Polandês Holocaust

Ethnic Strife, Collaboration with Occupying Forces and Genocide in the Second Republic, 1918-1947

Author: Tadeusz Piotrowski

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786429135

Category: History

Page: 451

View: 1379


With the end of World War I, a new Republic of Poland emerged on the maps of Europe, made up of some of the territory from the first Polish Republic, including Wolyn and Wilno, and significant parts of Belarus, Upper Silesia, Eastern Galicia, and East Prussia. The resulting conglomeration of ethnic groups left many substantial minorities wanting independence. The approach of World War II provided the minorities' leaders a new opportunity in their nationalist movements, and many sided with one or the other of Poland's two enemies--the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany--in hopes of achieving their goals at the expense of Poland and its people. Based on primary and secondary sources in numerous languages (including Polish, German, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Russian and English), this work examines the roles of the ethnic minorities in the collapse of the Republic and in the atrocities that occurred under the occupying troops. The Polish government's response to mounting ethnic tensions in the prewar era and its conduct of the war effort are also examined.

The History of Poland

Author: Mieczysław B. Biskupski

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313305719

Category: History

Page: 236

View: 8186


Provides an up-to-date history of Poland through the end of the 20th century


The Conquest of History

Author: George Sanford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136650962

Category: Political Science

Page: 113

View: 9919


Poland pioneered the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe. Domestic reformism and the negotiated abdication of ruling elites in 1989 have structured the country's politics in the 1990s. But the division between the communist and Solidarity camps continues to cause problems for a potential reform coalition aiming to complete modernisation through the restructuring required for EU membership. Secular-Catholic and rural-urban conflicts, and well as the growing regional split between the north-west and south-east, have fragmented political life and the party system. Nevertheless, Poland has made remarkable steps in the consolidation of democracy and the development of her political system, whilst maintaining social stability; she is also successfully transcending her historical security dilemma of open western and eastern frontiers and stronger, aggressive neighbours, by embedding herself in Europe through membership of NATO and the EU. Poland is overcoming her historical problems.


a picture memory

Author: Tim Sharman

Publisher: Gramercy

ISBN: 9780517033838

Category: History

Page: 61

View: 2158


Presents the variety and splendor of Poland, including the seacoast, the old cities and their monuments, and the villages and countryside

The history of the revolutions of Poland

from the foundation of that monarchy to the death of Augustus II

Author: Desfontaines (Pierre-François Guyot, M. l'abbé),Georgeon,Pre-1801 Imprint Collection (Library of Congress)

Publisher: N.A


Category: History

Page: 420

View: 2274



Poland in the Modern World

Beyond Martyrdom

Author: Brian Porter-Szücs

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118598083

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 1396


Poland in the Modern World presents a history of the country from the late nineteenth century to the present, incorporating new perspectives from social and cultural history and positioning it in a broad global context Challenges traditional accounts Poland that tend to focus on national, political history, emphasizing the country's 'exceptionalism'. Presents a lively, multi-dimensional story, balancing coverage of high politics with discussion of social, cultural and economic changes, and their effects on individuals’ daily lives. Explores both the regional diversity within Poland and the country’s place within Europe and the wider world. Provides a new interpretive framework for understanding key historical events in Poland’s modern history, including the experiences of World War II and the postwar communist era.

Poland's Last King and English Culture

Stanisław August Poniatowski, 1732-1798

Author: Richard Butterwick

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198207016

Category: History

Page: 376

View: 1099


The attempt by Stanislaw August Poniatowski (1764-95) 'to create anew the Polish world' was one of the most audacious enterprises of reform undertaken by any enlightened monarch in the eighteenth century. None started in less promising circumstances. Politically the King was trapped between aRussian protectorate and a nobility wedded to its anarchic liberty. The beginnings of the Polish Enlightenment had yet to make more than ripples on the stagnant waters of Polish culture. Yet by 1791, Poland-Lithuania had made a huge cultural advance, and had given herself a constitution admiredacross Europe. Tragically for Poland, her neighbours then destroyed much of these achievements and partitioned the country out of existence. Stanislaw August died in exile, cursed by most of his compatriots to this day. In Poland's Last King', Richard Butterwick reassesses the achievement of Poland's last and most controversial king. He shows how Stanislaw's radical plans for reform of Poland's constitution and culture were profoundly influenced by his love of England, and examines the successes and limitations ofthe Polish Enlightenment.