Plows, Plagues, and Petroleum

How Humans Took Control of Climate

Author: William F. Ruddiman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691173214

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 529

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The impact on climate from 200 years of industrial development is an everyday fact of life, but did humankind's active involvement in climate change really begin with the industrial revolution, as commonly believed? Plows, Plagues, and Petroleum has sparked lively scientific debate since it was first published--arguing that humans have actually been changing the climate for some 8,000 years--as a result of the earlier discovery of agriculture. The "Ruddiman Hypothesis" will spark intense debate. We learn that the impact of farming on greenhouse-gas levels, thousands of years before the industrial revolution, kept our planet notably warmer than if natural climate cycles had prevailed--quite possibly forestalling a new ice age. Plows, Plagues, and Petroleum is the first book to trace the full historical sweep of human interaction with Earth's climate. Ruddiman takes us through three broad stages of human history: when nature was in control; when humans began to take control, discovering agriculture and affecting climate through carbon dioxide and methane emissions; and, finally, the more recent human impact on climate change. Along the way he raises the fascinating possibility that plagues, by depleting human populations, also affected reforestation and thus climate--as suggested by dips in greenhouse gases when major pandemics have occurred. While our massive usage of fossil fuels has certainly contributed to modern climate change, Ruddiman shows that industrial growth is only part of the picture. The book concludes by looking to the future and critiquing the impact of special interest money on the global warming debate. In the afterword, Ruddiman explores the main challenges posed to his hypothesis, and shows how recent investigations and findings ultimately strengthen the book's original claims.
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Trees, Knots, and Outriggers

Environmental Knowledge in the Northeast Kula Ring

Author: Frederick H. Damon

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1785332333

Category: Social Science

Page: 390

View: 9000

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Trees, Knots and Outriggers (Kaynen Muyuw) is the culmination of twenty-five years of work by Frederick H. Damon and his attention to cultural adaptations to the environment in Melanesia. Damon details the intricacies of indigenous knowledge and practice in his sweeping synthesis of symbolic and structuralist anthropology with recent developments in historical ecology. This book is a long conversation between the author’s many Papua New Guinea informants, teachers and friends, and scientists in Australia, Europe and the United States, in which a spirit of adventure and discovery is palpable.
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Encyclopedia of the Anthropocene

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 012813576X

Category: Science

Page: 2280

View: 5149

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Encyclopedia of the Anthropocene presents a currency-based, global synthesis cataloguing the impact of humanity’s global ecological footprint. Covering a multitude of aspects related to Climate Change, Biodiversity, Contaminants, Geological, Energy and Ethics, leading scientists provide foundational essays that enable researchers to define and scrutinize information, ideas, relationships, meanings and ideas within the Anthropocene concept. Questions widely debated among scientists, humanists, conservationists, politicians and others are included, providing discussion on when the Anthropocene began, what to call it, whether it should be considered an official geological epoch, whether it can be contained in time, and how it will affect future generations. Although the idea that humanity has driven the planet into a new geological epoch has been around since the dawn of the 20th century, the term ‘Anthropocene’ was only first used by ecologist Eugene Stoermer in the 1980s, and hence popularized in its current meaning by atmospheric chemist Paul Crutzen in 2000. Presents comprehensive and systematic coverage of topics related to the Anthropocene, with a focus on the Geosciences and Environmental science Includes point-counterpoint articles debating key aspects of the Anthropocene, giving users an even-handed navigation of this complex area Provides historic, seminal papers and essays from leading scientists and philosophers who demonstrate changes in the Anthropocene concept over time
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The Impact of Climate Change

The World's Greatest Challenge in the Twenty-first Century

Author: Carolyn Fry

Publisher: New Holland Pub Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 1884

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What is climate change? How will it affect us? And what can we do to stop it? World leaders, environmentalists, and the international science community all agree that global warming is one of the largest and most intractable problems now confronting us. Yet it still remains a bewildering subject. The Impact of Climate Change tries to answer our urgent questions and help us understand exactly what's happening in the world around us. It explains why the climate is changing, how we can predict the outcome of this shift, how we can live with it, what technological changes affect it, and how we can make a difference. Most of all, it empowers the reader by providing information on solutions and opportunities that we can all implement.
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Scientific American

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5217

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Monthly magazine devoted to topics of general scientific interest.
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