OV and VO variation in code switching

OV and VO variation in code switching

Borer 1984; Chomsky 1995), this monograph investigates word order variation in Korean-English and Japanese-English code-switching, with particular attention to the relative placement of the predicate (verb) and its complement (object) in ...

Author: Shim Ji Young

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9783961103034

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 190

View: 617

This monograph is intended as a contribution to the field of bilingualism from a generative syntax perspective at a variety of levels. It investigates code-switching between Korean and English and also between Japanese and English, which exhibit several interesting features. Due to their canonical word order differences, Korean and Japanese being SOV (Subject-Object-Verb) and English SVO (Subject-Verb-Object), a code-switched sentence between Korean/Japanese and English can take, in principle, either OV or VO order, to which little attention has been paid in the literature. On the contrary, word order is one of the most extensively discussed topics in generative syntax, especially in the Principles and Parameter’s approach (P&P) where various proposals have been made to account of various order patterns of different languages. By taking the generative view that linguistic variation is due to variation in the domain of functional categories rather than lexical roots (e.g. Borer 1984; Chomsky 1995), this monograph investigates word order variation in Korean-English and Japanese-English code-switching, with particular attention to the relative placement of the predicate (verb) and its complement (object) in two contrasting word orders, OV and VO, which was tested against Korean-English and Japanese-English bilingual speakers’ introspective judgments. The results provide strong evidence indicating that the distinction between functional and lexical verbs plays a major role in deriving different word orders (OV and VO, respectively) in Korean-English and Japanese-English code-switching, which supports the hypothesis that parametric variation is attributed to differences in the features of a functional category in the lexicon, as assumed in minimalist syntax. In particular, the explanation pursued in this monograph is based on feature inheritance, a syntactic derivational process, which was proposed in recent developments the Minimalist Program. The monograph shows that by studying diverse and creative word order patterns of code-switching, we are at a better disposal to understand how languages are parameterized similarly or differently in a given domain, which is the very topic that generative linguists have pursued for a long time.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

OV and VO variation in code switching

OV and VO variation in code switching

Borer 1984; Chomsky 1995), this monograph investigates word order variation in Korean-English and Japanese-English code-switching, with particular attention to the relative placement of the predicate (verb) and its complement (object) in ...

Author: Ji Young Shim

Publisher: Language Science Press

ISBN: 9783961103027

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 174

View: 503

This monograph is intended as a contribution to the field of bilingualism from a generative syntax perspective at a variety of levels. It investigates code-switching between Korean and English and also between Japanese and English, which exhibit several interesting features. Due to their canonical word order differences, Korean and Japanese being SOV (Subject-Object-Verb) and English SVO (Subject-Verb-Object), a code-switched sentence between Korean/Japanese and English can take, in principle, either OV or VO order, to which little attention has been paid in the literature. On the contrary, word order is one of the most extensively discussed topics in generative syntax, especially in the Principles and Parameter’s approach (P&P) where various proposals have been made to account of various order patterns of different languages. By taking the generative view that linguistic variation is due to variation in the domain of functional categories rather than lexical roots (e.g. Borer 1984; Chomsky 1995), this monograph investigates word order variation in Korean-English and Japanese-English code-switching, with particular attention to the relative placement of the predicate (verb) and its complement (object) in two contrasting word orders, OV and VO, which was tested against Korean-English and Japanese-English bilingual speakers’ introspective judgments. The results provide strong evidence indicating that the distinction between functional and lexical verbs plays a major role in deriving different word orders (OV and VO, respectively) in Korean-English and Japanese-English code-switching, which supports the hypothesis that parametric variation is attributed to differences in the features of a functional category in the lexicon, as assumed in minimalist syntax. In particular, the explanation pursued in this monograph is based on feature inheritance, a syntactic derivational process, which was proposed in recent developments the Minimalist Program. The monograph shows that by studying diverse and creative word order patterns of code-switching, we are at a better disposal to understand how languages are parameterized similarly or differently in a given domain, which is the very topic that generative linguists have pursued for a long time.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language assessment in multilingual settings

Language assessment in multilingual settings

OV and VO variation in code-switching. 2. Rodríguez-González, Eva & Rivera, Rosita L. (eds.). Language assessment in multilingual settings: Innovative practices across formal and informal environments. ISSN (print): 2747-9919 ISSN ...

Author: Eva Rodríguez González

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9783985540402

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 225

View: 161

This volume explores and addresses questions related to equitable access for assessment. It seeks to initiate a conversation among scholars about inclusive practices in language assessments. Whether the student is a second language learner, a heritage language learner, a multilingual language speaker, a community member, the authors in the present volume provide examples of assessment that do not follow a single universal or standardized design but an applicable one based on the needs and context of a given community. The contributors in this volume are scholars from different disciplines and contexts in Higher Education. They have created and proposed multiple lower-stakes assignments and accommodated learning by being flexible and open without assuming that learners know how to do specific tasks. Each chapter provides different examples on Justice, Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion (JEDI) assessment practices based on observation, examination, and integrative notions of diverse language scenarios. It may be of interest to researchers and practitioners in the fields of curriculum and instruction, language learning, and applied linguistics as well as those in the field of language teaching in general. Thus this volume broadens the scope of research in the area of multilingual assessment.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Diachronic Syntax

Diachronic Syntax

And Hróarsdóttir ( in this volume ) , in her analysis of the change from OV to VO in the history of Icelandic ... loss of V2 or the switch from OV to VO order involve a lengthy period of variation ; for example , three of the chapters ...

Author: Susan Pintzuk

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198250274

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 396

View: 934

Linguistic theory has undergone deep changes since the early 1990's, given the widespread impact of Chomsky's Minimalist Programme, Kayne's Antisymmetry Theory, and Kayne's Theory of Overt Movement. This work has brought into sharper focus questions concerning the architecture of linguistic theory that have a direct impact on our understanding of the process of change. Here, Pintzuk, Tsoulas, and Warner have brought together chapters which demonstrate the pivotal position of historical syntax within the larger domain of research into the nature, use, and acquisition of language. They show how current work in historical syntax is responsive to theoretical advances in linguistic theory, language acquisition, sociolinguistics, and theories of language use, as well as to less adjacent fields such as statistical techniques and evolutionary biology.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Individuality in Language Change

Individuality in Language Change

... who have internalized two separate grammars and are code-switching between them (→Pintzuk and Taylor 2006: 250). ... The more recent consensus is that there is in fact a good deal of OV/VO variation in Middle English, ...

Author: Lynn Anthonissen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110725940

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 339

View: 596

Linguists have typically studied language change at the aggregate level of speech communities, yet key mechanisms of change such as analogy and automation operate within the minds of individual language users. Drawing on lifespan data from 50 authors and the intriguing case of the special passives in the history of English, this study addresses three fundamental issues relating to individuality in language change: (i) how variation and change at the individual level interact with change at the community level; (ii) how much innovation and change is possible across the adult lifespan; (iii) and to what extent related linguistic patterns are associated in individual cognition. As one of the first large-scale empirical studies to systematically link individual- and community-based perspectives in language change, this volume breaks new ground in our understanding of language as a complex adaptive system.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Syntactic Effects of Morphological Change

Syntactic Effects of Morphological Change

If the object moves overtly to Spec of AgrOP , OV order is derived ; if the object moves covertly , VO order is derived . ... The competition occurs within the individual speaker and can be understood in terms of code - switching or ...

Author: David Lightfoot

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199250693

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 428

View: 611

Discussing the nature and causes of language change, the authors of this text consider how far changes in morphology cause changes in syntax, and examine such phenomena from the perspective of syntactic and psycholinguistic theory.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Theoretical Approaches to Linguistic Variation

Theoretical Approaches to Linguistic Variation

Word order variation has traditionally been captured in terms of a macroparameter (e.g. Chomsky 1981; Travis 1984; Baker 1996), ... Spanish/German code switching presents a clear example: The light verb is taken from Spanish, a VO- ...

Author: Ermenegildo Bidese

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027266316

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 376

View: 213

The contributions of this book deal with the issue of language variation. They all share the assumption that within the language faculty the variation space is hierarchically constrained and that minimal changes in the set of property values defining each language give rise to diverse outputs within the same system. Nevertheless, the triggers for language variation can be different and located at various levels of the language faculty. The novelty of the volume lies in exploring different loci of language variation by including wide-ranging empirical perspectives that cover different levels of analysis (syntax, phonology and prosody) and deal with different kinds of data, mostly from Romance and Germanic languages, from dialects, idiolects, language acquisition, language attrition and creolization, analyzed from both diachronic and synchronic perspectives. The volume is divided in three parts. The first part is dedicated to synchronic variation in phonology and syntax; the second part deals with diachronic variation and language change, and the third part investigates the role of contact, attrition and acquisition in giving rise to language change and language variation in bilingual settings. This volume is a useful tool for linguistics of diverse theoretical persuasions working on theoretical and comparative linguistics and to anyone interested in language variation, language change, dialectology, language acquisition and typology.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Continuity and Change in Grammar

Continuity and Change in Grammar

In a corpus of Welsh with extensive code- switching with English, they look for instances where the matrix language is ... that the patterns of OV/VO variation in Middle Norwegian were not influenced by contact with Middle Low German.

Author: Anne Breitbarth

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027255426

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 369

View: 278

One of the principal challenges of historical linguistics is to explain the "causes" of language change. Any such explanation, however, must also address the actuation problem: why is it that changes occurring in a given language at a certain time cannot be reliably predicted to recur in other languages, under apparently similar conditions? The sixteen contributions to the present volume each aim to elucidate various aspects of this problem, including: What processes can be identified as the drivers of change? How central are syntax-external (phonological, lexical or contact-based) factors in triggering syntactic change? And how can all of these factors be reconciled with the actuation problem? Exploring data from a wide range of languages from both a formal and a functional perspective, this book promises to be of interest to advanced students and researchers in historical linguistics, syntax and their intersection."
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Studies in Language Variation and Change 2

Studies in Language Variation and Change 2

In the present article, the preliminary data on the OV/VO variable point to the same conclusion, but bring into play ... Such evidence for spoken bilingualism in this period, which would have favoured code-switching and loans from one ...

Author: Catherine Delesse

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527512238

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 268

View: 956

This collection of eleven essays traces the complex paths of change taken by the English language in its long history, from its Indo-European origins to the present day. Just like any other language, English is a complex system made up of several interconnected sub-systems – lexical, syntactical, phonological, morphological – and all of those sub-systems are subject to change, resulting in constant shifts and readjustments. Additionally, more than some other languages, English has a history marked by strong upheavals, particularly with the influence of Scandinavian and Romance languages in the Middle Ages. The contributions here consider all aspects of that complex history, with four of them taking a particular interest in the issues brought about by language contact with French and Latin.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Kontaktlinguistik Contact Linguistics Linguistique de Contact

Kontaktlinguistik  Contact Linguistics  Linguistique de Contact

If one thinks of the variation space as defined by parameter theory, trying to develop a notion of 'alike' really boils ... (Eds.) (in press): One speaker, two languages, Cross-disciplinary perspectives on code-switching, Cambridge, UK.

Author:

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110132649

Category:

Page: 974

View: 148

Categories: