Pioneers of Irregular Warfare

Pioneers of Irregular Warfare

This is also a story of conflicting personalities between Jo Holland, the visionary but self-effacing head of MI(R) and his ambitious deputy, Colin Gubbins (later head of SOE), and the latter’s private war with SIS.

Author: Malcolm Atkin

Publisher: Pen and Sword Military

ISBN: 9781526766014

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 717

Covert operations and ingenious weapons for irregular warfare were developed rapidly, and with great success, by the British during the Second World War, and the story of the most famous organizations involved like SOE, the SAS and Section D of SIS is now well known, but Military Intelligence (Research), the smallest but one of the most influential of these units is relatively unknown. Malcolm Atkin’s intriguing and meticulously researched account describes their role at the heart of the War Office in trying to develop a ‘respectable’ arm of irregular warfare and their innovations ranging from the early Commandos, sticky bombs, limpet mines, booby traps, and even helicopters to the creation of the MI9 escape organization. They were an ‘ideas factory’ rather than an operational body but the book describes their worldwide operations including Finland, Norway, Romania, the Middle East and Central Africa. This is also a story of conflicting personalities between Jo Holland, the visionary but self-effacing head of MI(R) and his ambitious deputy, Colin Gubbins (later head of SOE), and the latter’s private war with SIS.
Categories: History

Three Dangerous Men Russia China Iran and the Rise of Irregular Warfare

Three Dangerous Men  Russia  China  Iran and the Rise of Irregular Warfare

In a powerful conclusion, Jones details the key steps the United States must take to alter how it thinks about—and engages in—competition before it is too late.

Author: Seth G. Jones

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9781324006213

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 514

How three key figures in Moscow, Beijing, and Tehran built ruthless irregular warfare campaigns that are eroding American power. In Three Dangerous Men, defense expert Seth Jones argues that the US is woefully unprepared for the future of global competition. While America has focused on building fighter jets, missiles, and conventional warfighting capabilities, its three principal rivals—Russia, Iran, and China—have increasingly adopted irregular warfare: cyber attacks, the use of proxy forces, propaganda, espionage, and disinformation to undermine American power. Jones profiles three pioneers of irregular warfare in Moscow, Beijing, and Tehran who adapted American techniques and made huge gains without waging traditional warfare: Russian Chief of Staff Valery Gerasimov; the deceased Iranian Major General Qassem Soleimani; and vice chairman of China’s Central Military Commission Zhang Youxia. Each has spent his career studying American power and devised techniques to avoid a conventional or nuclear war with the US. Gerasimov helped oversee a resurgence of Russian irregular warfare, which included attempts to undermine the 2016 and 2020 US presidential elections and the SolarWinds cyber attack. Soleimani was so effective in expanding Iranian power in the Middle East that Washington targeted him for assassination. Zhang Youxia presents the most alarming challenge because China has more power and potential at its disposal. Drawing on interviews with dozens of US military, diplomatic, and intelligence officials, as well as hundreds of documents translated from Russian, Farsi, and Mandarin, Jones shows how America’s rivals have bloodied its reputation and seized territory worldwide. Instead of standing up to autocratic regimes, Jones demonstrates that the United States has largely abandoned the kind of information, special operations, intelligence, and economic and diplomatic action that helped win the Cold War. In a powerful conclusion, Jones details the key steps the United States must take to alter how it thinks about—and engages in—competition before it is too late.
Categories: Political Science

Pioneers of Irregular Warfare

Pioneers of Irregular Warfare

regular operations, guerrilla warfare on the mainland of Europe might prove decisive in what might otherwise be a single-handed struggle against Hitler ... Gubbins may well have believed that with his unique MI(R) background this is ...

Author: Malcolm Atkin

Publisher: Pen and Sword Military

ISBN: 9781526766038

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 147

Covert operations and ingenious weapons for irregular warfare were developed rapidly, and with great success, by the British during the Second World War, and the story of the most famous organizations involved like SOE, the SAS and Section D of SIS is now well known, but Military Intelligence (Research), the smallest but one of the most influential of these units is relatively unknown. Malcolm Atkin’s intriguing and meticulously researched account describes their role at the heart of the War Office in trying to develop a ‘respectable’ arm of irregular warfare and their innovations ranging from the early Commandos, sticky bombs, limpet mines, booby traps, and even helicopters to the creation of the MI9 escape organization. They were an ‘ideas factory’ rather than an operational body but the book describes their worldwide operations including Finland, Norway, Romania, the Middle East and Central Africa. This is also a story of conflicting personalities between Jo Holland, the visionary but self-effacing head of MI(R) and his ambitious deputy, Colin Gubbins (later head of SOE), and the latter’s private war with SIS.
Categories: History

War 2 0 Irregular Warfare in the Information Age

War 2 0  Irregular Warfare in the Information Age

Irregular Warfare in the Information Age Thomas Rid, Marc Hecker. established and e-mail was common among the pioneers. The U.S. National Science Foundation created a university network backbone. The network, still in its infancy, ...

Author: Thomas Rid

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780313364716

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 505

War 2.0: Irregular Warfare in the Information Age argues that two intimately connected grassroots trends—the rise of insurgencies and the rise of the web—are putting modern armies under huge pressure to adapt new forms of counterinsurgency to new forms of social war.
Categories: Political Science

Rediscovering Irregular Warfare

Rediscovering Irregular Warfare

In many cases they brought with them lessons learned from foreign countries or irregular conflicts. As the war effort progressed, returned agents served as instructors, providing eyewitness descriptions of life in occupied ...

Author: A. R. B. Linderman

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806155197

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 288

View: 569

Britain’s Special Operations Executive (SOE), which conducted sabotage campaigns and supported resistance movements in Axis-occupied Europe and in Asia, is often described as Winston Churchill’s brainchild. But as A. R. B. Linderman reveals in this engrossing history, the real genius behind Britain’s clandestine warriors was Colin Gubbins, a British officer who forged the SOE by drawing on lessons learned in irregular conflicts around the world. Following Gubbins through operations he studied and participated in, Linderman maps the evolution of the SOE from its origins to its doctrine to its becoming a critical institution. Part biography, part intellectual and organizational history, Rediscovering Irregular Warfare is the first book to explore the origins of a substantial force in the Allies’ victory in World War II. Although popular history holds that Britain entered World War II with no prior knowledge of or experience with underground warfare, Rediscovering Irregular Warfare tells us otherwise. Linderman finds ample precedent in the clearly documented work of Gubbins and his fellow clandestine organizers. He traces Gubbins’s career from 1914 through World War I and such irregular conflicts as the Allied intervention in Russia, the Irish Revolution, and conflicts in British India. To these firsthand experiences, Gubbins added the insights of colleagues who had served with him and in Iraq, as well as what he learned from the Second Anglo-Boer War, the Arab Revolt led by T. E. Lawrence, the German guerrilla war in East Africa, the revolt in Palestine between the world wars, the Spanish Civil War, and the Second Sino-Japanese War. The two booklets that Gubbins wrote based on his accumulated knowledge offered the first synthesis of British unconventional warfare doctrine: practical guides that emphasized the centrality of local populations; the collection, protection, and use of intelligence; the necessity of cooperating with conventional forces; and the use of speed, surprise, and escape in ambush operations. In 1940, when Gubbins joined the newly created SOE, the experience and know-how codified in his guides formed the basis of Britain’s approach to irregular warfare. The history of the SOE’s doctrinal origins is Colin Gubbins’s story. By telling that story, Rediscovering Irregular Warfare amplifies and clarifies our understanding of the Second World War—and of doctrines of unconventional warfare in the twentieth century.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

The New Cambridge Modern History Volume 8 The American and French Revolutions 1763 93

The New Cambridge Modern History  Volume 8  The American and French Revolutions  1763 93

The wildness of their terrain made the Russians also pioneers in irregular warfare . The irregular formations of Peter the Great interested Saxe and his disposition at Fontenoy was inspired by the chain of fortified posts which had ...

Author: Elliot H. Goodwin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521045460

Category: History

Page: 772

View: 602

This volume of the The New Cambridge Modern History looks specifically at the American and French Revolutions in the eighteenth century.
Categories: History

The U S Army and Irregular Warfare 1775 2007

The U S  Army and Irregular Warfare  1775 2007

The black pioneers and officers ' servants pulled double duty as stevedores whenever Cornwallis used ships to transport soldiers , equipment , and supplies . The extensive earthworks that Cornwallis had erected at Portsmouth and ...

Author: Richard G. Davis

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: UOM:39015075641913

Category: Counterinsurgency

Page: 252

View: 724

From U. S. Government Bookstore Website: Presents fifteen papers from the 2007 Conference of Army Historians. Examines irregular warfare in a wide and diverse range of circumstances and eras.
Categories: Counterinsurgency

U S Army and Irregular Warfare 1775 2007 Selected Papers From the 2007 Conference of Army Historians

U S  Army and Irregular Warfare 1775 2007  Selected Papers From the 2007 Conference of Army Historians

The black pioneers and officers' servants pulled double duty as stevedores whenever Cornwallis used ships to transport soldiers, equipment, and supplies. The extensive earthworks that Cornwallis had erected at Portsmouth and Yorktown ...

Author: Richard G. Davis

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 0160867304

Category: History

Page: 260

View: 759

PRINT FORMAT ONLY NOTE: NO FURTHER DISCOUNT FOR THIS PRINT PRODUCT--OVERSTOCK SALE-- Significantly reduced list price while supplies last Presents fifteen papers from the 2007 Conference of Army Historians. Examines irregular warfare in a wide and diverse range of circumstances and eras. The papers selected for this publication are not only the best of those presented, but they also examine irregular warfare in a wide and diverse range of circumstances and eras. Together, they demonstrate how extremism was intimately connected to this type of warfare and how Americans have, at different times in their history, found themselves acting as insurgents, counterinsurgents, or both. The titles of the papers themselves reflect how often the U.S. Army has engaged in such irregular operations despite a formal focus on conventional warfare. Using imperial British and Italian examples, several presentations also underline how the ease of conquering lands is often no indication of the level of effort required to pacify them and integrate them into a larger whole. Historians, especially military historians, strategic military analysts, and students pursuing introduction to defense history or military science classes may be interested in this volume.
Categories: History

Ghost Thunderbolt and Wizard

Ghost  Thunderbolt  and Wizard

peed, boldness, and controversy marked the Civil War careers of this trio of Confederate cavalrymen. ... raiding, and harassing the Union, Mosby, Morgan, and Forrest charged into history as pioneers of irregular warfare.

Author: Robert W. Black

Publisher: Stackpole Books

ISBN: 9780811749558

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 775

Noted Ranger historian Robert W. Black turns his attention to a trio of the Confederacy's--and America's--most infamous raiders and cavalrymen: John Singleton Mosby, John Hunt Morgan, and Nathan Bedford Forrest. Combining speed, mobility, and boldness, these three soldiers struck critical blows against the Union during the Civil War, including Morgan's notorious 1863 raid that penetrated farther north than any other uniformed Confederate force. While not overlooking their flaws, Black believes these men revolutionized warfare and sees them as forerunners of the Rangers and Special Forces of the modern era.
Categories: History

In the Lion s Mouth

In the Lion s Mouth

Robert W. Black Speed, boldness, and controversy marked the Civil War careers of this trio of Confederate cavalrymen. ... and harassing the Union, Mosby, Morgan, and Forrest charged into history as pioneers of irregular warfare.

Author: Derek Smith

Publisher: Stackpole Books

ISBN: 9780811744966

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 880

Spellbinding account of the Confederates' retreat after their crushing defeat at the Battle of Nashville in December 1864.
Categories: History

Churchill and Company

Churchill and Company

Allies and Rivals in War and Peace David Dilks ... He sought the company of Nature's princes, as they appeared to him: among the pioneers of irregular warfare, T.E. Lawrence with his 'noble features, his perfectly-chiselled lips and ...

Author: David Dilks

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780857732873

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 336

View: 711

Winston Churchill, the great wartime leader and peacetime Prime Minister, is one of the dominating figures of the 20th century. In this stimulating and original book, David Dilks - the eminent historian of modern Britain and a leading Churchill scholar - provides a fascinating source of new discoveries and insights. He shows Churchill, not only as a war leader and international statesman, but also as a private person - with a rich variety of interests, enthusiasms, friendships and rivalries. Churchill's relations with other leading politicians and statesmen of the age - both within Britain and internationally - illuminate his handling of friends and enemies. Sometimes these categories were not easily separated; for a long while, Churchill thought of Stalin as a friend or at least a comrade in arms, and only with extreme reluctance did he come to look upon him ultimately as an enemy. He regarded Roosevelt with admiration and gratitude, yet the balance of evidence suggests that the President felt less warmly towards him, especially after 1943. Dilks casts new and penetrating light on Churchill during World War II, including his dramatic and troubled relationship with Charles de Gaulle - where political problems were softened by Churchill's love of France. The aftermath of World War II, relations with Stalin, the Soviet Union and the Cold War all dominated Churchill's subsequent career. The last chapter draws attention to the influence of 'history' on statesmen and others, not least because no public man of the last century - with the possible exception of de Gaulle - has influenced on Churchill's scale, or with his effectiveness, the writing and the making of history. Whether in or out of office, Churchill's influence has been felt in all areas of British politics and national life. David Dilks brings Churchill to life for all those interested modern British and international history whether student, specialist or general reader.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

Fighting Nazi Occupation

Fighting Nazi Occupation

One Worcestershire man who had served in the Home Guard during the Second World War and was an officer in the reformed 1950s ... The British army tended not to look too kindly on its pioneers of irregular warfare, tolerated in times of ...

Author: Malcolm Atkin

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN: 9781473872837

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 151

“Everyone knows about the Home Guard but what about the other Secret Intelligence Services (SIS and M16)? You can read about them in [this book].” —This England When Winston Churchill made his “we shall never surrender” speech in 1940, he was speaking in the knowledge that Britain’s Secret Intelligence Service was planning a civilian British resistance movement to mobilize after the country had been occupied. Britain’s planning for clandestine warfare developed out of a fierce battle between the Secret Intelligence Service and the War Office for the control of guerrilla warfare and conflicting ideas over the legitimacy of armed civilians. A multi-layered system of secret organizations was the result. The Auxiliary Units are the best known of these “ungentlemanly” forces, but in this perceptive new study based on painstaking original research, Malcolm Atkin clearly demonstrates that they were never intended as a resistance organization. Instead, they were designed as a short-term guerrilla force, whilst their Special Duties Branch was designed to spy on the British public as much as any Nazi invader. Meanwhile, deep in the shadows, was the real resistance organization—Section VII of SIS. Malcolm Atkin’s conclusions will cause controversy among military historians and will change our understanding of the preparations made in Britain to resist Nazi occupation in the Second World War. “[A] detailed yet accessible historical study.” —ProtoView
Categories: History

Unconventional Warfare

Unconventional Warfare

The special operations pilots were pioneers in developing techniques for low - level night flying and long - range navigation , and they enabled American and British special operations forces and French irregular units to operate with ...

Author: Susan Marquis

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815720297

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 406

For four decades after World War II, U.S. Special Operations Forces—including Army Special Forces, Navy SEALs, Air Force special operations aircrews and Special Tactics Group—suffered from mistrust and inadequate funding from the military services. They were nearly eliminated from the active force following the Vietnam War. But in the past fifteen years, special operations forces have risen from the ashes of the failed 1980 rescue of American hostages in Iran to become one of the most frequently deployed elements of the U.S. military. They are now adequately funded, better-equipped, and well-trained. Special operations forces are often the nation's first military response when faced with a crisis in today's uncertain and unstable international security environment. What caused this dramatic turnaround? As this book shows, it was a long way from congressional outrage at TV images of burned bodies of U.S. servicemen in the Iranian desert to the establishment of a special operations force of nearly 45,000 active and reserve personnel. The drama of how this happened sheds light on how public policy is made and implemented. It illustrates the complex interaction between internal forces within the special operations community, as well as between the executive and legislative branches of the U.S. government. The implementation of legislation establishing a special operations capability is seen to rebuild and protect these forces to an extent never imagined by the early "quiet professionals." While offering insights into how the U.S. government makes policy, Susan Marquis also offers a revealing look at the special operations community, including their storied past, extreme training, and recent operational experience that continues to forge their distinctive organizational mission and culture. She describes the decade-long struggle to rebuild special operations forces, resulting in new SOF organizations with independence that is unique among U.S. military forces, an independence approaching that of a new military service.
Categories: Political Science

London s Burning

London s Burning

... and Westminster Hall.56 Pre-anarchism, Irish Fenians were seen as great innovators and pioneers in techniques of irregular warfare and political assassination. A number of them had enlisted on both sides in the American Civil War.

Author: Antony Taylor

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781441171566

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 467

From the early years of the nineteenth century, cultural pessimists imagined in fiction the political forces that might bring about the destruction of London. Periods of popular protest or radicalism have generated novels that consider the methods insurgents might use to terrorise the metropolis. There has been a tendency to dismiss such writings as the lurid imaginings of pulp novelists but this book re-evaluates the contribution of popular fiction to the construction of the terrorist threat. It analyses the high-points for the production of such works, and locates them in their cultural and historical context. From the 1840s, when a fear of Chartist insurgency was paramount in the minds of authors, it moves through the anarchist thrillers of the 1890s, considers writers' fears about Bolshevik revolution in the East End of the 1920s and 1930s, explores fears of Fascism in the inter-war years, and assesses the concerns with underground counter-culture that feature in the thriller literature of the 1970s. It concludes with a re-evaluation of the metropolitan background to the figure of the Islamist terrorist.
Categories: History

Crossroads of Intervention

Crossroads of Intervention

In Crossroads of Intervention, Todd Greentree argues that there are many valuable lessons to be learned about the nature of irregular warfare from the experiences of the United States in Central America during the final decade of the Cold ...

Author: Todd R. Greentree

Publisher: Praeger

ISBN: UOM:39015077639287

Category: History

Page: 196

View: 236

In Crossroads of Intervention, Todd Greentree argues that there are many valuable lessons to be learned about the nature of irregular warfare from the experiences of the United States in Central America during the final decade of the Cold War. This first comprehensive Strategy and policy analysis of U.S. intervention in Central America examines the origins, dynamics, and termination of the Sandinista insurrection in Nicaragua, the Salvadoran government's decade-long Conuterinsurgency against the FMLN, and the Contra insurgency against the Sandinistas. Greentree establishes the historical, political, and conceptual relationship between U.S. involvement in the Central American, wars, the Vietnam War and the current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, while laying the foundation for an expanded understanding of the fundamental and recurring nature of insurgency, and intervention. U.S. involvement in Central America during the 1280s clearly demonstrates the costs, risks, and limits of intervention and the use of force in internal conflicts. The consequences of such involvement, he warns, must not be forgotten. Hispanic Heritage Month Reading List.
Categories: History

Firepower

Firepower

How Weapons Shaped Warfare Paul Lockhart ... The British were the real pioneers of the concept. In their army, irregular warfare included the kind of informal woodland tactics known in colonial North America as “ranging.

Author: Paul Lockhart

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781541672956

Category: History

Page: 640

View: 564

How military technology has transformed the world The history of warfare cannot be fully understood without considering the technology of killing. In Firepower, acclaimed historian Paul Lockhart tells the story of the evolution of weaponry and how it transformed not only the conduct of warfare but also the very structure of power in the West, from the Renaissance to the dawn of the atomic era. Across this period, improvements in firepower shaped the evolving art of war. For centuries, weaponry had remained simple enough that any state could equip a respectable army. That all changed around 1870, when the cost of investing in increasingly complicated technology soon meant that only a handful of great powers could afford to manufacture advanced weaponry, while other countries fell behind. Going beyond the battlefield, Firepower ultimately reveals how changes in weapons technology reshaped human history.
Categories: History

From Knights to Pioneers

From Knights to Pioneers

and Confederate troops and irregular , unending guerrilla actions . It was the latter hit - and - run conflict that made the Civil War in Missouri so extraordinarily brutal : " of all regions it ( Missouri ) produced the most widespread ...

Author: Anita M. Mallinckrodt

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X002550480

Category: History

Page: 516

View: 735

Emil and Julius Mallinckrodt (cousins) left Dortmund, Germany in 1831, sailing from LeHavre, France to New Orleans and thence to Missouri. This historical work covers mainly the U.S. period in Missouri 1831-1890. The family originated in the Dortmund area, the first known ancestor being Knight Ludwig, first recorded in 1241.
Categories: History

Ghost Patrol

Ghost Patrol

for low-intensity warfare. All modern Special Forces operations also owe a debt, freely acknowledged, to the LRDG, pioneers of modern irregular tactics. As former UK Prime Minister Tony Blair tellingly remarked to the parliamentary ...

Author: John Sadler

Publisher: Casemate

ISBN: 9781612003368

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 264

The origins of most of the WestÕs Special Forces can be traced back to the Long Range Desert Group, which operated across the limitless expanses of the Libyan Desert, an area the size of India, during the whole of the Desert War from 1940 to 1943. After the defeat of the Axis in North Africa they adapted to serve in the Mediterranean, the Greek islands, Albania, Yugoslavia and Greece. In the process they became the stuff of legend. The LRDG was the brainchild of Ralph Bagnold, a pre-war desert explorer (featured in fictional terms in The English Patient) who put all of his expertise into the creation of a new and, by the standards of the day, highly unorthodox unit. Conventional tactical thinking shunned the deep heart of the vast desert as it was thought to be a harsh, inhospitable wilderness where British forces could not possibly survive even less operate effectively. Instead, Bagnold and his colleagues created a whole new type of warfare. Using specially adapted vehicles and recruiting only men of the right temperament and high levels of fitness and endurance, the first patrols set out bristling with automatic weapons. The LRDG, in a dark hour, was the force which took the fight to the enemy, roving over the deep desertÑa raiderÕs paradiseÑattacking enemy convoys and outposts, destroying aircraft and supplies, forcing the Axis to expend more and more resources to protect their vulnerable lines. Their work was often dangerous, always taxing, exhausting and uncomfortable. They were a new breed of soldier, and the Axis never managed to field a similar unit. Once the desert war was won they transferred their skills to the Mediterranean sector, retraining as mountain guerrillas, serving in the ill-fated Dodecanese campaign, then in strife-torn Albania, Yugoslavia and Greece, fighting alongside the mercurial partisans. In addition, the LRDG worked alongside the fledgling SAS and established, beyond all doubt, the value of highly trained Special Forces, a legacy which resonates today.
Categories: History

April 65

April  65

This text examines the history of the Confederate Secret Service and its involvement in the assassination of President Lincoln.

Author: William A. Tidwell

Publisher: Kent State University Press

ISBN: 0873385152

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 356

This text examines the history of the Confederate Secret Service and its involvement in the assassination of President Lincoln. The author uses previously unknown records and traces the development of Confederate doctrine for the conduct of irregular warfare.
Categories: History

Inside Terrorism

Inside Terrorism

Defining terrorism -- The end of empire and the origins of contemporary terrorism -- The internationalization of terrorism -- Religion and terrorism -- Suicide terrorism -- The old media, terrorism, and public opinion -- The new media, ...

Author: Bruce Hoffman

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015064700357

Category: Political Science

Page: 432

View: 572

Defining terrorism -- The end of empire and the origins of contemporary terrorism -- The internationalization of terrorism -- Religion and terrorism -- Suicide terrorism -- The old media, terrorism, and public opinion -- The new media, terrorism, and the shaping of global opinion -- The modern terrorist mind-set: tactics, targets, tradecraft, and technologies -- Terrorism today and tomorrow.
Categories: Political Science