Political Institutions under Dictatorship

Political Institutions under Dictatorship

In a comprehensive cross-national study of all non-democratic states from 1946 to 2002 that examines the political uses of these institutions by dictators, Gandhi finds that legislative and partisan institutions are an important component ...

Author: Jennifer Gandhi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521155711

Category: Political Science

Page: 258

View: 242

Often dismissed as window-dressing, nominally democratic institutions, such as legislatures and political parties, play an important role in non-democratic regimes. In a comprehensive cross-national study of all non-democratic states from 1946 to 2002 that examines the political uses of these institutions by dictators, Gandhi finds that legislative and partisan institutions are an important component in the operation and survival of authoritarian regimes. She examines how and why these institutions are useful to dictatorships in maintaining power, analyzing the way dictators utilize institutions as a forum in which to organize political concessions to potential opposition in an effort to neutralize threats to their power and to solicit cooperation from groups outside of the ruling elite. The use of legislatures and parties to co-opt opposition results in significant institutional effects on policies and outcomes under dictatorship.
Categories: Political Science

The Oxford Handbook of Political Executives

The Oxford Handbook of Political Executives

Countering Coups : Leadership Succession Rules in Dictatorships , Comparative
Political Studies 50 ( 7 ) : 935 - 62 . Gandhi , J . ( 2008 ) . Political Institutions
under Dictatorship . New York : Cambridge University Press . Gandhi , J . and ...

Author: Rudy B. Andeweg

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198809296

Category: Political Science

Page: 728

View: 227

Political executives have been at the centre of public and scholarly attention long before the inception of modern political science. In the contemporary world, political executives have come to dominate the political stage in many democratic and autocratic regimes. The Oxford Handbook of Political Executives marks the definitive reference work in this field. Edited and written by a team of word-class scholars, it combines substantive stocktaking with setting new agendas for the next generation of political executive research.
Categories: Political Science

Dictators and Democrats

Dictators and Democrats

2001. “Political Turnover and Social Change in Senegal.” Journal of Democracy
12 (3): 51–62. Gamson, William A. 1992. Talking Politics. New York: Cambridge
University Press. Gandhi, Jennifer. 2008. Political Institutions under Dictatorship.

Author: Stephan Haggard

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691172156

Category: Political Science

Page: 424

View: 670

From the 1980s through the first decade of the twenty-first century, the spread of democracy across the developing and post-Communist worlds transformed the global political landscape. What drove these changes and what determined whether the emerging democracies would stabilize or revert to authoritarian rule? Dictators and Democrats takes a comprehensive look at the transitions to and from democracy in recent decades. Deploying both statistical and qualitative analysis, Stephen Haggard and Robert Kaufman engage with theories of democratic change and advocate approaches that emphasize political and institutional factors. While inequality has been a prominent explanation for democratic transitions, the authors argue that its role has been limited, and elites as well as masses can drive regime change. Examining seventy-eight cases of democratic transition and twenty-five reversions since 1980, Haggard and Kaufman show how differences in authoritarian regimes and organizational capabilities shape popular protest and elite initiatives in transitions to democracy, and how institutional weaknesses cause some democracies to fail. The determinants of democracy lie in the strength of existing institutions and the public's capacity to engage in collective action. There are multiple routes to democracy, but those growing out of mass mobilization may provide more checks on incumbents than those emerging from intra-elite bargains. Moving beyond well-known beliefs regarding regime changes, Dictators and Democrats explores the conditions under which transitions to democracy are likely to arise.
Categories: Political Science

Social Protection Under Authoritarianism

Social Protection Under Authoritarianism

Health Politics and Policy in China Assistant Professor of Political Science Xian
Huang, Xian Huang. Flora ... 2010 Socialist Insecurity: Pensions and the Politics
of Uneven Development in China. ... Political Institutions under Dictatorship.

Author: Assistant Professor of Political Science Xian Huang

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190073640

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 266

View: 124

"Why would authoritarian leaders expand social welfare provision in the absence of democratization? What are the distributive features and implications of social welfare expansion in an authoritarian country? How do authoritarian leaders design and enforce social welfare expansion in a decentralized multilevel governance setting? This book identifies the trade-off authoritarian leaders face in social welfare provision: effectively balancing between elites and masses in order to maximize the regime's survival prospects. Using government documents, filed interviews, survey data, and government statistics about Chinese social health insurance, this book reveals that the Chinese authoritarian leaders attempt to manage the distributive trade-off by a "stratified expansion" strategy, establishing an expansive yet stratified social health insurance system to perpetuate a particularly privileged program for the elites while developing an essentially modest health provision for the masses. In China's decentralized multilevel governance setting, the stratified expansion of social health insurance is implemented by local leaders who confront various fiscal and social constraints in vastly different local circumstances. As a result, there is great regional variation in the expansion of social health insurance, in addition to the benefit stratification across social strata. The dynamics of central-local interaction in enforcing the stratified expansion of social health insurance stands at the core of the politics of health reform in China during the first decade of the 2000s. This book demonstrates that the strategic balance between elites and masses in benefit distribution is delicate in authoritarian and decentralized multilevel governance settings"--
Categories: Health & Fitness

Remodeling Democracy

Remodeling Democracy

Political Institutions under Dictatorship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
———. 2014. “Authoritarian Elections and Regime Change.” In Comparing
Democracies: Elections and Voting in a Changing World, edited by Lawrence
LeDuc, ...

Author: Zhongyuan Wang

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781793621092

Category: Political Science

Page: 340

View: 741

This book explores why, how, and under what conditions a single-party regime uses formal democratic institutions to strengthen its rule. Zhongyuan Wang challenges the traditional perceptions that the Chinese congress acts either as mere window dressing or as an immediate catalyst for democratization. He argues that managed elections and mobilized representation are two strategic cards of China’s one-party regime. By downplaying input electoral competition but promoting output congressional representation, the Chinese Communist Party has been committed to remodeling its unique brand of “socialist democracy” as an alternative to liberal democracy. Such a model of democracy with Chinese characteristics features the “Leninist trinity” of the Party’s leadership, the rule of law, and people’s sovereignty, as well as a new form of mobilized representation that relies heavily on non-electoral accountability from the top down. Remodeling democracy enables China’s one-party regime to enhance its resilience and consolidate and sustain its rule.
Categories: Political Science

The Oxford Handbook of Public Choice

The Oxford Handbook of Public Choice

Political Institutions Under Dictatorship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Geddes, Barbara. 1999. “What Do We Know about Democratization after Twenty
Years?” American Political Science Review 2: 115–144. Haber, Stephen, and ...

Author: Roger D. Congleton

Publisher: Oxford Handbooks

ISBN: 9780190469771

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1016

View: 453

"This two-volume collection provides a comprehensive overview of the past seventy years of public choice research, written by experts in the fields surveyed. The individual chapters are more than simple surveys, but provide readers with both a sense of the progress made and puzzles that remain. Most are written with upper level undergraduate and graduate students in economics and political science in mind, but many are completely accessible to non-expert readers who are interested in Public Choice research. The two-volume set will be of broad interest to social scientists, policy analysts, and historians"--
Categories: Business & Economics

Local Politics in Rural Taiwan Under Dictatorship and Democracy

Local Politics in Rural Taiwan Under Dictatorship and Democracy

In its fourth function , the party coordinates the different township political
institutions such as the Public Office , Assembly , Farmers ' Association , schools
and police . The Township Party Office accomplishes this through a number of
formal ...

Author: J. Bruce Jacobs

Publisher: Eastbridge

ISBN: STANFORD:36105133558440

Category: History

Page: 250

View: 822

Categories: History

Comparative Political Institutions

Comparative Political Institutions

Variations to suit the very divergent environmental conditions prevalent in areas
under dictatorial rule have given birth to at least two major forms — both of which
have been adapted with deviations - plus a number of other fairly unique and ...

Author: Daniel Wit

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015003483099

Category: Comparative government

Page: 534

View: 400

Categories: Comparative government

The Republic of the United States of America and Its Political Institutions

The Republic of the United States of America  and Its Political Institutions

... armies , a dictatorship , and a heavy taxation , might eventually compromise
the fate of the republican institutions . But we ... It is a conciliatory government
under which resolutions are allowed time to ripen ; and in which they are
deliberately ...

Author: Alexis de Tocqueville

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:319510019923684

Category: Democracy

Page: 875

View: 392

Categories: Democracy

The Principles of Sociology pt V Political institutions

The Principles of Sociology  pt V  Political institutions

system in such way as to make a popular statesman into a dictator . When , as in
the United States , republican institutions , instead of being slowly evolved , are
all at once created , there grows up within them an agency of wirepulling ...

Author: Herbert Spencer

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89050972868

Category: Sociology

Page:

View: 123

Categories: Sociology

The Principles of Sociology pt IV Ceremonial institutions pt V Political institutions pt VI Ecclesiatical institutions pt VII Professional institutions pt VIII Industrial institutions

The Principles of Sociology  pt  IV  Ceremonial institutions  pt  V  Political institutions  pt  VI  Ecclesiatical institutions  pt  VII  Professional institutions  pt  VIII  Industrial institutions

systein in such way as to make a popular statesman into a dictator . ... having
before been controlled are made controllers , they presently fall under the rule of
an organized body that chooses their candidates and arranges for them a
political ...

Author: Herbert Spencer

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:32044011500659

Category: Social sciences

Page:

View: 971

Categories: Social sciences

A History and Description of Roman Political Institutions

A History and Description of Roman Political Institutions

8 . of a dictator curtailed the rights of the individual citizen . He was in a way also
a representative of the conservative party . It is not strange , therefore , that the
party of progress fiercely attacked the institution , and as that party grew Liv . 27 .

Author: Frank Frost Abbott

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015066017537

Category: Rome

Page: 451

View: 577

Categories: Rome

Advances in Economics and Econometrics

Advances in Economics and Econometrics

5 INEFFICIENT POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS The above analysis characterized the
equilibrium under “ the dictatorship of the elite , " a set of political institutions that
gave all political power to the elite producers . An alternative is to have “ the ...

Author: Econometric Society. World Congress

Publisher: Econometric Society Monographs

ISBN: UOM:39015067700610

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 438

View: 349

Publisher description
Categories: Business & Economics

Political Institutions in Britain

Political Institutions in Britain

The concepts ' elective dictatorship ' and ' democratic centralism ' share the same
view of the power structure within British political institutions : the identical
analysis then leads to diametrically opposed conclusions . How far will the
present ...

Author: Lynton J. Robins

Publisher: London ; New York : Longman ; London : Politics Association

ISBN: 0582354951

Category: Great Britain

Page: 264

View: 745

Categories: Great Britain

Democracy Vs Dictatorship

Democracy Vs  Dictatorship

In a democracy power is constantly redistributed whereas in a dictatorship it is
more and more concentrated . b . Power tends to become concentrated and to
perpetuate itself in the hands of the political institutions in a dictatorship . C .
Power is ...

Author: Thomas Vernor Smith

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015035398133

Category: Democracy

Page: 69

View: 562

Categories: Democracy

Social Conflict Political Institutions and Economic Performance in Argentina

Social Conflict  Political Institutions and Economic Performance in Argentina

Another AP argues that : We are under a political democracy and under an
economic dictatorship ; the government does whatever it pleases . For example ,
it promises a good price for wheat and everybody plants a lot of wheat . Then at ...

Author: Juan José López

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105017047510

Category: Argentina

Page: 636

View: 626

Categories: Argentina

International Relations

International Relations

The rigidity of political institutions found in a dictatorship is repudiated by a
democracy , for the essence of democracy is peaceful change . In a democracy
the importance attributed to the individual and to individual and group interests
carries ...

Author: Mary Margaret Ball

Publisher: New York : Ronald Press Company

ISBN: UOM:39015003833343

Category: International relations

Page: 667

View: 282

Categories: International relations

Future Politics Prospectives on American and Comparative Political Institutions

Future Politics  Prospectives on American and Comparative Political Institutions

Economic and political disturbances in the wake of World War I led to the
emergence of the Fascist dictatorship in Italy . ... ( except , of course , for East
Germany , which , being under Soviet control , was recast as a Communist
dictatorship ) .

Author: Ernest D. Giglio

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B3951083

Category: Comparative government

Page: 310

View: 460

Categories: Comparative government

Democracy and Development in East Asia

Democracy and Development in East Asia

Martial law and dictatorship actually abetted the growth of both insurgencies . ...
Because all the political institutions under the old constitution ( except the
presidency ) were destroyed or put in suspended animation , the military was
made to ...

Author: Thomas W. Robinson

Publisher: American Enterprise Institute Press

ISBN: UOM:39015021511343

Category: Corée du Sud - Conditions sociales

Page: 321

View: 843

Categories: Corée du Sud - Conditions sociales

Spain s entry into NATO

Spain s entry into NATO

It was inevitable since it supposedly justified Spain ' s peculiar dictatorial
institutions . ... remained key , and its role in the planning of that strategy
remained subordinate because of the dictatorial nature of its political institutions
under Franco .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B5134083

Category:

Page:

View: 260

Categories: