Unlike all the planets closer to the Sun, known since antiquity, the farthest reaches are discoveries of the modern world.
Author: Linda T. Elkins-Tanton
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
Explores the relationship between the Sun and the three outer planets of the solar system from the point of view of a planetary scientist, examining the role of Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto as recorders of the formation of the solar system.
This second edition includes an entirely new chapter on holographic message plaques for future interstellar probes – a NASA-funded project.
Author: Gregory L. Matloff
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Technology & Engineering
The Space Age is nearly 50 years old but exploration of the outer planets and beyond has only just begun. Deep-Space Probes Second Edition draws on the latest research to explain why we should explore beyond the edge of the Solar System and how we can build highly sophisticated robot spacecraft to make the journey. Many technical problems remain to be solved, among them propulsion systems to permit far higher velocities, and technologies to build vehicles a fraction of the size of today’s spacecraft. Beyond the range of effective radio control, robot vehicles for exploring deep space will need to be intelligent, ‘thinking’ craft – able to make vital decisions entirely on their own. Gregory Matloff also looks at the possibility for human travel into interstellar space, and some of the immense problems that such journeys would entail. This second edition includes an entirely new chapter on holographic message plaques for future interstellar probes – a NASA-funded project.
Outer. Solar. System. Giovanni Strazzulla Osservatorio Astrofisico, Citta
Universitaria, 1-95125 Catania, Italy Abstract. Fluxes of charged particles
impinge on matter forming small objects in the outer Solar System during its
evolution from ...
Author: A. Fitzsimmons
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This volume tries to summarize the status of observational knowledge of the Kuiper Belt. Its recent discovery has revitalized the astromomical study of the Solar System and is beginning to open new and unexpected windows on the physics of planetesimal accretion. With more and better observational data being obtained at the technological limit of current facilities, a new perception of the relationships that exist among the various classes of small Solar System bodies has emerged. The new observations have also motivated a number of fascinating theoretical studies in Solar System dynamics.
In: AAAF 6th International Symposium, Versailles, France, May 2002 Palaszewski
, B.: Atmospheric mining in the outer solar system. AIAA 2005-4319, July 2005
Palaszewski, B.: Atmospheric mining in the outer solar system: issues and ...
Author: Viorel Badescu
Category: Technology & Engineering
The Earth has limited resources while the resources in space are virtually unlimited. Further development of humanity will require going beyond our planet and exploring of extraterrestrial bodies and their resources. This book investigates Outer Solar Systems and their prospective energy and material resources. It presents past missions and future technologies and solutions to old problems that could become reality in our life time. The book therefore is a great resource of condensed information for specialists interested in current and impending Outer Solar Systems related activities and a good starting point for space researchers, inventors, technologists and potential investors.
Author: Erik Gregersen Associate Editor, Astronomy and Space ExplorationPublish On: 2009-12-20
But we are learning more about the cosmos all the time through intense
examination of the solar system in which we live. Still, learning about the outer solar system has proved to be difficult, to say the least. What is known about the
Author: Erik Gregersen Associate Editor, Astronomy and Space Exploration
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Presents an introduction to the solar system, focusing on the Sun and the four planets furthest from it, along with information about Pluto, the Kuiper Belt, asteroids, meteors, and comets.
This book serves as a fascinating progress report on the outer solar system, offering a way to better appreciate the newest findings.
Author: Mark Littmann
Publisher: Courier Corporation
This book serves as a fascinating progress report on the outer solar system, offering a way to better appreciate the newest findings. It unlocks some of the mysteries surrounding Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto — from the drama of their discoveries to the startling results of Voyager 2’s historic 1989 encounter with Neptune.
GALACTIC COSMIC RAY MODULATION IN THE OUTER SOLAR SYSTEM :
SOLAR WIND CONSEQUENCES S. T. Suess , L. A. Fisk , and T. E. Holzer It has
recently been suggested that " quiet - time electron increases " may be indicative
of a ...
Author: Steven Tyler Suess
Category: Cosmic rays
It has recently been suggested that "quiet-time electron increases" may be indicative of a galatic cosmic ray modulation region in the outer solar system that is quite distinct from the modulation region in the inner solar system. We consider the effects of an outer modulation region on the solar wind expansion, finding that the effects are somewhat more important than those associated with only an inner modulation region, when the same constraints on galactic cosmic ray energy density are applied. We also find that the existence of an outer modulation region will not lead to a shock-free solar wind transition to subsonic flow (or even to a weakly shocked transition) in the absence of an interstellar neutral gas, and that the cosmic ray effects are less important than those of the neutral gas in the presence of an interstellar atomic hydrogen gas of density 0.1 cm−3.
The aforementioned spacecraft have enabled us to explore these celestial bodies where no human has yet walked. While most of us will never visit them, consider this book as your personal journey to the moons of the outer Solar System.
Author: Laurence Tognetti
Welcome to the moons of the outer Solar System! Through the eyes of Voyager, Galileo, Cassini, and New Horizons, this book will introduce you to the geology, wonder, and groundbreaking achievements in the exploration of these awe-inspiring worlds. The aforementioned spacecraft have enabled us to explore these celestial bodies where no human has yet walked. While most of us will never visit them, consider this book as your personal journey to the moons of the outer Solar System.
It stands alone as the definitive work in this field, and will serve as a modern messenger of scientific discovery and provide a look into the future of our solar system.
Author: Tilman Spohn
The Encyclopedia of the Solar System, Third Edition—winner of the 2015 PROSE Award in Cosmology & Astronomy from the Association of American Publishers—provides a framework for understanding the origin and evolution of the solar system, historical discoveries, and details about planetary bodies and how they interact—with an astounding breadth of content and breathtaking visual impact. The encyclopedia includes the latest explorations and observations, hundreds of color digital images and illustrations, and over 1,000 pages. It stands alone as the definitive work in this field, and will serve as a modern messenger of scientific discovery and provide a look into the future of our solar system. New additions to the third edition reflect the latest progress and growth in the field, including past and present space missions to the terrestrial planets, the outer solar systems and space telescopes used to detect extrasolar planets. Winner of the 2015 PROSE Award in Cosmology & Astronomy from the Association of American Publishers Presents 700 full-color digital images and diagrams from current space missions and observatories, bringing to life the content and aiding in the understanding and retention of key concepts. Includes a substantial appendix containing data on planetary missions, fundamental data of relevance for planets and satellites, and a glossary, providing immediately accessible mission data for ease of use in conducting further research or for use in presentations and instruction. Contains an extensive bibliography, providing a guide for deeper studies into broader aspects of the field and serving as an excellent entry point for graduate students aiming to broaden their study of planetary science.
1215887 - 104 PREFACE The theme of the American Astronautical Society ' s
Seventeenth Annual Meeting was " The Outer Solar System " . A record of the
proceedings of this meeting , held June 28 - 30 , 1971 in Seattle , Washington is ...
Outer. Solar. System. After the invention of the telescope in the 17th century, it
was discovered that the Earth was not the only planet to have a satellite. In 1610,
Galileo observed the largest satellites of Jupiter and Huygens discovered Titan, ...
Author: Therese Encrenaz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
In this third corrected and revised edition students and lecturers in astronomy and planetary science as well as planet observers will find a mine of up-to-date information on the solar system and its interaction with the interplanetary medium, its various objects, comparative planetology, discussion of questions for further research and future space exploration.
Solar. System. ❍. On. November 1, 1977, Charles Kowal, working with a pair of
images obtained on October 18 and 19 with the 1.22 m telescope on Palomar
Mountain in Southern California, discovered a new object in the outer solar system.
Author: David A. Weintraub
Publisher: Princeton University Press
A Note from the Author: On August 24, 2006, at the 26th General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union (IAU) in Prague, by a majority vote of only the 424 members present, the IAU (an organization of over 10,000 members) passed a resolution defining planet in such a way as to exclude Pluto and established a new class of objects in the solar system to be called "dwarf planets," which was deliberately designed to include Pluto. With the discovery of Eris (2003 UB313)--an outer solar system object thought to be both slightly larger than Pluto and twice as far from the Sun--astronomers have again been thrown into an age-old debate about what is and what is not a planet. One of many sizeable hunks of rock and ice in the Kuiper Belt, Eris has resisted easy classification and inspired much controversy over the definition of planethood. But, Pluto itself has been subject to controversy since its discovery in 1930, and questions over its status linger. Is it a planet? What exactly is a planet? Is Pluto a Planet? tells the story of how the meaning of the word "planet" has changed from antiquity to the present day, as new objects in our solar system have been discovered. In lively, thoroughly accessible prose, David Weintraub provides the historical, philosophical, and astronomical background that allows us to decide for ourselves whether Pluto is indeed a planet. The number of possible planets has ranged widely over the centuries, from five to seventeen. This book makes sense of it all--from the ancient Greeks' observation that some stars wander while others don't; to Copernicus, who made Earth a planet but rejected the Sun and the Moon; to the discoveries of comets, Uranus, Ceres, the asteroid belt, Neptune, Pluto, centaurs, the Kuiper Belt and Eris, and extrasolar planets. Weaving the history of our thinking about planets and cosmology into a single, remarkable story, Is Pluto a Planet? is for all those who seek a fuller understanding of the science surrounding both Pluto and the provocative recent discoveries in our outer solar system.
Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Space Science BoardPublish On: 1969
A Program for Exploration, Report of a Study National Research Council (U.S.).
Space Science Board. SUMMARY OF PRINCIPAL FINDINGS 1 . Study of the outer solar system offers a rich field for the discovery of new phenomena , for the
Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Space Science Board
While these flights are still several years away , NASA and the aerospace
industry are already conducting research into the materials , the hardware , and
the redundancy required to send probes to the outer reaches of the solar system .
PHOTOMETRY OF SATELLITES CARLO BLANCO Osservatorio Astrofisico di
Catania Istituto di Astronomia dell'Università di Catania The Solid Bodies of the Outer Solar System : Proc.Conf . Vulcano , Italy . 9-13 Sept 1985. ESA SP - 242 ...
1994 and references therein ) . 2.5 New Outer Solar System Objects Since the
discovery of Pholus , several dozen more objects have been located in the outer Solar System , most of which are beyond ~ 30 AU in the Kuiper Belt ( Jewitt et al .
Author: Peter Derrick Wilson
This thesis applies light-scattering theory along with recently-measured optical constants of astronomically-interesting organic materials in an attempt to understand the surfaces of representative organic-rich bodies in the outer Solar System.
Temasch VOYAGER INFRARED OBSERVATIONS OF THE OUTER SOLAR SYSTEM Andrew Livingstone Weir , Ph . D . Cornell University 1990 During the
Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 encounters with Jupiter and Neptune , global mapping
Author: National Research CouncilPublish On: 2012-07-10
National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,
Space Studies Board, Committee on Planetary Protection Standards for Icy
Bodies in the Outer Solar System ...
Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
NASA's exploration of planets and satellites during the past 50 years has led to the discovery of traces of water ice throughout the solar system and prospects for large liquid water reservoirs beneath the frozen ICE shells of multiple satellites of the giant planets of the outer solar system. During the coming decades, NASA and other space agencies will send flybys, orbiters, subsurface probes, and, possibly, landers to these distant worlds in order to explore their geologic and chemical context. Because of their potential to harbor alien life, NASA will select missions that target the most habitable outer solar system objects. This strategy poses formidable challenges for mission planners who must balance the opportunity for exploration with the risk of contamination by Earth's microbes, which could confuse the interpretation of data obtained from these objects. The 2000 NRC report Preventing the Forward Contamination of Europa provided a criterion that was adopted with prior recommendations from the Committee on Space Research of the International Council for Science. This current NRC report revisits and extends the findings and recommendations of the 2000 Europa report in light of recent advances in planetary and life sciences and, among other tasks, assesses the risk of contamination of icy bodies in the solar system.
What motivates continued exploration of the outer solar system more than any
other single factor is water . The outer solar system is awash in water , most of it
in frozen form . Fifteen thousand years ago , most of Canada , Scandinavia , and