Northwest Anthropological Research Notes

Volume 34 Number 1

Author: Roderick Sprague,Deward E. Walker, Jr.

Publisher: Northwest Anthropology

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 138

View: 5843

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Radiocarbon Dating in Eastern Washington and in Western Washington - R. Lee Lyman Religious Background of Salish Aesthetics - Helmi Juvenon Abstracts of Papers Presented at the 52nd Annual Northwest Anthropological Conference, Newport, Oregon, 1999 A Summer Trip Among the Western Indians - Stewart Culin
Release

The Cinema of Attractions Reloaded

Author: Wanda Strauven

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9789053569443

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 460

View: 6989

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Twenty years ago, noted film scholars Tom Gunning and André Gaudreault introduced the phrase “cinema of attractions” to describe the essential qualities of films made in the medium’s earliest days, those produced between 1895 and 1906. Now, The Cinema of Attractions Reloaded critically examines the term and its subsequent wide-ranging use in film studies. The collection opens with a history of the term, tracing the collaboration between Gaudreault and Gunning, the genesis of the term in their attempts to explain the spectacular effects of motion that lay at the heart of early cinema, and the pair’s debts to Sergei Eisenstein and others. This reconstruction is followed by a look at applications of the term to more recent film productions, from the works of the Wachowski brothers to virtual reality and video games. With essays by an impressive collection of international film scholars—and featuring contributions by Gunning and Gaudreault as well—The Cinema of Attractions Reloaded will be necessary reading for all scholars of early film and its continuing influence.
Release

Art and Intimacy

How the Arts Began

Author: Ellen Dissanayake

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 029599746X

Category: Art

Page: 268

View: 3372

DOWNLOAD NOW »

To Ellen Dissanayake, the arts are biologically evolved propensities of human nature: their fundamental features helped early humans adapt to their environment and reproduce themselves successfully over generations. In Art and Intimacy she argues for the joint evolutionary origin of art and intimacy, what we commonly call love. It all begins with the human trait of birthing immature and helpless infants. To ensure that mothers find their demanding babies worth caring for, humans evolved to be lovable and to attune themselves to others from the moment of birth. The ways in which mother and infant respond to each other are rhythmically patterned vocalizations and exaggerated face and body movements that Dissanayake calls rhythms and sensory modes. Rhythms and modes also give rise to the arts. Because humans are born predisposed to respond to and use rhythmic-modal signals, societies everywhere have elaborated them further as music, mime, dance, and display, in rituals which instill and reinforce valued cultural beliefs. Just as rhythms and modes coordinate and unify the mother-infant pair, in ceremonies they coordinate and unify members of a group. Today we humans live in environments very different from those of our ancestors. They used ceremonies (the arts) to address matters of serious concern, such as health, prosperity, and fecundity, that affected their survival. Now we tend to dismiss the arts, to see them as superfluous, only for an elite. But if we are biologically predisposed to participate in artlike behavior, then we actually need the arts. Even -- or perhaps especially -- in our fast-paced, sophisticated modern lives, the arts encourage us to show that we care about important things.
Release