Phytocannabinoids

Phytocannabinoids

This chapter has reviewed the molecular pharmacology of the seven most thoroughly studied phytocannabinoids and demonstrated that each has a diverse set of pharmacological targets with varying therapeutic, recreational and toxicological ...

Author: A. Douglas Kinghorn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319455419

Category: Science

Page: 131

View: 908

The book presents the current state of the art on phytocannnabinoid chemistry and pharmacology and will be of much use to those wishing to understand the current landscape of the exciting and intriguing phytocannabinoid science. The focus is on natural product cannabinoids which have been demonstrated to act at specific receptor targets in the CNS.
Categories: Science

Cannabis Marijuana for Healthcare

Cannabis Marijuana for Healthcare

On the other hand, cannabis produces hundreds of phytomolecules, including phytocannabinoids, terpenes, and fiavonoids (Aizpurua-Olaizola et al. 2016; Hanuš et al. 2016; Berman et al. 2018). Therefore, it is important to characterize ...

Author: Dinesh Chandra Agrawal

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811688225

Category: Medical

Page: 319

View: 459

The book contains review articles providing a comprehensive overview of cannabis/marijuana’s diverse healing aspects in human healthcare (medicinal, nutraceutical, skincare, etc.). The research articles include the role of cannabis in cancer treatment, drug discovery, cosmeceutical potential, prophylactic and therapeutic use for treating neuropathic pain and migraine, pharmacokinetics, safety profile, and issues related to the consumption of cannabis/marijuana. Another salient feature of the book is a complete mapping and region- and sector-wise critical analysis of cannabis/marijuana patents on healthcare and future directions for the benefit of researchers and businesses/entrepreneurs interested in the rapidly advancing area of cannabis. The text describes cannabis/marijuana’s detailed legal aspects, production prospects, and applications for healthcare and recreational purposes in the USA. It traces the traditional roots of cannabis use in Turkey, Israel, the Middle East, Africa, and India. This unique compendium of articles will be useful as a reference book for students, researchers, academics, business houses, and all individuals interested in medicinal, nutraceutical, cosmeceutical, traditional, legal, and commercial aspects of cannabis usage.
Categories: Medical

Natural Products and Cancer Drug Discovery

Natural Products and Cancer Drug Discovery

Phytocannabinoids represent a group of terpenophenolic compounds predominantly produced in the cannabis plant. These secondary metabolites are biosynthesised as prenylated aromatic carboxylic acids, and while almost no neutral forms can ...

Author: Farid A. Badria

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9789535133131

Category: Medical

Page: 316

View: 550

This book, Natural Products and Cancer Drug Discovery, is written by leading experts in natural products in cancer therapy. The first two sections describe new applications of common herbs and foods for treatment of cancer. Section 3 deals with the development of new chemotherapeutics from Cannabis and endophytic fungi. Section 4 presented formulations of natural products for treatment of malignant melanoma. Made-to-order anticancer therapy from natural products using computational and tissue engineering approaches is addressed in the fifth section. It is our hope that this book may motivate readers to approach the evidence of anticancer natural products with an open mind and thereby spark an interest in making further contributions to the cancer treatment efforts.
Categories: Medical

Handbook of Cannabis

Handbook of Cannabis

It is clear that phytocannabinoids have interesting and complex effects throughout the cardiovascular system. However, most studies to date have focused on the effects of THC, and we know little about other phytocannabinoids, even CBD.

Author: Roger Pertwee

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191639692

Category: Science

Page: 632

View: 824

Truly global in scope and with contributions from leading researchers around the world, The Handbook of Cannabis is the definitive resource on this fascinating drug. Combining scientific perspectives and clinical applications, it covers a vast array of topics, from why over the centuries cannabis has been used as a medicine, through the regulations facing those wishing to self-administer cannabis or provide cannabis-based medicines, to the chemical structure of its many constituents and the rapidly growing group of synthetic cannabinoids that are currently being used for 'legal highs'. With each chapter written by a group of one or more internationally recognised subject experts, it provides academics and researchers with authoritative scientific material on the main pharmacological actions and their effects, as well as their pharmacokinetics, metabolism, and forensic detection. In addition it also examines the complex morphology, cultivation, harvesting, and processing of cannabis and the ways in which the plant's chemical composition can be controlled. As well as offering a raft of scientific information there is extensive coverage of cannabinoid-based medicines. Helping readers to identify and evaluate their benefits, chapters explore pharmacological actions and the effects that seem to underlie approved therapeutic uses, how they are currently used to treat certain disorders, and the ever-growing number of wide-ranging potential clinical applications. There is also coverage of both the legal and illegal sources of cannabis, including 'coffee shops' and 'cannabis dispensaries'. The complex issue of 'recreational cannabis' is also tackled. The sought-after and adverse psychological and non-psychological effects are described and discussions are included on how some adverse effects can be lessened by at least one constituent of cannabis, and that it might be possible to reduce the harm that cannabis does to some by changing current regulatory policies. The Handbook of Cannabis is a one-stop reference; essential reading for all clinicians, pharmacologists, psychologists, and psychiatrists interested in this drug, as well as those working in the field of public health.
Categories: Science

Cannabinoids and Pain

Cannabinoids and Pain

phytocannabinoids have poor affinities for the Introduction cannabinoid receptors [5] and display a complex range of physiological interaction and mechanism Phytocannabinoids are natural products derived from cannabis either interacting ...

Author: Samer N. Narouze

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030691868

Category: Medical

Page: 339

View: 161

This book presents a well-balanced view of the potential medical use of cannabinoids in pain. It comprehensively covers the current challenges with medical cannabis utilization and provides recommendations for research and future directions. Organized into nine sections, the book begins with an introduction to medical cannabis, including its history, regulations, and the general attitudes of pain physicians on cannabis. Section two explores the biological effects of marijuana via the endocannabinoid system and its complex structure of receptors and enzymes. Sections three, four, and five then delve further into pharmacology and the mechanisms of action applicable to cannabinoids in managing pain. Timely and socially conscious, section six examines the benefits of substituting opioids with cannabinoids for preoperative management. Echoing the book's well-rounded content, sections seven and eight consider the challenges with medical cannabis, including safety and quality control, brain development risks, vaping hazards, and withdrawal. The book then closes with a look at the future of cannabis in medical research. Thoroughly and equitably composed, Cannabinoids and Pain is an invaluable resource for primary care physicians, pain and palliative care physicians, and oncologists.
Categories: Medical

Medicinal Cannabis and CBD in Mental Healthcare

Medicinal Cannabis and CBD in Mental Healthcare

Cannabis sativa has approximately 540 different secondary metabolites, including phytocannabinoids, terpenes and other constituents which are responsible for many of the plant's therapeutic benefits [25]. The main constituents of the ...

Author: Kylie O'Brien

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030785598

Category: Medical

Page: 576

View: 411

This book functions as a clinician’s guide to the use of cannabidiol (CBD) in the treatment of mental health conditions. It conveys the scientific evidence of efficacy of CBD as well as THC and addresses the social stigma attached to its medical use. The book describes the endocannabinoid system, how stress and the endocannabinoid system interact and key constituents, pharmacokinetics and safety aspects of medicinal cannabis, focusing on CBD and THC. Chapters on specific mental health conditions describe the underpinning pathomechanisms including how the endocannabinoid system is involved, and summarises the scientific evidence including animal and human research for the use of CBD and THC in treatment of such conditions. Topics covered include anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, insomnia, Alzheimer's Disease and autism spectrum disorder. Chapters also discuss treatment guidelines and case studies. Unique and focused, Medicinal Cannabis and CBD in Mental Healthcare is an invaluable reference for medical practitioners seeking to adopt CBD-use in their treatment plans.
Categories: Medical

Substance Use Disorders

Substance Use Disorders

1.1 Phytocannabinoids The Cannabis plant contains hundreds of phytochemicals, which include phytocannabinoids, terpenes, ... with approximately 120 of these constituents described as terpenophenolic cannabinoids or phytocannabinoids, ...

Author: Michael A. Nader

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030336790

Category: Medical

Page: 502

View: 738

The purpose of this book is to provide a broad scope of substance use disorder research and how these findings can impact treatment outcomes. The research and outcomes described in this book represent important principles related to identifying and understanding factors related to substance use disorders. The first section is dedicated to methodology including population-based surveys, basic neuroanatomy, chemistry, molecular biology, behavioral models and brain imaging. The second section utilizes this methodology in research related to opioids, cocaine, marijuana, alcohol and nicotine. The book is aimed at both professionals (academics, clinicians, practitioners) and students or trainees.
Categories: Medical

Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse Volume 1

Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse Volume 1

The mechanism of action of Cannabis remained a mystery until fairly recently, with the discovery of phytocannabinoids, or plant cannabinoids, and the receptor system known as the endocannabinoid system (ECS).

Author: Victor R. Preedy

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128003763

Category: Science

Page: 1132

View: 789

Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse, Volume One: Foundations of Understanding, Tobacco, Alcohol, Cannabinoids, Opioids and Emerging Addictions provides the latest research in an area that shows that the neuropathological features of one addiction are often applicable to those of others. The book also details how a further understanding of these commonalties can provide a platform for the study of specific addictions in greater depth, all in an effort to create new modes of understanding, causation, prevention, and treatment. The three volumes in this series address new research and challenges, offering comprehensive coverage on the adverse consequences of the most common drugs of abuse, with each volume serving to update the reader’s knowledge on the broader field of addiction, while also deepening our understanding of specific addictive substances. Volume One addresses tobacco, alcohol, cannabinoids, and opioids, with each section providing data on the general, molecular/cellular, and structural/functional neurological aspects of a given substance, along with a focus on the adverse consequences of addictions. Provides a modern approach on the pathology of substances of abuse, offering an evidence based ethos for understanding the neurology of addictions Fills an existing gap in the literature by proving a one-stop-shopping synopsis of everything to do with the neuropathology of drugs of addiction and substance misuse Includes a list of abbreviations, abstracts, applications to other addictions and substance misuse, mini-dictionary of terms, summary points, 6+ figures and tables, and full references in each chapter Offers coverage of preclinical, clinical, and population studies, from the cell to whole organs, and the genome to whole body
Categories: Science

Biotechnology for Medicinal Plants

Biotechnology for Medicinal Plants

2005), indicating the relative degree of structural similarity with phytocannabinoids. Phytocannabinoids are terpenoid hydrocarbons, which include a phenolic moiety (terpenophenols) with an n-alkyl side chain at C-3 derived from OLA ...

Author: Suman Chandra

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642299742

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 258

Plant-based medicines play an important role in all cultures, and have been indispensable in maintaining health and combating diseases. The identification of active principles and their molecular targets from traditional medicine provides an enormous opportunity for drug development. Using modern biotechnology, plants with specific chemical compositions can be mass propagated and genetically improved for the extraction of bulk active pharmaceuticals. Although there has been significant progress in the use of biotechnology, using tissue cultures and genetic transformation to investigate and alter pathways for the biosynthesis of target metabolites, there are many challenges involved in bringing plants from the laboratory to successful commercial cultivation. This book presents the latest advances in the development of medicinal drugs, including topics such as plant tissue cultures, secondary metabolite production, metabolomics, metabolic engineering, bioinformatics and future biotechnological directions.
Categories: Science

Cannabinoids and Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Cannabinoids and Neuropsychiatric Disorders

TIL-TC150 Cannabis extractcontaining only purified CBD Oral and THC in50:1 CBD:THC ratio CBD (Epidiolex®) CBD extract, with minor quantities of Oral phytocannabinoids, terpenes, etc. CBD Purified or synthetic CBD Oral 1Adapted from the ...

Author: Eric Murillo-Rodriguez

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030573690

Category: Science

Page: 153

View: 948

This volume highlights the recent advances in the understanding of the endocannabinoid system and the likely benefit from the therapeutic effects of cannabinoid treatment in a variety of health issues. Archeological evidence has shown that Cannabis has a long history of use for multiple purposes, including the treatment of medical conditions. The primary active constituent of the hemp plant Cannabis sativa, delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC), causes euphoria, enhancement of sensory perception, tachycardia, antinociception, difficulties in concentration and impairment of memory, among other effects. Despite these undesirable effects, signaling is mostly inhibitory and suggests a putative role for cannabinoids as therapeutic agents by managing several diseases where inhibition of neurotransmitter release would be beneficial. The themes of this book have been edited and written by world-leaders in the field, The contents of the volume aims at readers from a range of academic and professional disciplines, such as biomedicine, several areas of biology, neurology, clinical medicine and pharmacy.
Categories: Science