Potato Biology and Biotechnology

Potato Biology and Biotechnology

This book covers the potato world market as it expands further into the new millennium.

Author: Dick Vreugdenhil

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080525051

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 856

View: 488

In the past 15-20 years major discoveries have been concluded on potato biology and biotechnology. Important new tools have been developed in the area of molecular genetics, and our understanding of potato physiology has been revolutionized due to amenability of the potato to genetic transformation. This technology has impacted our understanding of the molecular basis of plant-pathogen interaction and has also opened new opportunities for the use of the potato in a variety of non-food biotechnological purposes. This book covers the potato world market as it expands further into the new millennium. Authors stress the overriding need for stable yields to eliminate human hunger and poverty, while considering solutions to enhance global production and distribution. It comprehensively describes genetics and genetic resources, plant growth and development, response to the environment, tuber quality, pests and diseases, biotechnology and crop management. Potato Biology is the most valuable reference available for all professionals involved in the potato industry, plant biologists and agronomists. Offers an understanding of the social, economic and market factors that influence production and distribution Discusses developments and useful traits in transgenic biology and genetic engineering The first reference entirely devoted to understanding new advances in potato biology and biotechnology
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Molecular and Cellular Biology of the Potato

The Molecular and Cellular Biology of the Potato

Potato improvement by traditional breeding and opprotunities for new technologies; Ac-Ds trasposons mapped near disease resistance loci for targeted tagging in potato; Studies to enhance starch biosynthesis by manipulation of ADP-glucose ...

Author: Michael E. Vayda

Publisher: C A B International

ISBN: STANFORD:36105009794574

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 829

Potato improvement by traditional breeding and opprotunities for new technologies; Ac-Ds trasposons mapped near disease resistance loci for targeted tagging in potato; Studies to enhance starch biosynthesis by manipulation of ADP-glucose pyrophsphorylase genes; Control of carbohydrate metabolism in potato tubers; Transgenic potatoes changed in carbohidrate partitioning and allocation; Control of sugar balance in potato tubers; Post-harvest regulation of sucrose accumulation in transgenic potatoes: role and properties of potato tuver UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase; Post-harvest potato tuver glycerolipid; Functionality of semi-artificial trasnit peptides encoded by gene constructs derived form hte potato gene for granule-bound starch synthase; Potato alternative oxidase: detection of mRNA by PCR and tissue-specific differences in the protein levels; Polyphenol oxidase in potato tubers; Gene expression during early tuber development; Use of ubiquitin promoters for transgene; Regulation of translation in potato tubers in response to environmental stress; Expression of the Brasil nut methuibube-rich protein in transgenic potato plants; Strategies towards introducing resistance to bacterial pathogens in transgenic potatoes; Field performance of transgenic potatoes; Analysis of containment and food safety issues associated with the release of transgenic potatoes.
Categories: Science

Advances in Potato Chemistry and Technology

Advances in Potato Chemistry and Technology

Production of very high amylose potato starch by inhibition of SBE A and B. Nature Biotech., 18, 551–554. Scurrah, M., Celis-Gamboa, ... In: D. Vreugdenhil (Ed.), Potato Biology and Biotechnology Advances and Perspectives (pp. 441–470).

Author: Jaspreet Singh

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080921914

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 528

View: 940

Developments in potato chemistry, including identification and use of the functional components of potatoes, genetic improvements and modifications that increase their suitability for food and non-food applications, the use of starch chemistry in non-food industry and methods of sensory and objective measurement have led to new and important uses for this crop. Advances in Potato Chemistry and Technology presents the most current information available in one convenient resource.The expert coverage includes details on findings related to potato composition, new methods of quality determination of potato tubers, genetic and agronomic improvements, use of specific potato cultivars and their starches, flours for specific food and non-food applications, and quality measurement methods for potato products. * Covers potato chemistry in detail, providing key understanding of the role of chemical compositions on emerging uses for specific food and non-food applications * Presents coverage of developing areas, related to potato production and processing including genetic modification of potatoes, laboratory and industry scale sophistication, and modern quality measurement techniques to help producers identify appropriate varieties based on anticipated use *Explores novel application uses of potatoes and potato by-products to help producers identify potential areas for development of potato variety and structure
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Plant Developmental Biology Biotechnological Perspectives

Plant Developmental Biology   Biotechnological Perspectives

Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 99:15211–15216 Millam S (2007) Developments in transgenictransgenic biology and the genetic engineering of useful traits. In: Vreugdenhil D (ed) Potato biology and biotechnology: advances and perspectives.

Author: Eng Chong Pua

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642023019

Category: Science

Page: 497

View: 726

Many exciting discoveries in recent decades have contributed new knowledge to our understanding of the mechanisms that regulate various stages of plant growth and development. Such information, coupled with advances in cell and molecular biology, is fundamental to crop improvement using biotechnological approaches. Two volumes constitute the present work. The ?rst, comprising 22 chapters, commences with introductions relating to gene regulatory models for plant dev- opment and crop improvement, particularly the use of Arabidopsis as a model plant. These chapters are followed by speci?c topics that focus on different developmental aspects associated with vegetative and reproductive phases of the life cycle of a plant. Six chapters discuss vegetative growth and development. Their contents consider topics such as shoot branching, bud dormancy and growth, the devel- ment of roots, nodules and tubers, and senescence. The reproductive phase of plant development is in 14 chapters that present topics such as ?oral organ init- tion and the regulation of ?owering, the development of male and female gametes, pollen germination and tube growth, fertilization, fruit development and ripening, seed development, dormancy, germination, and apomixis. Male sterility and self-incompatibility are also discussed.
Categories: Science

Potato

Potato

2012;186(2):501-516 Taylor MJ, McDougall G, Stewart D. Potato flavour and texture. In: Vreugdenhil Det al., editors. Potato Biology and Biotechnology. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science B.V.; 2007. p. 525-540 Haverkort A. Potato crop response ...

Author: Mustafa Yildiz

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9781789232547

Category: Science

Page: 148

View: 625

Potato is the world's fourth food crop after maize, wheat, and rice and is a staple crop in many diets throughout the world with a high source of proteins, carbohydrates, minerals, and vitamins. Biotic and abiotic stress factors give rise to decrease in yield. That is why improvement of new cultivars resistant to stress factors by conventional and biotechnological methods is extremely important. The most important factor in production increase is the use of healthy seed tubers along with using drought-, heat-, and salt-tolerant cultivars. On the other hand, protection and storage of surplus crops, which are the most important stage in its marketability, are the main problems in potato. In this book, all these issues are discussed, and it is hoped that the book Potato will help growers and researchers in solving problems in potato cultivation.
Categories: Science

Studies on Potato Tubers Quality Regarding the Potential for Chips Production

Studies on Potato Tubers Quality Regarding the Potential for Chips Production

In: Potato Biology and Biotechnology Advances and Perspectives, Vreugdenhil, D (ed.). Elsevier, Amsterdam The Netherland. Pp. 27-52. Knorr, D., M. Zenker, V. Heinz and D.U. Lee, 2004. Applications and Potential of Ultrasonics in Food ...

Author: Condro Wibowo

Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag

ISBN: 9783736941823

Category: Science

Page: 110

View: 252

Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.), which are cultivated in many countries across the globe, belong to the essential food crops. In recent years, the production and consumption of potatoes has expanded markedly in developing countries. Nowadays, most of potatoes are consumed as processed products, mainly as French fries or chips. Chips, fried potato slices, are referred to as the “king of snack foods” in many countries. Indonesia, the largest potato producer in Southeast Asia, imports frozen potatoes as raw material for processing purposes, whereas the inland potato production is dominated by tubers for table purposes. Accordingly, it is necessary to provide new cultivars for processing purposes in addition to already established sources. Tubers for chips production have to meet certain quality criteria to produce desired qualities, such as a light-yellow color, crispy texture and good flavor. In addition to an appropriate cultivar, a sufficient and balanced supply of fertilizers should also be taken into account in order to produce tubers with desired properties. With regard to nutrients, potassium is absorbed in large amounts due to its essential role in plant physiology and ist subsequent influence on tubers yield and quality. The characteristic of tubers, as raw materials for processing purposes, is important for the quality of the final products. One of the most important chips attributes that influence consumer preference is the color, which develops as a result from non-enzymatic browning reaction during frying. In order to produce chips with light-yellow color, cold-stored tubers require pretreatments to decrease the concentration of reducing sugars and sucrose. The most common procedure is the recondition of the tubers at a warmer temperature followed by a blanching process. However, this practice requires considerable amounts of energy, water and time. A pretreatment that can be applied directly to cold-stored tubers is necessary to shorten the preparation time for raw materials used for chips production. Ultrasonication, one of the advanced food technologies, is considered an alternative due to ist cavitation effects. Responding to increasing demand for tubers for processing purposes in Indonesia, this study aims to examine the suitability of new Indonesian potato cultivars for chips production and to investigate the effect of potassium fertilization and ultrasonication treatment on the quality of potato tubers and produced chips. In the present study, tubers and chips quality from three new cultivars, cvs. Tenggo, Krespo and Ping 06, were evaluated and compared to the established cultivars, cvs. Granola and Atlantik. Based on their processing properties, the new cultivars are appropriate for raw materials for chips production. Additionally, their chips properties meet the requirements of the Indonesian National Standard for the Production of Potato Chips. In the second section of this study, potato tubers from four cultivars (cvs. Premiere, Secura, Jelly and Verdi) were obtained from five different locations during the cultivation in 2009 and 2010. Four types of potassium fertilizer (Sulphate of Potash, Patentkali®, Korn-Kali® and Muriate of Potash 60) were applied at different levels. The results indicate that the concentration of potassium, magnesium, manganese and zinc are higher in periderm than those found in parenchyma. The addition of potassium through fertilization contributes to increase potassium concentration in tubers parenchyma. Additionally, potassium fertilization and the location of cultivation influence the quality parameters of potato tubers. In the third section, ultrasonication treatments at 35 kHz at 25 and 50°C were applied to potato slices from cvs. Nicola, Laura and Golden Wonder. A Confocal Scanning Laser Microscopy was used to visualize the changes of cells structure resulting from ultrasonication. The results show that ultrasonication treatments cause disruptions in the cell walls, decrease the sucrose concentration of potato slices and subsequently improve chips color.
Categories: Science

Growth and Mineral Nutrition of Field Crops

Growth and Mineral Nutrition of Field Crops

Critical nutrient ranges for petiole phosphorus levels of sprinkler irrigated Russet Burbank potatoes. Agron. J. 74:583–585. ... Potato Biology and Biotechnology: Advances and Perspectives. Elsevier, New York, pp. 219–236.

Author: Nand Kumar Fageria

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439816964

Category: Science

Page: 586

View: 811

By the year 2050, the world's population is expected to reach nine billion. To feed and sustain this projected population, world food production must increase by at least 50 percent on much of the same land that we farm today. To meet this staggering challenge, scientists must develop the technology required to achieve an "evergreen" revolution-one
Categories: Science

Potato Breeding Theory and Practice

Potato Breeding  Theory and Practice

In: Vreugdenhil D (ed) Potato biology and biotechnology advances and perspectives. Elsevier, Oxford, pp 91–115 van Eck HJ, Jacobs JME, Stam P, Ton J, Stiekema WJ, Jacobsen E (1994) Multiple alleles for tuber shape in diploid potato ...

Author: John E. Bradshaw

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030644147

Category: Science

Page: 563

View: 572

The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is the world’s fourth most important food crop after maize, rice and wheat with 377 million tonnes fresh-weight of tubers produced in 2016 from 19.2 million hectares of land, in 163 countries, giving a global average yield of 19.6 t ha-1 (http://faostat.fao.org). About 62% of production (234 million tonnes) was in Asia (191), Africa (25) and Latin America (18) as a result of steady increases in recent years, particularly in China and India. As a major food crop, the potato has an important role to play in the United Nations “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” which started on 1 January 2016 (http://faostat.fao.org). By 2030 the aim is to “ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round”. By then, the world population is expected to reach 8.5 billion and continue to increase to 9.7 billion in 2050. For potatoes, the need is to increase production and improve nutritional value during a period of climate change, a key aspect of which will be the breeding of new cultivars for a wide range of target environments and consumers. The aim of the book is to help this endeavour by providing detailed information in three parts on both the theory and practice of potato breeding. Part I deals with the history of potato improvement and with potato genetics. Part II deals with breeding objectives, divided into improving yield, quality traits and resistance to the most important diseases and pests of potatoes. Part III deals with breeding methods: first, the use of landraces and wild relatives of potato in introgression breeding, base broadening and population improvement; second, breeding clonally propagated cultivars as a way to deliver potato improvement to farmers’ fields; third, as an alternative, breeding potato cultivars for propagation through true potato seed; and fourth, gene editing and genetic transformation as ways of making further improvements to already successful and widely grown cultivars. Included are marker-assisted introgression and selection of specific alleles, genomic selection of many unspecified alleles and diploid F1 hybrid breeding.
Categories: Science

Insect Pests of Potato

Insect Pests of Potato

In: Vreughenhil, D., Bradshaw, J., Gebhardt, C., Govers, F., Taylor, M., MacKerron, D., Ross, H. (Eds.), Potato Biology and Biotechnology: Advances and Perspectives. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands, pp. 117e155. Solomon-Blackburn, R.M. ...

Author: Andrei Alyokhin

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780323984140

Category: Science

Page: 518

View: 313

This fully revised and updated second edition of Insect Pests of Potato now includes an opening section with a basic overview of agronomic and economic issues as they relate to potato production. It also features a new section that reviews potato production, as well as problems caused by insect pests and solutions to these problems, in all major potato-growing regions of the world. Further, a new section discusses theoretical foundations of potato pest management and includes chapters on ecological theory, evolutionary theory, and a case study on their applications to elucidate differences between Eastern and Western populations of Colorado potato beetle in North America. There is also a new chapter on the foundations of integrated pest management and their applications in controlling insect pests. The sections on the biology of main pests and on control methods now feature the latest information, including emphasis on recent advances in molecular biology and genomics. Information on the use of dsRNA technology for pest control is also included, as are new chapters on potato ladybirds and on hemipterous pests other than aphids and psyllids. This second edition provides improved integration and logical connections among chapters and expanded geographic scope of coverage making it the ideal reference on the topic. Fully revised and updated with new sections on potato-growing regions and theoretical foundations of potato pest management using ecological theory, evolutionary theory and relevant case study insights Contains improved integration and logical connections among chapters, expanded geographic scope of coverage, and scientific advances Emphasizes recent advances in molecular biology and genomics, including the use of dsRNA technology for pest control
Categories: Science