Origins: Fourteen Billion Years of Cosmic Evolution

Author: Neil deGrasse Tyson,Donald Goldsmith

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393345777

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 386

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“Who can ask for better cosmic tour guides to the universe than Drs. Tyson and Goldsmith?” —Michio Kaku, author of Hyperspace and Parallel Worlds Our true origins are not just human, or even terrestrial, but in fact cosmic. Drawing on recent scientific breakthroughs and the current cross-pollination among geology, biology, astrophysics, and cosmology, ?Origins? explains the soul-stirring leaps in our understanding of the cosmos. From the first image of a galaxy birth to Spirit Rover's exploration of Mars, to the discovery of water on one of Jupiter's moons, coauthors Neil deGrasse Tyson and Donald Goldsmith conduct a galvanizing tour of the cosmos with clarity and exuberance.
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Life on a Young Planet

The First Three Billion Years of Evolution on Earth

Author: Andrew H. Knoll

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691120294

Category: Science

Page: 277

View: 3672

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Knoll explores the deep history of life from its origins on a young planet to the incredible Cambrian explosion, with the very latest discoveries in paleontology integrated with emerging insights from molecular biology and earth system science. 100 illustrations.
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Arrugas en el tiempo

Author: George Smoot,Keay Davidson

Publisher: Grano de Sal

ISBN: 6079824922

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 805

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Todo lo que somos y todo lo que nos rodea proviene de un mismo lugar y un mismo momento: el Big Bang. La cosmología contemporánea, esa disciplina en que la astronomía convive con la física cuántica y la relatividad general para estudiar el origen y la evolución temprana del universo, explica el surgimiento y la distribución de los cuerpos celestes y los elementos químicos. George Smoot y Keay Davidson presentan en este libro un recuento de los hitos que a lo largo del siglo XX transformaron nuestro modo de comprender el cosmos; es además una emocionante bitácora de las aportaciones del propio Smoot —con globos que ascienden a la estratosfera, aviones bombarderos adaptados para la exploración científica, severos viajes a la Antártida, todo ello aderezado con las rivalidades entre distintos grupos de investigación— para escudriñar en el fondo cósmico de microondas, como nunca se había hecho antes, en busca de pequeñas irregularidades —las "arrugas en el tiempo" del título— en la estructura del espacio-tiempo en los primeros momentos del Big Bang. Tal vez la contagiosa pasión que irradia este libro provenga de la certeza de George Smoot de que esos hallazgos fueron "como mirar a Dios" pues logró "vislumbrar el momento mismo de la creación". Por eso Stephen Hawking consideró que éste fue "el descubrimiento científico del siglo, si no es que de todos los tiempos".
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Cosmos

Author: Carl Sagan

Publisher: Ballantine Books

ISBN: 0307800989

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 9662

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RETURNING TO TELEVISION AS AN ALL-NEW MINISERIES ON FOX Cosmos is one of the bestselling science books of all time. In clear-eyed prose, Sagan reveals a jewel-like blue world inhabited by a life form that is just beginning to discover its own identity and to venture into the vast ocean of space. Cosmos retraces the fourteen billion years of cosmic evolution that have transformed matter into consciousness, exploring such topics as the origin of life, the human brain, Egyptian hieroglyphics, spacecraft missions, the death of the Sun, the evolution of galaxies, and the forces and individuals who helped to shape modern science. Praise for Cosmos “Magnificent . . . With a lyrical literary style, and a range that touches almost all aspects of human knowledge, Cosmos often seems too good to be true.”—The Plain Dealer “Sagan is an astronomer with one eye on the stars, another on history, and a third—his mind’s—on the human condition.”—Newsday “Brilliant in its scope and provocative in its suggestions . . . shimmers with a sense of wonder.”—The Miami Herald “Sagan dazzles the mind with the miracle of our survival, framed by the stately galaxies of space.”—Cosmopolitan “Enticing . . . iridescent . . . imaginatively illustrated.”—The New York Times Book Review NOTE: This edition does not include images.
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Cosmos & Culture

Cultural Evolution in a Cosmic Context

Author: United States Govt Printing Office

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Astronomy

Page: 602

View: 5537

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From GPO Bookstore's Website: Authors with diverse backgrounds in science, history, anthropology, and more, consider culture in the context of the cosmos. How does our knowledge of cosmic evolution affect terrestrial culture? Conversely, how does our knowledge of cultural evolution affect our thinking about possible cultures in the cosmos? Are life, mind, and culture of fundamental significance to the grand story of the cosmos that has generated its own self-understanding through science, rational reasoning, and mathematics? Book includes bibliographical references and an index.
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Time Travel in Einstein's Universe

The Physical Possibilities of Travel Through Time

Author: J. Richard Gott

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 9780618257355

Category: Science

Page: 291

View: 5455

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A leading astrophysicist takes time travel science fiction to science fact, speculating on the real possibility that temporal navigation might be within the grasp of humanity. Reprint.
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Echo of the Big Bang

Author: Michael D. Lemonick

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691102788

Category: Science

Page: 215

View: 9672

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Describes how the scientific discoveries of the Microwave Anisotropy Probe (MAP) satellite have transformed the modern science of cosmology, describing its revelations in terms of the origins and history of the universe, the nature of dark matter, the expansion of the universe, and other key topics. (Science & Mathematics)
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Evolution and the Emergent Self

The Rise of Complexity and Behavioral Versatility in Nature

Author: Raymond L. Neubauer

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231521685

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 1535

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Evolution and the Emergent Self is an eloquent and evocative new synthesis that explores how the human species emerged from the cosmic dust. Lucidly presenting ideas about the rise of complexity in our genetic, neuronal, ecological, and ultimately cosmological settings, the author takes readers on a provocative tour of modern science's quest to understand our place in nature and in our universe. Readers fascinated with "Big History" and drawn to examine big ideas will be challenged and enthralled by Raymond L. Neubauer's ambitious narrative. How did humans emerge from the cosmos and the pre-biotic Earth, and what mechanisms of biological, chemical, and physical sciences drove this increasingly complex process? Neubauer presents a view of nature that describes the rising complexity of life in terms of increasing information content, first in genes and then in brains. The evolution of the nervous system expanded the capacity of organisms to store information, making learning possible. In key chapters, the author portrays four species with high brain:body ratios—chimpanzees, elephants, ravens, and dolphins—showing how each species shares with humans the capacity for complex communication, elaborate social relationships, flexible behavior, tool use, and powers of abstraction. A large brain can have a hierarchical arrangement of circuits that facilitates higher levels of abstraction. Neubauer describes this constellation of qualities as an emergent self, arguing that self-awareness is nascent in several species besides humans and that potential human characteristics are embedded in the evolutionary process and have emerged repeatedly in a variety of lineages on our planet. He ultimately demonstrates that human culture is not a unique offshoot of a language-specialized primate, but an analogue of fundamental mechanisms that organisms have used since the beginning of life on Earth to gather and process information in order to buffer themselves from fluctuations in the environment. Neubauer also views these developments in a cosmic setting, detailing open thermodynamic systems that grow more complex as the energy flowing through them increases. Similar processes of increasing complexity can be found in the "self-organizing" structures of both living and nonliving forms. Recent evidence from astronomy indicates that planet formation may be nearly as frequent as star formation. Since life makes use of the elements commonly seeded into space by burning and expiring stars, it is reasonable to speculate that the evolution of life and intelligence that happened on our planet may be found across the universe.
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A Reasonable God

Ordinary Action in a Supernatural World

Author: Arnie Berg

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 0986801003

Category: Creationism

Page: 240

View: 1777

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The last decade has seen an out-pouring of new books by Christian authors that present the scientific evidence for cosmic and biological evolution. The significance of these details challenges the traditional theological understanding of creation and urges Christ-followers to adopt an evolutionary creationist approach. Failure to do so puts science and faith on a collision course. A Reasonable God identifies the issues, synthesizes the viewpoints, and encourages readers to step outside their comfort zone and wrestle with some of the ambiguities and uncertainties. The book is a great asset for post-secondary students who are confronted with the evidences, and for church leaders who are looking for a quick way to become better informed.
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Einstein's Greatest Blunder?

The Cosmological Constant and Other Fudge Factors in the Physics of the Universe

Author: Donald Goldsmith

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674242425

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 1200

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The Big Bang: A Big Bust? The cosmos seems to be in crisis, and you don't have to be a rocket scientist to see it. How, for instance, can the universe be full of stars far older than itself? How could space have once expanded faster than the speed of light? How can most of the matter in the universe be "missing"? And what kind of truly weird matter could possibly account for ninety percent of the universe's total mass? This brief and witty book, by the award-winning science writer Donald Goldsmith, takes on these and other key questions about the origin and evolution of the cosmos. By clearly laying out what we currently know about the universe as a whole, Goldsmith lets us see firsthand, and judge for ourselves, whether modern cosmology is in a state of crisis. Einstein's Greatest Blunder? puts the biggest subject of all--the story of the universe as scientists understand it--within the grasp of English-speaking earthlings. When Albert Einstein confronted a cosmological contradiction, in 1917, his solution was to introduce a new term, the "cosmological constant." For a time, this mathematical invention solved discrepancies between his model and the best observations available, but years later Einstein called it the "greatest blunder" of his career. And yet the cosmological constant is still alive today--it is one of the "fudge factors" employed by cosmologists to make their calculations fit the observational data. Theoretical cosmologists, shows Goldsmith, continually reshape their models in an honest (if sometimes futile) effort to explain apparent chaos as cosmic harmony--whether their specific concern is the age and expansion rate of the cosmos, hot versus cold "dark matter," the inflationary theory of the big bang, the explanation of large-scale structure, or the density and future of the universe. Engagingly written and richly illustrated with photographs taken by the Hubble Space Telescope, Einstein's Greatest Blunder? is a feast for the eye and mind.
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