Philosophical Foundations of Contract Law

Author: Gregory Klass,George Letsas,Prince Saprai

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198713010

Category: Law

Page: 391

View: 9206

DOWNLOAD NOW »

"The chapters that constitute this volume were first presented at the inaugural Bentham House conference at University College London in 2013"--Acknowledgments (page v).
Release

Contract as Promise

A Theory of Contractual Obligation

Author: Charles Fried

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0190240164

Category: Contracts

Page: 224

View: 9192

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Contract as Promise is a study of the philosophical foundations of contract law in which Professor Fried effectively answers some of the most common assumptions about contract law and strongly proposes a moral basis for it while defending the classical theory of contract. This book provides two purposes regarding the complex legal institution of the contract. The first is the theoretical purpose to demonstrate how contract law can be traced to and is determined by a small number of basic moral principles. At the theory level the author shows that contract law does have an underlying, and unifying structure. The second is a pedagogic purpose to provide for students the underlying structure of contract law. At this level of doctrinal exposition the author shows that structure can be referred to moral principles. Together the two purposes support each other in an effective and comprehensive study of contract law. This second edition retains the original text, and includes a new Preface. It also includes a substantial new essay entitled Contract as Promise in the Light of Subsequent Scholarship--Especially Law and Economics which serves as a retrospective of the work accomplished in the last thirty years, while responding to present and future work in the field.
Release

Contract Law Without Foundations

Toward a Republican Theory of Contract Law

Author: Prince Saprai

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191084581

Category: Law

Page: 250

View: 1030

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book advances a theoretical account of contract law, grounded in value pluralism. Arguing against attempts to delineate branches of legal doctrine by reference to single unifying values, the book suggests that a field such as contract law can only be explained and justified by the interaction of a multiplicity of moral values. In recent times, the philosophy of contract law has been dominated by the 'promise theory', according to which the morality of promise provides a 'blueprint' for the structure, shape, and content that contract law rules and doctrines should take. The promise theory is an example of what this book calls a 'foundationalist' theory, whereby areas of law reflect or are underlain by particular moral principles or sets of such principles. By considering contract law from the point of view of its theory, rules and doctrines, and broader political context, the book argues that the promise theory can only ever offer part of the picture. The book claims that 'top-down' theories of contract law such as the promise theory and its bitter rival the economic analysis of law seriously mishandle legal doctrine by ignoring or underplaying the irreducible plurality of values that shape contract law. The book defends the role of this multiplicity of values in forging contract doctrine by developing from the 'ground-up' a radical and distinctly republican reinterpretation of the field. The book encourages readers to move away from a 'top-down' theory of contract law such as the promise theory and instead embrace a distinctly republican approach to contract law that would justify the legal rules and doctrines we find in particular jurisdictions at particular times.
Release

Philosophical Foundations of Property Law

Author: James Penner,Henry Smith

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199673586

Category: Law

Page: 369

View: 814

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This volume seeks to bring the concepts and doctrines of property law into the philosophy of property. It offers contributions from leading theorists of property law. The papers serve as introductions to many facets of philosophical work grounded in the law of property and as cutting edge contributions to the scholarly literature.
Release

Philosophical Foundations of Language in the Law

Author: Andrei Marmor,Scott Soames

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191654752

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 9947

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This collection brings together the best contemporary philosophical work in the area of intersection between philosophy of language and the law. Some of the contributors are philosophers of language who are interested in applying advances in philosophy of language to legal issues, and some of the participants are philosophers of law who are interested in applying insights and theories from philosophy of language to their work on the nature of law and legal interpretation. By making this body of recent work available in a single volume, readers will gain both a general overview of the various interactions between language and law, and also detailed analyses of particular areas in which this interaction is manifest. The contributions to this volume are grouped under three main general areas: The first area concerns a critical assessment, in light of recent advances in philosophy of language, of the foundational role of language in understanding the nature of law itself. The second main area concerns a number of ways in which an understanding of language can resolve some of the issues prevalent in legal interpretation, such as the various ways in which semantic content can differ from law's assertive content; the contribution of presuppositions and pragmatic implicatures in understanding what the law conveys; the role of vagueness in legal language, for example. The third general topic concerns the role of language in the context of particular legal doctrines and legal solutions to practical problems, such as the legal definitions of inchoate crimes, the legal definition of torture, or the contractual doctrines concerning default rules. Together, these three key issues cover a wide range of philosophical interests in law that can be elucidated by a better understanding of language and linguistic communication.
Release

Philosophical Foundations of Fiduciary Law

Author: Andrew S. Gold,Paul B. Miller

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191005290

Category: Law

Page: 450

View: 1415

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Fiduciary law is a critically important body of law. Fiduciary duties ensure the integrity of a remarkable variety of relationships, institutions, and organizations. They apply to relationships of great personal significance, including in some jurisdictions the relationship between parents and children. They structure a wide variety of commercial relationships, and they are essential to the regulation of relationships between professional service providers and their clients, including relationships between lawyer and client, doctor and patient, and investment manager and client. Fiduciary duties, perhaps uniquely in private law, challenge traditional ways of marking the boundaries between private and public law, inasmuch as they figure prominently in public governance. Indeed, there is even a storied tradition of thinking of the authority of the state in fiduciary terms. Notwithstanding its importance, fiduciary law has been woefully under-analysed by legal theorists. Filling this gap with a series of chapters by leading theorists, this book includes chapters on: the nature of fiduciary relationships, the connection between fiduciary duties and morality, the content and significance of fiduciary loyalty, the economic significance of fiduciary law, the application of fiduciary principles to public law and international law, the import of fiduciary relationships to theories of authority, and various other fundamental topics in the field. In many cases, new and important questions are raised by the book's chapters. Indeed, this book not only offers a much-needed theoretical assessment of fiduciary topics, it defines the field going forward, setting an agenda for future philosophical study of fiduciary law.
Release

Philosophical Foundations of the Law of Unjust Enrichment

Author: Robert Chambers,Charles Christopher James Mitchell,James E. Penner

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 446

View: 7988

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Introduction /Robert Chambers, Charles Mitchell, and James Penner --Correctively unjust enrichment /Ernest J Weinrib --Restitution's realism /Hanoch Dagan --The normative foundations of unjust enrichment /Dennis Klimchuk --Resisting temptations to 'justice' /Mitchell McInnes --The nature of responsibility for gain : gain, harm, and keeping the lid on Pandora's box /Kit Barker --Unjust enrichment : nearer to tort than contract /Stephen A. Smith --The meaning of loss and enrichment /James Edelman --Two kinds of enrichment /Robert Chambers --Philosophical foundations of proprietary remedies /Lionel Smith --Value, property, and unjust enrichment : trusts of traceable proceeds /James Penner --Property, unjust enrichment and defective transfers /Charlie Webb --'Mistakes of law' and legal reasoning : interpreting Kleinwort Benson v Lincoln City Council /Aruna Nair --Unjust enrichment and the idea of public law /Charles Mitchell and Peter Oliver --Unconscionable enrichment? /Prince Saprai.
Release

Philosophical Foundations of Labour Law

Author: Hugh Collins,Gillian Lester,Virginia Mantouvalou

Publisher: Philosophical Foundations of L

ISBN: 0198825277

Category: Law

Page: 368

View: 8120

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The first book to explore the philosophical foundations of labour law in detail, including topics such as the meaning of work, the relationship between employee and employer, and the demands of justice in the workplace.
Release

Justice in Transactions

A Theory of Contract Law

Author: Peter Benson

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674237595

Category: Law

Page: 560

View: 4175

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Legal thinkers typically justify contract law on the basis of economics or promissory morality. But Peter Benson takes another approach. He argues that contract is best explained as a transfer of rights governed by a conception of justice. The result is a comprehensive theory of contract law congruent with Rawlsian liberalism.
Release