Perspectives on Prescriptivism

Perspectives on Prescriptivism

To what extent were books more prescriptive - rather than descriptive - in what has generally been described as 'the age of correctness'? Some of the answers are to be found in this volume.

Author: Joan C. Beal

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 3039116320

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 269

View: 686

The colloquium Perspectives on Prescriptivism (20-22 April 2006) was hosted by the University of Catania - Faculty of Foreign Languages - in Ragusa. Until very recently, the received view among linguists was that prescriptivism was a 'bad thing', something only worth considering in order to condemn it as a product of unenlightened thinking. The organisers wished to encourage participants to look at linguistic prescriptivism from a wide range of perspectives. Some of the main questions asked were: To what extent is the concept of prescriptivism to be considered a typical product of the 18th century? What is the attitude of 21st-century scholars and language guardians towards linguistic 'correctness'? To what extent were books more prescriptive - rather than descriptive - in what has generally been described as 'the age of correctness'? Some of the answers are to be found in this volume.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language Social Psychological Perspectives

Language  Social Psychological Perspectives

In this context for learning English we might expect to find that a certain amount of
prescriptivism would have its impact on the emerging variety of English in the
Pueblo. The realisation of this prescriptivism in these speakers may also be ...

Author: H. Giles

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483299112

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 458

View: 730

Provides a comprehensive review of the relationships between language and social behaviour. The papers will be of interest not only to psychologists concerned with language and social behaviour, but also to linguists, sociologists and social workers, anthropologists and psychiatrists
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Bilingual Lexicography from a Communicative Perspective

Bilingual Lexicography from a Communicative Perspective

Over the past two decades there seems to have been a revival of interest in an
objective study of prescriptivism from the sociocultural perspective . Two of the
most noteworthy works in this connection are Authority in language : Investigating
 ...

Author: Heming Yong

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027223335

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 229

View: 242

This stimulating new book, as the premier work introducing bilingual lexicography from a communicative perspective, is launched to represent original thinking and innovative theorization in the field of bilingual lexicography. It treats the bilingual dictionary as a system of intercultural communication and bilingual dictionary making as a dynamic process realized by sets of choices, characterizing the overall nature of the dictionary. It examines the dictionary and dictionary making by using a model of lexicography which stresses the three-way relationship of compiler, dictionary context and user and incorporates them into a unified coherent framework. Throughout the study, special focus is on English and Chinese bilingual lexicography. It will serve not only as a valuable guide to those interested in dictionary compilation and theoretical inquiries but also as a textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in bilingual lexicography.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language Variation European Perspectives

Language Variation  European Perspectives

prescriptive correctness, which is determined by some recognized body of
authorities. ... English and Hebrew prescriptivism are equally unscientific, “but
only English prescriptivism can also be considered to be discriminatory because
only ...

Author: Frans Hinskens

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027234810

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 279

View: 291

This volume presents 16 original studies of variation in languages representing the three main European language families, as well as in varieties of Greek and Hungarian. The studies concern variation in or across dialects or dialect groups, in standard varieties or in emerging regional varieties of the standard. Several studies investigate a specific linguistic element or structure, while others focus on areas of tension between variation and prescriptive standard norms, on regional standard varieties and regiolects, on problems of linguistic classification (from folk linguistic or dialect geographical perspectives) and the classification of speakers. Language acquisition plays a main role in three studies. The studies in this volume represent a range of methods, including ethnographic and 'interpretative' approaches, conversation analysis, analyses of the internal and geographical distribution of dialect features, the classification and quantitative analyses of socio-demographic speaker background data, quantitative analyses of both diachronic and synchronic language data, phonetic measurements, as well as (quasi-)experimental perception studies. The volume thus offers a microcosmic reflection of the macrocosmos of world-wide research on variability in (originally) European languages at the beginning of the 21th century and the linguistic expression of cultural diversity.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Workings of Language

The Workings of Language

Eminent linguists tell the real stories behind prescriptivism, dialects, American Sign Language, the English-Only movement, language and politics, media communication, and other topics concerning language in society.

Author: Rebecca S. Wheeler

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0275962458

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 250

View: 993

Eminent linguists tell the real stories behind prescriptivism, dialects, American Sign Language, the English-Only movement, language and politics, media communication, and other topics concerning language in society.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Describing Prescriptivism

Describing Prescriptivism

Focusing on usage guides and usage problems, the book takes a three-fold approach to present an in-depth analysis of the topic, featuring: a detailed study of the advice provided in usage guides over the years; an authoritative comparison ...

Author: Ingrid Tieken-Boon van Ostade

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429558146

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 274

View: 736

Describing Prescriptivism provides a topical and thought-provoking analysis of linguistic prescriptivism in British and American English, from a historical as well as present-day perspective. Focusing on usage guides and usage problems, the book takes a three-fold approach to present an in-depth analysis of the topic, featuring: a detailed study of the advice provided in usage guides over the years; an authoritative comparison of this advice with actual usage as recorded in British and American corpora, including the HUGE (Hyper Usage Guide of English) database – developed specifically to enable this line of study – as well as more mainstream corpora such as COCA, COHA and the BNC; a close analysis of the attitudes to particular usage problems among the general public, based on surveys distributed online through the "Bridging the Unbridgeable" research project’s blog.* With extensive case studies to illustrate and support claims throughout, this comprehensive study is key reading for students and researchers of prescriptivism, the history of English and sociolinguistics. *Found at https://bridgingtheunbridgeable.com/
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Languages of Nation

The Languages of Nation

This collection brings together research on linguistic prescriptivism and social identities, in specific contemporary and historical contexts of cross-cultural contact and awareness.

Author: Prof. Carol Percy

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781847697820

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 304

View: 752

This collection brings together research on linguistic prescriptivism and social identities, in specific contemporary and historical contexts of cross-cultural contact and awareness. Providing multilingual and multidisciplinary perspectives from language studies, lexicography, literature, and cultural studies, our contributors relate language norms to frameworks of identity beyond monolingual citizenship - nativeness, ethnicity, politics, religion, empire. Some chapters focus on traditional instruments of prescriptivism: language academies in Europe; government language planners in southeast Asia; dictionaries and grammars from Early Modern and imperial Britain, republican America, the postcolonial Caribbean, and modern Germany. Other chapters consider the roles of scholars in prescriptivism, as well as the more informal and populist mechanisms of enforcement expressed in newspapers. With a thematic introduction articulating links between its breadth of perspectives, this accessible book should engage everyone concerned with language norms.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Oxford Handbook of the History of English

The Oxford Handbook of the History of English

Perspectives on Prescriptivism. Bern: Lang. Blevins, Juliette. 2004. Evolutionary
Phonology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Bradbury, Charles. 1756.
The Cobler Undone, by the Loss of His Awl and His Ends: Being a Proper
Answer ...

Author: Terttu Nevalainen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199996384

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 984

View: 686

The availability of large electronic corpora has caused major shifts in linguistic research, including the ability to analyze much more data than ever before, and to perform micro-analyses of linguistic structures across languages. This has historical linguists to rethink many standard assumptions about language history, and methods and approaches that are relevant to the study of it. The field is now interested in, and attracts, specialists whose fields range from statistical modeling to acoustic phonetics. These changes have even transformed linguists' perceptions of the very processes of language change, particularly in English, the most studied language in historical linguistics due to the size of available data and its status as a global language. The Oxford Handbook of the History of English takes stock of recent advances in the study of the history of English, broadening and deepening the understanding of the field. It seeks to suggest ways to rethink the relationship of English's past with its present, and make transparent the variety of conditions and processes that have been instrumental in shaping that history. Setting a new standard of cross-theoretical collaboration, it covers the field in an innovative way, providing diachronic accounts of major influences such as language contact, and typological processes that have shaped English and its varieties, as well as highlighting recent and ongoing developments of Englishes--celebrating the vitality of language change over the centuries and the many contexts and processes through which language change occurs.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Bishop s Grammar

The Bishop s Grammar

Author: Ingrid Tieken-Boon van Ostade

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780199579273

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 358

View: 617

A spirited account of the life and times of one of the seminal figures in history of English grammar which dispels the myth of Lowth as the icon of prescriptivism, and establishes him as a key figure in the history of English grammar. It will appeal to everyone interested in the history of English the long-running debate on linguistic correctness.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

An Introduction to Language

An Introduction to Language

The prescriptive tradition has a long history, and our modern form of it dates back
centuries; however, its assumptions ... Pet peeves • Prescriptive grammar •
Prescriptively Correct PerspectivePrescriptivism • Rhetorically Correct
Perspective ...

Author: Kirk Hazen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118559956

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 456

View: 580

An Introduction to Language offers an engaging guide tothe nature of language, focusing on how language works – itssounds, words, structures, and phrases – all investigatedthrough wide-ranging examples from Old English to contemporary popculture. Explores the idea of a scientific approach to language,inviting students to consider what qualities of language compriseeveryday skills for us, be they sounds, words, phrases, orconversation Helps shape our understanding of what language is, howit works, and why it is both elegantly complex and essentialto who we are Includes exercises within each chapter to help readers explorekey concepts and directly observe the patterns that are part of allhuman language Examines linguistic variation and change to illustrate socialnuances and language-in-use, drawing primarily on examples fromEnglish Avoids linguistic jargon, focusing instead on a broader andmore general approach to the study of language, and making it idealfor those coming to the subject for the first time Supported by additional web resources – available uponpublication at ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/hazen/introlanguage"www.wiley.com/go/hazen/introlanguage/a– including student study aids and testbank and notes forinstructors
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Language of Public and Private Communication in a Historical Perspective

The Language of Public and Private Communication in a Historical Perspective

It is a view which I am trying to correct in a study on Lowth and his grammar in the
light of the rise of prescriptivism in eighteenth-century England (Tieken-Boon van
Ostade 2010). Prescriptivism is the final stage in the standardisation process, ...

Author: Nicholas Brownlees

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443822022

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 390

View: 170

This volume examines a fundamental concept of language within a historical perspective. The concept is that of public and private communication, the historical period ranges from the late middle ages to the late modern, and the language is English. In short, what are the linguistic traits, discursive practices, communicative settings and intentions which identify and contrast public from private communication, supposing it is possible to make such a fine distinction? The volume contains contributions from top international scholars working in the fields of, for example, historical correspondence, seventeenth- and eighteenth-century print news, sixteenth-century liturgy and political discourse, the language of quack doctors, late modern travel writing, personal notebooks, and even the eighteenth-century public discourse of shopping. As this ground-breaking volume is not just about key concepts in the history of the English language, but also examines at a more general level the concept of private and public communication, the various chapters will interest scholars working in language and communication generally as well as English historical discourse.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Problems and Perspectives

Problems and Perspectives

As Judge puts it (1993:17) “there has been a move towards prescriptivism and a
more aggressive policy of implantation of linguistic directives'. However, it is
equally evident that the impact of this legislation is by no means clear. Low fines
and ...

Author: Wendy Ayres-Bennett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317886518

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 426

View: 840

Problems and Perspectives- Studies in the Modern French Language looks at a number of interesting or problematic areas in the phonology, morphology, syntax and lexis of the French language and encourages the reader to think critically about different ways of approaching, describing and explaining these issues or data. The book is divided into two parts- the first section is a preliminary to, and contextualises, the discussion of the more specialised topics of the second part. Part two presents problematic and controversial areas in the description and analysis of the contemporary language. Where appropriate historical and sociolinguistic issues are also integrated into the discussion of modern French. Aimed primarily at advanced students and researchers in French linguistics, the introductory sections of part one also make this book accessible to undergraduates beginning their study of French linguistics, and to less specialised readers.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Perspectives on Applied Sociolinguistics

Perspectives on Applied Sociolinguistics

One only need recall the recent Newsweek cover story " Why Johnny Can ' t
Read ( December 8 , 1975 : 58 - 63 ) for evidence of contemporary strength of the
prescriptive notion . Judging from the enthusiastic response to this article ...

Author: Robert N. St. Clair

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X000447506

Category: Language and education

Page: 258

View: 750

Categories: Language and education

Transatlantic Perspectives on Late Modern English

Transatlantic Perspectives on Late Modern English

... (perhaps the continued efects of prescriptivism) followed by a signiicant
decline beginning in the second half of the century. he generally higher use of
the subjunctive in both AmE and CanE may in fact be evidence of “colonial
revival” rather ...

Author: Marina Dossena

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027268877

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 221

View: 358

The volume presents an innovative approach to studies in Late Modern English by giving attention to variation and change in varieties of English on both sides of the Atlantic. As new corpora become available, scholarly interests broaden their horizons to encompass varieties, the history of which has only just begun to be investigated, and which are likely to yield significant findings. The contributors, whose long experience in the field of English historical linguistics ensures in-depth investigations, employ state-of-the-art tools for the analysis of specific phenomena and to set these in the light of a more encompassing framework concerning different text types and sociolinguistic considerations. While usage guides and dictionaries prove remarkable in their contribution to the definition of what is (not) acceptable in specific social circles, the language of ordinary users also takes centre stage in studies of correspondence, journals and travelogues. The volume is expected to appeal to scholars and students interested in the linguistic history of English as seen in contexts on which – until now – relatively little light has been shed.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Constructional Approaches to English Grammar

Constructional Approaches to English Grammar

Will and shall: Prescriptive and descriptive perspectives In the following, we will
first look at some prescriptive approaches, both past and present, to the “correct”
use of shall and will and their corresponding negative forms will not, won't and ...

Author: Graeme Trousdale

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110199178

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 316

View: 434

This collection of articles brings together new research from both established and emerging international experts in the study of English grammar, all of whom have engaged with the notion of 'construction' in their work. The research here is concerned with both synchrony and diachrony, with the relationship between Construction Grammar and other linguistic theories, and with a number of issues in the study of grammar, such as raising and control phenomena, transitivity, relative clause structure, the syntax of gerunds, attributive and predicative uses of adjectives, modality, and grammaticalization. Some of the articles are written within a constructional framework, while others highlight potential problems with constructional approaches to English grammar; some of the articles are based on data collected from corpora, some on introspection; some of the articles suggest potential developments for diachronic construction grammar, while others seek to compare Construction Grammar with other cognitive linguistic theories, most particularly Word Grammar. The research reported in this volume presents a series of ways of looking at the relationship between constructions and patterns in English grammar, either now or in the past. The book addresses scholars and advanced students who are interested in English grammar, constructional approaches to language, and the relationship between functional and formal issues in linguistic description and theory.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language Power and Pedagogy

Language  Power and Pedagogy

The complex manifestations of literacy practices in bilingual contexts described in
Hornberger's (1989) continua of biliteracy illustrate the limitations of this 'either–
or' perspective. Linked to Wiley's 'either–or' perspective is a prescriptivism ...

Author: Prof. Jim Cummins

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781847698445

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 345

View: 520

Population mobility is at an all-time high in human history. One result of this unprecedented movement of peoples around the world is that in many school systems monolingual and monocultural students are the exception rather than the rule, particularly in urban areas. This shift in demographic realities entails enormous challenges for educators and policy-makers. What do teachers need to know in order to teach effectively in linguistically and culturally diverse contexts? How long does it take second language learners to acquire proficiency in the language of school instruction? What are the differences between attaining conversational fluency in everyday contexts and developing proficiency in the language registers required for academic success? What adjustments do we need to make in curriculum, instruction and assessment to ensure that second-language learners understand what is being taught and are assessed in a fair and equitable manner? How long do we need to wait before including second-language learners in high-stakes national examinations and assessments? What role (if any) should be accorded students’ first language in the curriculum? Do bilingual education programs work well for poor children from minority-language backgrounds or should they be reserved only for middle-class children from the majority or dominant group? In addressing these issues, this volume focuses not only on issues of language learning and teaching but also highlights the ways in which power relations in the wider society affect patterns of teacher–student interaction in the classroom. Effective instruction will inevitably challenge patterns of coercive power relations in both school and society.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Perspectives on Arabic Linguistics

Perspectives on Arabic Linguistics

While some of what both English and Arabic speakers develop would be
considered wrong in a prescriptive sense, when the whole community comes to
accept an aberrant usage it often becomes standard, and eventually finds its way
into ...

Author: Mushira Eid

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027278289

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 332

View: 290

The papers in this volume approach the study of Arabic, its structure and use, from different linguistic and sociolinguistic perspectives. The book is divided into three sections: Section I Morphological and Phonological Perspectives; Section II Semantic Perspectives; Section III Sociolinguistic Perspectives.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Argumentation perspectives and Approaches

Argumentation  perspectives and Approaches

issue of whether the study of argumentation should be descriptive or prescriptive
in emphasis . These are ... Traditionally , prescriptivists used expert definitions of '
good ' argument as a means of improving argumentative practice . There is ...

Author: Frans Hendrik Eemeren

Publisher: Foris Publications USA

ISBN: 9067653195

Category: Debates and debating

Page: 458

View: 579

Categories: Debates and debating

Feminist Perspectives on Language

Feminist Perspectives on Language

Prescriptive ' he , as he calls it , is not used generically in practice ( as we have
seen ) . It is not understood generically , but with male bias , even in generic
contexts which should serve to disambiguate this he from the sexspecific he . On
the ...

Author: Margaret Gibbon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: UCSC:32106012318637

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 186

View: 153

The Feminist Perspectives Series seeks to provide concise, accessible and engaging introductions to key feminist topics and debates. The texts in the series are designed to be used on a wide range of courses exploring feminist issues and are written by experienced teachers who are also well known in their respective fields. Each book in the series includes the most up-to-date statistics, research data, key sources and suggestions for further reading. Feminist Perspectives On Language provides an accessible introduction to this complex area. It redresses the balance of current feminist texts which tend to concentrate on discourse analysis and fail to connect with feminist thought in other disciplines such as sociology and politics. The text is divided into two parts, the first looks at language itself, how we learn language exploring such questions as; Does language free or trap us? Does our language affect how we come to understand the world around us? Is our language sexist? If so, does that reflect male dominance in society? and many more issues. Part Two explores questions of methodology and interpretation examining language in use, communication styles and the analysis of conversation.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Continental and Postmodern Perspectives in the Philosophy of Science

Continental and Postmodern Perspectives in the Philosophy of Science

Author: Babette E. Babich

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015038411099

Category: Science

Page: 253

View: 123

Examines the implications of recent continental epistemology challenging the relationship between traditional, analytic, continental and postmodern understandings of science, showing that the challenging circumstances of the scientific project are transforming the role and meaning of science in the modern/postmodern world.
Categories: Science