Particles and Nuclei

An Introduction to the Physical Concepts

Author: Bogdan Povh,Klaus Rith,Christoph Scholz,Frank Zetsche,Werner Rodejohann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662463210

Category: Science

Page: 458

View: 8832

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This well-known introductory textbook gives a uniform presentation of nuclear and particle physics from an experimental point of view. The first part, Analysis, is devoted to disentangling the substructure of matter. This part shows that experiments designed to uncover the substructures of nuclei and nucleons have a similar conceptual basis, and lead to the present picture of all matter being constructed from a small number of elementary building blocks and a small number of fundamental interactions. The second part, Synthesis, shows how the elementary particles may be combined to build hadrons and nuclei. The fundamental interactions, which are responsible for the forces in all systems, become less and less evident in increasingly complex systems. Such systems are in fact dominated by many-body phenomena. A section on neutrino oscillations and one on nuclear matter at high temperatures bridge the field of "nuclear and particle physics" and "modem astrophysics and cosmology. The seventh revised and extended edition includes new material, in particular the experimental verification of the Higgs particle at the LHC, recent results in neutrino physics, the violation of CP-symmetry in the decay of neutral B-mesons, the experimental investigations of the nucleon's spin structure and outstanding results of the HERA experiments in deep-inelastic electron- and positron-proton scattering. The concise text is based on lectures held at the University of Heidelberg and includes numerous exercises with worked answers. It has been translated into several languages and has become a standard reference for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses.
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Nuclear and Particle Physics

An Introduction

Author: Brian R. Martin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111996511X

Category: Science

Page: 454

View: 8787

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An accessible introduction to nuclear and particle physics with equal coverage of both topics, this text covers all the standard topics in particle and nuclear physics thoroughly and provides a few extras, including chapters on experimental methods; applications of nuclear physics including fission, fusion and biomedical applications; and unsolved problems for the future. It includes basic concepts and theory combined with current and future applications. An excellent resource for physics and astronomy undergraduates in higher-level courses, this text also serves well as a general reference for graduate studies.
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Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 1356

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Elements Of Nuclei

Many-body Physics With The Strong Interaction

Author: Philip J. Siemens

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429973535

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 5445

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In the present volume, Phillip J. Siemens, who has been a seminal contributor to our understanding of the nucleus as a many-body system, and his able collabourator, Aksel S. Jensen, introduce graduate students and colleagues in other fields to the basic concepts of nuclear physics in a way which connects clearly the methods of nuclear physics with those of condensed matter, atomic, and particle physics. Their book thus provides a lucid introduction to the key facts and concepts of nuclei, including many of the most recent developments, while emphasizing the similarities and the differences between the behaviour of nuclei, atoms, elementary particles, and condensed matter, It should thus prove useful, not only as a text for an introductory graduate course in nuclear physics, but as a reference book for all scientists interested in a unified picture of our understanding of physical phenomena associated with many-body systems.
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Accelerator Physics

Author: Shyh-Yuan Lee

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812562005

Category: Science

Page: 575

View: 5838

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The development of high energy accelerators began in 1911, when Rutherford discovered the atomic nuclei inside the atom. Since then, progress has been made in the following: (1) development of high voltage dc and rf accelerators, (2) achievement of high field magnets with excellent field quality, (3) discovery of transverse and longitudinal beam focusing principles, (4) invention of high power rf sources, (5) improvement of high vacuum technology, (6) attainment of high brightness (polarized/unpolarized) electron/ion sources, (7) advancement of beam dynamics and beam manipulation schemes, such as beam injection, accumulation, slow and fast extraction, beam damping and beam cooling, instability feedback, etc.The impacts of the accelerator development are evidenced by the many ground-breaking discoveries in particle and nuclear physics, atomic and molecular physics, condensed matter physics, biomedical physics, medicine, biology, and industrial processing.This book is intended to be used as a graduate or senior undergraduate textbook in accelerator physics and science. It can be used as preparatory course material for graduate accelerator physics students doing thesis research. The text covers historical accelerator development, transverse betatron motion, synchrotron motion, an introduction to linear accelerators, and synchrotron radiation phenomena in low emittance electron storage rings, introduction to special topics such as the free electron laser and the beam-beam interaction. Attention is paid to derivation of the action-angle variables of the phase space, because the transformation is important for understanding advanced topics such as the collective instability and nonlinear beam dynamics. Each section is followed by exercises, which are designed to reinforce the concept discussed and to solve a realistic accelerator design problem.
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Quark-Gluon Plasma

From Big Bang to Little Bang

Author: Kohsuke Yagi,Tetsuo Hatsuda,Yasuo Miake

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521561082

Category: Science

Page: 446

View: 4442

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Advanced text/reference on QGP and quantum chromodynamics covering both theory and experiments.
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Introduction To Modern Physics

Author: R. B. Singh

Publisher: New Age International

ISBN: 9788122414080

Category: Physics

Page: 606

View: 399

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The Book Presents A Comprehensive Treatment Of Quantum Mechanics At The Post Graduate Level. The Emphasis Is On The Physical Foundations And The Mathematical Framework Of Quantum Mechanics; Applications To Specific Problems Are Taken Up Only To Illustrate A Principle Or A Calculational Technique Under Discussion. The Book Begins With A Preview Of The Conceptual Problem Peculiar To Quantum Mechanics. The Introductory Chapter Also Contains A Formulation Of The Basic Laws Of Motion In Quantum Mechanics In Terms Of The Feynman Postulates. Chapter 2 Contains A Detailed Exposition Of The Linear Vector Spaces And Representation Theory. In Chapter 3 The Basic Principles Of Quantum Mechanics Are Introduced In The Form Of A Number Of Postulates.The Schrodinger, The Heisenberg And The Interaction Pictures Of Time Development Form The Subject Matter Of Chapter 4. An Indepth Study Of Angular Momentum Theory (Chapter 5) Is Followed By A Brief Account Of Space-Time Symmetries Including Time Reversal Invariance (Chapter 6). Scattering Theory (Chapter 7), Approximation Methods For Stationary As Well As Time-Dependent Problems (Chapter 8) And Identical Particles (Chapter 9) Receive Adequate Treatment. The Dirac, The Klein-Gordon And The Weyl Equations Are Discussed Extensively In Chapter 10. Chapter 11 Treats Canonical Quantization Of Both Non- Relativistic And Relativistic Fields; Topics Covered Include The Natural System Of Units, The Dyson And The Wick Chronological Products, Normal Products, Wicks Theorem And The Feynman Diagrams. The Last Chapter (12) Discusses In Detail The Interpretational Problem In Quantum Mechanics. The Epr Paradox, The Copenhagen And The Ensemble Interpretations, Hidden-Variable Theories,Neumanns And Bell S Theorems And Bells Inequality Are Among The Topics Discussed. The Appendices Incorporate A Detailed Discussion Of Matrices Both Finite-And-Infinite Dimensional, Antilinear Operators, Dirac Delta Function And Fourier Transforms. A Number Of Problems Are Included With A View To Supplementing The Text.
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Many-Body Problems and Quantum Field Theory

An Introduction

Author: Philippe Andre Martin,Francois Rothen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540213208

Category: Science

Page: 435

View: 6050

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Many-Body Problems and Quantum Field Theory introduces the concepts and methods of the topics on a level suitable for graduate students and researchers. The formalism is developed in close conjunction with the description of a number of physical systems: cohesion and dielectric properties of the electron gas, superconductivity, superfluidity, nuclear matter and nucleon pairing, matter and radiation, interaction of fields by particle exchange and mass generation. Emphasis is placed on analogies between the various systems rather than on advanced or specialized aspects, with the purpose of illustrating common ideas within different domains of physics. Starting from a basic knowledge of quantum mechanics and classical electromagnetism, the exposition is self-contained and explicitly details all steps of the derivations. The new edition features a subtantially new treatment of nucleon pairing.
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Nature

Author: Sir Norman Lockyer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electronic journals

Page: N.A

View: 2639

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Modern Physics

for Scientists and Engineers

Author: John Morrison

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123859112

Category: Science

Page: 488

View: 796

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Modern Physics for Scientists and Engineers provides an introduction to the fundamental concepts of modern physics and to the various fields of contemporary physics. The book's main goal is to help prepare engineering students for the upper division courses on devices they will later take, and to provide physics majors and engineering students an up-to-date description of contemporary physics. The book begins with a review of the basic properties of particles and waves from the vantage point of classical physics, followed by an overview of the important ideas of new quantum theory. It describes experiments that help characterize the ways in which radiation interacts with matter. Later chapters deal with particular fields of modern physics. These include includes an account of the ideas and the technical developments that led to the ruby and helium-neon lasers, and a modern description of laser cooling and trapping of atoms. The treatment of condensed matter physics is followed by two chapters devoted to semiconductors that conclude with a phenomenological description of the semiconductor laser. Relativity and particle physics are then treated together, followed by a discussion of Feynman diagrams and particle physics. Develops modern quantum mechanical ideas systematically and uses these ideas consistently throughout the book Carefully considers fundamental subjects such as transition probabilities, crystal structure, reciprocal lattices, and Bloch theorem which are fundamental to any treatment of lasers and semiconductor devices Uses applets which make it possible to consider real physical systems such as many-electron atoms and semi-conductor devices
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