Physical Activity and Obesity 2nd Edition

Physical Activity and Obesity 2nd Edition

Physical Activity and Obesity, Second Edition, provides a clear explanation of the concepts, research techniques, and results of studies critical to understanding physical activity and the obesity epidemic.

Author: Claude Bouchard

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 1450408893

Category:

Page: 392

View: 587

Physical Activity and Obesity, Second Edition, provides a clear explanation of the concepts, research techniques, and results of studies critical to understanding physical activity and the obesity epidemic.
Categories:

Children Obesity and Exercise

Children  Obesity and Exercise

Children, Obesity and Exercise addresses the need for authoritative advice and innovative approaches to the prevention and management of this chronic problem.

Author: Andrew P. Hills

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134132263

Category: Education

Page: 184

View: 183

Throughout the developed world there is an increasing prevalence of childhood obesity. Because of this increase, and awareness of the risks to long term health that childhood obesity presents, the phenomena is now described by many as a global epidemic. Children, Obesity and Exercise provides sport, exercise and medicine students and professionals with an accessible and practical guide to understanding and managing childhood and adolescent obesity. It covers: overweight, obesity and body composition; physical activity, growth and development; psycho-social aspects of childhood obesity; physical activity behaviours; eating behaviours; measuring children’s behaviour; interventions for prevention and management of childhood obesity. Children, Obesity and Exercise addresses the need for authoritative advice and innovative approaches to the prevention and management of this chronic problem.
Categories: Education

Physical Activity and Obesity

Physical Activity and Obesity

"Physical Activity and Obesity is a resource for researchers, medical practitioners, public health policy makers, and students and for anyone who wants to better understand the role of physical activity in the overall energy balance ...

Author: Claude Bouchard

Publisher:

ISBN: 145045125X

Category: Exercise

Page:

View: 171

"Physical Activity and Obesity is a resource for researchers, medical practitioners, public health policy makers, and students and for anyone who wants to better understand the role of physical activity in the overall energy balance equation and its influence on the health status of the obese."--Jacket.
Categories: Exercise

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND OBESITY

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND OBESITY

A physically sedentary lifestyle and obesity are two of the most prevalent risk factors for common chronic diseases in the Western world.

Author: Claude Bouchard

Publisher:

ISBN: 1450404014

Category: Exercise

Page: 409

View: 223

A physically sedentary lifestyle and obesity are two of the most prevalent risk factors for common chronic diseases in the Western world. These papers explore the evidence of the link between obesity and physical exercise, or the lack of it.
Categories: Exercise

The Importance of Physical Activity and Exercise

The Importance of Physical Activity and Exercise

Discusses the importance of physical fitness and explores the role of physical activity and exercise in solving America's obesity crisis.

Author: Autumn Libal

Publisher: Mason Crest

ISBN: PSU:000066575030

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 104

View: 371

Discusses the importance of physical fitness and explores the role of physical activity and exercise in solving America's obesity crisis.
Categories: Juvenile Nonfiction

The Significance of Physical Activity and Obesity in Elementary School Children

The Significance of Physical Activity and Obesity in Elementary School Children

Experimental studies have shown that decreased physical activity in elementary school aged children during recess and physical education classes increase the alarming growing obesity rate.

Author: Kris D. Hoffman

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1110045307

Category: Evidence-based nursing

Page: 42

View: 831

Experimental studies have shown that decreased physical activity in elementary school aged children during recess and physical education classes increase the alarming growing obesity rate. There's a childhood obesity crisis in the country, and there is no lack of reasons: progressively sedentary lifestyles motivated by video games, television and computers; a fast-food culture in which soda machines and greasy cafeteria food are abundant in kids' lives; and deteriorating chances for exercise, predominantly during the school day (Fainaru-Wada, 2009). About thirty years ago, children were approximately 5% obese, now the percentage has increased to 16-18%. Childhood obesity and lack of exercise is leading to multiple co-morbidities including diabetes, hypertension, cardiac disease, neuropathy, hyperlipidemia, bone and joint problems, stroke, cancers, sleep apnea, and social and psychological problems during adulthood (CDC, 2013). Implementing of educational interventions and moderate, vigorous physical activity during recess and physical education elementary school years would theoretically reduce obesity in children, which could potentially lessen co-morbidities, therefore, would ideally decrease the cost of health care. Initial proposals for the physical activity increase would be made to the administrators of the school, board of directors, teachers, staff members and parents via a power point, lecture and educational handouts on obesity. Data collection and analysis will be conducted by school nurses and physical education teachers and presented in monthly meetings during the school year. Evaluation of the physical activity and potential decreasing weights of children will be conducted by parents via questionnaires. Dissemination of the proposed plan will be discussed and changed according to the results and opinions of the key stakeholders.
Categories: Evidence-based nursing

Physical Activity Fitness Nutrition and Obesity During Growth

Physical Activity  Fitness  Nutrition and Obesity During Growth

The reviews presented in this volume give readers an interdisciplinary insight into the realm of obesity as a global epidemic in early childhood.

Author: Jana Pařízková

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 9781608059461

Category: Medical

Page: 300

View: 520

An imbalance between high energy intake – due to inadequate diet – and reduced energy expenditure – caused by sedentary habits – is believed to create an inherent risk of obesity among individuals. Lifestyle changes among preschool children coupled with health problems (cardiovascular, metabolic, orthopedic, psychological etc.) correlate to an observed increase in body mass index and may even predispose growing children towards obesity in their adult life. Adequate physical activity in the form of regular exercise (in terms of intensity, frequency and duration) has been shown to reduce BMI and have a positive impact on health and physical fitness levels among children. Thus physical activity programs have been applied for obesity prevention and treatment with some degree of success. Physical Activity, Fitness, Nutrition and Obesity During Growth focuses on research findings and recommendations to mitigate obesity risk in children during early growth stages. The reviews presented in this volume give readers an interdisciplinary insight into the realm of obesity as a global epidemic in early childhood. The review also discusses interventions based on physical activity, which can help combat obesity among children while avoiding undesirable strategies (such as strict diets). The book is intended for public health officials, social workers, as well as general medical practitioners and counsellors.
Categories: Medical

Guidelines for Comprehensive Programs to Promote Healthy Eating and Physical Activity

Guidelines for Comprehensive Programs to Promote Healthy Eating and Physical Activity

This guide explains how to create or improve nutrition, physical activity and obesity programmes.

Author: Susanne Gregory

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 0736044647

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 37

View: 939

Poor diet and inadequate physical activity cause more than 300,000 deaths each year in America and are major contributors to disabilities that arise from diabetes, obesity and strokes. This guide explains how to create or improve nutrition, physical activity and obesity programmes.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Child Health Nutrition and Physical Activity

Child Health  Nutrition  and Physical Activity

This book is a result of the groundbreaking Harvard Conference on Nutrition and Physical Activity of Children and Youth, which brought together some of the top professionals in the field, including former U.S. Surgeon General Julius ...

Author: Lilian W. Y. Cheung

Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers

ISBN: 0873227743

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 377

View: 467

Child Health, Nutrition, and Physical Activity offers a comprehensive review of the latest information on nutrition, physical activity, eating disorders, obesity in childhood, and prevention of chronic disease in adulthood. This book is a result of the groundbreaking Harvard Conference on Nutrition and Physical Activity of Children and Youth, which brought together some of the top professionals in the field, including former U.S. Surgeon General Julius Richmond.Each chapter- identifies important health considerations for American youth,- describes and critiques previous interventions and current behavior patterns,- identifies gaps in current knowledge, and- recommends ways to improve nutrition and fitness in children and adolescents.Each chapter is followed by several insightful commentaries that view these challenging issues from different perspectives. The book also provides an overview of nutrition and physical activity as they affect child health, and suggests how industry, the media, government, and academia can each play a role in improving child health. Child Health, Nutrition, and Physical Activity is an important reference for medical and nutrition professionals, sports medicine researchers and practitioners, school and public health personnel, physical educators, and others involved in promoting child health. It's also suitable as a text for upper-division undergraduate and graduate-level courses in public health policy, pediatric exercise science, pediatric nutrition, health promotion, and related courses.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Physical Activity in the Era of the Childhood Obesity Epidemic

Physical Activity in the Era of the Childhood Obesity Epidemic

Physical activity is important for obesity prevention.

Author: Kerry Ann Vander Ploeg

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:884866108

Category: Children

Page: 175

View: 640

Physical activity is important for obesity prevention. Given that the prevalence of obesity among Canadian children has substantially increased over recent decades, and that obesity has substantial consequences for health and wellness, physical activity promotion continues to be a priority for public health. This thesis research aims to further our understanding of children's behavioural patterns where they relate to physical activity and obesity. It also aims to identify factors and effective strategies that increase physical activity among children. These aims were assessed through six interconnected research papers. In the first paper we demonstrated that consideration should be given to activities not captured by pedometers as adjusting crude pedometer-measured steps for these activities substantially improved the ability to accurately assess children's physical activity levels, and to identify children who were obese. In the second paper we revealed that policy makers should consider targeting physical activity in girls, and outside of school as these variables and time periods were characterized by low activity. In the third and fourth papers we showed that parental beliefs and support for physical activity were positively related to children's physical activity achieved on weekend days, and negatively associated with childhood overweight. In the fifth paper we demonstrated that school programs that support physical activity through positive environments, curriculum, policy, and partnerships lead to improvements in children's physical activity both during and beyond school. In the last paper, we revealed that programs implemented in schools located in disadvantaged neighbourhoods reduced inequalities in physical activity. Furthermore, we found that although the programs were implemented school-wide and did not specifically target student subgroups, they were effective in increasing physical activity relatively evenly among low-active, active, and high-active students. Likewise they relatively evenly reached normal weight and overweight students, and those of distinct socioeconomic backgrounds. The results of this thesis provide researchers and policy makers with new evidence on important determinants of physical activity in children from an Albertan context. They also underline the importance of supporting strategies for physical activity promotion and specifically school health programs as these improve physical activity, reduce obesity prevalence rates and diminish health inequalities.
Categories: Children

Physical Activity and Obesity in Lebanese Adolescents

Physical Activity and Obesity in Lebanese Adolescents

The second aim was to determine the relation between Body Mass Index and percent body fat among girls and to investigate the effect of physical activity on this relation. The work in this thesis was conducted across two phases.

Author: Abdallah Fazah

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:793119879

Category:

Page: 280

View: 374

Obesity is a pathological excess of body fat. An environment with boundless food availability, and an increasingly sedentary lifestyle coupled with less chances for PA creates the perfect setting for obesity. Previous studies in Lebanon show that prevalence of obesity in adults is significant. Suggested causes include low physical activity, inactive lifestyle, and nutritional intake. However, in adolescents, research shows that prevalence is low among girls as compared to boys, and as compared to girls in other countries. The first aim was to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Lebanese adolescents and to examine correlates of physical activity, inactivity, and quality of life with BMI status. The second aim was to determine the relation between Body Mass Index and percent body fat among girls and to investigate the effect of physical activity on this relation. The work in this thesis was conducted across two phases. In phase one, 1000 participated. They completed a self-report questionnaire made up of several sections. Data from this phase was used in study 1. In phase two, 65 adolescent girls were recruited. Body weight and height were measured by standard anthropometric procedures. DXA whole body scans were performed and subjects completed a physical activity questionnaire. Data from this phase was used in study 2 and 3. In Study one, based on international BMI cut off points, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is 22.5% and 7.8% in boys respectively, and 12.47% and 1.78% in girls respectively. Boys are more active than girls. Obesity in adolescence impairs quality of life and is more pronounced in girls. Study two shows that girls demonstrate a higher body fat for a given BMI, based on this, the current prevalence of overweight and obesity is underestimated. Finally, study three suggests that by adding a simple validated self report questionnaire for physical activity, it may be possible to improve the relation between BMI and %BF.
Categories:

Parent child physical activity sedentary behaviour and obesity

Parent child physical activity  sedentary behaviour  and obesity

The theoretical part of the monograph presented theories and models of parent-child health-related behaviours, including parental involvement in the physical activity, screen time, and eating behaviours of their children.

Author: Erik Sigmund

Publisher: Palacký University Olomouc

ISBN: 9788024452227

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 88

View: 600

The theoretical part of the monograph presented theories and models of parent-child health-related behaviours, including parental involvement in the physical activity, screen time, and eating behaviours of their children. The findings of retrospective, experimental, and meta-analytic studies indicate that a long-term positive outcome for the reduction of the excessive body weight of children or the formation of an active lifestyle requires the active participation of parents. Therefore, the main objective of the monograph is to describe the parent-child patterns of the physical activity and sedentary behaviour of Czech families with pre-schoolers and school-aged children and answer the question of which family-based determinants affect the likelihood of the overweight/obesity of children.
Categories: Family & Relationships