Pasteur's Quadrant

Basic Science and Technological Innovation

Author: Donald E. Stokes

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815719076

Category: Science

Page: 196

View: 5711

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Over fifty years ago, Vannevar Bush released his enormously influential report, Science, the Endless Frontier, which asserted a dichotomy between basic and applied science. This view was at the core of the compact between government and science that led to the golden age of scientific research after World War II—a compact that is currently under severe stress. In this book, Donald Stokes challenges Bush's view and maintains that we can only rebuild the relationship between government and the scientific community when we understand what is wrong with that view. Stokes begins with an analysis of the goals of understanding and use in scientific research. He recasts the widely accepted view of the tension between understanding and use, citing as a model case the fundamental yet use-inspired studies by which Louis Pasteur laid the foundations of microbiology a century ago. Pasteur worked in the era of the "second industrial revolution," when the relationship between basic science and technological change assumed its modern form. Over subsequent decades, technology has been increasingly science-based. But science has been increasingly technology-based--with the choice of problems and the conduct of research often inspired by societal needs. An example is the work of the quantum-effects physicists who are probing the phenomena revealed by the miniaturization of semiconductors from the time of the transistor's discovery after World War II. On this revised, interactive view of science and technology, Stokes builds a convincing case that by recognizing the importance of use-inspired basic research we can frame a new compact between science and government. His conclusions have major implications for both the scientific and policy communities and will be of great interest to those in the broader public who are troubled by the current role of basic science in American democracy.
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Creating Value with Science and Technology

Author: Eliezer Geisler

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781567204056

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 9472

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Geisler argues that the value of science and technology for corporations, society, and the economy outweigh the negative impacts that inevitably arise. This remarkable new book shows that the benefits can be measured and evaluated, compiling all existing knowledge on the subject of assessment and including Geisler's own methods. The result is a compelling argument that science and technology has been, ultimately, a positive force for individuals, organizations, and nations.
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The Metrics of Science and Technology

Author: Eliezer Geisler

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781567202137

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 380

View: 5105

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Compilation of the key metrics to measure and evaluate the impact of science and technology on academia, industry, and government.
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Spectra

A Bi-monthly Publication of the Speech Association of America

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Speech

Page: N.A

View: 6182

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Innovation for a Low Carbon Economy

Economic, Institutional and Management Approaches

Author: Tim Foxon,Jonathan Köhler,Christine Oughton

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 276

View: 4899

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Innovation for a Low Carbon Economy analyses the interplay of technological, institutional, market and management factors in the dynamics of energy systems. The book aims to inform national and international policies to promote low carbon innovation.
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