the Franco-Prussian War, lobbied legislators to ratify the Geneva conventions, and founded and ran the American Red Cross. The American Red Cross from Clara Barton to the New Deal tells the story of the charitable organization from its start in 1881, through its humanitarian aid during wars, natural disasters, and the Depression, to its relief efforts of the 1930s. Marian Moser Jones illustrates the tension between the organization's founding principles of humanity and neutrality and the political, economic, and moral pressures that sometimes caused it to favor one group at the expense of another. This expansive book narrates the stories of: • U.S. natural disasters such as the Jacksonville yellow fever epidemic of 1888, the Sea Islands hurricane of 1893, and the 1906 San Francisco earthquake • crises abroad, including the 1892 Russian famine and the Armenian massacres of 1895–96 • efforts to help civilians affected by the civil war in Cuba • power struggles within the American Red Cross leadership and subsequent alliances with the American government • the organization's expansion during World War I • race riots in East St. Louis, Chicago, and Tulsa between 1917 and 1921 • help for African American and white Southerners after the Mississippi flood of 1927 • relief projects during the Dust Bowl and after the New Deal An epilogue relates the history of the American Red Cross since the beginning of World War II and illuminates the organization's current practices as well as its international reputation.
Categories: Medical