Orthopaedic Biomechanics

Mechanics and Design in Musculoskeletal Systems

Author: Donald L. Bartel,Dwight T. Davy,Tony M. Keaveny

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780130089090

Category: Medical

Page: 370

View: 1640

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This book addresses the mechanical and structural aspects of the skeletal system – along with the analysis and design of orthopaedic implants that are used to repair the system when it is damaged. Focuses on applications of mechanical engineering in orthopaedic biomechanics, quantitatative modeling, and improving the reader's understanding of mechanics. Introduces the musculoskeletal system, determining loads and motions, the structure and properties of bone and soft tissue, and stress analysis of biomechanical systems), as well as introducing applications of the material (including a basic introduction to bone-implant systems, fracture fixation devices, hip replacements, knee replacements, and articulating surfaces). For those interested in orthopaedic biomechanics, as well as orthopedic surgeons who wish to learn more about mechanics and design in the musculoskeletal system.
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Experimental Methods in Orthopaedic Biomechanics

Author: Radovan Zdero

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128038551

Category: Medical

Page: 428

View: 1175

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Experimental Methods in Orthopaedic Biomechanics is the first book in the field that focuses on the practicalities of performing a large variety of in-vitro laboratory experiments. Explanations are thorough, informative, and feature standard lab equipment to enable biomedical engineers to advance from a ‘trial and error’ approach to an efficient system recommended by experienced leaders. This is an ideal tool for biomedical engineers or biomechanics professors in their teaching, as well as for those studying and carrying out lab assignments and projects in the field. The experienced authors have established a standard that researchers can test against in order to explain the strengths and weaknesses of testing approaches. Provides step-by-step guidance to help with in-vitro experiments in orthopaedic biomechanics Presents a DIY manual that is fully equipped with illustrations, practical tips, quiz questions, and much more Includes input from field experts who combine their real-world experience to provide invaluable insights for all those in the field
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Benzel's Spine Surgery E-Book

Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management

Author: Michael P Steinmetz,Edward C. Benzel

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323415210

Category: Medical

Page: 2240

View: 6966

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In the latest edition of Benzel’s Spine Surgery, renowned neurosurgery authority Dr. Edward C. Benzel, along with new editor Dr. Michael P. Steinmetz, deliver the most up-to-date information available on every aspect of spine surgery. Improved visuals and over 100 brand-new illustrations enhance your understanding of the text, while 26 new chapters cover today's hot topics in the field. A must-have resource for every neurosurgeon and orthopedic spine surgeon, Benzel's Spine Surgery provides the expert, step-by-step guidance required for successful surgical outcomes. Glean essential, up-to-date information in one comprehensive reference that explores the full spectrum of techniques used in spine surgery. Covers today's hot topics in spine surgery, such as pelvic parameters in planning for lumbar fusion; minimally invasive strategies for the treatment of tumors and trauma of the spine; and biologics and stem cells. A total of 18 intraoperative videos allow you to hone your skills and techniques. New editor Michael P. Steinmetz brings fresh insights and improvements to the text. Features the addition of 26 chapters, including: -Biologics in Spine Fusion Surgery -Endoscopic and Transnasal Approaches to the Craniocervical Junction -Cellular Injection Techniques for Discogenic Pain -Minimally Invasive Techniques for Thoracolumbar Deformity -Spinal Cord Herniation and Spontaneous Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak -MIS Versus Open Spine Surgery Extensive revisions to many of the existing chapters present all of the most up-to-date information available on every aspect of spine surgery. Improved visuals and over 100 brand-new illustrations enhance learning and retention.
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Mathematical and Computational Methods and Algorithms in Biomechanics

Human Skeletal Systems

Author: Jirí Nedoma,Jiri Stehlik

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118006467

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 6211

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Cutting-edge solutions to current problems in orthopedics, supported by modeling and numerical analysis Despite the current successful methods and achievements of good joint implantations, it is essential to further optimize the shape of implants so they may better resist extreme long-term mechanical demands. This book provides the orthopedic, biomechanical, and mathematical basis for the simulation of surgical techniques in orthopedics. It focuses on the numerical modeling of total human joint replacements and simulation of their functions, along with the rigorous biomechanics of human joints and other skeletal parts. The book includes: An introduction to the anatomy and biomechanics of the human skeleton, biomaterials, and problems of alloarthroplasty The definition of selected simulated orthopedic problems Constructions of mathematical model problems of the biomechanics of the human skeleton and its parts Replacement parts of the human skeleton and corresponding mathematical model problems Detailed mathematical analyses of mathematical models based on functional analysis and finite element methods Biomechanical analyses of particular parts of the human skeleton, joints, and corresponding replacements A discussion of the problems of data processing from nuclear magnetic resonance imaging and computer tomography This timely book offers a wealth of information on the current research in this field. The theories presented are applied to specific problems of orthopedics. Numerical results are presented and discussed from both biomechanical and orthopedic points of view and treatment methods are also briefly addressed. Emphasis is placed on the variational approach to the investigated model problems while preserving the orthopedic nature of the investigated problems. The book also presents a study of algorithmic procedures based on these simulation models. This is a highly useful tool for designers, researchers, and manufacturers of joint implants who require the results of suggested experiments to improve existing shapes or to design new shapes. It also benefits graduate students in orthopedics, biomechanics, and applied mathematics.
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Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics

Author: Dominique G. Poitout

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781852334819

Category: Medical

Page: 654

View: 717

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Current clinical orthopedic practice requires practitioners to have extensive knowledge of a wide range of disciplines from molecular biology to bioengineering and from the application of new methods to the evaluation of outcome. The biomechanics of and biomaterials used in orthopedics have become increasingly important as the possibilities have increased to treat patients with foreign material introduced both as optimized osteosynthesis after trauma and as arthroplasties for joint diseases, sequelae of trauma or for tumor treatment. Furthermore, biomaterial substitutes are constantly being developed to replace missing tissue. Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics provides an important update within this highly important field. Professor Dominique Poitout has collected a series of high-quality chapters by globally renowned researchers and clinicians. Under the auspices of the International Society of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology (SICOT) and International Society of Orthopaedic and Traumatology Research (SIROT), this book now provides permanent and specific access to the considerable international knowledge in the field of locomotor system trauma and disease treatment using the novel bioengineering solutions. This book covers both basic concepts concerning biomaterials and biomechanics as well as their clinical application and the experience from everyday practical use. This book will be of great value to specialists in orthopedics and traumatology, while also provide an important basis for graduate and postgraduate learning.
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Musculoskeletal Research and Basic Science

Author: Feza Korkusuz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319207776

Category: Medical

Page: 788

View: 6195

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Strong roots in basic science and research enhance clinical practice. This book is a rich source of information for basic scientists and translational researchers who focus on musculoskeletal tissues and for orthopedic and trauma surgeons seeking relevant up-to-date information on molecular biology and the mechanics of musculoskeletal tissue repair and regeneration. The book opens by discussing biomaterials and biomechanics, with detailed attention to the biologic response to implants and biomaterials and to the surface modification of implants, an important emerging research field. Finite element analysis, mechanical testing standards and gait analysis are covered. All these chapters are strongly connected to clinical applications. After a section on imaging techniques, musculoskeletal tissues and their functions are addressed, the coverage including, for example, stem cells, molecules important for growth and repair, regeneration of cartilage, tendons, ligaments, and peripheral nerves, and the genetic basis of orthopedic diseases. State-of-the-art applications such as platellet rich plasma were included. Imaging is a daily practice of scientists and medical doctors. Recent advancements in ultrasonography, computerized tomography, magnetic resonance, bone mineral density measurements using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, and scintigraphy was covered following conventional radiography basics. Further extensive sections are devoted to pathology, oncogenesis and tumors, and pharmacology. Structure is always related with function. Surgical anatomy was therefore covered extensively in the last section.
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Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton

Author: M. Anne Katzenberg,Shelley R. Saunders

Publisher: Wiley-Liss

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 640

View: 4707

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Advance praise for the Second Edition: "The substantial widening of the coverage and the inclusion ofissues that have received increased or revitalized researchinterest since publication of the First Edition will provideunrivalled comprehensiveness." —Holger Schutkowski, PhD, University of Bradford,UK "I enthusiastically recommend the publication of this SecondEdition. It is already an excellent volume and [will] no doubtfind its way into many upper-division courses." —Patricia Lambert, PhD, Utah State University The First Edition of Biological Anthropology of the HumanSkeleton is the market-leading reference and textbook on thescientific analysis of human skeletal remains recovered fromarchaeological sites. Now, featuring scores of new or thoroughlyrevised content, this Second Edition provides the mostcomprehensive and up-to-date coverage of the topic available. Like the previous edition, this Second Edition isorganized into five parts with contributing chapters written byexperts in the field of human skeletal biology: Part One coverstheory and application; Part Two discusses morphological analysesof bone, teeth, and age changes; Part Three reviews prehistorichealth and disease; Part Four examines chemical and geneticanalysis of hard tissues; and Part Five closes with coverage ofquantitative methods and population studies. Each chapter includesa review of recent studies, descriptions of analytical techniquesand underlying assumptions, theory, methodological advances, andspeculation about future research. New or thoroughly revised content includes: Techniques in the analysis of human skeletal and dentalremains Extensive coverage of new technologies, including modernmorphometric techniques Advances in the field of forensic anthropology Enhanced discussion of ethical terms regarding the study ofaboriginal peoples' remains where those people are no longer thedominant culture Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton, SecondEdition serves as an indispensable research guide to biologicalanthropologists, osteologists, paleoanthropologists, andarchaeologists. Now with a stronger focus on teaching complexmaterial to students, this revised edition provides enhanced casestudies and discussions for future directions, making it aninvaluable textbook for advanced undergraduates and graduatestudents in biological anthropology and forensic anthropologyprograms.
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Experimental Research Methods in Orthopedics and Trauma

Author: Hamish Simpson,Peter Augat

Publisher: Thieme

ISBN: 3131731214

Category: Medical

Page: 344

View: 7084

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From bioinformatics to nanotechnology, advances in basic research ultimately drive advances in clinical care. This book provides a comprehensive summary of all current research methodologies for translational and pre-clinical studies in biomechanics and orthopedic trauma surgery. With this roadmap at hand, specialists and trainees will have the tools to conduct high-quality experimental research in any area of musculoskeletal science, with a solid understanding of how the findings can be applied in patient care. Special Features: Utilizes the principles and methodology of modern, evidence-based medicine in pre-clinical musculoskeletal research Offers a comprehensive analysis of in vivo models for studying different components of the musculoskeletal system Demonstrates how principles of structural, functional, and numerical biomechanics can be utilized in well-defined experimental research studies spanning topics from fracture fixation to gait analysis to bone remodeling Covers the role of new macroscopic CT and ultrasound imaging techniques for assessing bone and cartilage function Explores cutting-edge developments in cell culture research, molecular testing, and tissue engineering Provides practical advice, a glossary of key terminology, and hundreds of illustrations to familiarize clinicians with every aspect of designing and interpreting an effective research study With 54 state-of-the-art chapters by orthopedic surgeons, musculoskeletal physicians, biologists, engineers, physicists, and mathematicians, Experimental Research Methods in Orthopedics and Trauma is the authoritative reference on the topic. It is essential for clinicians, basic researchers, and orthopedic surgical trainees who need to understand experimental research methodology, apply its findings, and participate fully in research activities.
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Experimental Stress Analysis for Materials and Structures

Stress Analysis Models for Developing Design Methodologies

Author: Alessandro Freddi,Giorgio Olmi,Luca Cristofolini

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319060864

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 498

View: 3653

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This book summarizes the main methods of experimental stress analysis and examines their application to various states of stress of major technical interest, highlighting aspects not always covered in the classic literature. It is explained how experimental stress analysis assists in the verification and completion of analytical and numerical models, the development of phenomenological theories, the measurement and control of system parameters under operating conditions, and identification of causes of failure or malfunction. Cases addressed include measurement of the state of stress in models, measurement of actual loads on structures, verification of stress states in circumstances of complex numerical modeling, assessment of stress-related material damage, and reliability analysis of artifacts (e.g. prostheses) that interact with biological systems. The book will serve graduate students and professionals as a valuable tool for finding solutions when analytical solutions do not exist.
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