Paper

Paper

From the New York Times best-selling author of Cod and Salt, a definitive history of paper and the astonishing ways it has shaped today’s world. Paper is one of the simplest and most essential pieces of human technology.

Author: Mark Kurlansky

Publisher: National Geographic Books

ISBN: 9780393239614

Category: History

Page: 0

View: 857

From the New York Times best-selling author of Cod and Salt, a definitive history of paper and the astonishing ways it has shaped today’s world. Paper is one of the simplest and most essential pieces of human technology. For the past two millennia, the ability to produce it in ever more efficient ways has supported the proliferation of literacy, media, religion, education, commerce, and art; it has formed the foundation of civilizations, promoting revolutions and restoring stability. One has only to look at history’s greatest press run, which produced 6.5 billion copies of Máo zhuxí yulu, Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-tung (Zedong)—which doesn’t include editions in 37 foreign languages and in braille—to appreciate the range and influence of a single publication, in paper. Or take the fact that one of history’s most revered artists, Leonardo da Vinci, left behind only 15 paintings but 4,000 works on paper. And though the colonies were at the time calling for a boycott of all British goods, the one exception they made speaks to the essentiality of the material; they penned the Declaration of Independence on British paper. Now, amid discussion of “going paperless”—and as speculation about the effects of a digitally dependent society grows rampant—we’ve come to a world-historic juncture. Thousands of years ago, Socrates and Plato warned that written language would be the end of “true knowledge,” replacing the need to exercise memory and think through complex questions. Similar arguments were made about the switch from handwritten to printed books, and today about the role of computer technology. By tracing paper’s evolution from antiquity to the present, with an emphasis on the contributions made in Asia and the Middle East, Mark Kurlansky challenges common assumptions about technology’s influence, affirming that paper is here to stay. Paper will be the commodity history that guides us forward in the twenty-first century and illuminates our times.
Categories: History

Paper Paging Through History

Paper  Paging Through History

first developed for Fortune magazine—although in time the magazine decided to return to using less-expensive woodchip paper. Curtis got through World War II by manufacturing fiber paper, which they made by treating cotton paper with ...

Author: Mark Kurlansky

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393285482

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 469

From the New York Times best-selling author of Cod and Salt, a definitive history of paper and the astonishing ways it has shaped today’s world. Paper is one of the simplest and most essential pieces of human technology. For the past two millennia, the ability to produce it in ever more efficient ways has supported the proliferation of literacy, media, religion, education, commerce, and art; it has formed the foundation of civilizations, promoting revolutions and restoring stability. By tracing paper’s evolution from antiquity to the present, with an emphasis on the contributions made in Asia and the Middle East, Mark Kurlansky challenges common assumptions about technology’s influence, affirming that paper is here to stay. Paper will be the commodity history that guides us forward in the twenty-first century and illuminates our times.
Categories: History

The Invention of Surgery

The Invention of Surgery

6 Elizabeth Eisenstein, The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1983), p. 4. 7 Mark Kurlansky, Paper: Paging Through History (New York: W.W. Norton, 2016), p. 13.

Author: David Schneider

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781529362251

Category: Philosophy

Page: 410

View: 950

"Bold and compelling... Uniformly excellent, and often wryly amusing."" - The Wall Street Journal "A globetrotting historical adventure, told from the inside of the operating room... Medical writing at its most exhilarating." - Michael Paul Mason "Comprehensively researched, deftly told, and radiating both intellect and passion... Essential reading for anyone interested not only in the history but also in the future of medicine." - Frank Huyler "A history of surgery that is informative, entertaining, and highly readable." Library Journal A fascinating history of the practice of surgery from one of the leading figures in the field, chronicling centuries of scientific breakthroughs by the discipline's most dynamic, pioneering doctors. Written by an author with plenty of experience holding a scalpel, Dr. David Schneider's The Invention of Surgery is an in-depth biography of the practice that has leapt forward over the centuries from the dangerous guesswork of ancient Greek physicians through the world-changing "implant revolution" of the twentieth century. The Invention of Surgery explains this dramatic progress and highlights the personalities of the discipline's most dynamic historical figures. It links together the lives of the pioneering scientists who first understood what causes disease, how organs become infected or cancerous, and how surgery could powerfully intercede in people's lives, and then shows how the rise of surgery intersected with many of the greatest medical breakthroughs of the last century, including the evolution of medical education, the transformation of the hospital from a place of dying to a habitation of healing, the development of antibiotics, and the rise of transistors and polymer science. And as Schneider argues, surgery has not finished transforming; new technologies are constantly reinventing both the practice of surgery and the nature of the objects we are permanently implanting in our bodies. Schneider considers these latest developments, asking "What's next?" and analyzing how our conception of surgery has changed alongside our evolving ideas of medicine, technology, and our bodies.
Categories: Philosophy

A History of Communication Technology

A History of Communication Technology

Papermaking Papermaking. The History and Technique of and Ancient Craft. Dard Hunter, Dover Publications, 1943 reprinted 1978 Paper: Paging Through History. Mark Kurlansky, W. W. Norton & Company, New York, London, 2016 European ...

Author: Philip Loubere

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429560712

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 312

View: 626

This book is a comprehensive illustrated account of the technologies and inventions in mass communication that have accelerated the advancement of human culture and society. A History of Communication Technology covers a timeline in the history of mass communication that begins with human prehistory and extends all the way to the current digital age. Using rich, full-color graphics and diagrams, the book details the workings of various mass communication inventions, from paper-making, printing presses, photography, radio, TV, film, and video, to computers, digital devices, and the Internet. Readers are given insightful narratives on the social impact of these technologies, brief historical accounts of the inventors, and sidebars on the related technologies that enabled these inventions. This book is ideal for students in introductory mass communication, visual communication, and history of media courses, offering a highly approachable, graphic-oriented approach to the history of communication technologies.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Paper and the British Empire

Paper and the British Empire

Ketelbey, C. D. M. (1967) The History of R. Tullis & Company and Tullis Russell & Co. ... Kuhlberg, M. (2012) 'An Accomplished History, An Uncertain Future: Canada's Pulp and Paper Industry since the Early ... Paging Through History.

Author: Timo Särkkä

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000337662

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 168

View: 390

Paper and the British Empire examines the evolution of the paper industry within British organisational frameworks and highlights the role of the Empire as a market and business-making area in a world of shrinking commerce and rising trade barriers. Drawing on a valuable range of primary sources, this book covers the period 1861–1960 and examines events from the establishment of free trade backed by the gold standard to Britain’s membership of the European Free Trade Association. In the field of the paper industry, the speed and intensity of the industrialisation process around the globe have been shaped by a wide variety of variables, including the surrounding institutional framework; entrepreneurial and organisational strategies; the cost and accessibility of transport; and the availability of capital, knowledge, energy resources, and technology. The supply of papermaking raw materials has also been key and has historically been the most important determinant for geographical location and dominance. The research in this work focuses on the roles played by such variants, on the one hand, and demand characteristics on the other. In particular, it considers developments connected to a quest for Empire-grown raw materials in order to tackle the problem of the lack of indigenous raw materials and the resulting dependence on Scandinavian wood pulp imports. This text is of considerable interest to advanced students and researchers in economic history, business history, and the paper industry, and will also be useful to organisations working within the pulp and paper industries.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Chinese Invent Papermaking

The Chinese Invent Papermaking

Basbanes, Nicholas A. On Paper: The Everything of Its Two-Thousand-Year History. ... Beckwith, Christopher I. Empires of the Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present. ... Paper: Paging Through History.

Author: Sean Bergin

Publisher: 'The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc'

ISBN: 9781499469141

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

View: 679

Where would we be without paper? We’d have no books or magazines, no paper money, and no material on which to paint or draw. But fortunately, paper has been around for thousands of years—and we have ancient China to thank for that! This detailed volume explains the history of paper, from its likely origins with hemp fiber to its use for books and documents and its growing spread to other areas of the world. Photos of historical artifacts bring history to life, and further sources encourage readers to learn more.
Categories: Juvenile Nonfiction

Paper Graveyards

Paper Graveyards

For two broader histories of paper - each of which seeks to trace the history of paper from its earliest beginnings to its more modern ... 2014 ) , and Mark Kurlansky , Paper : Paging through History ( New York : W. W. Norton , 2016 ) .

Author: Eduardo Cadava

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262046046

Category: Photography

Page: 513

View: 155

A generously illustrated training manual for reading images, discussing work by Félix Nadar, Roland Barthes, Fazal Sheikh, Susan Meiselas, and others. Paper Graveyards is neither a work of traditional art history nor one of literary criticism. It is not strictly a history of ideas either, notwithstanding its very obvious erudition. Rather, in drawing upon all of these methods and approaches—and with extraordinary attention to language and style—Cadava’s writing examines the spectacular explosion of images during the last twenty years as a prompt to discuss not simply specific images but the role and place of these images in our everyday life. Considering work by Félix Nadar, Roland Barthes, Leon Golub, Nancy Spero, Fazal Sheikh, Susan Meiselas, and others, Cadava delineates different modes of reading that, taking their point of departure from the conviction that the past, the present, and the future are always bound together, provide us with a training manual of sorts for understanding visual material in the twenty-first century. In the process, these generously illustrated essays actively expand our sense of literacy by reconstructing the networks of relations that inhabit the plural worlds of images, and create a critical genealogy of what we still call “an image,” even when, with every day that passes, we perhaps understand less and less what this might mean.
Categories: Photography

Working with Paper

Working with Paper

Gendered Practices in the History of Knowledge Carla Bittel, Elaine Leong, Christine von Oertzen. 16. For an overview on the Anglo-American development see Mark Kurlansky, Paper: Paging through History (New York: Norton, 2017); Judith ...

Author: Carla Bittel

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press

ISBN: 9780822986805

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 376

Working with Paper builds on a growing interest in the materials of science by exploring the gendered uses and meanings of paper tools and technologies, considering how notions of gender impacted paper practices and in turn how paper may have structured knowledge about gender. Through a series of dynamic investigations covering Europe and North America and spanning the early modern period to the twentieth century, this volume breaks new ground by examining material histories of paper and the gendered worlds that made them. Contributors explore diverse uses of paper—from healing to phrenological analysis to model making to data processing—which often occurred in highly gendered, yet seemingly divergent spaces, such as laboratories and kitchens, court rooms and boutiques, ladies’ chambers and artisanal workshops, foundling houses and colonial hospitals, and college gymnasiums and state office buildings. Together, they reveal how notions of masculinity and femininity became embedded in and expressed through the materials of daily life. Working with Paper uncovers the intricate negotiations of power and difference underlying epistemic practices, forging a material history of knowledge in which quotidian and scholarly practices are intimately linked.
Categories: Science

The Pharaoh s Treasure

The Pharaoh s Treasure

The Origins of Paper and the Rise of Western Civilization John Gaudet ... Paper Before Print: The History and Impact of Paper in the Islamic World. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2001. ... Paper: Paging through History.

Author: John Gaudet

Publisher: Amberley Publishing Limited

ISBN: 9781445689951

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 676

How the invention of paper, a material prized by both scholars and kings, allowed information and ideas to shape humanity for 4000 years, from the Nile to the West. 'A wonderful, enlightening book.' (Alexander McCall Smith).
Categories: History

The Art of Papercraft

The Art of Papercraft

Playing with Paper: Illuminating, Engineering, and Reimagining Paper Art. Quarry Books, 2013. ———. Playing with Pop-Ups: The Art of ... Papermaking: The History and Technique of an Ancient Craft. ... Paper: Paging Through History.

Author: Helen Hiebert

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781635862669

Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Page: 320

View: 506

Paper artist and teacher Helen Hiebert compiles a one-of-kind collection of 40 unique projects, each using just one sheet of paper. Combining decorative paper techniques like marbling, stamping, and stenciling with dimensional techniques like origami, cutting, folding, quilling, stretching, weaving, and pop-ups, The Art of Papercraft offers a rich variety of projects that will delight crafters, artists, and designers alike, including paper votive lights, pop-up cards, folded paper gift boxes and envelopes, woven paper wall hangings, miniature one-sheet books, and much more. Every project is beautifully photographed and accompanied by step-by-step visual instructions. Guidance on selecting tools, materials, and paper selection; in-depth technique instructions; and profiles of contributing paper artists make this a rich and practical celebration of papercraft. This publication conforms to the EPUB Accessibility specification at WCAG 2.0 Level AA.
Categories: Crafts & Hobbies