Patterns in Circulation

Patterns in Circulation

In this book, Nina Sylvanus tells a captivating story of global trade and cross-cultural aesthetics in West Africa, showing how a group of Togolese women—through the making and circulation of wax cloth—became influential agents of taste ...

Author: Nina Sylvanus

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226397368

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 656

In this book, Nina Sylvanus tells a captivating story of global trade and cross-cultural aesthetics in West Africa, showing how a group of Togolese women—through the making and circulation of wax cloth—became influential agents of taste and history. Traveling deep into the shifting terrain of textile manufacture, design, and trade, she follows wax cloth around the world and through time to unveil its critical role in colonial and postcolonial patterns of exchange and value production. Sylvanus brings wax cloth’s unique and complex history to light: born as a nineteenth-century Dutch colonial effort to copy Javanese batik cloth for Southeast Asian markets, it was reborn as a status marker that has dominated the visual economy of West African markets. Although most wax cloth is produced in China today, it continues to be central to the expression of West African women’s identity and power. As Sylvanus shows, wax cloth expresses more than this global motion of goods, capital, aesthetics, and labor—it is a form of archive where intimate and national memories are stored, always ready to be reanimated by human touch. By uncovering this crucial aspect of West African material culture, she enriches our understanding of global trade, the mutual negotiations that drive it, and the how these create different forms of agency and subjectivity.
Categories: Social Science

Ice Distribution and Winter Surface Circulation Patterns Kachemak Bay Alaska

Ice Distribution and Winter Surface Circulation Patterns  Kachemak Bay  Alaska

In spite of this decrease , sufficient sediment and ice patterns were observable in
the imagery to infer some generalized surface circulation patterns . Appendix B
summarizes the observations made from the usable Landsat imagery . not ...

Author: Lawrence W. Gatto


ISBN: MINN:31951002882813E

Category: Ice

Page: 43

View: 125

Categories: Ice

Ocean Circulation Theory

Ocean Circulation Theory

1978; b, Reid 1994) indicate a large-scale clockwise circulation in the subtropical
North Atlantic, i.e., in the region south of 45°N but north of a few degrees of the
equator. Similarly deduced patterns of circulation have been found in each of the

Author: Joseph Pedlosky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540604898

Category: Science

Page: 453

View: 413

An overview of the advances made in the last decade and a half in this field. Based on an advanced graduate level course, the book represents fundamental insights into the structure of the physical theory of the large-scale dynamics of the oceans. The author has maintained throughout a blend of analytical and numerical results so as to achieve as deep a physical understanding of the dynamics of the large-scale circulations as possible. The results of the theories are compared with observations and the success or inadequacies of the theories are highlighted. Topics of particular interest are: theory of the wind-driven circulation, the thermocline, the equatorial circulation and the abyssal circulation. Much of the material - previously scattered throughout the literature - has been collated here for the first time.
Categories: Science

Climate and circulation of the tropics

Climate and circulation of the tropics

Patterns of circulation and climate in the global tropics are reviewed here as an
orientation for the detailed discussion in later sections. The review is based on
maps of surface temperature (Fig. 6.1:1, parts a and b), sea level pressure (Fig.

Author: S. Hastenrath

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400953888

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 893

Tropical atmosphere and ocean are receiving increased attention in relation to the functioning of the global climate system, the remarkable climatic variability in low latitudes, and the associated manifold environmental and societal consequences. Beyond the traditional emphasis of meteor ology on weather analysis and forecasting, there is a growing interest in the climate and large scale circulation of the tropics. This book may serve as a text for graduate and upper-division undergraduate students in meteorology, and is also intended as a reference work for practicing meteorologists, and researchers in the atmospheric, oceanic, and other environmental sciences. I began writing this book in 1979, but the roots reach further back. Early experiences in North Africa fuelled my curiosity about the low latitudes. In 1960 I seized the opportunity to work in the National Meteorological Service of El Salvador in Central America. My interest in the tropics continued after joining the University of Wisconsin in 1963. Field research brought me to the equatorial Pacific, and many times to the tropical Americas and Africa. This involved visits and correspondence with many weather services. My acquaintance with Australasia and South Asia is limited to short study visits, but includes continuous contacts with colleagues at key research institutions in India, namely the India Meteorological Department, the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, and Andhra University. A guest semester at the University of the Witwatersrand in 1971 and related travels provided a perspective on the problems of Southern Africa.
Categories: Science

Money and Government in the Roman Empire

Money and Government in the Roman Empire

But the dominant circulation pattern in this explicit evidence is highly localised.
Evidence before the Late ... It has even been assumed that under the Principate
money-flows were homogeneous and free from localised patterns.' But that is ...

Author: Richard Duncan-Jones

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521648297

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 349

Rome's conquests gave her access to the accumulated metal resources of most of the known world. An abundant gold and silver coinage circulated within her empire as a result. But coinage changes later suggest difficulty in maintaining metal supplies. By studying Roman coin-survivals in a wider context, Dr Duncan-Jones uncovers important facts about the origin of coin hoards of the Principate. He constructs a new profile of minting, financial policy and monetary circulation, by analysing extensive coin evidence collected for the first time. His findings considerably advance our knowledge of crucial areas of the Roman economy.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Global World of Indian Merchants 1750 1947

The Global World of Indian Merchants  1750   1947

5. Patterns. of. circulation. and. business. organization. in. two. merchant.
networks. The Shikarpuri and Hyderabadi networks ... Distance, with the
attendant problems of communication it posed, dictated a pattern of functional
specialization, ...

Author: Claude Markovits

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139431277

Category: History

Page: 327

View: 429

Claude Markovits tells the story of two groups of Hindu merchants from the towns of Shikarpur and Hyderabad in the province of Sind. Basing his account on previously neglected archival sources, the author charts the development of these communities, from the pre-colonial period through colonial conquest and up to independence, describing how they came to control trading networks throughout the world. While the book focuses on the trade of goods, money and information from Sind to the widely dispersed locations of Kobe, Panama, Bukhara and Cairo, it also throws light on the nature of trading diasporas from South Asia in their interaction with the global economy. This is a sophisticated and accessible book, written by one of the most distinguished economic historians in the field. It will appeal to scholars of South Asia, as well as to colonial historians and to students of religion.
Categories: History

Climate Change

Climate Change

In addition , it is apparent that different ocean circulation patterns associated with
earlier distributions of the continents were a major factor in the radically different
climatic patterns that existed for much of the geological past ( see Section 4.1 ) .

Author: William Burroughs

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521567718

Category: Nature

Page: 298

View: 268

Sample Text
Categories: Nature

Advances in Ecology Environment and Conservation Research and Application 2012 Edition

Advances in Ecology Environment and Conservation Research and Application  2012 Edition

On the other hand the weak phase of 10-20 days mode and the intense phase of
30-60 days mode shows remarkable opposite flow patterns. The circulation
features during pre-monsoon months show that there is a tendency for the flow ...


Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 9781464991110

Category: Science

Page: 1059

View: 923

Advances in Ecology Environment and Conservation Research and Application / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Ecology Environment and Conservation. The editors have built Advances in Ecology Environment and Conservation Research and Application / 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Ecology Environment and Conservation in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Ecology Environment and Conservation Research and Application / 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at
Categories: Science

Advances in Applied Economics Business and Development

Advances in Applied Economics  Business and Development

Evolution Mechanism of Fresh Agri-Product Circulation Pattern: An Analysis from
the Angle of Labor Division Lin Li ... This paper aims to study the evolution
mechanism of fresh agricultural products (FAP) circulation patterns and predict
the ...

Author: Qingyuan Zhou

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642230202

Category: Computers

Page: 611

View: 396

This four-volume-set (CCIS 208, 209, 210, 211) constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Symposium on Applied Economics, Business and Development, ISAEBD 2011, held in Dalian, China, in August 2011. The papers address issues related to Applied Economics, Business and Development and cover various research areas including Economics, Management, Education and its Applications.
Categories: Computers

Circulation in the Coastal Ocean

Circulation in the Coastal Ocean

Furthermore, the response of closed basins includes coastally trapped waves, in
Lake Ontario of a period of 12–16 days, see Chapter 5. A monthly mean
circulation pattern may therefore be expected to vary, depending on what precise
phase ...

Author: G.T. Csanady

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401710411

Category: Science

Page: 281

View: 260

For some time there has existed an extensive theoretical literature relating to tides on continental shelves and also to the behavior of estuaries. Much less attention was traditionally paid to the dynamics of longer term, larger scale motions (those which are usually described as circulation') over continental shelves or in enclosed shallow seas such as the North American Great Lakes. This is no longer the case: spurred on by other disciplines, notably biological oceanography, and by public concern with the environment, the physical science of the coastal ocean has made giant strides during the last two decades or so. Today, it is probably fair to say that coastal ocean physics has come of age as a deduc tive quantitative science. A well developed body of theoretical models exist, based on the equations of fluid motion, which have been related to observed currents, sea level variations, water properties, etc. Quantitative parameters required in using the models to predict e.g. the effects of wind or of freshwater influx on coastal currents can be estimated within reasonable bounds of error. While much remains to be learned, and many exciting discoveries presumably await us in the future, the time seems appropriate to summarize those aspects of coastal ocean dynamics relevant to 'circulation' or long term motion.
Categories: Science

The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean

The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean

Sciences University of Illinois Urbana. IL 61801 USA. 1. Introduction The large-
scale ...

Author: Edward Lyn Lewis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792364406

Category: Science

Page: 623

View: 612

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Tallinn, Estonia, 27 April-1 May 1998
Categories: Science

Artificial Neural Networks ICANN 96

Artificial Neural Networks   ICANN 96

Reproducing a Subjective Classification Scheme for Atmospheric Circulation
Patterns over the United Kingdom using a Neural Network G. C. Cawley ) and
S. R. Dorling2 1 School of Information Systems , 2 School of Environmental
Sciences ...

Author: Christoph von der Malsburg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540615105

Category: Computers

Page: 922

View: 109

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the sixth International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks - ICANN 96, held in Bochum, Germany in July 1996. The 145 papers included were carefully selected from numerous submissions on the basis of at least three reviews; also included are abstracts of the six invited plenary talks. All in all, the set of papers presented reflects the state of the art in the field of ANNs. Among the topics and areas covered are a broad spectrum of theoretical aspects, applications in various fields, sensory processing, cognitive science and AI, implementations, and neurobiology.
Categories: Computers

Compendium of Meteorology

Compendium of Meteorology

Circulation Patterns. The discussion of the midseason average arctic circulation
patterns, based on maps of average pressure for July, October, January, and
April, has ...

Author: Thomas Malone

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781940033709

Category: Science

Page: 1340

View: 289

The objects of the American Meteorological Society are "the development and dissemination of knowledge of meteorology in all its phases and applications, and the advancement of its professional ideals." The organization of the Society took place in affiliation with the American Association for the Advancement of Science at Saint Louis, Missouri, December 29, 1919, and its incorporation, at Washington, D. C., January 21, 1920. The work of the Society is carried on by the Bulletin, the Journal, and Meteorological Monographs, by papers and discussions at meetings of the Society, through the offices of the Secretary and the Executive Secretary, and by correspondence. All of the Americas are represented in the membership of the Society as well as many foreign countries.
Categories: Science

Linkages Between Arctic Warming and Mid Latitude Weather Patterns

Linkages Between Arctic Warming and Mid Latitude Weather Patterns

... Ice Loss and Mid-Latitude Weather Patterns: A Workshop Katie Thomas.
FIGURE 5 Surface zonal wind change (contours) and control (shading) from
cooling at 50 N. SOURCE: Ceppi et al., 2013 Arctic Influence on Ocean
Circulation Arctic ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309301916

Category: Science

Page: 85

View: 968

The Arctic has been undergoing significant changes in recent years. Average temperatures are rising twice as fast as they are elsewhere in the world. The extent and thickness of sea ice is rapidly declining. Such changes may have an impact on atmospheric conditions outside the region. Several hypotheses for how Arctic warming may be influencing mid-latitude weather patterns have been proposed recently. For example, Arctic warming could lead to a weakened jet stream resulting in more persistent weather patterns in the mid-latitudes. Or Arctic sea ice loss could lead to an increase of snow on high-latitude land, which in turn impacts the jet stream resulting in cold Eurasian and North American winters. These and other potential connections between a warming Arctic and mid-latitude weather are the subject of active research. Linkages Between Arctic Warming and Mid-Latitude Weather Patterns is the summary of a workshop convened in September 2013 by the National Research Council to review our current understanding and to discuss research needed to better understand proposed linkages. A diverse array of experts examined linkages between a warming Arctic and mid-latitude weather patterns. The workshop included presentations from leading researchers representing a range of views on this topic. The workshop was organized to allow participants to take a global perspective and consider the influence of the Arctic in the context of forcing from other components of the climate system, such as changes in the tropics, ocean circulation, and mid-latitude sea surface temperature. This report discusses our current understanding of the mechanisms that link declines in Arctic sea ice cover, loss of high-latitude snow cover, changes in Arctic-region energy fluxes, atmospheric circulation patterns, and the occurrence of extreme weather events; possible implications of more severe loss of summer Arctic sea ice upon weather patterns at lower latitudes; major gaps in our understanding, and observational and/or modeling efforts that are needed to fill those gaps; and current opportunities and limitations for using Arctic sea ice predictions to assess the risk of temperature/precipitation anomalies and extreme weather events over northern continents.
Categories: Science

Potential Climate Change Effects on Great Lakes Hydrodynamics and Water Quality

Potential Climate Change Effects on Great Lakes Hydrodynamics and Water Quality

In all lakes, winter circulation appears to be stronger than summer circulation,
and, therefore, the annual circulation pattern essentially repeats that of winter. It
is cyclonic in Lake Michigan (Figure 4-10), and it has a two-gyre pattern in Lake
Erie ...

Author: David C. L. Lam

Publisher: ASCE Publications

ISBN: 0784474680

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 232

View: 316

This report provides a state-of-the-art review of the climate change effects on lake hydrodynamics and water quality. Most of the engineering cases in this book deal with the ability of existing infrastructure to cope with extreme weather conditions. The case studies are intended to illustrate the advancement in modeling research on lake hydrodynamics, thermal stratification, pollutant transport, and water quality by highlighting the climate change aspects in the application of these techniques. Topics include climate and lake responses, lake thermodynamics, large-scale circulation, wind-waves on large lakes, great lakes ice cover, and water quality.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Ocean Circulation and Climate

Ocean Circulation and Climate

This is clearly seen in the pattern of mean annual and seasonal range in such
climate parameters as temperature and humidity and in the quasistationary
patterns of atmospheric circulation , from small - scale sea breezes to planetary
waves .

Author: Gerold Siedler

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0126413517

Category: Science

Page: 715

View: 366

This book presents the views of leading scientists on the knowledge of the global ocean circulation following the completion of the observational phase of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment. WOCE's in situ physical and chemical measurements together with satellite altimetry have produced a data set which provides for development of ocean and coupled ocean-atmosphere circulation models used for understanding ocean and climate variability and projecting climate change. This book guides the reader through the analysis, interpretation, modelling and synthesis of this data.
Categories: Science

Changing Land Use Patterns in the Coastal Zone

Changing Land Use Patterns in the Coastal Zone

10.2 Hydrodynamics Hydrodynamic models describe circulation patterns and
tidal flows in estuaries that influence transport of stressors. For example, the
TRIM-3D, three-dimensional model simulated shallow water flow and tidal
circulation in ...

Author: G. S. Kleppel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387290232

Category: Science

Page: 305

View: 623

Coastal ecosystems make up some of the most important and, yet, most endangered, regions in the world. The protection of the unique processes that take place in these ecosystems requires that partnerships be formed among ecologists, resource managers and planners. Experienced in the challenges of coastal system analysis, the contributors to this book provide multidisciplinary guidance on the assessment and management of environmental impacts caused by development. Each chapter examines an issue important to these fragile ecosystems, first presenting a non-technical summary of the issue and a review of the current state of the knowledge, then following with data and a more detailed consideration of the topic. Functioning both as a practical guide, accessible to nonscientists, and as a rigorous scientific source book, Changing Land Use Patterns in the Coastal Zone will be useful to ecologists, urban and regional planners, resource managers, policymakers and students. While many of the case studies included in this volume are drawn from studies in the southeastern United States, the examples and lessons provided will be relevant to those working in all coastal environments.
Categories: Science

Dominant North American Mid tropospheric Circulation Patterns and Their Relationship to Winter Precipitation in Wisconsin 1949 1974

Dominant North American Mid tropospheric Circulation Patterns and Their Relationship to Winter Precipitation in Wisconsin  1949 1974

Circulation Pattern of the First Circulation Eigenvector ( Positive Coefficient ) . . . .
. . . . . . . Circulation Pattern of the First Circulation Eigenvector ( Negative
Coefficient ) Second Circulation Eigenvector . . . . . . . . . Unstandardized Second ...

Author: Michael John Keables


ISBN: WISC:89105689145

Category: Precipitation (Meteorology)

Page: 288

View: 389

Categories: Precipitation (Meteorology)

Environmental Science

Environmental Science

( b ) Air circulation actually is more complicated than shown in part ( a ) . Warm
tropical air loses some of its heat and sinks , creating a circulation pattern that
brings air back toward the equator . This creates the trade winds . ( c ) Wind
patterns ...

Author: Daniel D. Chiras

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 0763708607

Category: Science

Page: 642

View: 584

Completely updated, the seventh edition of 'Environmental Science' enlightens students on the fundamental causes of the current environmental crisis and offers ideas on how we, as a global community, can create a sustainable future.
Categories: Science