Philosophy and the Origin and Evolution of the Universe

Philosophy and the Origin and Evolution of the Universe

This book provides a survey of these different aspects, for it gives some essential elements of the scientific background necessary for understanding the main issues of modern cosmology, and at the same time offer a discussion of the ...

Author: Evandro Agazzi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: UOM:39015022051315

Category: Philosophy

Page: 488

View: 239

Modern cosmology, though a confluence of relativity theory and elementary particle physics, and with the help of very sophisticated mathematical models, tries to encompass the Universe as a whole, and to propose theories regarding its origin and evolution. But this cannot work without the evolution of several philosophical issues, concerning the epistemological status of this enterprise, its implicit or explicit extra-scientific presuppositions, as well as the real sense and interpretation of the theories and principles involved. This book provides a survey of these different aspects, for it gives some essential elements of the scientific background necessary for understanding the main issues of modern cosmology, and at the same time offer a discussion of the problems arising in it; problems which are never purely scientific, nor purely philosophical. Science and philosophy are therefore again deeply interrelated, at the moment where man tries to understand the Universe and his place in it. And this not only because the legitimacy of calling cosmology a science implies the acceptance of intellectual approaches which overstep the usual criteria of physical science and have a deep philosophical connotation, but also because the evolutionary way of thinking, strongly backed by cosmology, reinforces the role of this approach in the philosophy of science and in philosophy in general.
Categories: Philosophy

History of Astronomy

History of Astronomy

Taub, L.C. Ptolemy's Universe: The Natural Philosophical and Ethical Foundations of Ptolemy's Astronomy. Chicago: Open Court, 199 3. Cosmology, contemporary Defined as the scientific study of the origin, evolution, and large-scale ...

Author: John Lankford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136508349

Category: History

Page: 650

View: 145

This Encyclopedia traces the history of the oldest science from the ancient world to the space age in over 300 entries by leading experts.
Categories: History

The Philosophy of Science

The Philosophy of Science

Flint , R. Philosophy as Scientia Scientiarum and the History of the Sciences . New York : Scribner , 1904 . 22. ... Gamow , G. " The Origin and Evolution of the Universe , " American Scientist , 39 : 393–406 ( 1951 ) . 25.

Author: Richard Boyd

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262521563

Category: Philosophy

Page: 820

View: 950

Using formal logic, Reconstructing the Past seeks to clarify and resolve themethodological issues that arise when biologists try to answer such questions as whether humanbeings are more closely related to chimps than they are to gorillas. It explores the case forconsidering the philosophical idea of simplicity/parsimony as a useful principle for evaluatingtaxonomic theories of evolutionary relationships. Bringing together philosophy, biology, andstatistics, Sober builds a general framework for understanding the circumstances in which parsimonymakes sense as a tool of phylogenetic inference.Elliott Sober is Professor of Philosophy at theUniversity of Wisconsin, Madison, and the author of The Nature of Selection.
Categories: Philosophy

Cosmology Physics and Philosophy

Cosmology  Physics  and Philosophy

A singular feature of all discussions about the origins of life, thought and knowledge is that the moment one starts ... the most important of which are: |The origin and evolution of the universe, galaxies, stars, planets and the earth.

Author: Benjamin Gal-Or

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461596615

Category: Science

Page: 522

View: 158

What is unorthodox in this book? Much has happened in the last few years, especially in terms of the somewhat surpris ing rate at which the theories presented herein have been gaining increasing acceptance and support even by the most skeptical professionals. Nevertheless, the purpose of this up-dated Preface is not to tell the biographical and acceptance story behind this book, but to bring together some non-physical and non technical conclusions for those readers who find the physico-mathematical sections of this book too difficult to follow. A secondary purpose is to present here some newer conclu sions, especially in general philosophy and in aesthetics. Yet, the main physico philosophical conclusions presented in this book are not to be summarized here. For that purpose one must tum to the text itself. * * * The theories presented here have been developed in total isolation. They were never presented in "professional conferences", as most current writers do. Whether or not that was important remains to be seen. Hence, all I can state to critics and enthusiastic follow ers alike is the fact that I do not belong to any 'formal discipline', 'pressure group', or 'pro fessional organization'.
Categories: Science

Philosophy of Life

Philosophy of Life

The empty space in universe is limitless extending in all directions. ... The whole plethora of questions on the origin, evolution and working of universe, galaxies, stars, planetary system, earth and life on earth can be ...

Author: Ashok Kumar Sood

Publisher: Partridge Publishing

ISBN: 9781482889550

Category: Self-Help

Page: 328

View: 518

Rationality can answer a number of the most central questions about our existence and our universe: Why are we here? How did the universe come into existence and how will it end? What is the purpose and where will we go after death? In Philosophy of life - Connecting Dots, author Ashok Kumar Sood explores a rational and analytical approach to answer these fundamental questions about human nature and existence and he looks to the facts about our universe and about human psychology to find rational answers. Philosophy of life starts with a curiosity and uses a methodology grounded in rationality to investigate both the physical aspects of the universe as well as the psychological aspects of the human mind. It further explores the role of perception and imagination in human life and it shows how maintaining physical, mental, social and environmental health can improve quality of life. While religion and spirituality have offered traditional answers to life`s most important questions, a rational approach grounded in the facts of our existence can provide a more concrete foundation for optimal living. Philosophy of life connecting dots can show you how to use this rationality to accomplish the ultimate goals of life and live with tranquility, happiness and satisfaction.
Categories: Self-Help

The Universe and Its Evolution

The Universe and Its Evolution

Excerpt from The Universe and Its Evolution: A New Theory on the Existence of Its Origin and Its Orderly Development About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books.

Author: S. J. Silberstein

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN: 1330117220

Category: Philosophy

Page: 72

View: 545

Excerpt from The Universe and Its Evolution: A New Theory on the Existence of Its Origin and Its Orderly Development About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Categories: Philosophy

The Artful Universe

The Artful Universe

An eclectic survey of the links between the creative arts and the sciences.

Author: John D Barrow

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: UOM:39015031844395

Category: Nature (Aesthetics).

Page: 308

View: 624

An eclectic survey of the links between the creative arts and the sciences.
Categories: Nature (Aesthetics).

Concepts Theories and the Mind Body Problem

Concepts  Theories  and the Mind Body Problem

Flint, R. Philosophy as Scientia Scientiarum and the History of the Sciences. ... Gamow, G. "The Origin and Evolution of ... Gamow, G. "The Evolutionary Universe," Scientific American, 195:136-154 (September 1956). 27.

Author: Herbert Feigl

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9780816657612

Category: Science

Page: 578

View: 465

Concepts, Theories, and the Mind-Body Problem was first published in 1958. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions. This is Volume II of the Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, a series published in cooperation with the Minnesota Center for Philosophy of Science at the University of Minnesota. The series editors are Herbert Feigl and Grover Maxwell, who are also co-editors, with Michael Scriven, of this volume. The ten papers by eleven authors which make up the content of this volume are the result of collaborative research of the Center in philosophical and methodological problems of science in general and psychology in particular. The contributors are Paul Oppenheim, Hilary Putnam, Carl G. Hempel, Michael Scriven, Arthur Pap, Wilfrid Sellars, H. Gavin Alexander, P.F. Strawson, Karl Zener, Herbert Feigl, and Paul E. Meehl. In addition, an extensive discussion of "Internationality and the Mental" by Wilfrid Sellars and Roderick Chisholm is presented in an appendix. In a review of this volume the journal Psychiatric Quarterly commented: "These essays will not prove easy for the layman to read, but he can hardly fail to find his effort rewarded if he is persistent. For the professional behavioral scientist increased awareness and caution—in his use of scientific language, and thinking about scientific theory—should result." One of the papers in this volume, "The 'Mental' and the 'Physical'" by Herbert Feigl, has been published by the University of Minnesota Press with further discussion by Dr. Feigl as a separate book,The "Mental" and the "Physical": The Essay and a Postscript.
Categories: Science

The Transhumanism Handbook

The Transhumanism Handbook

History. and. Transhumanist. Philosophy: Complementary. Worldviews. Big History and transhumanism are two complementary ways of approaching the origin, evolution, and future of humanity, the Universe, and the future of humankind within ...

Author: Newton Lee

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030169206

Category: Computers

Page: 863

View: 763

Modern humanity with some 5,000 years of recorded history has been experiencing growing pains, with no end in sight. It is high time for humanity to grow up and to transcend itself by embracing transhumanism. Transhumanism offers the most inclusive ideology for all ethnicities and races, the religious and the atheists, conservatives and liberals, the young and the old regardless of socioeconomic status, gender identity, or any other individual qualities. This book expounds on contemporary views and practical advice from more than 70 transhumanists. Astronaut Neil Armstrong said on the Apollo 11 moon landing in 1969, “One small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.” Transhumanism is the next logical step in the evolution of humankind, and it is the existential solution to the long-term survival of the human race.
Categories: Computers

The Book of Nothing

The Book of Nothing

John Barrow unravels the different concepts of nothing from quantum physics and cosmology to mathematics and philosophy. There is something of nothing for everyone in this remarkable book.

Author: John D. Barrow

Publisher: Random House UK

ISBN: UOM:39015049522355

Category: Nothing (Philosophy)

Page: 408

View: 121

From the zeros of the mathematicians to the void of the philosophers, from Shakespeare to the empty set, from the ether to the quantum vacuum, from being and nothingness to creatio ex nihilo, there is much ado about nothing at the heart of things. Recent exciting discoveries in astronomy shed new light on the nature of the vacuum and its dramatic effect upon the explanation of the Universe. John Barrow unravels the different concepts of nothing from quantum physics and cosmology to mathematics and philosophy. There is something of nothing for everyone in this remarkable book.
Categories: Nothing (Philosophy)