Postpositivism and Educational Research

Postpositivism and Educational Research

This textbook presents an account of the philsophical position generally identitfied as 'postpositivistic' that undergirds much of mainstream research in education and the related social sciences.

Author: Professor D C Phillips

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0847691225

Category: Education

Page: 101

View: 181

This textbook presents an account of the philsophical position generally identitfied as 'postpositivistic' that undergirds much of mainstream research in education and the related social sciences.
Categories: Education

Educational Research in Practice

Educational Research in Practice

within texts on educational research. We stress that the term 'postpositivism' does not refer to a unified school of thought; not all postpositivists are, ...

Author: Joanna Swann

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826432742

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 350

Offering valuable insights into the education and social research community, eight researchers representing contrasting approaches-from the United Kingdom, New Zealand and North America-explain what they do, why they do it, its methodological basis, and perceived outcomes. Main themes are then analyzed and discussed by the editors, both experienced teachers of research methodology and methods.
Categories: Education

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Educational Research Measurement and Evaluation

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Educational Research  Measurement  and Evaluation

Postpositivism. in. Education. Research. The term postpositivism is a bit unfortunate. It can wrongly suggest that postpositivism is just an evolved form of ...

Author: Bruce B. Frey

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781506326160

Category: Education

Page: 2000

View: 336

In an era of curricular changes and experiments and high-stakes testing, educational measurement and evaluation is more important than ever. In addition to expected entries covering the basics of traditional theories and methods, other entries discuss important sociopolitical issues and trends influencing the future of that research and practice. Textbooks, handbooks, monographs and other publications focus on various aspects of educational research, measurement and evaluation, but to date, there exists no major reference guide for students new to the field. This comprehensive work fills that gap, covering traditional areas while pointing the way to future developments. Features: Nearly 700 signed entries are contained in an authoritative work spanning four volumes and available in choice of electronic and/or print formats. Although organized A-to-Z, front matter includes a Reader’s Guide grouping entries thematically to help students interested in a specific aspect of education research, measurement, and evaluation to more easily locate directly related entries. (For instance, sample themes include Data, Evaluation, Measurement Concepts & Issues, Research, Sociopolitical Issues, Standards.) Back matter includes a Chronology of the development of the field; a Resource Guide to classic books, journals, and associations; and a detailed Index. Entries conclude with References/Further Readings and Cross References to related entries. The Index, Reader’s Guide themes, and Cross References will combine to provide robust search-and-browse in the e-version.
Categories: Education

Educational Research

Educational Research

Postpositivism and educational research. New York: Rowman & Littlefield. Reason, P., & Bradbury, H. (Eds.). (2006). Handbook of action research: Concise ...

Author: Burke Johnson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412954563

Category: Education

Page: 639

View: 815

Educational Research is a highly readable text that provides students with a clear and in-depth understanding of the different kinds of research--including technology-based--that are used in education today. The text introduces students to the fundamental logic of empirical research and explores the sources of research ideas. Detailed descriptions guide students through the design and implementation of actual research studies with a balanced examination of quantitative, qualitative, and mixed research, serving as one of the book's strongest features. While quantitative research strategies are covered extensively, the text also discusses various qualitative approaches such as ethnography, historical methods, phenomenology, grounded theory, and case studies. The authors present detailed, step-by-step coverage of the key elements of research, including sampling techniques, ethical considerations, data collection methods, measurement, judging validity, experimental and non-experimental methods, descriptive and inferential statistics, qualitative data analysis, and report preparation.
Categories: Education

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and ...

Author: D. C. Phillips

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781483364759

Category: Education

Page: 952

View: 365

Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.
Categories: Education

Human Geopolitics

Human Geopolitics

Phillips, D C, and Burbules, N C, Postpositivism and Educational Research (Lanham, MD; Boulder, CO; New York; Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, ...

Author: Alan Gamlen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192569981

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 514

Human geopolitics, the competition for population rather than territory, is an essential but weakly understood dimension of world politics today. Such competition has preceded violent conflict throughout history, but has been muted since the Treaties of Westphalia laid the territorial foundations of the modern international system in the mid-seventeenth century. Today, however, human geopolitics is being resurrected in unanticipated ways, as governments are enabled and encouraged to engage their emigrant diasporas. How and why is this happening? Until now these questions have been difficult to answer. The majority of research attention has focused on questions of immigration policy in a handful of wealthy migrant destination countries, largely ignoring the emigration policies that preoccupy the worlds many migrant origin states. This book addresses that research imbalance, by focusing on the overlooked sending side of migration policy. Drawing on data covering all UN members across the post-WWII period, and fieldwork with high-level policy makers across 60 states and a dozen international organisations, the book charts the re-emergence of human geopolitics through the global spread of diaspora institutions government ministries and offices dedicated to emigrants and their descendants. It calls for the development of stronger guiding principles and evaluation frameworks to govern these new state-diaspora relations in an era of unprecedented global interdependence.
Categories: Political Science

Educational Research Networks and Technologies

Educational Research  Networks and Technologies

Globalization and Education: Critical Perspectives (Routledge, 2000); D.C. Phillips and Nicholas C. Burbules, Postpositivism and Educational Research ...

Author: Paul Smeyers

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402066139

Category: Education

Page: 228

View: 427

Does IT poison the minds of the young? Must educational institutions change to serve the needs of the twenty-first century? This book addresses these questions and more. It records the intellectual struggles of a group of scholars coming to grips with changes in knowledge production and research communication. Together these authors demonstrate how philosophical and historical approaches are relevant to the practice and theory of education.
Categories: Education

Research and Evaluation in Education and Psychology

Research and Evaluation in Education and Psychology

Postpositivism The dominant paradigms that guided early educational and psychological research were positivism and its successor postpositivism .

Author: Donna M. Mertens

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761928057

Category: Education

Page: 507

View: 506

This new edition of Research and Evaluation in Education and Psychology continues and expands upon the approach that made the First Edition an international bestseller. Author Donna Mertens explains quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods, and incorporates the viewpoints of various research paradigms (postpositivist, constructivist, transformative, and pragmatic) into descriptions of these methods. Special emphasis is provided for conducting research in culturally complex communities, based on the perspectives of feminists, ethnic/racial minorities, and people with disabilities. Each chapter carefully explains a step of the research process from literature review to analysis and reporting. Additionally, sample studies and abstracts are included in each chapter to illustrate the concepts discussed in that section of the book.
Categories: Education

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Education

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Education

Closing Methodological Divides: Toward Democratic Educational Research. ... “Two Decades After 'After the Wake: Postpositivistic Educational Thought.

Author: Harvey Siegel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195312881

Category: Education

Page: 548

View: 475

A general introduction to key issues in the philosophy of education. The chapters are accessible to readers with no prior exposure to philosophy of education, and provide both surveys of the general domain they address, and advance the discussion in those domains.
Categories: Education

Innovating Science Teacher Education

Innovating Science Teacher Education

After the wake: Postpositivistic educational thought. Educational Researcher, 12, 4–12. Phillips, D.C. (1987). Validity in quality research: Why the worry ...

Author: Mansoor Niaz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136941962

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 636

How teachers view the nature of scientific knowledge is crucial to their understanding of science content and how it can be taught. This book presents an overview of the dynamics of scientific progress and its relationship to the history and philosophy of science, and then explores their methodological and educational implications and develops innovative strategies based on actual classroom practice for teaching topics such the nature of science, conceptual change, constructivism, qualitative-quantitative research, and the role of controversies, presuppositions, speculations, hypotheses, and predictions. Field-tested in science education courses, this book is designed to involve readers in critically thinking about the history and philosophy of science and to engage science educators in learning how to progressively introduce various aspects of ‘science-in-the-making’ in their classrooms, to promote discussions highlighting controversial historical episodes included in the science curriculum, and to expose their students to the controversies and encourage them to support, defend or critique the different interpretations. Innovating Science Teacher Education offers guidelines to go beyond traditional textbooks, curricula, and teaching methods and innovate with respect to science teacher education and classroom teaching.
Categories: Education

Introduction to Research Methods in Education

Introduction to Research Methods in Education

Phillips, D.C. and burbules, n.C. (2000) Postpositivism and educational research. new York: rowman and Littlefield. introduction to post-positivist ...

Author: Keith F Punch

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781473909199

Category: Reference

Page: 448

View: 506

Based on Keith Punch’s bestselling Introduction to Social Research Methods, this book introduces the research process in a range of educational contexts. In this updated second edition, you’ll find guidance on every stage of research, with chapters on developing research questions, doing a literature review, collecting data, analysing your findings and writing it all up. With a new chapter on ethics and additional coverage of Internet research and mixing methods, the second edition contains everything you’ll need if you’re studying on a research methods course or doing a research project for yourself. Introduction to Research Methods in Education provides you with: Balanced coverage of the range of methods employed by educational researchers Practical advice on collecting and analysing qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods data A range of examples from student projects to show how research is done in real-life educational settings A companion website with additional resources for lecturers and students. Keith F Punch is Emeritus Professor in the Graduate School of Education at The University of Western Australia. Alis Oancea is Professor of Philosophy of Education and Research Policy, as well as Director of Research at the University of Oxford, Department of Education.
Categories: Reference

International Handbook of Interpretation in Educational Research

International Handbook of Interpretation in Educational Research

Education. Research. Denis Phillips argues that the post-positivist conceptualization of physical science applies to norms and practices in social science, ...

Author: Paul Smeyers

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789401792820

Category: Education

Page: 1662

View: 905

This handbook focuses on the often neglected dimension of interpretation in educational research. It argues that all educational research is in some sense ‘interpretive’, and that understanding this issue belies some usual dualisms of thought and practice, such as the sharp dichotomy between ‘qualitative’ and ‘quantitative’ research. Interpretation extends from the very framing of the research task, through the sources which constitute the data, the process of their recording, representation and analysis, to the way in which the research is finally or provisionally presented. The thesis of the handbook is that interpretation cuts across the fields (both philosophically, organizationally and methodologically). By covering a comprehensive range of research approaches and methodologies, the handbook gives (early career) researchers what they need to know in order to decide what particular methods can offer for various educational research contexts/fields. An extensive overview includes concrete examples of different kinds of research (not limited for example to ‘teaching’ and ‘learning’ examples as present in the Anglo-Saxon tradition, but including as well what in the German Continental tradition is labelled ‘pädagogisch’, examples from child rearing and other contexts of non-formal education) with full description and explanation of why these were chosen in particular circumstances and reflection on the wisdom or otherwise of the choice – combined in each case with consideration of the role of interpretation in the process. The handbook includes examples of a large number of methods traditionally classified as qualitative, interpretive and quantitative used across the area of the study of education. Examples are drawn from across the globe, thus exemplifying the different ‘opportunities and constraints’ that educational research has to confront in different societies.
Categories: Education

Introduction to the Philosophies of Research and Criticism in Education and the Social Sciences

Introduction to the Philosophies of Research and Criticism in Education and the Social Sciences

This rigorous volume focuses on the underlying perspectives justifying the major approaches currently being used in educational research.Introductory chapters lay the foundation for exploring varying research perspectives.

Author: James L. Paul

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: UOM:39015060599183

Category: Education

Page: 336

View: 857

This rigorous volume focuses on the underlying perspectives justifying the major approaches currently being used in educational research.Introductory chapters lay the foundation for exploring varying research perspectives. Nine specific perspectives on research—post positivism, pragmatism, constructivism, ethics and deliberate democracy, criticism, interpretivism, race/ethnicity/gender, arts-based research, and post structuralism—are examined, through discussions written by senior scholars known for their expertise in the perspective. And, a “guided tour” of criticism is given, in which these same scholars demonstrate the use of the “critical method” by critiquing six studies selected as exemplars of different research approaches.For education students who aspire to become researchers, and for those who simply need to read and understand research literature.
Categories: Education

Handbook of Research on Teaching

Handbook of Research on Teaching

After the wake: Postpositivistic educational thought. Educational Researcher, 12, 4–12. Phillips, D.C. (2006). A guide for the perplexed: Scientific ...

Author: Drew Gitomer

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780935302486

Category: Education

Page: 1553

View: 263

The Fifth Edition of the Handbook of Research on Teachingis an essential resource for students and scholars dedicated to the study of teaching and learning. This volume offers a vast array of topics ranging from the history of teaching to technological and literacy issues. In each authoritative chapter, the authors summarize the state of the field while providing conceptual overviews of critical topics related to research on teaching. Each of the volume's 23 chapters is a canonical piece that will serve as a reference tool for the field. The Handbook provides readers with an unaparalleled view of the current state of research on teaching across its multiple facets and related fields.
Categories: Education

Challenges for Educational Research

Challenges for Educational Research

Like many others, I have generalised them to my research practice. Postpositivist research becomes a 'critical' or 'hermeneutic' activity.

Author: Jean Rudduck

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446224228

Category: Education

Page: 224

View: 490

There is much in the book that is thought- provoking, and much wise counsel is offered.... I found this book immensely interesting.... I can recommend it to anyone with an interest in educational research' - "British Journal of Educational Psychology "This book, edited by Jean Rudduck and Donald McIntyre, provides an insightful analysis of the key issues, involved in attempting to take stock of what should be the main purposes of educational research and how well the research that has been conducted has met these purposes..Overall, I found this book immensely interesting. It is published by Paul Chapman as one of the BERA Dialogues Series. This series is intended to provide a forum for a scholarly analysis of a theme that will be of interest to the international research community. This book fulfils this aim admirably and I can recommend it to anyone with an interest in educational research' - "British Journal of Educational Psychology "of use and interest to those presently engaged in educational research and evaluating educational policy. It certainly provides food for thought for all those in educational research community' - "Widening Participation and Lifelong Learning " During the last few years there have been increasingly vigorous debates about the adequacy of educational research in the UK. Is it worth the money spent on it? Is it influenced enough by the user communities who ought to benefit most from it? Does it focus on the right kinds of questions? How does it compare with research in other possibly comparable fields, like medicine and engineering? Does it draw adequately on new developments in related social sciences? Is it effectively organized? Are there too many inadequately qualified people doing educational research? These are some of the questions that have been hotly debated, mainly within the educational research community itself. This book brings together many of the major figures in British educational research. Four central chapters, based on previously unpublished recent reviews of the current state of educational research and of the future directions it should take, are the focus of critical commentaries from many different perspectives. In the opening chapter the two editors, both recent presidents of the British Educational Research Association," " explain the context of the arguments, and in the final chapter synthesize the issues involved. Major changes in the conduct and organization of British educational research must be anticipated in the next few years. This book sets the scene for those changes
Categories: Education

Understanding and Evaluating Qualitative Educational Research

Understanding and Evaluating Qualitative Educational Research

This commentary guides students in learning how to read, analyze, and create their own qualitative research studies. Included in the text is a series of "Issues and Concepts" that are at the forefront of the changing field.

Author: Marilyn Lichtman

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412975261

Category: Education

Page: 313

View: 536

When learning how to read, analyze, and design one's own research, it is useful to review examples of similar research. Understanding and Evaluating Qualitative Educational Research uses published research articles to teach students how to understand and evaluate qualitative research in education. Each example within a category of qualitative research - ethnography, grounded theory, phenomenology, case study, action research, narrative, and mixed methods - is accompanied by commentary from the editor regarding why the particular approach was used and how and why the various aspects of the example relate back to the approach taken. This commentary guides students in learning how to read, analyze, and create their own qualitative research studies. Included in the text is a series of "Issues and Concepts" that are at the forefront of the changing field. This text gives students in qualitative educational research a well-rounded and practical look at what qualitative research is, along with how to read, analyze, and design studies themselves.
Categories: Education

Research Design

Research Design

Postpositivism and educational research. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. D. C. Phillips and Nicholas Burbules summarize the major ideas of postpostivist ...

Author: John W. Creswell

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781506386690

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 845

This best-selling text pioneered the comparison of qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods research design. For all three approaches, John W. Creswell and new co-author J. David Creswell include a preliminary consideration of philosophical assumptions, key elements of the research process, a review of the literature, an assessment of the use of theory in research applications, and reflections about the importance of writing and ethics in scholarly inquiry. The Fifth Edition includes more coverage of: epistemological and ontological positioning in relation to the research question and chosen methodology; case study, PAR, visual and online methods in qualitative research; qualitative and quantitative data analysis software; and in quantitative methods more on power analysis to determine sample size, and more coverage of experimental and survey designs; and updated with the latest thinking and research in mixed methods. SHARE this Comparison of Research Approaches poster with your students to help them navigate the distinction between the three approaches to research.
Categories: Social Science

Mixed Methods in Social Inquiry

Mixed Methods in Social Inquiry

Effects sizes in qualitative research: A prolegomenon. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American ... Postpositivism and educational research.

Author: Jennifer C. Greene

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780787983826

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 428

“This is an excellent addition to the literature of integrated methodology. The author has skillfully integrated diverse ways of thinking about mixed methods into a comprehensive and meaningful framework. By providing detailed examples, she makes it easy for both the students and the practitioners to understand the intricate details and complexities of doing mixed methods research. On the other hand, by comparing, contrasting, and bridging multiple perspectives about mixed methods, she has made this book very relevant and useful to seasoned scholars of mixed methodology.”--Abbas Tashakkori, Frost Professor and coordinator, educational research and evaluation methodology, Department of Educational and Psychological Studies, Florida International University, founding coeditor, Journal of Mixed Methods Research
Categories: Education

Research Methods in Education

Research Methods in Education

alternative research philosophies that are prevalentin educational research, positivism and interpretivism. Positivism—and its descendent postpositivism—is ...

Author: Joseph Check

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781483342092

Category: Education

Page: 440

View: 991

Research Methods in Education introduces research methods as an integrated set of techniques for investigating questions about the educational world. This lively, innovative text helps students connect technique and substance, appreciate the value of both qualitative and quantitative methodologies, and make ethical research decisions. It weaves actual research "stories" into the presentation of research topics, and it emphasizes validity, authenticity, and practical significance as overarching research goals. The text is divided into three sections: Foundations of Research (five chapters), Research Design and Data Collection (seven chapters), and Analyzing and Reporting Data (three chapters). This tripartite conceptual framework honors traditional quantitative approaches while reflecting the growing popularity of qualitative studies, mixed method designs, and school-based techniques. This approach provides a comprehensive, conceptually unified, and well-written introduction to the exciting but complex field of educational research.
Categories: Education

Qualitative Research Methods in Education and Educational Technology

Qualitative Research Methods in Education and Educational Technology

Social scientists now consume and use research methods from many fields. The rich resources of research methods and theories from both the humanities and philosophy are also covered in this book.

Author: Jerry W. Willis

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 9781607529361

Category: Education

Page: 381

View: 492

Qualitative Research Methods in Education and Educational Technology was written for students and scholars interested in exploring the many qualitative methods developed over the last 50 years in the social sciences. The book does not stop, however, at the boundaries of the social sciences. Social scientists now consume and use research methods from many fields. The rich resources of research methods and theories from both the humanities and philosophy are also covered in this book. It explains why postpositivist quantitative research should not be "the only game in town" and provides solid theoretical foundations, beginning with the positions of Plato and Aristotle, for broadening our horizons about what warrants our attention. Using Aristotle's concept of phronesis the author shows why methods such as narrative research and storytelling, hermeneutic inquiry, literary theory, philosophical inquiry, and much more have important applications in education and educational technology. On those foundations, the author also builds a framework for doing many types of research – from participatory action research to content analysis, to postmodern case studies, to empowerment research and philosophical inquiry. He accomplishes this through a combination of original text, summaries of exemplary research in education and educational technology, and suggested readings that are annotated and introduced at the end of each chapter. Many of these readings are available online and they extend the discussion of research methods or serve as exemplars of a particular type of educational technology research. There are open ended and conceptual questions for each reading, and developing your own answers to them is one way you can extend your depth of understanding about qualitative research methods in education and educational technology.
Categories: Education