The Conquest of History

Author: George Sanford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136650962

Category: Political Science

Page: 113

View: 1901


Poland pioneered the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe. Domestic reformism and the negotiated abdication of ruling elites in 1989 have structured the country's politics in the 1990s. But the division between the communist and Solidarity camps continues to cause problems for a potential reform coalition aiming to complete modernisation through the restructuring required for EU membership. Secular-Catholic and rural-urban conflicts, and well as the growing regional split between the north-west and south-east, have fragmented political life and the party system. Nevertheless, Poland has made remarkable steps in the consolidation of democracy and the development of her political system, whilst maintaining social stability; she is also successfully transcending her historical security dilemma of open western and eastern frontiers and stronger, aggressive neighbours, by embedding herself in Europe through membership of NATO and the EU. Poland is overcoming her historical problems.

Embattled Poland

An Historical Reflection : Reflections on an Ethnic Journey

Author: Stanislaw J. Sawicki,Theresa Sawicka-Brockie

Publisher: Victoria University Press

ISBN: 9780705507967

Category: Poland

Page: 82

View: 9096



Britain and Poland 1939-1943

The Betrayed Ally

Author: Anita Prazmowska

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521483858

Category: History

Page: 233

View: 5416


Anita Prazmowska looks at British policies from the point of view of wartime strategy and relates this to Polish government expectations and policies.


Complying with EU Environmental Legislation

Author: Gordon Hughes,Julia Bucknall

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821345955

Category: Law

Page: 52

View: 9553


"The prospect of joining the European Union defines much of Poland's current policy agenda. The political and economic consensus in favor of joining the EU as quickly as possible is very strong, and indeed, most of the adjustments required are likely to be in Poland's immediate interest. However, the changes required to comply with EU directives in the environment sector involve sustained high levels of investment and significant uncertainty about the timing and nature of the associated benefits."The European Commission's Opinion on Poland's application for EU membership acknowledges the severity of the environmental problems in Poland and comments on the challenges the country will have to face, especially in the areas of wastewater treatment and air pollution. The Opinion concludes that while full transposition of the environmental acquis in Poland could be expected in the medium term, effective compliance with a number of pieces of legislation would require sustained high levels of investment and considerable administrative effort. Full compliance in areas such as drinking water and certain aspects of waste management could be achieved only in the long term and will necessitate increased levels of public and private investment.This paper aims to address some of the issues involved in planning compliance with EU environmental directives. The paper has three principal objectives: • Highlight major issues that Poland is likely to face in implementing the requirements; • Estimate the total costs of compliance for the public sector in certain key sectors, and outline possible options for reducing those costs; and • Assess where the burden of those costs is likely to fall, and the options for financing the investments.

Welfare and the Labor Market in Poland

Social Policy During Economic Transition

Author: Jan J. Rutkowski

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821343180

Category: Political Science

Page: 95

View: 7468


This report assesses the changes in social welfare and policy that have taken place in Poland during the economic transition. It tests the main hypotheses concerning changes in the role of the welfare state, workings of the labor market, the distributional consequences of transition, and more generally about the winners and losers in transition. Chapter one examines trends in social expenditure during economic transition. Chapter two focuses on changes in the labor market, including emerging risks and opportunities. Chapter three explores distributional consequences of transition.

Trafficking in Migrants Through Poland

Multidisciplinary Research Into the Phenomenon of Transit Migration in the Candidate Member States of the EU, with a View to the Combat of Traffic in Persons

Author: Nathalie Siron,Piet Van Baeveghem

Publisher: Maklu

ISBN: 9789062156559

Category: Emigration and immigration

Page: 326

View: 5549



God's Playground A History of Poland

Volume 1: The Origins to 1795

Author: Norman Davies

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199253395

Category: History

Page: 488

View: 2452


This new edition of Norman Davies's classic study of the history of Poland has been revised and fully updated with two new chapters to bring the story to the end of the twentieth century. The author adopts a sceptical stance towards all existing interpretations of Polish history and attempts to bring a strong dose of common sense to his theme. He presents the most comprehensive survey in English of this frequently maligned and usually misunderstood country.

Poland: The Path to a Market Economy

Author: Liam P. Ebrill

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 9781557754110

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 117

View: 8407


Poland's economy rebounded dramatically in 1992-93, several years after the nation embarded on a comprehensive program of economic transformation. This paper describes Polan's steps in the areas of public finance, monetary policy and financial sector reform, trade and exchange rate policy, and microeconomic liberalization, as well as the social impact of transition.

The Government of Poland

Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9780915145959

Category: Philosophy

Page: 117

View: 8651


"The Government of Poland is the only finished work in which Rousseau himself dons the mantle of legislator, applying the principles of the Social Contract to the real world around him. Poland teaches us much about the mysterious art of the Social Contract's 'legislator, ' how he transforms each individual into part of a larger whole. Only in . . . Poland do we find what this crucial transformation entails and what it presupposes. But probably the greatest lesson to be learned from . . . Poland concerns Rousseau's understanding of the proper relationship between theory and practice. . . . Time and again we see Rousseau advising the Poles to do things which are in gross violation of the strict principles of political right he had elaborated in the Social Contract." --Richard Myers in Canadian Journal of Political Science