Party Systems in Central East Europe : Dimensions of System Stability ALGIS
KRUPAVICIUS 1 . ... From a comparative perspective , the Central East European
countries represent the most successful cases of democratic transition after 1989
Author: Dirk Berg-Schlosser
Few aspects of American military history have been as vigorously debated as Harry Truman's decision to use atomic bombs against Japan. In this carefully crafted volume, Michael Kort describes the wartime circumstances and thinking that form the context for the decision to use these weapons, surveys the major debates related to that decision, and provides a comprehensive collection of key primary source documents that illuminate the behavior of the United States and Japan during the closing days of World War II. Kort opens with a summary of the debate over Hiroshima as it has evolved since 1945. He then provides a historical overview of thye events in question, beginning with the decision and program to build the atomic bomb. Detailing the sequence of events leading to Japan's surrender, he revisits the decisive battles of the Pacific War and the motivations of American and Japanese leaders. Finally, Kort examines ten key issues in the discussion of Hiroshima and guides readers to relevant primary source documents, scholarly books, and articles.
This book provides an unprecedented country-by-country examination of the specific experience of the democratic transitions experienced by the states of Eastern Europe.
Author: Jan Zielonka
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
This is the second volume in a two-volume series of books on democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe. The first volume focused on the issue of institutional engineering. This second volume analyses the external parameters of democratic consolidation in thirteen Eastern European countries:how different international actors and various economic, cultural and security types of transnational pressures have shaped democratic politics in the region.The aim is to contrast a set of democracy theories with empirical evidence accumulated in Eastern Europe over the last ten years. The volume tries to avoid complex debates about definitions, methods and the uses and misuses of comparative research. Instead it seeks to establish what has reallyhappened in the region, and which of the existing theories are helpful in explaining these developments.The volume is divided into two parts. The first part presents a conceptual and comparative frame of analysis. The second consists of detailed studies of individual countries undergoing democratic consolidation. Case study chapters deal with the following countries: Estonia and Latvia, Hungary,Poland and the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Romania, Bulgaria and Macedonia, the states of formar Yugoslavia, Belarus and Ukraine, and fianlly Russia. The concluding chapter identifies a set of variables responsible for the enormous impact of external factors on democratic consolidation in EasternEurope. It conceptualises the interplay of internal and external factors impinging upon democracy, and shows the interplay of different positive and negative types of external pressures. It also evaluates the conscious Western effort to craft or engineer democracy in Eastern Europe.
In the cases of the new Central and Eastern European democracies , with their
choice of electoral regimes based on the ... countries will exert a strong influence
on the success of democratic consolidation , and are an important factor shaping
2 / Democratic Consolidation in Central and Eastern Europe . Visitors invited to
the Institute under the auspices of the Centre ' s Programme , as well as
researchers at the Institute , are eligible to contribute . This paper was written
within the ...
In this second volume, Rusko Matulic continues to formulate a comprehensive bibliography of primarily published sources relating to the history, languages, literature, politics, government, religion, and social sciences of former Yugoslavia, including bibliographical materials on expatriates.
The Consolidation of Democracy in East-Central Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press). Norris, P. (2002), Democratic ... 'Participatory democracy
revisited', Perspectives on Politics, 10/1: 7–19. Poguntke, T., Rossteutscher, S., ...
Author: Rory Costello
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Comparative government
Comparative European Politics: Distinct Democracies, Common Challenges provides a complete guide to European politics through a comparative lens. The authors explore not only the 27 European Union member states, but also other European systems such as the UK, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, to help readers understand the patterns that have shaped modern Europe. Organised thematically, the book is structured in three parts, beginning with elections and representation, moving on to examine institutions and practices of government, and finally covering common challenges and their effect on European countries. Comparative European Politics takes students carefully through recent developments such as the migrant crisis, the financial crisis and growing instability in Europe.The book is enriched with helpful learning features, such as 'over to you' boxes, which include suggestions for comparisons, and encourage students to test arguments, and form their own perspective on key issues. 'Thinking comparatively' boxes at the end of each chapter describe published research to help students evaluate theories against empirical evidence.Digital formats and resourcesComparative European Politics is available for students and institutions to purchase in a variety of formats, and is supported by online resources. - The e-book offers a mobile experience and convenient access along with functionality tools, navigation features, and links that offer extra learning support: www.oxfordtextbooks.co.uk/ebooks- The book is also accompanied by resources including, for students:Over thirty European country profiles, from Austria to the UK, with useful data for comparison including population size, gender equality, political parties, and electoral systems.Trend graphs with country data to help students to distinguish between European countries.- For lecturers Save time preparing for seminars with activities created to help engage students Helpful links to relevant online tools with instructions for use, including voting advice applications from European countries
Democratic consolidation means the process of stabilising the formal minimal
criteria of a democratic regime in a polity , namely pluralism , competition ... This
holds especially true for the new democracies in Central and Eastern Europe
where the consolidation process proceeds ... Southern Europe in Comparative Perspective ( Baltimore and London , 1995 ) ; Juan Linz and Alfred Stepan ,
Problems of ...
... to Issues in Democratic Consolidation: The New South American Democracies
in Comparative Perspective, ed. ... Media as Sources of Information in the
Democratizing Countries of Central and Eastern Europe,” Democratization 15, no
Author: Mary E. McCoy
Publisher: Southeast Asia Program Publications
Category: Political Science
Successful transitions to enduring democracy are both difficult and rare. In Scandal and Democracy, Mary E. McCoy explores how newly democratizing nations can avoid reverting to authoritarian solutions in response to the daunting problems brought about by sudden change. The troubled transitions that have derailed democratization in nations worldwide make this problem a major concern for scholars and citizens alike. This study of Indonesia's transition from authoritarian rule sheds light on the fragility not just of democratic transitions but of democracy itself and finds that democratization's durability depends, to a surprising extent, on the role of the media, particularly its airing of political scandal and intraelite conflict. More broadly, Scandal and Democracy examines how the media's use of new freedoms can help ward off a slide into pseudodemocracy or a return to authoritarian rule. As Indonesia marks the twentieth anniversary of its democratic revolution of 1998, it remains among the world's most resilient new democracies and one of the few successful democratic transitions in the Muslim world. McCoy explains the media's central role in this change and corroborates that finding with comparative cases from Mexico, Tunisia, and South Korea, offering counterintuitive insights that help make sense of the success and failure of recent transitions to democracy.
How can we evaluate the EU’s influence regarding democratic consolidation? What is the role of the public opinion? This book was originally published as a special issue of Europe-Asia Studies.
Author: Ramona Coman
Category: Political Science
The State of Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe brings together scholars specialising in the study of Central and Eastern Europe, and provides a comprehensive analysis of some of the major issues in the democratic make-up of the EU’s new member states. The book covers the main dimensions of the state, and contributors discuss questions about the development of democracy in Central and Eastern Europe over the past twenty years. What is the present state of democracy in Central and Eastern Europe more than twenty years since the end of communist regimes? What is the actual functioning of the political institutions of these countries? How is political participation structured, and what role do political parties play in these democracies? What guarantees are provided to limit governmental powers and abuse? What is the role of the judicial system, and the relationship between justice and politics? How can we evaluate the EU’s influence regarding democratic consolidation? What is the role of the public opinion? This book was originally published as a special issue of Europe-Asia Studies.
Regulation and Self - Regulation in South - East European Journalism . Practices
and ... Perspectives on Research , 47 - 64 . ... Imitative Revolutions : Changes in
the Media and Journalism in East - Central Europe . ... Democratic
Transformation and the Mass Media in Hungary : From Stalinism to Democratic Consolidation .
Eastern Europe The aim of the programme is to promote the development of
policy - relevant interdisciplinary research focusing on Central ... Democratic Consolidation in Central and Eastern Europe director : Professor Jan Zielonka *
This area of research seeks to ... All countries in the region that initiated their
process of democratic consolidation before 1996 are analysed in a comparative perspective .
Comparative democratic politics. London: Sage, pp. ... Political parties and party
systems in regime transformation: Inner transition in the new democracies of Central Europe. American ... Perspectives on European Politics and Society 2(3):
431–451. ... Political parties and democratic consolidation in East Central Europe
Democratic Institutions and Authoritarian Rule in Southeast Europe. Colchester:
ECPR. ... Life in Transition Survey II. London: ... Cinderella Goes to Market:
Citizenship, Gender, and Women's Movements in East Central Europe. New York
Author: Grigore Pop-Eleches
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Political Science
It has long been assumed that the historical legacy of Soviet Communism would have an important effect on post-communist states. However, prior research has focused primarily on the institutional legacy of communism. Communism's Shadow instead turns the focus to the individuals who inhabit post-communist countries, presenting a rigorous assessment of the legacy of communism on political attitudes. Post-communist citizens hold political, economic, and social opinions that consistently differ from individuals in other countries. Grigore Pop-Eleches and Joshua Tucker introduce two distinct frameworks to explain these differences, the first of which focuses on the effects of living in a post-communist country, and the second on living through communism. Drawing on large-scale research encompassing post-communist states and other countries around the globe, the authors demonstrate that living through communism has a clear, consistent influence on why citizens in post-communist countries are, on average, less supportive of democracy and markets and more supportive of state-provided social welfare. The longer citizens have lived through communism, especially as adults, the greater their support for beliefs associated with communist ideology—the one exception being opinions regarding gender equality. A thorough and nuanced examination of communist legacies' lasting influence on public opinion, Communism's Shadow highlights the ways in which political beliefs can outlast institutional regimes.
The newfound interest in Central and Eastern Europe met some opposition from
area specialists and former Sovietologists . ... According to this view , the post -
communist countries were special cases that could not be incorporated into a
broad , generalizing comparative perspective . ... Issues of democratic consolidation are beyond the scope of this study . course on democratization in
the 1970s ...
This is the first volume in a series of books on democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe.
Author: Jan Zielonka
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This is the first volume in a series of books on democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe. The series focuses on three major aspects of democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe: institutional engineering, transnational pressures and civil society. This first volume analyses constraints on and opportunities of institutional engineering in Eastern Europe: to what extent and how elites in Eastern Europe have been able to shape, if not manipulate, the politics of democraticconsolidation through institutional means.The aim is to contrast a set of democracy theories with empirical evidence accumulated in Eastern Europe over the last ten years. The volume tries to avoid complex debates about definitions, methods and the uses and misuses of comparative research. Instead it tries to establish what has really happened in the region, and which of the existing theories have proved helpful in explaining these developments.The volume starts with a presentation of conceptual and comparative frameworks, followed by in-depth empirical analyses of the thirteen individual countries undergoing democratic consolidation. The first conceptual and comparative part contains three chapters. The first chapter explains what institutional engineering is about and describes our experiences with institutional engineering in former transitions to democracy. It also focuses on the import and export of institutional designs. Thesecond chapter analyses the utility of constitutions in the process of democratic consolidation. The third chapter compares constitutional designs and problems of implementation in Southern and Eastern Europe. The empirical case studies deal with the following countries: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania,Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Hungary and Poland. And the conclusions evaluate the enormous impact of institutions on politics in Eastern Europe and show how central constitutional designs are to the institutional engineering in the societies undergoing transitions to democracy.
Linz , Juan J . / Stepan , Alfred ( 1996 ) , Problems of Democratic Transition and
Consolidation : Southern Europe , South America and ... Southern Europe in
Comparative Perspective , Baltimore . ... Monitoring Democratic Consolidation :
Political Trust and System Support in East - Central Europe ' , paper for the 16th
Author: Detlef Pollack
Publisher: Ashgate Pub Limited
Category: Political Science
This text aims to sketch some of the challenging issues of the attitudinal dimension of system changes. It provides facts and figures on the progress of democratization in Central and Eastern Europe.
Author: Professor Department of Political Science Richard GuntherPublish On: 1995-08
In The Politics of Democratic Consolidation, a distinguished group of internationally recognized scholars focus on four nations of Southern Europe—Spain, Portugal, Italy, and Greece—which have successfully consolidated their democratic ...
Author: Professor Department of Political Science Richard Gunther
Publisher: JHU Press
Category: Political Science
In The Politics of Democratic Consolidation, a distinguished group of internationally recognized scholars focus on four nations of Southern Europe—Spain, Portugal, Italy, and Greece—which have successfully consolidated their democratic regimes. Contributors are P. Nikiforos Diamandouros, Richard Gunther, Hans-Jürgen Puhle, Edward Malefakis, Juan J. Linz, Alfred Stepan, Felipe Agüero, Geoffrey Pridham, Sidney Tarrow, Leonardo Morlino, José R. Montero, Gianfranco Pasquino, and Philippe C. Schmitter.
1993 . " The Emergence of Democratic Parliaments in Central and Eastern Europe . ... Estonia : A Difficult Transition . ... Political Parties , Parliaments and Democratic Consolidation in Southern Europe : Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives .