Our Global Environment

A Health Perspective, Seventh Edition

Author: Anne Nadakavukaren

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478609761

Category: Science

Page: 534

View: 953


The crucial interdependence between humans and their environment is explored and illuminated in this revealing overview of the major environmental issues facing society in the twenty-first century. With attention to detail and cogent language, the author describes how human health and well-being are inextricably bound up in the web of interrelationships that characterize life on this planet. The presentation combines an overall ecological concern with specific elements related to personal and community health, giving readers a clear sense of how todays environmental issues directly impact their own lives. New to the seventh edition is a chapter on clean energy alternatives that evaluates the long-term potential of the most promising renewable energy technologies as well as short-term strategies to increase energy efficiency. The discussion of global climate change has been significantly updated to reflect the latest assessments of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change with regard to evidence of global warming, mitigation strategies, and adaptation measures, as well as an up-to-date summary of ongoing international efforts to negotiate binding treaties that would produce meaningful reductions in greenhouse gases. Our Global Environment is widely praised by students and faculty for its clear, compelling presentation. Abundant photographs and illustrations highlight salient issues and clarify trends, while boxed inserts in every chapter contain timely examples of general concepts presented in the chapters.

Environmental Health

Ecological Perspectives

Author: Kathryn Hilgenkamp

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763723774

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 381

View: 5406


Environmental Health: Ecological Perspectives is intended as an environmental health text for both undergraduate and graduate levels. This text provides balanced coverage of how humans are affected by the quality of air, water, and food as well as how humans affect these survival necessities. The evolution and prosperity of the human species has resulted in concerns about pollution, overpopulation, and several other issues that are having a harmful effect on humans and our environment. This knowledge, along with an understanding of the legislation and history of environmental issues, will help students to make positive changes in their behavior and in the world around them.

Comparative Perspectives on Environmental Policies and Issues

Author: Robert A. Dibie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135080585

Category: Political Science

Page: 464

View: 7792


Comparative Perspectives on Environmental Policies and Issues presents tools and concepts about environmental policies in several developed and developing countries. It explores a broad survey of ecological modernization theory, ecological feminism theory, environmental justice theory, the concept of sustainability, and research on environmental policies. Data were collected through surveys, interviews, and focus groups, and are used to analyze social, economic, and environmental impact on people. The book specifically discusses how the earth’s basic life-supporting capital (soils, forests, species, fresh water and oceans) is degraded or depleted to provide for human needs, and how air pollution and acid precipitation, are causing widespread injury to humans, forests, and crops. Realistically, over-taxing of natural resources and ecological systems throughout the world has promoted economic growth and created increasing opportunities for people while also advancing social injustice. The use of the environment to accomplish social and economic transformation raises fundamental issues for the study of environmental policy and the natural ecological system. As human beings exploit the natural environment to meet present needs, they often will destroy resources needed for the future generations. Thus, environmental policies are enacted to ensure that social and economic impacts of the environment are compatible with the limits of natural systems. Offering an intuitive and crystal-clear explanation of the key concepts and principles of environmental policies and sustainable development, this volume is suitable not only for environmental science students, but also for instructors, practitioners, researchers, and academics.

Informe sobre la salud en el mundo 2003

forjemos el futuro

Author: Organización Mundial de la Salud

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9243562436

Category: Medical

Page: 140

View: 5769


«Tenemos verdaderamente la posibilidad de realizar progresos hacia una vida más larga y más sana para millones de personas.» «Es preciso seguir trabajando aumentar la asignación de recursos e intensificar la colaboración entre los distintos asociados.» - Dr. Jong-Wook Lee Director General OMS El Informe sobre la salud en el mundo 2003 - Forjemos el futuro predice que en los próximos años se lograrán importantes mejoras sanitarias en el mundo. El Dr. Jong-Wook Lee Director General de la OMS afirma que la OMS tiene la ambición de «ayudar a todos los seres humanos en especial a los más pobres a forjar un futuro mejor». El informe sostiene que una nueva campaña que permita mejorar la salud y hacerla más equitativa es una parte esencial de la labor internacional en pro de la justicia y la seguridad. Partiendo de lo aprendido del pasado en particular con relación al movimiento de la Salud para Todos puesto en marcha hace 25 años el informe de este año se centra en las principales mejoras sanitarias que se podrán alcanzar en los próximos años y muestra cómo la OMS y la comunidad sanitaria internacional pueden lograr esos objetivos. Con el telón de fondo de las ambiciosas metas que representan los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio el Informe sobre la salud en el mundo 2003 presenta una perspectiva general que comprende un análisis de los principales desafíos sanitarios actuales y un programa de acción para mejorar la salud en el mundo. En la sección dedicada a las enfermedades infecciosas se señala que ha de prestarse especial atención al VIH/SIDA a la poliomielitis cuya erradicación está cerca y a las nuevas infecciones de las que el SRAS es un ejemplo ilustrativo. Otra sección importante trata de la salud de la mujer y el niño. La sección dedicada a las enfermedades no transmisibles se centra en las enfermedades cardiovasculares los traumatismos y la prosecución de la lucha antitabáquica. Con el fin de lograr las mejoras sanitarias que están a su alcance los países han de contar con sistemas de salud eficaces. El informe muestra cómo pueden robustecerse esos sistemas combinando los servicios de atención primaria y los servicios especializados mediante una red eficiente e integrada de referencia. En ese aspecto al igual que en toda su labor la OMS reitera su compromiso de colaborar con los países para responder a los retos sanitarios a nivel nacional y local.

Global Environmental Change: The Threat to Human Health

Author: Samuel S. Myers

Publisher: Worldwatch Institute


Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 9565


Over the past two-to-three hundred years, humanity's ecological footprint has ballooned to such an extent that we are now fundamentally altering the planet. We have transformed the Earth's land surface and altered the function of its ecosystems, and we are triggering the rapid loss of both terrestrial and marine life. We are also profoundly changing our planet's climate. It is increasingly apparent that the breadth and depth of the changes we are wreaking on the environment are imperiling not only many of the other species with which we share the ecological stage, but the health and wellbeing of our own species as well.Global climate change threatens human health in numerous and profound ways. Large segments of the population will experience more heat waves, altered exposure to infectious disease, and more-frequent natural disasters. Most significantly, climatic disruption threatens the adequacy of the core "building blocks" of health for large populations around the globe: sufficient food and nutrition, safe water for drinking and sanitation, fresh air to breathe, and secure homes to live in. As climate change dismantles these central elements of healthy societies, people with fewer resources will be forced to migrate in large numbers to lands where they may not be welcome. A likely result of all of these processes will be increased civic instability and strife.

Comprehensive Community Health Nursing

Family, Aggregate, & Community Practice

Author: Susan Clemen-Stone,Sandra L. McGuire,Diane Gerber Eigsti

Publisher: N.A


Category: Community health nursing

Page: 841

View: 690


COMPREHENSIVE COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING is a readable text offering complete coverage of all major topics in community health nursing from epidemiology and communicable disease to chronic illness and home health nursing. Centered on the family as the basic unit of community, this edition highlights and expands the discussion of aggregates at risk with a new chapter on contemporary health issues including poverty and homelessness, substance abuse, and violence. The text has been thoroughly updated to describe the impact managed care is having on the health care delivery system. The various roles and responsibilities of community health nurses, within a spectrum of non-acute care settings such as schools, businesses and industries, clinics and hospice centers, are clearly described. Provides a complete discussion of U.S. health legislation and health services to help the reader understand the current status of the health care system and access valuable services for their clients. Integrates over 40 case studies to demonstrate application of concepts to practice. Includes standards of practice developed by the American Nurses Association and other bodies for Community Health Nursing, Home Health Nursing, Gerontological Nursing, and more. Uses the nursing process, including nursing diagnosis and intervention, to consistently present care of families, aggregates, and communities. Provides coverage of growth and development of aggregates at risk across the lifespan to help the reader plan and implement health promotion strategies at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels. Features "An Exercise in Critical Thinking" at the conclusion of each chapter to enhance analysis and problem-solving skills. Provides assessment tools and quick reference information in appendices for easy access. Offers an Instructor's Resource Manual with approximately 1,000 test questions/answers and transparency masters, plus a Computerized Test Bank.

Global Environmental Issues

Author: Frances Harris

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119952085

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 2831


Global Environmental Issues, second edition builds on the popularity of the first edition, viewing global environmental problems as complex issues with a network of causes, influenced by a range of actors with differing priorities. The book recognises that science underpins much of what happens in society and therefore it is important to be able to interpret the environmental and social consequences of scientific developments. In addition to discussing the main biophysical causes, the book illustrates how socio-economic and political factors determine why and how people use land, resources and technology, and how this in turn affects natural resource management. This edition includes new chapters on the politics of science, International environmental regulation and treaties, environmental issues in a globalised world and natural resource management. Global Environmental Issues, second edition is essential reading for upper level undergraduates and Masters students within departments of Environmental Science and Geography. Includes case studies from around the world to provide a real life context for the issues tackled in each chapter Considers both the results of human actions and natural environmental change in order to provide balanced, in-depth debate Includes coverage of contemporary 'hot topics' such as biodiversity, globalization and sustainable development Chapters authored by experts in the field Includes new chapters on The politics of science, International environmental regulation and treaties , Environmental issues in a globalised world and Natural Resource Management Expanded sections include negotiating multilateral environmental agreements, GM crops, biofuels and marine and freshwater resources