The Oxford Handbook of History and Material Culture

The Oxford Handbook of History and Material Culture

The close study of material things defies such ... shell that denies the material realities and needs of diverse people, places, and historical moments.

Author: Ivan Gaskell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197500125

Category: Social Science

Page: 696

View: 464

Most historians rely principally on written sources. Yet there are other traces of the past available to historians: the material things that people have chosen, made, and used. This book examines how material culture can enhance historians' understanding of the past, both worldwide and across time. The successful use of material culture in history depends on treating material things of many kinds not as illustrations, but as primary evidence. Each kind of material thing-and there are many-requires the application of interpretive skills appropriate to it. These skills overlap with those acquired by scholars in disciplines that may abut history but are often relatively unfamiliar to historians, including anthropology, archaeology, and art history. Creative historians can adapt and apply the same skills they honed while studying more traditional text-based documents even as they borrow methods from these fields. They can think through familiar historical problems in new ways. They can also deploy material culture to discover the pasts of constituencies who have left few or no traces in written records. The authors of this volume contribute case studies arranged thematically in six sections that respectively address the relationship of history and material culture to cognition, technology, the symbolic, social distinction, and memory. They range across time and space, from Paleolithic to Punk.
Categories: Social Science

Changing Children s Behavior by Changing the People Places and Activities in Their Lives

Changing Children s Behavior by Changing the People  Places  and Activities in Their Lives

... University of Michigan doctoral student , Wu Ping , found that watching an excessive amount of TV increases people's desire for material possessions .

Author: Richard Munger

Publisher: Boys Town Press

ISBN: 1936734095

Category: Family & Relationships

Page:

View: 228

Without going through the experience, no one can really know how it feels to have to look for a job. The pain and uncertainty of putting yourself out there, having to ask total strangers to take a chance on you, and the crushing defeat one feels when that dreaded rejection letter or email shows up. Even if you are completely qualified for the position, the lack of certainty can wear on you like nothing else. "Hunting" for a job simply isn't fun.In this book you will learn nine powerful ways to find and get jobs, even if your background includes some criminal activity. You may think there's no hope but if you read and follow these secrets, you will find that jobs are easier to find than you ever thought. "An incredibly powerful resource for finding a job, especially if you have a felony. I cannot recommend this book more highly. I found a job in record time using just a couple of these secrets"- John Klien - Former Inmate FCI Sheridan
Categories: Family & Relationships

Understanding the Neolithic

Understanding the Neolithic

In either case, two attributes of this material are worth stressing. ... ways in order to segregate and distinguish between people, places and things.

Author: Julian Thomas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134621422

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 695

First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Categories: Social Science

Meaningful Stuff

Meaningful Stuff

... to share space with material things , and the entangled , complicated nature of ... which we experience connectedness with people , places , and times .

Author: Jonathan Chapman

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262363792

Category: Design

Page: 240

View: 652

An argument for a design philosophy of better, not more. Never have we wanted, owned, and wasted so much stuff. Our consumptive path through modern life leaves a wake of social and ecological destruction--sneakers worn only once, bicycles barely even ridden, and forgotten smartphones languishing in drawers. By what perverse alchemy do our newest, coolest things so readily transform into meaningless junk? In Meaningful Stuff, Jonathan Chapman investigates why we throw away things that still work, and shows how we can design products, services, and systems that last. Obsolescence is an economically driven design decision--a plan to hasten a product's functional or psychological undesirability. Many electronic devices, for example, are intentionally impossible to dismantle for repair or recycling, their brief use-career proceeding inexorably to a landfill. A sustainable design specialist who serves as a consultant to global businesses and governmental organizations, Chapman calls for the decoupling of economic activity from mindless material consumption and shows how to do it. Chapman shares his vision for an "experience heavy, material light" design sensibility. This vital and timely new design philosophy reveals how meaning emerges from designed encounters between people and things, explores ways to increase the quality and longevity of our relationships with objects and the systems behind them, and ultimately demonstrates why design can--and must--lead the transition to a sustainable future.
Categories: Design

Curating the Future

Curating the Future

particular, material things, and with the people, places and other species to which those things are connected, museums enable dialogue and the witnessing ...

Author: Jennifer Newell

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317217961

Category: Art

Page: 298

View: 704

Curating the Future: Museums, Communities and Climate Change explores the way museums tackle the broad global issue of climate change. It explores the power of real objects and collections to stir hearts and minds, to engage communities affected by change. Museums work through exhibitions, events, and specific collection projects to reach different communities in different ways. The book emphasises the moral responsibilities of museums to address climate change, not just by communicating science but also by enabling people already affected by changes to find their own ways of living with global warming. There are museums of natural history, of art and of social history. The focus of this book is the museum communities, like those in the Pacific, who have to find new ways to express their culture in a new place. The book considers how collections in museums might help future generations stay in touch with their culture, even where they have left their place. It asks what should the people of the present be collecting for museums in a climate-changed future? The book is rich with practical museum experience and detailed projects, as well as critical and philosophical analyses about where a museum can intervene to speak to this great conundrum of our times. Curating the Future is essential reading for all those working in museums and grappling with how to talk about climate change. It also has academic applications in courses of museology and museum studies, cultural studies, heritage studies, digital humanities, design, anthropology, and environmental humanities.
Categories: Art

The Theology and Spirituality of Mary Tudor s Church

The Theology and Spirituality of Mary Tudor s Church

... particular people, places, things, words, and ways of doing things. ... many as possible of these things for one's spiritual and even material benefit ...

Author: William Wizeman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351881296

Category: History

Page: 302

View: 312

Few areas of early modern English history have roused such passions and interpretations as the rule of Mary Tudor and her efforts to return the country to Catholicism following the reigns of her father and brother. In this book, Dr Wizeman explores Catholic theology and spirituality according to the religious literature printed during the reign of Mary Tudor (1553-1558). As part of the strategy to renew Catholic religion in England after the reformations under Henry VIII and Edward VI, Marian theologians, authors and editors produced numerous works of catechesis, religious polemic, devotion and sermons. These writings demonstrate that the Catholicism of Marian England was not a mere insular reaction to the preceding decades of religious change, nor a via media polity which eschewed important elements of traditional religion while embracing tenets of the Reformation. Rather the theology and spirituality of Mary Tudor's church, as well as many of its strategies for religious renewal, was intimately connected to - and in fact anticipated or paralleled - the theology, spirituality and strategies for reform embraced by Counter-Reformation Catholicism, especially after the promulgation of the decrees of the Council of Trent (1545-1563). After considering the recent historiography of Mary Tudor's reign, the book contextualises these writings through a brief history of the Marian church and a discussion of the authors and dedicatees. It then presents an analysis of the Marian writers' and theologians' views on revelation, christology, soteriology, ecclesiology, sacramental theology, piety and eschatology. Finally, the study compares the Catholic belief asserted in these works to that found in texts by English theologians printed before 1553, especially John Fisher, and by contemporary theologians in Europe, particularly Bartolomé Carranza, as well as the Tridentine catechism, and the decrees and official texts of the English Reformation.
Categories: History

Event Mobilities

Event Mobilities

Politics, place and performance Kevin Hannam, Mary Mostafanezhad, Jillian Rickly. the everyday travel of material things (Hannam et al. 2006).

Author: Kevin Hannam

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317450467

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 152

View: 511

Events from a mobilities perspective attend to moments in which individual networks coalesce in place but are not isolated in their performance as they often foster far-reaching and mobile networks of community. In so doing, individuals travel from varying distances to participate in localized performances. However, events themselves are also mobile, and events affect mobility. Mobile events serve as contexts that provide meanings and purpose articulated in relation to, and as, a series of other social actions. They further highlight the role of the body and embodied practices in the performance of events. Building on Sheller and Urry’s (2004) seminal work Tourism Mobilities, the purpose of this book is to further develop event studies research within mobilities studies so as to challenge the limitations that dichotomous understandings of home/away, work/leisure, and host/guest play. Simply put, events are always already place-based and political in the sense that they can both inspire mobility as well as lead to various immobilities for different social groups. The title addresses everyday as well as extraordinary events, shining an empirical and theoretical lens onto the political, economic and social role of events in numerous geographic and cultural contexts. It stretches across academic disciplines and fields of study to illustrate the advantages of a mobilities multi-disciplinary conversation. This groundbreaking volume is the first to offer a conceptualization and theorization of event mobilities. It will serve as a valuable resource and reference for event, tourism and leisure studies students and scholars interested in exploring the ways the everyday and the extraordinary interlace.
Categories: Business & Economics

People Places and Business Cultures

People  Places and Business Cultures

Assemblages invariably connect material objects and expressive or symbolic processes. Indeed, material objects may operate 'materially' – oil in the ground ...

Author: Paolo Di Martino

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 9781783272129

Category: Europe

Page: 282

View: 433

Inspired by the work and legacy of Francesca Carnevali, this collection brings together new research into nineteenth- and twentieth-century British and European economic history, socio-cultural history and business history.
Categories: Europe

How to Eat Bread

How to Eat Bread

In an allegorical reading it is assumed that people, places and things refer ... As the early third-century theologian Origen put it, 'material things are ...

Author: Miranda Threlfall-Holmes

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781529364491

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 445

'a fiercely intelligent theologian and historian' - The Independent 'Miranda gives us the confidence to sit and taste the Bible's profound and life-changing goodness.' - Stephen Cottrell, Archbishop of York As a vicar, Miranda Threlfall-Holmes is used to being asked to recommend a book on how and why to read the Bible. Filling the gap between popular Bible reading notes and more academic books, How to Eat Bread is the book she'd give to anyone wanting to explore the Bible as part of their faith. Its three main sections delve into the rich heritage of how Christians have read the Bible down the ages: From the Larder - ways that scripture itself uses other parts of scripture, or models and demonstrates different ways of reading Grandma's Recipe Book - historical methods of biblical interpretation Molecular Gastronomy - the insights and methods of modern theological hermeneutics Encouraging readers to try out a variety of tried and tested ways of Bible reading, experiment with different ingredients and sample the results, How to Eat Bread is a refreshingly hands-on approach to understanding this ancient library of texts. 'exhilarating and hands-on ... Miranda Threlfall-Holmes provides a fantastic guide' - Fergus Butler-Gallie
Categories: Religion

An Amazing Human Journey

An Amazing Human Journey

We set up our own trading network in Spain and shipped Spanish goods to ... After bringing the soul parts that she lost in that life from people, places, ...

Author: Shakuntala Modi, M.D.

Publisher: Strategic Book Publishing & Rights Agency

ISBN: 9781612044026

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 634

View: 501

When did the first humans begin to inhabit the Earth? How did they get here? Why and for what purpose were they put here? How did they evolve from the first humans who looked like a Botticelli painting, to “ape-like” humans, to modern day humans? You will also read about Lamuria and Atlantis ,and without spirituality how Atlanteans destroyed themselves and their continent. Dr. Modi explains all this and more in her remarkable work about the astounding past and future of mankind. In doing this, she describes how spirituality is the key to successfully fulfilling mankind’s desire to become one with God. According to Dr. Modi, human beings have the unique potential to create a heaven-like society on Earth by spreading the spirituality on Earth that will eventually spread to neighboring planets, galaxies, and the entire universe through the continued development and enhancement of spirituality. From what was, to what is, could well include a future with the entire universe “going home to God.” The book takes you on what can only be described as An Amazing Human Journey.
Categories: Body, Mind & Spirit

Perspectives On Behavioral Science

Perspectives On Behavioral Science

... elaboration of the basic Newtonian scheme of material things, located in a flat space and time and interacting causally. People are a species of thing, ...

Author: Richard Jessor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000301144

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 306

The behavioral sciences—anthropology, sociology, psychology, economics, geography, political science—have reached a turning point as we enter the decade of the 1990s. Freed from a strict emulation of classical science methodology, while benefiting from the remarkable advances in biology and the other "hard" sciences, scholars in the behavioral scie
Categories: Social Science

Philosophy

Philosophy

Some of the guidelines for this principle are: (1) Always give people fair value for ... (Aparigraha) - to detach from people, places, and material things.

Author:

Publisher: PediaPress

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 947

Categories:

Shaman Priest Practice Belief

Shaman  Priest  Practice  Belief

Materials of Ritual and Religion in Eastern North America Stephen B. Carmody, ... human persons, where those other-than-human persons and things are capable ...

Author: Stephen B. Carmody

Publisher: University Alabama Press

ISBN: 9780817320423

Category: Social Science

Page: 343

View: 99

Archaeological case studies consider material evidence of religion and ritual in the pre-Columbian Eastern Woodlands Archaeologists today are interpretin g Native American religion and ritual in the distant past in more sophisticated ways, considering new understandings of the ways that Native Americans themselves experienced them. Shaman, Priest, Practice, Belief: Materials of Ritual and Religion in Eastern North America broadly considers Native American religion and ritual in eastern North America and focuses on practices that altered and used a vast array of material items as well as how physical spaces were shaped by religious practices. Unbound to a single theoretical perspective of religion, contributors approach ritual and religion in diverse ways. Importantly, they focus on how people in the past practiced religion by altering and using a vast array of material items, from smoking pipes, ceremonial vessels, carved figurines, and iconographic images, to sacred bundles, hallucinogenic plants, revered animals, and ritual architecture. Contributors also show how physical spaces were shaped by religious practice, and how rock art, monuments, soils and special substances, and even land- and cityscapes were part of the active material worlds of religious agents. Case studies, arranged chronologically, cover time periods ranging from the Paleoindian period (13,000–7900 BC) to the late Mississippian and into the protohistoric/contact periods. The geographical scope is much of the greater southeastern and southern Midwestern culture areas of the Eastern Woodlands, from the Central and Lower Mississippi River Valleys to the Ohio Hopewell region, and from the greater Ohio River Valley down through the Deep South and across to the Carolinas. Contributors Sarah E. Baires / Melissa R. Baltus / Casey R. Barrier / James F. Bates / Sierra M. Bow / James A. Brown / Stephen B. Carmody / Meagan E. Dennison / Aaron Deter-Wolf / David H. Dye / Bretton T. Giles / Cameron Gokee / Kandace D. Hollenbach / Thomas A. Jennings / Megan C. Kassabaum / John E. Kelly / Ashley A. Peles / Tanya M. Peres / Charlotte D. Pevny / Connie M. Randall / Jan F. Simek / Ashley M. Smallwood / Renee B. Walker / Alice P. Wright
Categories: Social Science

Male and Female Made in God s Image

Male and Female Made in God   s Image

Do you pray mostly for material things or financial success? ... Do you try to avoid people who even bring up the topic of God at any time or place?

Author: Frances O'Dair

Publisher: WestBow Press

ISBN: 9781973657231

Category: Religion

Page: 404

View: 221

In this era of distorted ideas about our inherent roles, identities, and purposes as men and women, it has never been as important that we seek reconciliation in marriage and families so there can be a more rational approach to the real problems the whole world suffers. We must disseminate God’s truth and extinguish the lies and myths that Satan has embedded into the hearts and minds of many people. Building on these ideas, in Male and Female Made in God’s Image, author Frances O’Dair offers her perspective on dating, marriage, and family, which she believes reflects the experiences of most married couples before the sexual revolution of the 1960s. She encourages men and women to reflect on the wise or self-serving natures of their past dating and mating choices. If we can stop the reckless self-gratifying use of human sexuality with our children, our loving direction and understanding of God’s truth can set them free from the temptations that have been passed down to recent generations. We must be ready to admit that sexual freedom is a myth and isn’t intended for the well-being of men, women, children, and the unborn. This faith-inspired treatise explores the true source of happiness, meaning, and fulfilment that God has planned for everyone within the sacrament of marriage and the family circle.
Categories: Religion

Philosophy of Language

Philosophy of Language

If one sincerely means something by it, N must mean, and hence refer to, ... to be names of people, places, and (material) things must not be names at all, ...

Author: Scott Soames

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691155975

Category: Philosophy

Page: 200

View: 165

In this book one of the world's foremost philosophers of language presents his unifying vision of the field--its principal achievements, its most pressing current questions, and its most promising future directions. In addition to explaining the progress philosophers have made toward creating a theoretical framework for the study of language, Scott Soames investigates foundational concepts--such as truth, reference, and meaning--that are central to the philosophy of language and important to philosophy as a whole. The first part of the book describes how philosophers from Frege, Russell, Tarski, and Carnap to Kripke, Kaplan, and Montague developed precise techniques for understanding the languages of logic and mathematics, and how these techniques have been refined and extended to the study of natural human languages. The book then builds on this account, exploring new thinking about propositions, possibility, and the relationship between meaning, assertion, and other aspects of language use. An invaluable overview of the philosophy of language by one of its most important practitioners, this book will be essential reading for all serious students of philosophy.
Categories: Philosophy

Fixing Reference

Fixing Reference

... we have proper names—ordinary inanimate things, animals, people, places, ... people involves one strand in the pattern for ordinary material things (the ...

Author: Imogen Dickie

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191072215

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 453

Imogen Dickie develops an account of aboutness-fixing for thoughts about ordinary objects, and of reference-fixing for the singular terms we use to express them. Extant discussions of this topic tread a weary path through descriptivist proposals, causalist alternatives, and attempts to combine the most attractive elements of each. The account developed here is a new beginning. It starts with two basic principles. The first connects aboutness and truth: a belief is about the object upon whose properties its truth or falsity depends. The second connects truth and justification: justification is truth conducive; in general and allowing exceptions, a subject whose beliefs are justified will be unlucky if they are not true, and not merely lucky if they are. These principles—one connecting aboutness and truth; the other truth and justification—combine to yield a third principle connecting aboutness and justification: a body of beliefs is about the object upon which its associated means of justification converges; the object whose properties a subject justifying beliefs in this way will be unlucky to get wrong and not merely luck to get right. The first part of the book proves a precise version of this principle. Its remaining chapters use the principle to explain how the relations to objects that enable us to think about them—perceptual attention; understanding of proper names; grasp of descriptions—do their aboutness-fixing and thought-enabling work. The book includes discussions of the nature of singular thought and the relation between thought and consciousness.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Encyclopedia of Earth Myths

Encyclopedia of Earth Myths

An Insider's A-Z Guide to Mythic People, Places, Objects, ... he was the undisputed lord over all material things of the world and the embodiment of their ...

Author: Richard Leviton

Publisher: Hampton Roads Publishing

ISBN: 1612832989

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 645

Richard Leviton has become the pre-eminent authority on sacred sites and visionary geography. Through books such as Signs on the Earth, The Emerald Modem, and The Galaxy on Earth he has explored both the personal and universal aspects of our connection to the planet. Now he shows in Encyclopedia of Earth Myths how many of the oldest and most evocative of the world's myths contain a secret about the Earth. They tell something vital about its make-up and history and our long-standing human relation to it. Encyclopedia of Earth Myths offers a unique blueprint for understanding world mythology. Carl Jung and Joseph Campbell tutored us in the psychological relevance of myths and the universality of their themes. Now Richard Leviton shows us how they reveal hidden clues about the Earth's spiritual landscape. Using clairvoyance and scholarship, Leviton examines 153 mythic topics in A-Z fashion drawn from 21 cultures to tease out their information about Earth's secret landscape. Each entry shows how something considered merely mythic--dragons, giants, the Minotaur, Holy Grail, Fountain of Youth, Golden Apples--actually decodes and illuminates the planet's esoteric make-up. Whether it's African, Tibetan, Native American, Hindu, Peruvian, Egyptian, Greek, or one of 14 other cultures, myths of many cultures all point to the planet. It's as if clues about the Earth's visionary geography have been scattered in all cultures, awaiting our retrieval and decoding. Encyclopedia of Earth Myths is also a practical tutorial for a new subject: our Earth. But this is virtually a new planet we're being introduced to here. The result is an essential reference for anyone interested in world mythology who wants to look beyond the cloak of mythic symbolism and see the world anew.
Categories: Religion

Knowing and the Mystique of Logic and Rules

Knowing and the Mystique of Logic and Rules

This knowing and remembering takes place undoubtedly by means of verbal images . ... The consciousness of particular material things present to sense is ...

Author: P. Naur

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401585491

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

View: 181

Human knowing is examined as it emerges from classical empirical psychology, with its ramifications into language, computing, science, and scholarship. While the discussion takes empirical support from a wide range, claims for the significance of logic and rules are challenged throughout. Highlights of the discussion: knowing is a matter of habits or dispositions that guide the person's stream of consciousness; rules of language have no significance in language production and understanding, being descriptions of linguistic styles; statements that may be true or false enter into ordinary linguistic activity, not as elements of messages, but merely as summaries of situations, with a view to action; in computer programming the significance of logic, proof, and formalized description, is incidental and subject to the programmer's personality; analysis of computer modelling of the mental activity shows that in describing human knowing the computer is irrelevant; in accounting for the scholarly/scientific activity, logic and rules are impotent; a novel theory: scholarship and science have coherent descriptions as their core. The discussion addresses questions that are basic to advanced applications of computers and to students of language and science.
Categories: Philosophy

Early Modern Emotions

Early Modern Emotions

... using it to examine archaeological material from the Neolithic period, ... the relationships between agents, which may be people, places or things, ...

Author: Susan Broomhall

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781315441351

Category: History

Page: 386

View: 857

Early Modern Emotions is a student-friendly introduction to the concepts, approaches and sources used to study emotions in early modern Europe, and to the perspectives that analysis of the history of emotions can offer early modern studies more broadly. The volume is divided into four sections that guide students through the key processes and practices employed in current research on the history of emotions. The first explains how key terms and concepts in the study of emotions relate to early modern Europe, while the second focuses on the unique ways in which emotions were conceptualized at the time. The third section introduces a range of sources and methodologies that are used to analyse early modern emotions. The final section includes a wide-ranging selection of thematic topics covering war, religion, family, politics, art, music, literature and the non-human world to show how analysis of emotions may offer new perspectives on the early modern period more broadly. Each section offers bite-sized, accessible commentaries providing students new to the history of emotions with the tools to begin their own investigations. Each entry is supported by annotated further reading recommendations pointing students to the latest research in that area and at the end of the book is a general bibliography, which provides a comprehensive list of current scholarship. This book is the perfect starting point for any student wishing to study emotions in early modern Europe.
Categories: History

Mastering English Grammar

Mastering English Grammar

It names: a person (Jane); a place (London); a non-material thing (sweetness, ... (b) Kinds of nouns Proper nouns name particular people, places, things: ...

Author: Samuel Holroyd Burton

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 9781349175192

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 192

View: 342

Mastering English Grammar is a start-at-the-basics, no-nonsense English Grammar book, not only for students of English, but also for those studying modern languages, business people and secretaries - in fact anyone who has forgotten/never known the simple rules of the language they speak.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines