Origins of Mass Communications Research During the American Cold War

Educational Effects and Contemporary Implications

Author: Timothy Glander

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135683212

Category: Education

Page: 256

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In this critical examination of the beginnings of mass communications research in the United States, written from the perspective of an educational historian, Timothy Glander uses archival materials that have not been widely studied to document, contextualize, and interpret the dominant expressions of this field during the time in which it became rooted in American academic life, and tries to give articulation to the larger historical forces that gave the field its fundamental purposes. By mid-century, mass communications researchers had become recognized as experts in describing the effects of the mass media on learning and other social behavior. However, the conditions that promoted and sustained their authority as experts have not been adequately explored. This study analyzes the ideological and historical forces giving rise to, and shaping, their research. Until this study, the history of communications research has been written almost entirely from within the field of communications studies and, as a result, has tended to refrain from asking troubling foundational questions about the origins of the field or to entertain how its emergence shaped educational discourse during the post-World War II period. By examining the intersection between the individual biographies of key leaders in the communications field (Wilbur Schramm, Paul Lazarsfeld, Bernard Berelson, Hadley Cantril, Stuart Dodd, and others) and the larger historical context in which they lived and worked, this book aims to tell part of the story of how the field of communications became divorced from the field of education. The book also examines the work of significant voices on the rise of mass communications study (including C. Wright Mills, William W. Biddle, Paul Goodman, and others) who theorized about the emergence of a mass society. It concludes with a discussion of the contemporary relevance of the theory of a mass society to educational thought and practice.
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Mass Communication and American Social Thought

Key Texts, 1919-1968

Author: John Durham Peters,Peter Simonson

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742528390

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 530

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This anthology of hard-to-find primary documents provides a solid overview of the foundations of American media studies. Focusing on mass communication and society and how this research fits into larger patterns of social thought, this valuable collection features key texts covering the media studies traditions of the Chicago school, the effects tradition, the critical theory of the Frankfurt school, and mass society theory. Where possible, articles are reproduced in their entirety to preserve the historical flavor and texture of the original works. Topics include popular theater, yellow journalism, cinema, books, public relations, political and military propaganda, advertising, opinion polling, photography, the avant-garde, popular magazines, comics, the urban press, radio drama, soap opera, popular music, and television drama and news. This text is ideal for upper-level courses in mass communication and media theory, media and society, mass communication effects, and mass media history.
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Interdisciplinary Economics

Kenneth E. Boulding’s Engagement in the Sciences

Author: Wilfred Dolfsma,Stefan Kesting

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134081901

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 632

View: 6318

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Kenneth Boulding was a prolific writer across so many different fields that not only is he often much referred to and cited, he is considered a core member of many of these fields. Boulding is the quintessential interdisciplinary scholar. He died in 1993, but he has left a legacy in economics, conflict studies, systems theory, ecology, biology, communication studies, and ethics. As an economist proper he has tested and expanded the boundaries of that field without unduly "invading" and undermining the expertise and established knowledge of the other social sciences. This proposed volume will allow scholars who have worked or are starting to work in areas that Boulding has initiated, established and made a continued contribution to, to understand the links between these fields and other related ones. The volume will establish a source of inspiration for some time to come.
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Politics, Social Networks, and the History of Mass Communications Research: Rereading Personal Influence

Author: Peter Simonson

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9781412950947

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 342

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When the controversial book, Personal Influence: The Part Played by People in the Flow of Mass Communications, was published in 1955, it made waves across the fields of communications, public opinion research, political science, and marketing. Written by Elihu Katz and Paul Lazarsfeld, Personal Influence became the canonical statement of the “two-step flow” of communication, which posits that mass media flow to “opinion leaders,” who in turn influence the behavior and opinions of people around them. Throughout the last half of a century, Personal Influence has undergone rigorous critique, appeared in numerous citations, and become a key text in the history of mass communications. Why is a rereading of this text relevant now? Upon the 50th anniversary of the publishing of Personal Influence, the editors of this volume of The ANNALS believed it was an ideal time to reflect upon the book’s mid-century contexts and contemporary drawing upon enrichments of the field provided by feminism, critical and cultural studies, the new historicism, and progress in the social sciences. This unique volume of The ANNALS crosses generational, disciplinary, and national boundaries to piece together and pull apart a historically important text and use it to shed light on the contemporary environment. Essays in this volume analyze the personalities who played key roles in the making of Personal Influence, their origins and social identities, the institutional organization of research in which it evolved, and the disciplinary consequences of its success. Other authors reread Katz and Lazarfeld’s classic as a way to explore the relations between citizenship and consumption, the nature of media and political involvement today, and the relevance of the two-step flow paradigm for the study of contemporary audiences, social networks, and public campaigns. A must-read for scholars, students, and professionals in the fields of communication, public opinion, political science, sociology, and marketing, this volume of The ANNALS dusts off a time-worn text and renews its significance in the field of mass communications with modern scholarly perspectives and contemporary methodology experience, inspiring a fresh outlook on this historical force.
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The History of Media and Communication Research

Contested Memories

Author: David W. Park,Jefferson Pooley

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9780820488295

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 390

View: 7739

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«Strictly speaking», James Carey wrote, «there is no history of mass communication research.» This volume is a long-overdue response to Carey’s comment about the field’s ignorance of its own past. The collection includes essays of historiographical self-scrutiny, as well as new histories that trace the field’s institutional evolution and cross-pollination with other academic disciplines. The volume treats the remembered past of mass communication research as crucial terrain where boundaries are marked off and futures plotted. The collection, intended for scholars and advanced graduate students, is an essential compass for the field.
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Science of Coercion

Communication Research and Psychological Warfare, 1945-1960

Author: Christopher Simpson

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195102924

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

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Science of Coercion provides the first thorough examination of the role of the CIA, the Pentagon, and other U.S. security agencies in the evolution of modern communication research, a field in the social sciences which crystallized into a distinct discipline in the early 1950s. Government-funded psychological warfare programs underwrote the academic triumph of preconceptions about communication that persist today in communication studies, advertising research, and in counterinsurgency operations. Christopher Simpson contends that it is unlikely that communication research could have emerged into its present form without regular transfusions of money from U.S military, intelligence, and propaganda agencies during the Cold War. These agencies saw mass communication as an instrument for persuading or dominating targeted groups in the United States and abroad; as a tool for improving military operations; and perhaps most fundamentally, as a means to extend the U.S. influence more widely than ever before at a relatively modest cost. Communication research, in turn, became for a time the preferred method for testing and developing such techniques. Science of Coercion uses long-classified documents to probe the contributions made by prominent mass communication researchers such as Wilbur Schramm, Ithiel de Sola Pool, and others, then details the impact of psychological warfare projects on widely held preconceptions about social science and the nature of communication itself. A fascinating case study in the history of science and the sociology of knowledge, Science of Coercion offers valuable insights into the dynamics of ideology and the social psychology of communication.
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The Museum of Broadcast Communications encyclopedia of radio

Author: Christopher H. Sterling,Michael C. Keith

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781579584320

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 1650

View: 2368

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"A premise of this unique encyclopedia is that radio broadcasting is so pervasive that its importance can be easily overlooked. More than 600 articles provide ample illustration of the role this medium plays throughout the world. From radio's invention to radio on the Internet, the cross-referenced and thoroughly indexed articles analyze over 100 years of topics, programs, issues, people, and places, and provide leads to further reading. Some 250 photographs "give visual context to an often unseen world." Scholars, old-time-radio admirers, and curious readers will appreciate the unparalleled comprehensiveness of this source."--"The Top 20 Reference Titles of the Year," American Libraries, May 2004.
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New Hollywood Violence

Author: Steven Jay Schneider

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 331

View: 4165

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Exploring the depiction of violence and related issues in Hollywood productions, this book focuses on the motivations and cultural politics of violence on the big screen, as well as its effects on viewers and society as a whole.
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