Pocket Guide to Critical Appraisal

Author: Iain Crombie

Publisher: BMJ Books

ISBN: 9780727910998

Category: Medical

Page: 78

View: 4119

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Everything you need to know to assess medical research is contained in this practical, accessible handbook. It provides a basic introduction to the principles and processes involved in critical appraisal, helping the researcher to make sense of the overwhelming mass of medical literature available
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A Podiatrist's Guide to Using Research

Author: Ian Mathieson,Dominic Upton

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 044310381X

Category: Medical

Page: 184

View: 6607

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This title is directed primarily towards health care professionals outside of the United States. This title gives practical and jargon-free guidance for practitioners looking to understand, critique and use research to underpin their clinical decision-making. The authors explore the principles and methods used by the active researcher to help consumers of research develop the skills they need to approach and constructively use the extensive data available to consolidate and develop their own practice. With a demystifying and down-to-earth approach throughout, this book examines the mechanics and principles of literature searches and how to formulate appropriate questions to guide searching and extract relevant information; looks at systems of critical appraisal; discusses research methods in a focussed discussion that uses case studies as examples; explores how the resulting enhanced appraisal and understanding can inform changes in practice; and considers the rationale for change and how informed and reasoned change in practice can be measured to monitor outcomes. Integrative approach gives an understanding of research methodology in the context of the requirements of evidence-based practice Practical and jargon-free approach demystifies research Many 'key point' boxes and case studies contribute to ease of understanding Examples from a variety of different health professions Frequent links to contemporary literature
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Evidence-based Practice in Nursing & Healthcare

A Guide to Best Practice

Author: Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk,Ellen Fineout-Overholt

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 1605477788

Category: Medical

Page: 599

View: 8026

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Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk and Ellen Fineout-Overholt are creators of the ARCC (Advancing Research and Clinical practice through close Collaboration) Model, an innovative strategy for implementing and sustaining evidence-based practice in healthcare systems. The ARCC Model is cited as an exemplar of education in evidence-based practice in the Board on Health Care Services and the Institute of Medicine's book, Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality. "McInyk and Fineout-Overholt's book should be required reading in all graduate programs. Their text has provided a blueprint for the future of nursing practice and a rigorously substantiated and clearly described means for clinicians, educators, and administrators to participate in improving quality of care." Janet D. Allan, PhD, RN, FAAN Dean and Professor University of Maryland School of Nursing "Evidence-based Practice in Nursing & Healthcare: A Guide to Best Practice has been instrumental in developing a culture of evidence-based practice at Barnes-Jewish Hospital. It is fundamental to our curriculum provided to all levels of staff, from new graduate nurses to the highest levels of hospital leadership." Dr. Patricia Potter, RN, PhD, FAAN, Dr. Gail Rea, RN, PhD, CNE, Dr. Karen Balakas, RN, PhD, CNE, Jennifer Williams, MSN, RN, ACNS-BC, Elizabeth Pratt, MSN, RN, ACNS-BC Evidence Equals Excellence group at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Barnes-Jewish School of Nursing at Goldfarb Evidence-based Practice in Nursing & Healthcare: A Guide to Best Practice is an exemplary text that spans the continuum of nursing evidence to support best practice. Utilizing this text with undergraduate, RN to BSN, and graduate nursing students, it is the ONLY text that demonstrates how to retrieve, read, and analyze evidence whether it is published as an individual study, systematic review, meta-analysis, best practice guideline, or outcomes management report. Students learn how to utilize multiple complex databases and websites as they move through each chapter. And, they experience dissemination of evidence through the development of presentations, publications, posters, and grants. This is truly a remarkable book that embraces evidence as the basis for nursing practice and patient-centered care and safety. Having used this text with more than 1000 students over the past five years, I can honestly say that I have found no other text that facilitates learning and development of clinical judgment that is grounded in valid, reliable, and applicable evidence. This is a keeper! Alice E. Dupler, JD, APRN-BC Clinical Associate Professor Washington State University College of Nursing "I have used the book since I developed the Evidence-based Practice course for our College of Nursing in Fall 2007. It was the first course of its kind at Indiana State University. It has been well received and the preferred course for all nursing graduate students for completion of their final scholarly projects. The text was essential in developing the course and provides the foundation and guidance that the students need to develop their Evidence Based Practice projects...the students love the text!" Susan Eley PhD, RN, FNP-BC Assistant Professor Director FNP Program Indiana State University
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How to Think in Medicine

Reasoning, Decision Making, and Communication in Health Sciences and Professions

Author: Milos Jenicek

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351684027

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 550

View: 4114

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Mastery of quality health care and patient safety begins as soon as we open the hospital doors for the first time and start acquiring practical experience. The acquisition of such experience includes much more than the development of sensorimotor skills and basic knowledge of sciences. It relies on effective reason, decision making, and communication shared by all health professionals, including physicians, nurses, dentists, pharmacists, and administrators. How to Think in Medicine, Reasoning, Decision Making, and Communications in Health Sciences is about these essential skills. It describes how physicians and health professionals reason, make decision, and practice medicine. Covering the basic considerations related to clinical and caregiver reasoning, it lays out a roadmap to help those new to health care as well as seasoned veterans overcome the complexities of working for the well-being of those who trust us with their physical and mental health. This book provides a step-by-step breakdown of the reasoning process for clinical work and clinical care. It examines both the general and medical ways of thinking, reasoning, argumentation, fact finding, and using evidence. It explores the principles of formal logic as applied to clinical problems and the use of evidence in logical reasoning. In addition to outline the fundamentals of decision making, it integrates coverage of clinical reasoning risk assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis in evidence-based medicine. Presented in four sections, this book discusses the history and position of the problem and the challenge of medical thinking; provides the philosophy interfacing topics of interest for health sciences professionals including the probabilities, uncertainties, risks, and other quantifications in health by steps of clinical work; decision making in clinical and community health care, research, and practice; Communication in clinical and community care including how to write medical articles, clinical case studies and case reporting, and oral and written communication in clinical and community practice and care.
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Skills for Practice in Occupational Therapy E-Book

Author: Edward A. S. Duncan

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702050644

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 8689

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This book is the companion volume to Duncan: FOUNDATIONS FOR PRACTICE IN OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY, 5e and provides a comprehensive guide to the practice applications of the theory base. It is designed to be a "basic and beyond" text, of value to students throughout their studies but also a valuable reference text to clinicians. The sections cover the following essential skills for effective occupational therapy practice: clinical skills, management and leadership skills, evidence-based and research skills, and thinking, judgement and decision-making skills. Links theory and evidence-base, and is also practical Each chapter follows same basic structure (same format as Foundations) Each chapter contains practical examples and/or vignettes New addition of highlight boxes in each chapter gives the main points in bullet format for ease of access to students new to the area Well referenced
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Bates' Pocket Guide to Physical Examination and History Taking SAE

Author: Neeraj Nischal,Karan Madan

Publisher: Wolters kluwer india Pvt Ltd

ISBN: 9389859352

Category: Law

Page: 480

View: 8223

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South Asian edition of Bates’ Pocket Guide to Physical Examination andHistory Taking provides authoritative guidance on how to perform thepatient interview, physical examination, and other core assessments as wellas how to apply clinical reasoning and use shared decision-making in aquick-reference format. This highly regarded pocket guide includesillustrated, step-by-step techniques for physical examination in atwo-column format featuring examination techniques on the left andabnormalities (clearly indicated in red) with differential diagnoses onthe right. Key Features • Significantly revised information on obesity and nutrition counseling;essential clinical updates and screening guidelines on cardiovascular riskfactors, breast cancer, colon cancer, Papanicolau smears, stroke risk factors,and new geriatric assessment tools • Illustrated clinical manifestations of skin, hair, and nail diseases which providethe framework for assessing common lesions and abnormalities • Dedicated new segments on evidence-based medicine, breaking bad news topatients using the 'SPIKES' protocol, and South Asian perspective of obesity/metabolic, psychiatric disorders, tobacco, alcohol use, and its relevance onsocioeconomic and demographic history to keep pace with recent advancesand growing concerns • Inclusion of Diagnostic Guidelines for rheumatic heart disease and syndromicmanagement of sexually transmitted diseases as recommended by NACO • Numerous tables, flow-charts, and text boxes to help readers with importantsummaries of clinical conditions and other relevant information • Covers special stages in the life cycle—infancy through adolescence,pregnancy, and aging
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Foundations of Nursing Practice E-Book

Fundamentals of Holistic Care

Author: Chris Brooker,Anne Waugh

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0723435340

Category: Medical

Page: 748

View: 392

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This title is directed primarily towards health care professionals outside of the United States. It is written specifically to meet the needs of nursing students undertaking the common foundation programme. It aims to explain how and why sensitive, holistic and evidence-based nursing care is carried out. Therefore it is relevant to students who will enter all branches of nursing and includes material that is both common to all and specific to each branch. The book aims to provide all students on foundation nursing and health care programmes with material of sufficient depth/breadth to achieve the NMC outcomes required for entry into the branch programmes. There is an emphasis not only on the theory that underpins nursing practice in the common foundation programme but also on nursing skills which form an increasingly emphasized part of the programme. The chapters have been reviewed by experts from each branch and also clinical skills to ensure the content reflects each branch accurately and appropriately. Emphasis on clinical skills & lifelong learning Realistic scenarios reinforce the need for patient/client-centred care with a holistic approach Activity boxes for all branches and age groups in each chapter ensure relevance to nurses in diverse settings An integrated approach to health promotion with activity boxes emphasises that health maintenance and promotion are central to contemporary nursing practice Reflection, critical thinking and research/appraisal skills are encouraged with a problem centred approach that will help to develop the skills needed to provide sensitive and effective, high quality care and to integrate theory with practice The emphasis on nursing/clinical skills underlines the importance of core skills - an integral part of the patient/client experience Cultural diversity is a core theme throughout The importance of evidence-based practice is highlighted and the text helps readers are assisted to acquire the skills to provide evidence-based care A wide range of general and branch-specific interactive boxes help to develop an understanding of some issues in other branches as well as the core issues that affect all nurses. Self- test questions and answers provide an opportunity for readers to take responsibility for and check their learning. Valuable learning tools are included: glossary of key terms, useful websites and references
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Evidence-Based Practice Manual for Nurses - E-Book

Author: Rosalind L. Smyth

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 070204668X

Category: Medical

Page: 398

View: 1159

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The Evidence-based Practice Manual successfully breaks down the skills for evidence-based nursing into manageable components. The reader will learn how to find, critically read and interpret a range of research studies, and will discover optimal approaches to helping patients reach decisions that are informed by the best-available evidence. The more-strategic concepts of developing an organisational evidence-based culture and making evidence-based changes at organisational level are the focus of the final section. Step-by-step guide to finding, appraising and applying research evidence in nursing Teaches skills for successfully reviewing published literature: formulating a focused question developing a search strategy for efficient retrieval of relevant studies appraising the retrieved studies All examples are relevant to nurses and nursing Reflects contemporary nursing issues A new chapter on ‘Using research evidence in making clinical decisions with the individual patient’ provides practical guidance and tools for decision-making A new chapter on ‘Using evidence from qualitative studies’ explains the complexities of qualitative methodologies and methods in a simple, easily understood way Online exercises and solutions Help the reader test out and consolidate newly acquired skills and knowledge Provide an opportunity to critically appraise studies with the following range of designs: qualitative research a randomised controlled trial a cohort study a case control study a diagnostic test accuracy study a systematic review a clinical guideline Example solutions are provided, all written by experts in the field.
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Medical Imaging and Radiotherapy Research E-Book

Skills and Strategies

Author: Aarthi Ramlaul

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702048283

Category: Medical

Page: 312

View: 3064

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All you need to successfully undertake a research project! This exciting new book provides radiography students and practitioners with the key skills and strategies required to undertake research within medical imaging and radiotherapy. Quantitative and qualitative research methods are covered and guidance given on the entire research process - from literature researching, information management and literature evaluation, through to data collection, data analysis and writing up. Specific instruction is given on the structure and presentation of dissertations, writing articles for publication and on presentation skills for presenting at conferences. FEATURES Tailored to meet the specific needs of radiography students plus practitioners undertaking research Includes practice tips and pitfalls to avoid Covers how to apply for research funding for larger scale projects Practical examples throughout clarify the concepts Accompanying EVOLVE website EVOLVE website An accompanying website includes interactive examples of how to use the statistics tests discussed within the text. Tailored to meet needs of radiography and medical imaging students and practitioners undertaking research Accompanying website includes 10 examples on how to use descriptive and inferential statistics packages with interactive 10-step exercises and video clips on how to start up the packages Case examples throughout clarify concepts.
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