Positive Realism

Positive Realism

The focus here is the other side of unamendability: a notion, described in his previous books, according to which reality is "unamendable", it cannot be corrected at will.

Author: Maurizio Ferraris

Publisher: John Hunt Publishing

ISBN: 9781782798552

Category: Philosophy

Page: 88

View: 433

Positive Realism could be seen as the "sequel" to Maurizio Ferraris' Manifesto of New Realism and Introduction to New Realism. The focus here is the other side of unamendability: a notion, described in his previous books, according to which reality is "unamendable", it cannot be corrected at will. This "resistance" of the real is what ultimately tells us that, in opposition to the claims of post-Kantian philosophy, the world is not a result of our conceptual work: if it were so, our power over reality would be much greater. Now, the often disappointing limits that the real sets against our expectations are also a resource: and this is the key point of the present book. Things exist, and therefore undoubtedly resist us, but in doing so they offer affordances, resources, opportunities. And that the greatest opportunity, which underlies all the other ones, is the fact that we share a world that is far from liquid: on the contrary, it provides the solid ground on which everything rests, starting from our happiness or unhappiness.
Categories: Philosophy

New Realism and Contemporary Philosophy

New Realism and Contemporary Philosophy

... 196 Plato's cave 196, 198,200 poiesis 80–1 politics, imagination and 192 Popularphilosophie 136 positive realism 76–7 The Possibility of an Island 187, ...

Author: Gregor Kroupa

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350101784

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 556

This book is available as open access through the Bloomsbury Open Access programme and is available on www.bloomsburycollections.com. It is funded by the Slovenian Research Agency as part of the research project no. J6-7364 conducted at the University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts. In the field of contemporary continental ontology, Speculative Realist thinkers are now grappling with the genealogy of their ideas in the history of modern philosophy. The Speculative Realism movement prompted a debate, criticizing the predominant postmodernist orientation in philosophy, which located its origins in Kantian “correlationism” which supposedly ended the period of early modern naive realist metaphysics by showing that the mind and the outside world can only ever be understood as correlates. The debate over a new kind of realism has attracted many supporters and critics. In order to refocus its specific interpretation of modern philosophy in general and of the Kantian gesture in particular, this volume brings together major authors working on contemporary ontology and historians of ideas. It underlines and illustrates the fact that contemporary continental philosophy is rediscovering its past in original ways by productively re-interpreting some of the key concepts of modern philosophy. The perspectives and accounts of the key concepts of the history of philosophy are different in the views of individual contributors, and sometimes radically so, yet the discussion between contemporary realists and their critics shows that the real battleground of new ideas lies not in developing the philosophical motifs of the end of the 20th century, but rather in rethinking the milestones of modern philosophy.
Categories: Philosophy

Introduction to New Realism

Introduction to New Realism

Ferraris, M., 'New Realism as Positive Realism', Meta: Research in Hermeneutics, Phenomenology and Practical Philosophy, Special Issue on New Realism, 2014, ...

Author: Maurizio Ferraris

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472590657

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 799

Introduction to New Realism provides an overview of the movement of contemporary thought named New Realism, by its creator and most celebrated practitioner, Maurizio Ferraris. Sharing significant concerns and features with Speculative Realism and Object Oriented Ontology, New Realism can be said to be one of the most prescient philosophical positions today. Its desire to overcome the postmodern antirealism of Kantian origin, and to reassert the importance of truth and objectivity in the name of a new Enlightenment, has had an enormous resonance both in Europe and in the US. Introduction to New Realism is the first volume dedicated to exposing this continental movement to an anglophone audience. Featuring a foreword by the eminent contemporary philosopher and leading exponent of Speculative Realism, Iain Hamilton Grant, the book begins by tracing the genesis of New Realism, and outlining its central theoretical tenets, before opening onto three distinct sections. The first, 'Negativity', is a critique of the postmodern idea that the world is constructed by our conceptual schemas, all the more so as we have entered the age of digitality and virtuality. The second thesis, 'positivity', proposes the fundamental ontological assertion of New Realism, namely that not only are there parts of reality that are independent of thought, but these parts are also able to act causally over thought and the human world. The third thesis, 'normativity,' applies New Realism to the sphere of the social world. Finally, an afterword written by two young scholars explains in more detail the relationship between New Realism and other forms of contemporary realism.
Categories: Philosophy

Manifesto of New Realism

Manifesto of New Realism

Reconstruction Beyond the analyses and the criticism, the distinctions proposed here allow for a reconstruction17 that the nucleus of positive realism ...

Author: Maurizio Ferraris

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438453774

Category: Philosophy

Page: 124

View: 146

Retraces the history of postmodern philosophy and proposes solutions to overcome its impasses. Philosophical realism has taken a number of different forms, each applied to different topics and set against different forms of idealism and subjectivism. Maurizio Ferraris’s Manifesto of New Realism takes aim at postmodernism and hermeneutics, arguing against their emphasis on reality as constructed and interpreted. While acknowledging the value of these criticisms of traditional, dogmatic realism, Ferraris insists that the insights of postmodernism have reached a dead end. Calling for the discipline to turn its focus back to truth and the external world, Ferraris’s manifesto—which sparked lively debate in Italy and beyond—offers a wiser realism with social and political relevance. “In the new atmosphere of Anglophone continental thought, realism is not just a viable option but is arguably home to the most promising innovations of our time. Ferraris will serve as a welcome new influence.” — from the Foreword by Graham Harman
Categories: Philosophy

Idealism Relativism and Realism

Idealism  Relativism  and Realism

On functional specificity and realism, see Maurizio Ferraris, “Sum ergo cogito. Schelling and Positive Realism” (2013, pp. 187–189).

Author: Dominik Finkelde

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110670349

Category: Philosophy

Page: 340

View: 880

Several debates of the last years within the research field of contemporary realism – known under titles such as "New Realism," "Continental Realism," or "Speculative Materialism" – have shown that science is not systematically the ultimate measure of truth and reality. This does not mean that we should abandon the notions of truth or objectivity all together, as has been posited repeatedly within certain currents of twentieth century philosophy. However, within the research field of contemporary realism, the concept of objectivity itself has not been adequately refined. What is objective is supposed to be true outside a subject’s biases, interpretations and opinions, having truth conditions that are met by the way the world is. The volume combines articles of internationally outstanding authors who have published on either Idealism, Epistemic Relativism, or Realism and often locate themselves within one of these divergent schools of thought. As such, the volume focuses on these traditions with the aim of clarifying what the concept objectivity nowadays stands for within contemporary ontology and epistemology beyond the analytic-continental divide. With articles from: Jocelyn Benoist, Ray Brassier, G. Anthony Bruno, Dominik Finkelde, Markus Gabriel, Deborah Goldgaber, Iain Hamilton Grant, Graham Harman, Johannes Hübner, Andrea Kern, Anton F. Koch, Martin Kusch, Paul M. Livingston, Paul Redding, Sebastian Rödl, Dieter Sturma.
Categories: Philosophy

Australian Realism

Australian Realism

3 But returning to the question of the positive character of mind , it is with feeling - or emotions or ' affect ' - Anderson argues that we come to genuine ...

Author: A. J. Baker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521320518

Category: Philosophy

Page: 150

View: 788

This book outlines the realist and pluralist philosophy of John Anderson, Australia's most original thinker, whose articles and teaching at Sydney University have deeply influenced Australian intellectual life. Several main themes run though his work, but Anderson never gave an overall account of his views. This is remedied here: in exhibiting the range of Anderson's thought, from logic, epistemology and theory of mind, to language and social theory, Baker's work sketches realism as a systematic philosophical position and shows something of the history of ideas in Australia. This book will be of particular interest to historians of modern philosophy and those studying realism.
Categories: Philosophy

The Backgrounds and Origins of Realism in the American Novel 1850 1880

The Backgrounds and Origins of Realism in the American Novel  1850 1880

It is the backdrop which emerges and the plot and character which recede when
one seeks the realism of the novel . ... In other words , Eggleston moved from a
negative to a positive realism , The same two factors - - emphasis on a realistic ...

Author: Harry Runyan

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89011031408

Category:

Page: 1246

View: 702

Categories:

Realism

Realism

Showalter claimed that Woolf's experimental style and subject matter precluded her from offering women readers positive realist representations of female ...

Author: Lecturer in English Literature Pam Morris

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134583775

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 208

View: 769

Coming to prominence with the nineteenth-century novel, literary realism has most often been associated with the insistence that art cannot turn away from the more sordid and harsh aspects of human existence. However, because realism is unavoidably tied up with the gnarly concept of 'reality' and 'the real', it has been one of the most widely debated terms in the New Critical Idiom series. This volume offers a clear, reader-friendly guide to debates around realism, examining: *ideas of realism in nineteenth-century French and British fiction *the twentieth-century formalist reaction against literature's status as 'truth' *realism as a democratic tool, or utopian form. This volume is vital reading for any student of literature, in particular those working on the realist novel.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Contemporary Scientific Realism

Contemporary Scientific Realism

It might therefore be surprising that ontic structural realism (OSR) as I proposed and ... Section 11.3 argues that the construction of a positive realist ...

Author: Timothy D. Lyons

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197554630

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 925

Scientific realists claim we can justifiably believe that science is getting at the truth. However, they have faced historical challenges: various episodes across history appear to demonstrate that even strongly supported scientific theories can be overturned and left behind. In response, realists have developed new positions and arguments. As a result of specific challenges from the history of science, and realist responses, we find ourselves with an ever-increasing dataset bearing on the (possible) relationship between science and truth. The present volume introduces new historical cases impacting the debate and advances the discussion of cases that have only very recently been introduced. At the same time, shifts in philosophical positions affect the very kind of case study that is relevant. Thus, the historical work must proceed hand in hand with philosophical analysis of the different positions and arguments in play. It is with this in mind that the volume is divided into two sections, entitled "Historical Cases for the Debate" and "Contemporary Scientific Realism." All sides agree that historical cases are informative with regard to how, or whether, science connects with truth. Defying proclamations as early as the 1980s announcing the death knell of the scientific realism debate, here is that rare thing: a philosophical debate making steady and definite progress. Moreover, the progress it is making concerns one of humanity's most profound and important questions: the relationship between science and truth, or, put more boldly, the epistemic relation between humankind and the reality in which we find ourselves.
Categories: Science

Contemporary Scientific Realism

Contemporary Scientific Realism

Section 11.3 argues that the construction of a positive realist metaphysics that can deal with the problem of theory change, must also take account of ...

Author: Professor of the Philosophy of Science Timothy D Lyons

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190946814

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 831

Scientific realists claim we can justifiably believe that science is getting at the truth. However, they have faced historical challenges: various episodes across history appear to demonstrate that even strongly supported scientific theories can be overturned and left behind. In response, realists have developed new positions and arguments. As a result of specific challenges from the history of science, and realist responses, we find ourselves with an ever-increasing dataset bearing on the (possible) relationship between science and truth. The present volume introduces new historical cases impacting the debate and advances the discussion of cases that have only very recently been introduced. At the same time, shifts in philosophical positions affect the very kind of case study that is relevant. Thus, the historical work must proceed hand in hand with philosophical analysis of the different positions and arguments in play. It is with this in mind that the volume is divided into two sections, entitled "Historical Cases for the Debate" and "Contemporary Scientific Realism." All sides agree that historical cases are informative with regard to how, or whether, science connects with truth. Defying proclamations as early as the 1980s announcing the death knell of the scientific realism debate, here is that rare thing: a philosophical debate making steady and definite progress. Moreover, the progress it is making concerns one of humanity's most profound and important questions: the relationship between science and truth, or, put more boldly, the epistemic relation between humankind and the reality in which we find ourselves.
Categories: Science

Critical Realism

Critical Realism

Thus, Keat and Urry (1975)—the first, to my knowledge, to offer a positive realist evaluation of Chomsky's views—argue that 'Chomsky's rationalism requires ...

Author: Justin Cruickshank

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134402823

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 920

Critical realism is a movement in philosophy and the human sciences most closely associated with the work of Roy Bhaskar. Since the publication of Bhaskars A Realist Theory of Science, critical realism has had a profound influence on a wide range of subjects. This reader makes accessible, in one volume, key readings to stimulate debate about and within critical realism. It explores the following themes: * transcendental realist * the theory of explanatory critique * dialectics * Bhaskar's critical naturalist philosophy of science.
Categories: Business & Economics

Moral Realism

Moral Realism

Moral realism is the theory that moral judgements enjoy a special sort of ... The first is to offer positive realist considerations that seem appealing.

Author: Russ Shafer-Landau

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199259755

Category: Philosophy

Page: 322

View: 332

Moral Realism is a systematic defence of the idea that there are objective moral standards. In the tradition of Plato and G. E. Moore, Russ Shafer-Landau argues that there are moral principles that are true independently of what anyone, anywhere, happens to think of them. These principles are a fundamental aspect of reality, just as much as those that govern mathematics or the natural world. They may be true regardless of our ability to grasp them, and their truth is not a matter of their being ratified from any ideal standpoint, nor of being the object of actual or hypothetical consensus, nor of being an expression of our rational nature. Shafer-Landau accepts Plato's and Moore's contention that moral truths are sui generis. He rejects the currently popular efforts to conceive of ethics as a kind of science, and insists that moral truths and properties occupy a distinctive area in our ontology. Unlike scientific truths, the fundamental moral principles are knowable a priori. And unlike mathematical truths, they are essentially normative: intrinsically action-guiding, and supplying a justification for all who follow their counsel. Moral Realism is the first comprehensive treatise defending non-naturalistic moral realism in over a generation. It ranges over all of the central issues in contemporary metaethics, and will be an important source of discussion for philosophers and their students interested in issues concerning the foundations of ethics.
Categories: Philosophy

The Explanationist Defense of Scientific Realism

The Explanationist Defense of Scientific Realism

A comprehensive overview of the positive, realist side of the debate is a bit harder to provide because there are so many ways to attempt to draw a ...

Author: Dorit A. Ganson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136712043

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 991

Ganson offers new hope in this work for the defense of scientific realism by undermining powerful anti-realist objections and advocating an abandonment of naturalist and externalist strategies.
Categories: Philosophy

Realism and International Relations

Realism and International Relations

Discussion questions • Is there as sharp and clear a distinction between the “ negative ” and “ positive ” insights of realism as Donnelly suggests ?

Author: Jack Donnelly

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521597528

Category: Political Science

Page: 231

View: 108

1. The realist tradition
Categories: Political Science

Socialist Realism Without Shores

Socialist Realism Without Shores

In effect , then , although the basic pattern for positive heroes is a binary one , inasmuch as all positive protagonists must be positioned at different ...

Author: Thomas Lahusen

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822319411

Category: Art

Page: 369

View: 131

An international perspective on the aesthetics of socialist realism
Categories: Art

A Survey of Russian Music

A Survey of Russian Music

In short , realism is a matter not of subject , but of treatment ; not of emotions
conveyed , but of ways of conveying them . And this , in turn , means that the
principle may lead anywhere , and leads nowhere in particular . It is positive in
what it ...

Author: Michel D. Calvocoressi

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: UOM:39015007993390

Category: Music

Page: 142

View: 916

Categories: Music

Critical Realism and Marxism

Critical Realism and Marxism

By way of contrast Berlin suggested that `positive liberty' is directed towards the establishment of self-government. The most salient question to ask here ...

Author: Andrew Brown

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415250137

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 442

Critical Realism and Marxism addresses controversial debates, revealing a potentially fruitful relationship; deepening our understanding of the social world and contibuting towards eliminating barbarism in contemporary capitalism.
Categories: Political Science

Depressive Realism

Depressive Realism

Positive psychology versus depressive realism I have already raised many questions about positive psychology and its claims. Here I want to summarise how ...

Author: Colin Feltham

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317584834

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 811

Depressive Realism argues that people with mild-to-moderate depression have a more accurate perception of reality than non-depressives. Depressive realism is a worldview of human existence that is essentially negative, and which challenges assumptions about the value of life and the institutions claiming to answer life’s problems. Drawing from central observations from various disciplines, this book argues that a radical honesty about human suffering might initiate wholly new ways of thinking, in everyday life and in clinical practice for mental health, as well as in academia. Divided into sections that reflect depressive realism as a worldview spanning all academic disciplines, chapters provide examples from psychology, psychotherapy, philosophy and more to suggest ways in which depressive realism can critique each discipline and academia overall. This book challenges the tacit hegemony of contemporary positive thinking, as well as the standard assumption in cognitive behavioural therapy that depressed individuals must have cognitive distortions. It also appeals to the utility of depressive realism for its insights, its pursuit of truth, as well its emphasis on the importance of learning from negativity and failure. Arguments against depressive realism are also explored. This book makes an important contribution to our understanding of depressive realism within an interdisciplinary context. It will be of key interest to academics, researchers and postgraduates in the fields of psychology, mental health, psychotherapy, history and philosophy. It will also be of great interest to psychologists, psychotherapists and counsellors.
Categories: Philosophy

Realism and Explanatory Priority

Realism and Explanatory Priority

Of course, it may be suggested that at some point in the series I, I*, I**, ..., we reach some claimIfor which there isno positive anti Realist explanation.

Author: J. Wright

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401728447

Category: Philosophy

Page: 334

View: 401

One of the central areas of concern in late twentieth-century philosophy is the debate between Realism and anti-Realism. But the precise nature of the issues that form the focus of the debate remains controversial. In Realism and Explanatory Priority a new way of viewing the debate is developed. The primary focus is not on the notions of existence, truth or reference, but rather on independence. A notion of independence is developed using concepts derived from the theory of explanation. It is argued that this approach enables us to clarify the exact nature of the empirical evidence that would be required to establish Realism in any area. The author defends a restricted form of Realism, which he calls Nomic Structuralism. The book will be suitable for professional philosophers of language, science and metaphysics, and their graduate students.
Categories: Philosophy

An Epitome of the Synthetic Philosophy

An Epitome of the Synthetic Philosophy

thetical Realism , and the derivative hypotheses of Idealism , Absolute Idealism ,
and Scepticism , are obliged to make , has but at best the same warrant as the
single assumption of Positive Realism . It follows , from the multiplied possibilities
 ...

Author: Frederick Howard Collins

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:AH5DVS

Category: Philosophy

Page: 18

View: 147

"The object of this volume is to give in a condensed form the general principles of Mr. Herbert Spencer's Philosophy as far as possible in his original words."--Preface.
Categories: Philosophy