Physics of Solar Cells

Physics of Solar Cells

With exercises after each chapter to reinforce the newly acquired knowledge and requiring no more than standard physics knowledge, this book enables students and professionals to understand the factors driving conversion efficiency and to ...

Author: Peter W?rfel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527413126

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 618

The new edition of this highly regarded textbook provides a detailed overview of the most important characterization techniques for solar cells and a discussion of their advantages and disadvantages. It describes in detail all aspects of solar cell function, the physics behind every single step, as well as all the issues to be considered when improving solar cells and their efficiency. The text is now complete with examples of how the appropriate characterization techniques enable the distinction between several potential limitation factors, describing how quantities that have been introduced theoretically in earlier chapters become experimentally accessible. With exercises after each chapter to reinforce the newly acquired knowledge and requiring no more than standard physics knowledge, this book enables students and professionals to understand the factors driving conversion efficiency and to apply this to their own solar cell development.
Categories: Science

The Physics of Solar Cells

The Physics of Solar Cells

An introduction to the physics of the photovoltaic cell.

Author: Jenny Nelson

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated

ISBN: 1860943497

Category: Science

Page: 363

View: 659

An introduction to the physics of the photovoltaic cell. It covers the fundamental principles of semiconductor physics and simple models used to describe solar cell operation. It presents theoretical approaches to efficient solar cell design and examines the main practical types of solar cell
Categories: Science

The Physics of Solar Cells

The Physics of Solar Cells

The book provides an explanation of the operation of photovoltaic devices from a broad perspective that embraces a variety of materials concepts, from nanostructured and highly disordered organic materials, to highly efficient devices such ...

Author: Juan Bisquert

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351395571

Category: Science

Page: 226

View: 513

The book provides an explanation of the operation of photovoltaic devices from a broad perspective that embraces a variety of materials concepts, from nanostructured and highly disordered organic materials, to highly efficient devices such as the lead halide perovskite solar cells. The book establishes from the beginning a simple but very rich model of a solar cell, in order to develop and understand step by step the photovoltaic operation according to fundamental physical properties and constraints. It emphasizes the aspects pertaining to the functioning of a solar cell and the determination of limiting efficiencies of energy conversion. The final chapters of the book establish a more refined and realistic treatment of the many factors that determine the actual performance of experimental devices: transport gradients, interfacial recombination, optical losses and so forth. The book finishes with a short review of additional important aspects of solar energy conversion, such as the photonic aspects of spectral modification, and the direct conversion of solar photons to chemical fuel via electrochemical reactions.
Categories: Science

Solar Cell Device Physics

Solar Cell Device Physics

This book consists of six chapters and begins by introducing the reader to the basic physical principles and materials properties that are the foundations of photovoltaic energy conversion, with emphasis on various photovoltaic devices ...

Author: Stephen Fonash

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323154635

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 868

Solar Cell Device Physics offers a balanced, in-depth qualitative and quantitative treatment of the physical principles and operating characteristics of solar cell devices. Topics covered include photovoltaic energy conversion and solar cell materials and structures, along with homojunction solar cells. Semiconductor-semiconductor heterojunction cells and surface-barrier solar cells are also discussed. This book consists of six chapters and begins by introducing the reader to the basic physical principles and materials properties that are the foundations of photovoltaic energy conversion, with emphasis on various photovoltaic devices capable of efficiently converting solar energy into usable electrical energy. The electronic and optical properties of crystalline, polycrystalline, and amorphous materials with both organic and inorganic materials are considered, together with the manner in which these properties change from one material class to another and the implications of such changes for photovoltaics. Generation, recombination, and bulk transport are also discussed. The two mechanisms of photocarrier collection in solar cells, drift and diffusion, are then compared. The remaining chapters focus on specific solar cell device classes defined in terms of the interface structure employed: homojunctions, semiconductor-semiconductor heterojunctions, and surface-barrier devices. This monograph is appropriate for use as a textbook for graduate students in engineering and the sciences and for seniors in electrical engineering and applied physics, as well as a reference book for those actively involved in solar cell research and development.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

High Efficiency Solar Cells

High Efficiency Solar Cells

As part of the effort to increase the contribution of solar cells (photovoltaics) to our energy mix, this book addresses three main areas: making existing technology cheaper, promoting advanced technologies based on new architectural ...

Author: Xiaodong Wang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783319019888

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 656

View: 303

As part of the effort to increase the contribution of solar cells (photovoltaics) to our energy mix, this book addresses three main areas: making existing technology cheaper, promoting advanced technologies based on new architectural designs, and developing new materials to serve as light absorbers. Leading scientists throughout the world create a fundamental platform for knowledge sharing that combines the physics, materials, and device architectures of high-efficiency solar cells. While providing a comprehensive introduction to the field, the book highlights directions for further research, and is intended to stimulate readers’ interest in the development of novel materials and technologies for solar energy applications.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Physics of Solar Energy

Physics of Solar Energy

This book is designed to give the reader a solid footing in the general and basic physics of solar energy, which will be the basis of research and development in new solar engineering technologies in the years to come.

Author: C. Julian Chen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118044592

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 659

The definitive guide to the science of solar energy You hold in your hands the first, and only, truly comprehensive guide to the most abundant and most promising source of alternative energy—solar power. In recent years, all major countries in the world have been calling for an energy revolution. The renewable energy industry will drive a vigorous expansion of the global economy and create more "green" jobs. The use of fossil fuels to power our way of living is moving toward an inevitable end, with sources of coal, petroleum, and natural gas being fiercely depleted. Solar energy offers a ubiquitous, inexhaustible, clean, and highly efficient way of meeting the energy needs of the twenty-first century. This book is designed to give the reader a solid footing in the general and basic physics of solar energy, which will be the basis of research and development in new solar engineering technologies in the years to come. As solar technologies like solar cells, solar thermal power generators, solar water heaters, solar photochemistry applications, and solar space heating-cooling systems become more and more prominent, it has become essential that the next generation of energy experts—both in academia and industry—have a one-stop resource for learning the basics behind the science, applications, and technologies afforded by solar energy. This book fills that need by laying the groundwork for the projected rapid expansion of future solar projects.
Categories: Science

The Physics of Solar Energy Conversion

The Physics of Solar Energy Conversion

The Physics of Solar Energy Conversion introduces the main physico-chemical principles that govern the operation of energy devices for energy conversion and storage, with a detailed view of the principles of solar energy conversion using ...

Author: Juan Bisquert

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429000140

Category: Science

Page: 470

View: 185

Research on advanced energy conversion devices such as solar cells has intensified in the last two decades. A broad landscape of candidate materials and devices were discovered and systematically studied for effective solar energy conversion and utilization. New concepts have emerged forming a rather powerful picture embracing the mechanisms and limitation to efficiencies of different types of devices. The Physics of Solar Energy Conversion introduces the main physico-chemical principles that govern the operation of energy devices for energy conversion and storage, with a detailed view of the principles of solar energy conversion using advanced materials. Key Features include: Highlights recent rapid advances with the discovery of perovskite solar cells and their development. Analyzes the properties of organic solar cells, lithium ion batteries, light emitting diodes and the semiconductor materials for hydrogen production by water splitting. Embraces concepts from nanostructured and highly disordered materials to lead halide perovskite solar cells Takes a broad perspective and comprehensively addresses the fundamentals so that the reader can apply these and assess future developments and technologies in the field. Introduces basic techniques and methods for understanding the materials and interfaces that compose operative energy devices such as solar cells and solar fuel converters.
Categories: Science

Materials Concepts for Solar Cells

Materials Concepts for Solar Cells

We consider them in this second edition. For example, the high potential of crystalline silicon with charge-selective hetero-junctions and alkaline treatments of thin-film absorbers, based on chalcopyrite, enabled new records.

Author: Thomas Dittrich

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9781786344502

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 568

View: 963

A modern challenge is for solar cell materials to enable the highest solar energy conversion efficiencies, at costs as low as possible, and at an energy balance as sustainable as necessary in the future. This textbook explains the principles, concepts and materials used in solar cells. It combines basic knowledge about solar cells and the demanded criteria for the materials with a comprehensive introduction into each of the four classes of materials for solar cells, i.e. solar cells based on crystalline silicon, epitaxial layer systems of III-V semiconductors, thin-film absorbers on foreign substrates, and nano-composite absorbers. In this sense, it bridges a gap between basic literature on the physics of solar cells and books specialized on certain types of solar cells. The last five years had several breakthroughs in photovoltaics and in the research on solar cells and solar cell materials. We consider them in this second edition. For example, the high potential of crystalline silicon with charge-selective hetero-junctions and alkaline treatments of thin-film absorbers, based on chalcopyrite, enabled new records. Research activities were boosted by the class of hybrid organic-inorganic metal halide perovskites, a promising newcomer in the field. This is essential reading for students interested in solar cells and materials for solar cells. It encourages students to solve tasks at the end of each chapter. It has been well applied for postgraduate students with background in materials science, engineering, chemistry or physics.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Physics of Nanostructured Solar Cells

Physics of Nanostructured Solar Cells

Physics at nanoscale becomes the science used for new device improvements. Solar cells are no exception to that. This book on nanophysics of photovoltaic cells thus comes at the right moment.

Author: Viorel Badescu

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 160876110X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 522

View: 946

The world of nanotechnology has opened a vast array of novel frontiers in materials science, by the exploitation of the properties and phenomena at the nanometer scale. After transistors, also other devices will enter the nanoscale era. Technologies based on semi-conducting and/or organic materials have moved from a few empirical examples to a booming science-based activity. Physics at nanoscale becomes the science used for new device improvements. Solar cells are no exception to that. This book on nanophysics of photovoltaic cells thus comes at the right moment. Such a book will support research efforts in numerous laboratories where the solar cells of tomorrow are designed. The reader will be happy to find chapters on various topics, such as thermodynamics, photonics and electronics of dye-sensitised, electrochemical, nanostructured, polymer and organic materials. Light concentration, photoluminescence, intermediate-band absorption, photon conversion, and quantum confinement are discussed. The present book will surely be of great value for all scientists and engineers involved in the development of future solar cells.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Organic Solar Cells

Organic Solar Cells

This book contains detailed information on the types, structure, fabrication, and characterization of organic solar cells (OSCs).

Author: Pankaj Kumar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781315353623

Category: Science

Page: 325

View: 532

This book contains detailed information on the types, structure, fabrication, and characterization of organic solar cells (OSCs). It discusses processes to improve efficiencies and the prevention of degradation in OSCs. It compares the cost-effectiveness of OSCs to those based on crystalline silicon and discusses ways to make OSCs more economical. This book provides a practical guide for the fabrication, processing, and characterization of OSCs and paves the way for further development in OSC technology.
Categories: Science

Photon Management in Solar Cells

Photon Management in Solar Cells

Bridging the gap between the photonics and the photovoltaics communities, this is an invaluable reference for materials scientists, physicists in industry, experimental physicists, lecturers in physics, PhD students in physics and material ...

Author: Ralf B. Wehrspohn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527411757

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 988

Written by renowned experts in the field of photon management in solar cells, this one-stop reference gives an introduction to the physics of light management in solar cells, and discusses the different concepts and methods of applying photon management. The authors cover the physics, principles, concepts, technologies, and methods used, explaining how to increase the efficiency of solar cells by splitting or modifying the solar spectrum before they absorb the sunlight. In so doing, they present novel concepts and materials allowing for the cheaper, more flexible manufacture of solar cells and systems. For educational purposes, the authors have split the reasons for photon management into spatial and spectral light management. Bridging the gap between the photonics and the photovoltaics communities, this is an invaluable reference for materials scientists, physicists in industry, experimental physicists, lecturers in physics, Ph.D. students in physics and material sciences, engineers in power technology, applied and surface physicists.
Categories: Science

Thin Film Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells

Thin Film Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells

This is the first comprehensive treatment of light trapping techniques for the enhancement of the optical absorption in thin silicon films.

Author: Rolf Brendel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527635061

Category: Science

Page: 306

View: 745

This introduction to the physics of silicon solar cells focuses on thin cells, while reviewing and discussing the current status of the important technology. An analysis of the spectral quantum efficiency of thin solar cells is given as well as a full set of analytical models. This is the first comprehensive treatment of light trapping techniques for the enhancement of the optical absorption in thin silicon films.
Categories: Science

Solar Energy

Solar Energy

The design of photovoltaic systems for real-life applications, with the physics behind solar energy generation.

Author: Olindo Isabella

Publisher:

ISBN: 1906860327

Category:

Page: 488

View: 359

This comprehensive textbook takes you through everything you need to know about solar energy from the physics of photovoltaic (PV) cells through to the design of PV systems for real-life applications. Solar Energy is an invaluable reference for researchers, industrial engineers and designers working in solar energy generation. The book is also ideal for university and third-level physics or engineering courses on solar photovoltaics, with exercises to check students' understanding and reinforce learning. It is the perfect companion to the Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) on Solar Energy (DelftX, ET.3034TU) presented by co-author Arno Smets. The course is available in English on the nonprofit open source edX.org platform, and in Arabic on edraak.org. Over 100,000 students have already registered for these MOOCs.
Categories:

Physics of Solar Energy

Physics of Solar Energy

This book also discusses about ab initio design of nanostructures for solar energy conversion, design of inp nanowires for maximal solar energy harvesting, optical simulations of p3ht/si nanowire array hybrid solar cells, dual effect of ...

Author: Chenggui Sun

Publisher: Arcler Press

ISBN: 1774072815

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 311

Physics of Solar Energy discusses the fundamental concept of solar energy, solar cells and nano fluids. It also includes the technologies used for the conversion of solar to fuels and performance assessment of nanofluids in the solar energy and thermal properties of carbon black aqueous nano fluids for solar absorption. This book also discusses about ab initio design of nanostructures for solar energy conversion, design of inp nanowires for maximal solar energy harvesting, optical simulations of p3ht/si nanowire array hybrid solar cells, dual effect of tio2 and co3o4 co-semiconductors and nano-sensitizer on dye-sensitized solar cell performance and spectrum splitting for efficient utilization of solar radiation: a novel photovoltaic-thermoelectric power generation system. It also provides the reader with the fundamental insights of solar energy and its conversion to fuels so as to get better understanding of designing nanostructures for the conversion of solar energy and the effect of external applied electric field on the thermodynamic efficiency of the silicon solar cell and calcination temperature on the properties of czts absorber layer.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Photovoltaic Solar Energy Generation

Photovoltaic Solar Energy Generation

The intention of this book is to provide an impression of all aspects of p- tovoltaics (PV).

Author: Adolf Goetzberger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540236764

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 234

View: 323

The intention of this book is to provide an impression of all aspects of p- tovoltaics (PV). It is not just about physics and technology or systems, but it looks beyond that at the entire environment in which PV is embedded. The ?rst chapter is intended as an introduction to the subject. It can also be considered an executive summary. Chapters 2–4 describe very brie?y the basic physics and technology of the solar cell. The silicon cell is the vehicle for this description because it is the best understood solar cell and also has the greatest practical importance. A reader who is not interested in the ph- ical details of the solar cell can skip Chap.2 and still understand the rest of the book. In general, it was the intention of the authors to keep the book at a level that does not require too much previous knowledge of photovoltaics. Chapter5isdevotedtoothermaterialsandnewconceptspresentlyunder- velopment or consideration. It intends to provide an impression of the many possibilities that exist for the conversion of solar radiation into electricity by solid state devices. These new concepts will keep researchers occupied for decades to come. Chapter 6 gives an introduction to cell and module techn- ogy and also informs the reader about the environmental compatibility and recycling of modules. The following chapters are devoted to practical applications. Chapters 7 and 8 introduce systems technology for di?erent applications. The envir- mental impact of PV systems and their reliability is the subject of Chap.9.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Principles of Solar Cells LEDs and Diodes

Principles of Solar Cells  LEDs and Diodes

Principles of Solar Cells, LEDs and Diodes covers the twomost important applications of semiconductor diodes - solar cells and LEDs - together with quantitative coverageof the physics of the p-n junction. _ e reader will gain a thorough ...

Author: Adrian Kitai

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444318340

Category: Science

Page: 318

View: 403

A textbook introducing the physical concepts required for acomprehensive understanding of p-n junction devices, light emittingdiodes and solar cells. Semiconductor devices have made a major impact on the way wework and live. Today semiconductor p-n junction diode devices are experiencing substantial growth:solar cells are used on an unprecedented scale in the renewable energy industry; and light emitting diodes(LEDs) are revolutionizing energy efficient lighting. These twoemerging industries based on p-n junctions make a significantcontribution to the reduction in fossil fuel consumption. Principles of Solar Cells, LEDs and Diodes covers the twomost important applications of semiconductor diodes - solar cells and LEDs - together with quantitative coverageof the physics of the p-n junction. _ e reader will gain a thorough understanding of p-n junctions asthe text begins with semiconductor and junction device fundamentalsand extends to the practical implementation of semiconductors inboth photovoltaic and LED devices. _ e treatment of a range of importantsemiconductor materials and device structures is also presented in a readable manner. Topics are divided into the following six chapters; • Semiconductor Physics • The PN Junction Diode • Photon Emission and Absorption • The Solar Cell • Light Emitting Diodes • Organic Semiconductors, OLEDs and Solar Cells Containing student problems at the end of each chapter andworked example problems throughout, this textbook is intended forsenior level undergraduate students doing courses in electricalengineering, physics and materials science. Researchers working onsolar cells and LED devices, and those in the electronics industrywould also benefit from the background information the bookprovides.
Categories: Science

Energy Conversion Efficiency of Solar Cells

Energy Conversion Efficiency of Solar Cells

This book offers a concise primer on energy conversion efficiency and the Shockley-Queisser limit in single p-n junction solar cells.

Author: Takashi Kita

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811390890

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 202

View: 669

This book offers a concise primer on energy conversion efficiency and the Shockley-Queisser limit in single p-n junction solar cells. It covers all the important fundamental physics necessary to understand the conversion efficiency, which is indispensable in studying, investigating, analyzing, and designing solar cells in practice. As such it is valuable as a supplementary text for courses on photovoltaics, and bridges the gap between advanced topics in solar cell device engineering and the fundamental physics covered in undergraduate courses. The book first introduces the principles and features of solar cells compared to those of chemical batteries, and reviews photons, statistics and radiation as the physics of the source energy. Based on these foundations, it clarifies the conversion efficiency of a single p-n junction solar cell and discusses the Shockley-Queisser limit. Furthermore, it looks into various concepts of solar cells for breaking through the efficiency limit given in the single junction solar cell and presents feasible theoretical predictions. To round out readers’ knowledge of p-n junctions, the final chapter also reviews the essential semiconductor physics. The foundation of solar cell physics and engineering provided here is a valuable resource for readers with no background in solar cells, such as upper undergraduate and master students. At the same time, the deep insights provided allow readers to step seamlessly into other advanced books and their own research topics.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Physics and Technology of Solar Energy

Physics and Technology of Solar Energy

The 'fuel crises' in 1972-73 generated world wide effort for the search for an Alternative Energy source to fossil fuels. Solar energy was identJfied as one of the alternatives to fossil fuels.

Author: H.P. Garg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400939417

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 454

View: 288

The 'fuel crises' in 1972-73 generated world wide effort for the search for an Alternative Energy source to fossil fuels. Solar energy was identJfied as one of the alternatives to fossil fuels. On one hand the developed countries are trying to maintain their standard of living while the developing countries are trying to solve their industrial, social and economical problems to increase their standard of living. After this period a lot of Research and Development in the field of solar energy was carried out both in developing and developed countries and solar energy is utilized in domestic, agricultural and industrial sectors and also in the space. During the period of ,"Oil Crises" industrialized countries expended their activities in solar energy and substantial progress was made. In few developing countries seperate funding in the field of solar energy R&D was also provided through national and international, organizations. Time has now come when one should seriously look into the problems and screen, select, adapt, and manage emerging solar energy technology for its use in developing countries. Also the International Organizations will have to play a major role in this direction which may assist building up of a local solar energy R&D and manufacturing capabilities in developing countries which should be based on a long term but on necessary basis.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Polymer Photovoltaics

Polymer Photovoltaics

An international perspective on the latest research in polymer solar cell technology.

Author: Fei Huang

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9781849739870

Category:

Page: 422

View: 651

Polymer solar cells have gained much attention as they offer a potentially economic and viable way of commercially manufacturing lightweight, flexible and low-cost photovoltaics. With contributions from leading scientists, Polymer Photovoltaics provides an international perspective on the latest research for this rapidly expanding field. The book starts with an Introduction to polymer solar cells and covers several important topics that govern their photovoltaic properties including the chemistry and the design of new light harvesting and interfacial materials and their structure-property relationship; the physics for photocurrent generation in the polymer solar cells; new characterization tools to study morphology effect on the property of donor/acceptor bulk heterojunctions; new device concepts such as tandem cells and semi-transparent cells and advanced roll-to-roll processes for large-scale manufacturing of polymer solar cells. Written by active researchers, the book provides a comprehensive overview of the recent advancements in polymer solar cell technology for both researchers and students that are interested in this field.
Categories:

Solar Photovoltaics

Solar Photovoltaics

This thoroughly revised text, now in its third edition, continues to provide a detailed discussion on all the aspects of solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies from physics of solar cells to manufacturing technologies, solar PV system design ...

Author: CHETAN SINGH SOLANKI

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 9788120351110

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 540

View: 393

This thoroughly revised text, now in its third edition, continues to provide a detailed discussion on all the aspects of solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies from physics of solar cells to manufacturing technologies, solar PV system design and their applications. The Third Edition includes a new chapter on “Advances in c-Si Cell Processes Suitable for Near Future Commercialization” (Chapter 8) to introduce the technological advancement in the commercial production to keep the readers up to date. Organized in three parts, Part I introduces the fundamental principles of solar cell operation and design, Part II explains various technologies to fabricate solar cells and PV modules and Part III focuses on the use of solar photovoltaics as part of the system for providing electrical energy. In addition to this, numerous chapter-end exercises are given to reinforce the understanding of the subject. The text is intended for the undergraduate and postgraduate students of engineering for their courses on solar photovoltaic technologies and renewable energy technologies. The book is of immense use for teachers, researchers and professionals working in the photovoltaic field. In a nutshell, this book is an absolute must-read for all those who want to understand and apply the basics behind photovoltaic devices and systems.
Categories: Technology & Engineering